draft-ietf-manet-dlep-26.txt   draft-ietf-manet-dlep-27.txt 
Mobile Ad hoc Networks Working Group S. Ratliff Mobile Ad hoc Networks Working Group S. Ratliff
Internet-Draft VT iDirect Internet-Draft VT iDirect
Intended status: Standards Track S. Jury Intended status: Standards Track S. Jury
Expires: June 12, 2017 Cisco Systems Expires: July 28, 2017 Cisco Systems
D. Satterwhite D. Satterwhite
Broadcom Broadcom
R. Taylor R. Taylor
Airbus Defence & Space Airbus Defence & Space
B. Berry B. Berry
December 9, 2016 January 24, 2017
Dynamic Link Exchange Protocol (DLEP) Dynamic Link Exchange Protocol (DLEP)
draft-ietf-manet-dlep-26 draft-ietf-manet-dlep-27
Abstract Abstract
When routing devices rely on modems to effect communications over When routing devices rely on modems to effect communications over
wireless links, they need timely and accurate knowledge of the wireless links, they need timely and accurate knowledge of the
characteristics of the link (speed, state, etc.) in order to make characteristics of the link (speed, state, etc.) in order to make
routing decisions. In mobile or other environments where these routing decisions. In mobile or other environments where these
characteristics change frequently, manual configurations or the characteristics change frequently, manual configurations or the
inference of state through routing or transport protocols does not inference of state through routing or transport protocols does not
allow the router to make the best decisions. A bidirectional, event- allow the router to make the best decisions. DLEP describes a new
driven communication channel between the router and the modem is protocol for a bidirectional, event-driven communication channel
necessary. between the router and the modem to facilitate communication of
changing link characteristics.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
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This Internet-Draft will expire on June 12, 2017. This Internet-Draft will expire on July 28, 2017.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
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Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1. Destinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.1. Destinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3. Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2. Conventions and Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.1. Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3. Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4. Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. Implementation Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5. DLEP Session Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5. Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.1. Peer Discovery State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 6. Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.2. Session Initialization State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 7. DLEP Session Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.3. In-Session State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 7.1. Peer Discovery State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.3.1. Heartbeats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 7.2. Session Initialization State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.4. Session Termination State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7.3. In-Session State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
5.5. Session Reset state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7.3.1. Heartbeats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
5.5.1. Unexpected TCP connection termination . . . . . . . . 14 7.4. Session Termination State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
6. Transaction Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 7.5. Session Reset state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
7. Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 7.5.1. Unexpected TCP connection termination . . . . . . . . 16
7.1. Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8. Transaction Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
8. Scalability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 9. Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
9. DLEP Signal and Message Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 9.1. Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
9.1. DLEP Signal Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 10. Scalability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
9.2. DLEP Message Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 11. DLEP Signal and Message Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
9.3. DLEP Generic Data Item . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 11.1. DLEP Signal Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
10. DLEP Signals and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 11.2. DLEP Message Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10.1. General Processing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 11.3. DLEP Generic Data Item . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
10.2. Status code processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 12. DLEP Signals and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
10.3. Peer Discovery Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 12.1. General Processing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
10.4. Peer Offer Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 12.2. Status code processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
10.5. Session Initialization Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 12.3. Peer Discovery Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
10.6. Session Initialization Response Message . . . . . . . . 22 12.4. Peer Offer Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
10.7. Session Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 12.5. Session Initialization Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
10.8. Session Update Response Message . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 12.6. Session Initialization Response Message . . . . . . . . 24
10.9. Session Termination Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 12.7. Session Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
10.10. Session Termination Response Message . . . . . . . . . . 26 12.8. Session Update Response Message . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
10.11. Destination Up Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 12.9. Session Termination Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
10.12. Destination Up Response Message . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 12.10. Session Termination Response Message . . . . . . . . . . 27
10.13. Destination Announce Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 12.11. Destination Up Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
10.14. Destination Announce Response Message . . . . . . . . . 29 12.12. Destination Up Response Message . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
10.15. Destination Down Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 12.13. Destination Announce Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
10.16. Destination Down Response Message . . . . . . . . . . . 31 12.14. Destination Announce Response Message . . . . . . . . . 30
10.17. Destination Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 12.15. Destination Down Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
10.18. Link Characteristics Request Message . . . . . . . . . . 32 12.16. Destination Down Response Message . . . . . . . . . . . 32
10.19. Link Characteristics Response Message . . . . . . . . . 33 12.17. Destination Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
10.20. Heartbeat Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 12.18. Link Characteristics Request Message . . . . . . . . . . 34
11. DLEP Data Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 12.19. Link Characteristics Response Message . . . . . . . . . 34
11.1. Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 12.20. Heartbeat Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
11.2. IPv4 Connection Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 13. DLEP Data Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
11.3. IPv6 Connection Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 13.1. Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
11.4. Peer Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 13.2. IPv4 Connection Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
11.5. Heartbeat Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 13.3. IPv6 Connection Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
11.6. Extensions Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 13.4. Peer Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
11.7. MAC Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 13.5. Heartbeat Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
11.8. IPv4 Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 13.6. Extensions Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
11.8.1. IPv4 Address Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 13.7. MAC Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
11.9. IPv6 Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 13.8. IPv4 Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
11.9.1. IPv6 Address Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 13.8.1. IPv4 Address Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
11.10. IPv4 Attached Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 13.9. IPv6 Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
11.10.1. IPv4 Attached Subnet Processing . . . . . . . . . . 47 13.9.1. IPv6 Address Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
11.11. IPv6 Attached Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 13.10. IPv4 Attached Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
11.11.1. IPv6 Attached Subnet Processing . . . . . . . . . . 49 13.10.1. IPv4 Attached Subnet Processing . . . . . . . . . . 50
11.12. Maximum Data Rate (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 13.11. IPv6 Attached Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
11.13. Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 13.11.1. IPv6 Attached Subnet Processing . . . . . . . . . . 52
11.14. Current Data Rate (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 13.12. Maximum Data Rate (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
11.15. Current Data Rate (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 13.13. Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
11.16. Latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 13.14. Current Data Rate (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
11.17. Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 13.15. Current Data Rate (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
11.18. Relative Link Quality (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 13.16. Latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
11.19. Relative Link Quality (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 13.17. Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
11.20. Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 13.18. Relative Link Quality (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
12. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 13.19. Relative Link Quality (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
13. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 13.20. Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
13.1. Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 14. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
13.2. Signal Type Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 15. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
13.3. Message Type Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 15.1. Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
13.4. DLEP Data Item Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 15.2. Signal Type Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
13.5. DLEP Status Code Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 15.3. Message Type Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
13.6. DLEP Extensions Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 15.4. DLEP Data Item Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
13.7. DLEP IPv4 Connection Point Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 15.5. DLEP Status Code Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
13.8. DLEP IPv6 Connection Point Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 15.6. DLEP Extensions Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
13.9. DLEP IPv4 Address Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 15.7. DLEP IPv4 Connection Point Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
13.10. DLEP IPv6 Address Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 15.8. DLEP IPv6 Connection Point Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
13.11. DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 15.9. DLEP Peer Type Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
13.12. DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 15.10. DLEP IPv4 Address Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
13.13. DLEP Well-known Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 15.11. DLEP IPv6 Address Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
13.14. DLEP IPv4 Link-local Multicast Address . . . . . . . . . 64 15.12. DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
13.15. DLEP IPv6 Link-local Multicast Address . . . . . . . . . 64 15.13. DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
14. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 15.14. DLEP Well-known Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
15. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 15.15. DLEP IPv4 Link-local Multicast Address . . . . . . . . . 67
15.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 15.16. DLEP IPv6 Link-local Multicast Address . . . . . . . . . 67
15.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 16. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Appendix A. Discovery Signal Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 17. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Appendix B. Peer Level Message Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 17.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
B.1. Session Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 17.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
B.2. Session Initialization - Refused . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Appendix A. Discovery Signal Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
B.3. Router Changes IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Appendix B. Peer Level Message Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
B.4. Modem Changes Session-wide Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . 67 B.1. Session Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
B.5. Router Terminates Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 B.2. Session Initialization - Refused . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
B.6. Modem Terminates Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 B.3. Router Changes IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
B.7. Session Heartbeats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 B.4. Modem Changes Session-wide Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . 70
B.8. Router Detects a Heartbeat timeout . . . . . . . . . . . 70 B.5. Router Terminates Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
B.9. Modem Detects a Heartbeat timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 B.6. Modem Terminates Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Appendix C. Destination Specific Message Flows . . . . . . . . . 71 B.7. Session Heartbeats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
C.1. Common Destination Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 B.8. Router Detects a Heartbeat timeout . . . . . . . . . . . 73
C.2. Multicast Destination Notification . . . . . . . . . . . 72 B.9. Modem Detects a Heartbeat timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
C.3. Link Characteristics Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Appendix C. Destination Specific Message Flows . . . . . . . . . 74
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 C.1. Common Destination Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
C.2. Multicast Destination Notification . . . . . . . . . . . 75
C.3. Link Characteristics Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
There exist today a collection of modem devices that control links of There exist today a collection of modem devices that control links of
variable datarate and quality. Examples of these types of links variable datarate and quality. Examples of these types of links
include line-of-sight (LOS) terrestrial radios, satellite terminals, include line-of-sight (LOS) terrestrial radios, satellite terminals,
and broadband modems. Fluctuations in speed and quality of these and broadband modems. Fluctuations in speed and quality of these
links can occur due to configuration, or on a moment-to-moment basis, links can occur due to configuration, or on a moment-to-moment basis,
due to physical phenomena like multipath interference, obstructions, due to physical phenomena like multipath interference, obstructions,
rain fade, etc. It is also quite possible that link quality and rain fade, etc. It is also quite possible that link quality and
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its associated router. If multiple modem devices are attached to a its associated router. If multiple modem devices are attached to a
router (as in Figure 2), or the modem supports multiple connections router (as in Figure 2), or the modem supports multiple connections
(via multiple logical or physical interfaces), then separate DLEP (via multiple logical or physical interfaces), then separate DLEP
sessions exist for each modem or connection. A router and modem form sessions exist for each modem or connection. A router and modem form
a session by completing the discovery and initialization process. a session by completing the discovery and initialization process.
This router-modem session persists unless or until it either (1) This router-modem session persists unless or until it either (1)
times out, based on the absence of DLEP traffic (including times out, based on the absence of DLEP traffic (including
heartbeats), or (2) is explicitly torn down by one of the DLEP heartbeats), or (2) is explicitly torn down by one of the DLEP
participants. participants.
While this document represents the best efforts of the working group
to be functionally complete, it is recognized that extensions to DLEP
will in all likelihood be necessary as more link types are used.
Such extensions are defined as additional Messages, Data Items and/or
status codes, and associated rules of behavior, that are not defined
in this document. DLEP contains a standard mechanism for router and
modem implementations to negotiate the available extensions to use on
a per-session basis.
2.1. Destinations 2.1. Destinations
The router/modem session provides a carrier for information exchange The router/modem session provides a carrier for information exchange
concerning 'destinations' that are available via the modem device. concerning 'destinations' that are available via the modem device.
Destinations can be identified by either the router or the modem, and Destinations can be identified by either the router or the modem, and
represent a specific, addressable location that can be reached via represent a specific, addressable location that can be reached via
the link(s) managed by the modem. the link(s) managed by the modem.
The DLEP Messages concerning destinations thus become the way for The DLEP Messages concerning destinations thus become the way for
routers and modems to maintain, and notify each other about, an routers and modems to maintain, and notify each other about, an
skipping to change at page 9, line 5 skipping to change at page 9, line 13
this logical destination, reports link characteristics just as it this logical destination, reports link characteristics just as it
would for any other destination in the network. The specific would for any other destination in the network. The specific
algorithms a modem would use to derive metrics on logical algorithms a modem would use to derive metrics on logical
destinations are outside the scope of this specification, and is left destinations are outside the scope of this specification, and is left
to specific implementations to decide. to specific implementations to decide.
In all cases, when this specification uses the term destination, it In all cases, when this specification uses the term destination, it
refers to the addressable locations, either logical or physical, that refers to the addressable locations, either logical or physical, that
are accessible by the radio link(s). are accessible by the radio link(s).
3. Extensions 2.2. Conventions and Terminology
While this document represents the best efforts of the working group
to be functionally complete, it is recognized that extensions to DLEP
will in all likelihood be necessary as more link types are used.
Such extensions are defined as additional Messages, Data Items and/or
status codes, and associated rules of behavior, that are not defined
in this document. DLEP contains a standard mechanism for router and
modem implementations to negotiate the available extensions to use on
a per-session basis.
3.1. Requirements
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
"OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
14, RFC 2119 [RFC2119]. 14, RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
3. Requirements
DLEP MUST be implemented on a single Layer 2 domain. The protocol DLEP MUST be implemented on a single Layer 2 domain. The protocol
identifies next-hop destinations by using the MAC address for identifies next-hop destinations by using the MAC address for
delivering data traffic. No manipulation or substitution is delivering data traffic. No manipulation or substitution is
performed; the MAC address supplied in all DLEP Messages is used as performed; the MAC address supplied in all DLEP Messages is used as
the Destination MAC address for frames emitted by the participating the Destination MAC address for frames emitted by the participating
router. MAC addresses MUST be unique within the context of router- router. MAC addresses MUST be unique within the context of router-
modem session. modem session.
To enforce the single Layer 2 domain, implementations MUST support To enforce the single Layer 2 domain, implementations MUST support
The Generalized TTL Security Mechanism [RFC5082], and implementations The Generalized TTL Security Mechanism [RFC5082], and implementations
MUST adher to this specification for all DLEP Messages. MUST adhere to this specification for all DLEP Messages.
DLEP specifies UDP multicast for single-hop discovery signaling, and DLEP specifies UDP multicast for single-hop discovery signaling, and
TCP for transport of the Messages. Modems and routers participating TCP for transport of the Messages. Modems and routers participating
in DLEP sessions MUST have topologically consistent IP addresses in DLEP sessions MUST have topologically consistent IP addresses
assigned. It is RECOMMENDED that DLEP implementations utilize IPv6 assigned. It is RECOMMENDED that DLEP implementations utilize IPv6
link-local addresses to reduce the administrative burden of address link-local addresses to reduce the administrative burden of address
assignment. If the router and modem support both IPv4 and IPv6, the assignment.
IPv6 transport SHOULD be used for the DLEP session.
DLEP relies on the guaranteed delivery of its Messages between router DLEP relies on the guaranteed delivery of its Messages between router
and modem, once the 1 hop discovery process is complete, hence, the and modem, once the 1 hop discovery process is complete, hence, the
specification of TCP to carry the Messages. Other reliable specification of TCP to carry the Messages. Other reliable
transports for the protocol are possible, but are outside the scope transports for the protocol are possible, but are outside the scope
of this document. of this document.
DLEP further requires that security of the implementations (e.g., 4. Implementation Scenarios
authentication of stations, encryption of traffic, or both) is dealt
with by utilizing Layer 2 security techniques. This reliance on
Layer 2 mechanisms secures all DLEP Messages - both the UDP discovery
Signals and the TCP control Messages.
4. Metrics During development of this specification, two types of deployments
were discussed.
The first can be viewed as a "dedicated deployment". In this mode,
DLEP routers and modems are either directly connected (e.g., using
cross-over cables to connect interfaces), or are connected to a
dedicated switch. An example of this type of deployment would be a
router with a line-of- sight radio connected into one interface, with
a satellite modem connected into another interface. In mobile
environments, the router and the connected modem(s) are placed into a
mobile platform (e.g., a vehicle, boat, or airplane). In this mode,
when a switch is used, it is possible that a small number of
ancillary devices (e.g., a laptop) are also plugged into the switch.
But in either event, the resulting network segment is constrained to
a small number of devices, and is not generally accessible from
anywhere else in the network.
The other type of deployment envisioned can be viewed as a "networked
deployment". In this type of scenario, the DLEP router and modem(s)
are placed on a segment that is accessible from other points in the
network. In this scenario, not only are the DLEP router and modem(s)
accessible from other points in the network; the router and a given
modem could be multiple physical hops away from each other. As
mentioned, this scenario necessitates the use of Layer 2 tunneling
technology to enforce the single-hop requirement of DLEP.
5. Assumptions
DLEP assumes that a signaling protocol exists between modems
participating in a network. The specification does not define the
character or behavior of this over-the-air signaling, but does expect
some information to be carried (or derived) by the signaling, such as
the arrival and departure of modems from this network, and the
variation of the link characteristics between modems. This
information is then assumed to be used by the modem to implement the
DLEP protocol.
The specification assumes that the link between router and modem is
static with respect to datarate and latency, and that this link is
not likely to be the cause of a performance bottleneck. In
deployments where the router and modem are physically separated by
multiple network hops, served by Layer 2 tunneling technology, DLEP
statistics on the RF links could be insufficient for routing
protocols to make appropriate routing decisions. This would
especially become an issue in cases where the Layer 2 tunnel between
router and modem is itself served in part (or in total) with a
wireless back-haul link.
6. Metrics
DLEP includes the ability for the router and modem to communicate DLEP includes the ability for the router and modem to communicate
metrics that reflect the characteristics (e.g., datarate, latency) of metrics that reflect the characteristics (e.g., datarate, latency) of
the variable-quality link in use. DLEP does not specify how a given the variable-quality link in use. DLEP does not specify how a given
metric value is to be calculated, rather, the protocol assumes that metric value is to be calculated, rather, the protocol assumes that
metrics have been calculated by a 'best effort', incorporating all metrics have been calculated by a 'best effort', incorporating all
pertinent data that is available to the modem device. Metrics based pertinent data that is available to the modem device. Metrics based
on large enough sample sizes will preclude short traffic bursts from on large enough sample sizes will preclude short traffic bursts from
adversely skewing reported values. adversely skewing reported values.
DLEP allows for metrics to be sent within two contexts - metrics for DLEP allows for metrics to be sent within two contexts - metrics for
a specific destination within the network (e.g., a specific router), a specific destination within the network (e.g., a specific router),
and per-session (those that apply to all destinations accessed via and per-session (those that apply to all destinations accessed via
the modem). Most metrics can be further subdivided into transmit and the modem). Most metrics can be further subdivided into transmit and
receive metrics. In cases where metrics are provided at session receive metrics. In cases where metrics are provided at session
level, the router propagates the metrics to all entries in its level, the router propagates the metrics to all entries in its
information base for destinations that are accessed via the modem. information base for destinations that are accessed via the modem.
DLEP modems announce all metric Data Items that will be reported DLEP modems announce all metric Data Items that will be reported
during the session, and provide default values for those metrics, in during the session, and provide default values for those metrics, in
the Session Initialization Response Message (Section 10.6). In order the Session Initialization Response Message (Section 12.6). In order
to use a metric type that was not included in the Session to use a metric type that was not included in the Session
Initialization Response Message, modem implementations terminate the Initialization Response Message, modem implementations terminate the
session with the router (via the Session Terminate Message session with the router (via the Session Terminate Message
(Section 10.9)), and establish a new session. (Section 12.9)), and establish a new session.
A DLEP modem can send metrics both in a session context, via the A DLEP modem can send metrics both in a session context, via the
Session Update Message (Section 10.7), and a specific destination Session Update Message (Section 12.7), and a specific destination
context, via the Destination Update Message (Section 10.17), at any context, via the Destination Update Message (Section 12.17), at any
time. The most recently received metric value takes precedence over time. The most recently received metric value takes precedence over
any earlier value, regardless of context - that is: any earlier value, regardless of context - that is:
1. If the router receives metrics in a specific destination context 1. If the router receives metrics in a specific destination context
(via the Destination Update Message), then the specific (via the Destination Update Message), then the specific
destination is updated with the new metric. destination is updated with the new metric.
2. If the router receives metrics in a session-wide context (via the 2. If the router receives metrics in a session-wide context (via the
Session Update Message), then the metrics for all destinations Session Update Message), then the metrics for all destinations
accessed via the modem are updated with the new metric. accessed via the modem are updated with the new metric.
It is left to implementations to choose sensible default values based It is left to implementations to choose sensible default values based
on their specific characteristics. Modems having static (non- on their specific characteristics. Modems having static (non-
changing) link metric characteristics can report metrics only once changing) link metric characteristics can report metrics only once
for a given destination (or once on a session-wide basis, if all for a given destination (or once on a session-wide basis, if all
connections via the modem are of this static nature). connections via the modem are of this static nature).
In addition to communicating existing metrics about the link, DLEP In addition to communicating existing metrics about the link, DLEP
provides a Message allowing a router to request a different datarate provides a Message allowing a router to request a different datarate
or latency from the modem. This Message is the Link Characteristics or latency from the modem. This Message is the Link Characteristics
Request Message (Section 10.18), and gives the router the ability to Request Message (Section 12.18), and gives the router the ability to
deal with requisite increases (or decreases) of allocated datarate/ deal with requisite increases (or decreases) of allocated datarate/
latency in demand-based schemes in a more deterministic manner. latency in demand-based schemes in a more deterministic manner.
5. DLEP Session Flow 7. DLEP Session Flow
All DLEP participants of a session transition through a number of All DLEP participants of a session transition through a number of
distinct states during the lifetime of a DLEP session: distinct states during the lifetime of a DLEP session:
o Peer Discovery o Peer Discovery
o Session Initialization o Session Initialization
o In-Session o In-Session
o Session Termination o Session Termination
o Session Reset o Session Reset
Modems, and routers supporting DLEP discovery, transition through all Modems, and routers supporting DLEP discovery, transition through all
five (5) of the above states. Routers that rely on preconfigured TCP five (5) of the above states. Routers that rely on preconfigured TCP
address/port information start in the Session Initialization state. address/port information start in the Session Initialization state.
Modems MUST support the Peer Discovery state. Modems MUST support the Peer Discovery state.
5.1. Peer Discovery State 7.1. Peer Discovery State
Modems MUST support DLEP Peer Discovery; routers MAY support the
discovery signals, or rely on a priori configuration to locate
modems. If a router chooses to support DLEP discovery, all signals
MUST be supported.
In the Peer Discovery state, routers that support DLEP discovery MUST In the Peer Discovery state, routers that support DLEP discovery MUST
send Peer Discovery Signals (Section 10.3) to initiate modem send Peer Discovery Signals (Section 12.3) to initiate modem
discovery. discovery.
The router implementation then waits for a Peer Offer Signal The router implementation then waits for a Peer Offer Signal
(Section 10.4) response from a potential DLEP modem. While in the (Section 12.4) response from a potential DLEP modem. While in the
Peer Discovery state, Peer Discovery Signals MUST be sent repeatedly Peer Discovery state, Peer Discovery Signals MUST be sent repeatedly
by a DLEP router, at regular intervals. The interval MUST be a by a DLEP router, at regular intervals. It is RECOMMENDED that this
minimum of one second; it SHOULD be a configurable parameter. Note interval be set to 60 seconds. The interval MUST be a minimum of one
that this operation (sending Peer Discovery and waiting for Peer second; it SHOULD be a configurable parameter. Note that this
Offer) is outside the DLEP Transaction Model (Section 6), as the operation (sending Peer Discovery and waiting for Peer Offer) is
Transaction Model only describes Messages on a TCP session. outside the DLEP Transaction Model (Section 8), as the Transaction
Model only describes Messages on a TCP session.
Routers receiving a Peer Offer Signal MUST use one of the modem Routers receiving a Peer Offer Signal MUST use one of the modem
address/port combinations from the Peer Offer Signal to establish a address/port combinations from the Peer Offer Signal to establish a
TCP connection to the modem, even if a priori configuration exists. TCP connection to the modem, even if a priori configuration exists.
If multiple connection point Data Items exist in the received Peer If multiple connection point Data Items exist in the received Peer
Offer Signal, routers SHOULD prioritize IPv6 connection points over Offer Signal, routers SHOULD prioritize IPv6 connection points over
IPv4 connection points. Routers supporting TLS [RFC5246] MUST IPv4 connection points. Routers supporting TLS [RFC5246] MUST
prioritize connection points using TLS over those that do not. If prioritize connection points using TLS over those that do not. If
multiple connection points exist with the same transport (e.g. IPv6 multiple connection points exist with the same transport (e.g. IPv6
or IPv4), implementations MAY use their own heuristics to determine or IPv4), implementations MAY use their own heuristics to determine
skipping to change at page 12, line 35 skipping to change at page 13, line 38
is not using the Discovery mechanism, i.e. a connection attempt that is not using the Discovery mechanism, i.e. a connection attempt that
occurs without a preceding Peer Discovery Signal. occurs without a preceding Peer Discovery Signal.
Upon establishment of a TCP connection, both modem and router enter Upon establishment of a TCP connection, both modem and router enter
the Session Initialization state. It is up to the router the Session Initialization state. It is up to the router
implementation if Peer Discovery Signals continue to be sent after implementation if Peer Discovery Signals continue to be sent after
the device has transitioned to the Session Initialization state. the device has transitioned to the Session Initialization state.
Modem implementations MUST silently ignore Peer Discovery Signals Modem implementations MUST silently ignore Peer Discovery Signals
from a router with which it already has a TCP connection. from a router with which it already has a TCP connection.
5.2. Session Initialization State 7.2. Session Initialization State
On entering the Session Initialization state, the router MUST send a On entering the Session Initialization state, the router MUST send a
Session Initialization Message (Section 10.5) to the modem. The Session Initialization Message (Section 12.5) to the modem. The
router MUST then wait for receipt of a Session Initialization router MUST then wait for receipt of a Session Initialization
Response Message (Section 10.6) from the modem. Receipt of the Response Message (Section 12.6) from the modem. Receipt of the
Session Initialization Response Message containing a Status Data Item Session Initialization Response Message containing a Status Data Item
(Section 11.1) with status code set to 0 'Success', see Table 2, (Section 13.1) with status code set to 0 'Success', see Table 2,
indicates that the modem has received and processed the Session indicates that the modem has received and processed the Session
Initialization Message, and the router MUST transition to the In- Initialization Message, and the router MUST transition to the In-
Session state. Session state.
On entering the Session Initialization state, the modem MUST wait for On entering the Session Initialization state, the modem MUST wait for
receipt of a Session Initialization Message from the router. Upon receipt of a Session Initialization Message from the router. Upon
receipt of a Session Initialization Message, the modem MUST send a receipt of a Session Initialization Message, the modem MUST send a
Session Initialization Response Message, and the session MUST Session Initialization Response Message, and the session MUST
transition to the In-Session state. If the modem receives any transition to the In-Session state. If the modem receives any
Message other than Session Initialization, or it fails to parse the Message other than Session Initialization, or it fails to parse the
received Message, it MUST NOT send any Message, and MUST terminate received Message, it MUST NOT send any Message, and MUST terminate
the TCP connection and transition to the Session Reset state. the TCP connection and transition to the Session Reset state.
DLEP provides an extension negotiation capability to be used in the DLEP provides an extension negotiation capability to be used in the
Session Initialization state, see Section 3. Extensions supported by Session Initialization state, see Section 9. Extensions supported by
an implementation MUST be declared to potential DLEP participants an implementation MUST be declared to potential DLEP participants
using the Extensions Supported Data Item (Section 11.6). Once both using the Extensions Supported Data Item (Section 13.6). Once both
DLEP participants have exchanged initialization Messages, an DLEP participants have exchanged initialization Messages, an
implementation MUST NOT emit any Message, Signal, Data Item or status implementation MUST NOT emit any Message, Signal, Data Item or status
code associated with an extension that was not specified in the code associated with an extension that was not specified in the
received initialization Message from its peer. received initialization Message from its peer.
5.3. In-Session State 7.3. In-Session State
In the In-Session state, Messages can flow in both directions between In the In-Session state, Messages can flow in both directions between
DLEP participants, indicating changes to the session state, the DLEP participants, indicating changes to the session state, the
arrival or departure of reachable destinations, or changes of the arrival or departure of reachable destinations, or changes of the
state of the links to the destinations. state of the links to the destinations.
The In-Session state is maintained until one of the following The In-Session state is maintained until one of the following
conditions occur: conditions occur:
o The implementation terminates the session by sending a Session o The implementation terminates the session by sending a Session
Termination Message (Section 10.9), or, Termination Message (Section 12.9), or,
o Its peer terminates the session, indicated by receiving a Session o Its peer terminates the session, indicated by receiving a Session
Termination Message. Termination Message.
The implementation MUST then transition to the Session Termination The implementation MUST then transition to the Session Termination
state. state.
5.3.1. Heartbeats 7.3.1. Heartbeats
In order to maintain the In-Session state, periodic Heartbeat In order to maintain the In-Session state, periodic Heartbeat
Messages (Section 10.20) MUST be exchanged between router and modem. Messages (Section 12.20) MUST be exchanged between router and modem.
These Messages are intended to keep the session alive, and to verify These Messages are intended to keep the session alive, and to verify
bidirectional connectivity between the two DLEP participants. bidirectional connectivity between the two DLEP participants. It is
RECOMMENDED that the interval timer between heartbeat messages be set
to 60 seconds. The interval MUST be a minimum of one second; it
SHOULD be a configurable parameter.
Each DLEP participant is responsible for the creation of Heartbeat Each DLEP participant is responsible for the creation of Heartbeat
Messages. Messages.
Receipt of any valid DLEP Message MUST reset the heartbeat interval Receipt of any valid DLEP Message MUST reset the heartbeat interval
timer (i.e., valid DLEP Messages take the place of, and obviate the timer (i.e., valid DLEP Messages take the place of, and obviate the
need for, additional Heartbeat Messages). need for, additional Heartbeat Messages).
Implementations MUST allow a minimum of two (2) heartbeat intervals Implementations MUST allow a minimum of two (2) heartbeat intervals
to expire with no Messages from its peer before terminating the to expire with no Messages from its peer before terminating the
session. When terminating the session, a Session Termination Message session. When terminating the session, a Session Termination Message
containing a Status Data Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to containing a Status Data Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to
132 'Timed Out', see Table 2, MUST be sent, and then the 132 'Timed Out', see Table 2, MUST be sent, and then the
implementation MUST transition to the Session Termination state. implementation MUST transition to the Session Termination state.
5.4. Session Termination State 7.4. Session Termination State
When an implementation enters the Session Termination state after When an implementation enters the Session Termination state after
sending a Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) as the result of sending a Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) as the result of
an invalid Message or error, it MUST wait for a Session Termination an invalid Message or error, it MUST wait for a Session Termination
Response Message (Section 10.10) from its peer. Senders SHOULD allow Response Message (Section 12.10) from its peer. Senders SHOULD allow
four (4) heartbeat intervals to expire before assuming that its peer four (4) heartbeat intervals to expire before assuming that its peer
is unresponsive, and continuing with session termination. Any other is unresponsive, and continuing with session termination. Any other
Message received while waiting MUST be silently ignored. Message received while waiting MUST be silently ignored.
When the sender of the Session Termination Message receives a Session When the sender of the Session Termination Message receives a Session
Termination Response Message from its peer, or times out, it MUST Termination Response Message from its peer, or times out, it MUST
transition to the Session Reset state. transition to the Session Reset state.
When an implementation receives a Session Termination Message from When an implementation receives a Session Termination Message from
its peer, it enters the Session Termination state and then it MUST its peer, it enters the Session Termination state and then it MUST
immediately send a Session Termination Response and transition to the immediately send a Session Termination Response and transition to the
Session Reset state. Session Reset state.
5.5. Session Reset state 7.5. Session Reset state
In the Session Reset state the implementation MUST perform the In the Session Reset state the implementation MUST perform the
following actions: following actions:
o Release all resources allocated for the session. o Release all resources allocated for the session.
o Eliminate all destinations in the information base represented by o Eliminate all destinations in the information base represented by
the session. Destination Down Messages (Section 10.15) MUST NOT the session. Destination Down Messages (Section 12.15) MUST NOT
be sent. be sent.
o Terminate the TCP connection. o Terminate the TCP connection.
Having completed these actions the implementation SHOULD return to Having completed these actions the implementation SHOULD return to
the relevant initial state: Peer Discovery for modems; either Peer the relevant initial state: Peer Discovery for modems; either Peer
Discovery or Session Initialization for routers, depending on Discovery or Session Initialization for routers, depending on
configuration. configuration.
5.5.1. Unexpected TCP connection termination 7.5.1. Unexpected TCP connection termination
If the TCP connection between DLEP participants is terminated when an If the TCP connection between DLEP participants is terminated when an
implementation is not in the Session Reset state, the implementation implementation is not in the Session Reset state, the implementation
MUST immediately transition to the Session Reset state. MUST immediately transition to the Session Reset state.
6. Transaction Model 8. Transaction Model
DLEP defines a simple Message transaction model: Only one request per DLEP defines a simple Message transaction model: Only one request per
destination may be in progress at a time per session. A Message destination may be in progress at a time per session. A Message
transaction is considered complete when a response matching a transaction is considered complete when a response matching a
previously issued request is received. If a DLEP participant previously issued request is received. If a DLEP participant
receives a request for a destination for which there is already an receives a request for a destination for which there is already an
outstanding request, the implementation MUST terminate the session by outstanding request, the implementation MUST terminate the session by
issuing a Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a issuing a Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a
Status Data Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to 129 Status Data Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to 129
'Unexpected Message', see Table 2, and transition to the Session 'Unexpected Message', see Table 2, and transition to the Session
Termination state. There is no restriction to the total number of Termination state. There is no restriction to the total number of
Message transactions in progress at a time, as long as each Message transactions in progress at a time, as long as each
transaction refers to a different destination. transaction refers to a different destination.
It should be noted that some requests may take a considerable amount It should be noted that some requests may take a considerable amount
of time for some DLEP participants to complete, for example, a modem of time for some DLEP participants to complete, for example, a modem
handling a multicast destination up request may have to perform a handling a multicast destination up request may have to perform a
complex network reconfiguration. A sending implementation MUST be complex network reconfiguration. A sending implementation MUST be
able to handle such long running transactions gracefully. able to handle such long running transactions gracefully.
Additionally, only one session request, e.g. a Session Initialization Additionally, only one session request, e.g. a Session Initialization
Message (Section 10.5), may be in progress at a time per session. As Message (Section 12.5), may be in progress at a time per session. As
above, a session transaction is considered complete when a response above, a session transaction is considered complete when a response
matching a previously issued request is received. If a DLEP matching a previously issued request is received. If a DLEP
participant receives a session request while there is already a participant receives a session request while there is already a
session request in progress, it MUST terminate the session by issuing session request in progress, it MUST terminate the session by issuing
a Session Termination Message containing a Status Data Item with a Session Termination Message containing a Status Data Item with
status code set to 129 'Unexpected Message', and transition to the status code set to 129 'Unexpected Message', and transition to the
Session Termination state. Only the Session Termination Message may Session Termination state. Only the Session Termination Message may
be issued when a session transaction is in progress. Heartbeat be issued when a session transaction is in progress. Heartbeat
Messages (Section 10.20) MUST NOT be considered part of a session Messages (Section 12.20) MUST NOT be considered part of a session
transaction. transaction.
DLEP transactions do not time out and are not cancellable. An DLEP transactions do not time out and are not cancellable, except for
implementation can detect if its peer has failed in some way by use transactions in-flight when the DLEP session is reset. If the
of the session heartbeat mechanism during the In-Session state, see session is terminated, canceling transactions in progress MUST be
Section 5.3. performed as part of resetting the state machine. An implementation
can detect if its peer has failed in some way by use of the session
heartbeat mechanism during the In-Session state, see Section 7.3.
7. Extensions 9. Extensions
Extensions MUST be negotiated on a per-session basis during session Extensions MUST be negotiated on a per-session basis during session
initialization via the Extensions Supported mechanism. initialization via the Extensions Supported mechanism.
Implementations are not required to support any extension in order to Implementations are not required to support any extension in order to
be considered DLEP compliant. An extension document, describing the be considered DLEP compliant.
operation of a credit windowing scheme for flow control, is described
in [CREDIT].
If interoperable protocol extensions are required, they will need to If interoperable protocol extensions are required, they will need to
be standardized either as an update to this document, or as an be standardized either as an update to this document, or as an
additional stand-alone specification. The requests for IANA- additional stand-alone specification. The requests for IANA-
controlled registries in this document contain sufficient Reserved controlled registries in this document contain sufficient Reserved
space for DLEP Signals, Messages, Data Items and status codes to space for DLEP Signals, Messages, Data Items and status codes to
accommodate future extensions to the protocol. accommodate future extensions to the protocol.
As multiple protocol extensions MAY be announced during session As multiple protocol extensions MAY be announced during session
initialization, authors of protocol extensions need to consider the initialization, authors of protocol extensions need to consider the
interaction of their extension with other published extensions, and interaction of their extension with other published extensions, and
specify any incompatibilities. specify any incompatibilities.
7.1. Experiments 9.1. Experiments
This document requests Private Use numbering space in the DLEP This document requests Private Use numbering space in the DLEP
Signal, Message, Data Item and status code registries for Signal, Message, Data Item and status code registries for
experimental extensions. The intent is to allow for experimentation experimental extensions. The intent is to allow for experimentation
with new Signals, Messages, Data Items, and/or status codes, while with new Signals, Messages, Data Items, and/or status codes, while
still retaining the documented DLEP behavior. still retaining the documented DLEP behavior.
Use of the Private Use Signals, Messages, Data Items, status codes, Use of the Private Use Signals, Messages, Data Items, status codes,
or behaviors MUST be announced as DLEP Extensions, during session or behaviors MUST be announced as DLEP Extensions, during session
initialization, using extension identifiers from the Private Use initialization, using extension identifiers from the Private Use
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Multiple experiments MAY be announced in the Session Initialization Multiple experiments MAY be announced in the Session Initialization
Messages. However, use of multiple experiments in a single session Messages. However, use of multiple experiments in a single session
could lead to interoperability issues or unexpected results (e.g., could lead to interoperability issues or unexpected results (e.g.,
clashes of experimental Signals, Messages, Data Items and/or status clashes of experimental Signals, Messages, Data Items and/or status
code types), and is therefore discouraged. It is left to code types), and is therefore discouraged. It is left to
implementations to determine the correct processing path (e.g., a implementations to determine the correct processing path (e.g., a
decision on whether to terminate the session, or to establish a decision on whether to terminate the session, or to establish a
precedence of the conflicting definitions) if such conflicts arise. precedence of the conflicting definitions) if such conflicts arise.
8. Scalability 10. Scalability
The protocol is intended to support thousands of destinations on a The protocol is intended to support thousands of destinations on a
given modem/router pair. At large scale, implementations SHOULD given modem/router pair. At large scale, implementations should
consider employing techniques to prevent flooding its peer with a consider employing techniques to prevent flooding its peer with a
large number of Messages in a short time. For example, a dampening large number of Messages in a short time. For example, a dampening
algorithm could be employed to prevent a flapping device from algorithm could be employed to prevent a flapping device from
generating a large number of Destination Up/Destination Down generating a large number of Destination Up/Destination Down
Messages. Messages.
Also, use of techniques such as a hysteresis can lessen the impact of Also, use of techniques such as a hysteresis can lessen the impact of
rapid, minor fluctuations in link quality. The specific algorithms rapid, minor fluctuations in link quality. The specific algorithms
for handling flapping destinations and minor changes in link quality for handling flapping destinations and minor changes in link quality
are outside the scope of this specification. are outside the scope of this specification.
9. DLEP Signal and Message Structure 11. DLEP Signal and Message Structure
DLEP defines two protocol units used in two different ways: Signals DLEP defines two protocol units used in two different ways: Signals
and Messages. Signals are only used in the Discovery mechanism and and Messages. Signals are only used in the Discovery mechanism and
are carried in UDP datagrams. Messages are used bi-directionally are carried in UDP datagrams. Messages are used bidirectionally over
over a TCP connection between the participants, in the Session a TCP connection between the participants, in the Session
Initialization, In-Session and Session Termination states. Initialization, In-Session and Session Termination states.
Both Signals and Messages consist of a Header followed by an Both Signals and Messages consist of a Header followed by an
unordered list of Data Items. Headers consist of Type and Length unordered list of Data Items. Headers consist of Type and Length
information, while Data Items are encoded as TLV (Type-Length-Value) information, while Data Items are encoded as TLV (Type-Length-Value)
structures. In this document, the Data Items following a Signal or structures. In this document, the Data Items following a Signal or
Message Header are described as being 'contained in' the Signal or Message Header are described as being 'contained in' the Signal or
Message. Message.
There is no restriction on the order of Data Items following a There is no restriction on the order of Data Items following a
Header, and the acceptability of duplicate Data Items is defined by Header, and the acceptability of duplicate Data Items is defined by
the definition of the Signal or Message declared by the type in the the definition of the Signal or Message declared by the type in the
Header. Header.
All integers in Header fields and values MUST be in network byte- All integers in Header fields and values MUST be in network byte-
order. order.
9.1. DLEP Signal Header 11.1. DLEP Signal Header
The DLEP Signal Header contains the following fields: The DLEP Signal Header contains the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| 'D' | 'L' | 'E' | 'P' | | 'D' | 'L' | 'E' | 'P' |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Signal Type | Length | | Signal Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
skipping to change at page 18, line 13 skipping to change at page 19, line 29
Signal Type values defined in this document. Signal Type values defined in this document.
Length: The length in octets, expressed as a 16-bit unsigned Length: The length in octets, expressed as a 16-bit unsigned
integer, of all of the DLEP Data Items contained in this Signal. integer, of all of the DLEP Data Items contained in this Signal.
This length MUST NOT include the length of the Signal Header This length MUST NOT include the length of the Signal Header
itself. itself.
The DLEP Signal Header is immediately followed by zero or more DLEP The DLEP Signal Header is immediately followed by zero or more DLEP
Data Items, encoded in TLVs, as defined in this document. Data Items, encoded in TLVs, as defined in this document.
9.2. DLEP Message Header 11.2. DLEP Message Header
The DLEP Message Header contains the following fields: The DLEP Message Header contains the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Message Type | Length | | Message Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 4: DLEP Message Header Figure 4: DLEP Message Header
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Message Type values defined in this document. Message Type values defined in this document.
Length: The length in octets, expressed as a 16-bit unsigned Length: The length in octets, expressed as a 16-bit unsigned
integer, of all of the DLEP Data Items contained in this Message. integer, of all of the DLEP Data Items contained in this Message.
This length MUST NOT include the length of the Message Header This length MUST NOT include the length of the Message Header
itself. itself.
The DLEP Message Header is immediately followed by zero or more DLEP The DLEP Message Header is immediately followed by zero or more DLEP
Data Items, encoded in TLVs, as defined in this document. Data Items, encoded in TLVs, as defined in this document.
9.3. DLEP Generic Data Item 11.3. DLEP Generic Data Item
All DLEP Data Items contain the following fields: All DLEP Data Items contain the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Value... : | Value... :
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
skipping to change at page 19, line 12 skipping to change at page 20, line 29
Data Item Type: A 16-bit unsigned integer field specifying the type Data Item Type: A 16-bit unsigned integer field specifying the type
of Data Item being sent. of Data Item being sent.
Length: The length in octets, expressed as a 16-bit unsigned Length: The length in octets, expressed as a 16-bit unsigned
integer, of the Value field of the Data Item. This length MUST integer, of the Value field of the Data Item. This length MUST
NOT include the length of the Data Item Type and Length fields. NOT include the length of the Data Item Type and Length fields.
Value: A field of <Length> octets, which contains data specific to a Value: A field of <Length> octets, which contains data specific to a
particular Data Item. particular Data Item.
10. DLEP Signals and Messages 12. DLEP Signals and Messages
10.1. General Processing Rules 12.1. General Processing Rules
If an unrecognized, or unexpected Signal is received, or a received If an unrecognized, or unexpected Signal is received, or a received
Signal contains unrecognized, invalid, or disallowed duplicate Data Signal contains unrecognized, invalid, or disallowed duplicate Data
Items, the receiving implementation MUST ignore the Signal. Items, the receiving implementation MUST ignore the Signal.
If a Signal is received with a TTL value that is NOT equal to 255, If a Signal is received with a TTL value that is NOT equal to 255,
the receiving implementation MUST ignore the Signal. the receiving implementation MUST ignore the Signal.
If an unrecognized Message is received, the receiving implementation If an unrecognized Message is received, the receiving implementation
MUST issue a Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a MUST issue a Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a
Status Data Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to 128 'Unknown Status Data Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to 128 'Unknown
Message', see Table 2, and transition to the Session Termination Message', see Table 2, and transition to the Session Termination
state. state.
If an unexpected Message is received, the receiving implementation If an unexpected Message is received, the receiving implementation
MUST issue a Session Termination Message containing a Status Data MUST issue a Session Termination Message containing a Status Data
Item with status code set to 129 'Unexpected Message', and transition Item with status code set to 129 'Unexpected Message', and transition
to the Session Termination state. to the Session Termination state.
If a received Message contains unrecognized, invalid, or disallowed If a received Message contains unrecognized, invalid, or disallowed
duplicate Data Items, the receiving implementation MUST issue a duplicate Data Items, the receiving implementation MUST issue a
Session Termination Message containing a Status Data Item with status Session Termination Message containing a Status Data Item with status
code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and transition to the Session code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and transition to the Session
Termination state. Termination state.
If a packet in the TCP stream is received with a TTL value other than If a packet in the TCP stream is received with a TTL value other than
255, the receiving implementation MUST immediately transition to the 255, the receiving implementation MUST immediately transition to the
Session Reset state. Session Reset state.
Prior to the exchange of Destination Up (Section 10.11) and Prior to the exchange of Destination Up (Section 12.11) and
Destination Up Response (Section 10.12) Messages, or Destination Destination Up Response (Section 12.12) Messages, or Destination
Announce (Section 10.13) and Destination Announce Response Announce (Section 12.13) and Destination Announce Response
(Section 10.14) Messages, no Messages concerning a destination may be (Section 12.14) Messages, no Messages concerning a destination may be
sent. An implementation receiving any Message with such an sent. An implementation receiving any Message with such an
unannounced destination MUST terminate the session by issuing a unannounced destination MUST terminate the session by issuing a
Session Termination Message containing a Status Data Item with status Session Termination Message containing a Status Data Item with status
code set to 131 'Invalid Destination', and transition to the Session code set to 131 'Invalid Destination', and transition to the Session
Termination state. Termination state.
After exchanging Destination Down (Section 10.15) and Destination After exchanging Destination Down (Section 12.15) and Destination
Down Response (Section 10.16) Messages, no Messages concerning a Down Response (Section 12.16) Messages, no Messages concerning a
destination may be a sent until a new Destination Up or Destination destination may be a sent until a new Destination Up or Destination
Announce Message is sent. An implementation receiving a Message Announce Message is sent. An implementation receiving a Message
about a destination previously announced as 'down' MUST terminate the about a destination previously announced as 'down' MUST terminate the
session by issuing a Session Termination Message containing a Status session by issuing a Session Termination Message containing a Status
Data Item with status code set to 131 'Invalid Destination', and Data Item with status code set to 131 'Invalid Destination', and
transition to the Session Termination state. transition to the Session Termination state.
10.2. Status code processing 12.2. Status code processing
The behaviour of a DLEP participant receiving a Message containing a The behavior of a DLEP participant receiving a Message containing a
Status Data Item (Section 11.1) is defined by the failure mode Status Data Item (Section 13.1) is defined by the failure mode
associated with the value of the status code field, see Table 2. All associated with the value of the status code field, see Table 2. All
status code values less than 100 have a failure mode of 'Continue', status code values less than 100 have a failure mode of 'Continue',
all other status codes have a failure mode of 'Terminate'. all other status codes have a failure mode of 'Terminate'.
A DLEP participant receiving any Message apart from Session A DLEP participant receiving any Message apart from Session
Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a Status Data Item with Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a Status Data Item with
a status code value with failure mode 'Terminate' MUST immediately a status code value with failure mode 'Terminate' MUST immediately
issue a Session Termination Message containing an identical Status issue a Session Termination Message echoing the received Status Data
Data Item, and then transition to the Session Termination state. Item, and then transition to the Session Termination state.
A DLEP participant receiving a Message containing a Status Data Item A DLEP participant receiving a Message containing a Status Data Item
with a status code value with failure mode 'Continue' can continue with a status code value with failure mode 'Continue' can continue
normal operation of the session. normal operation of the session.
10.3. Peer Discovery Signal 12.3. Peer Discovery Signal
A Peer Discovery Signal SHOULD be sent by a DLEP router to discover A Peer Discovery Signal SHOULD be sent by a DLEP router to discover
DLEP modems in the network, see Section 5.1. DLEP modems in the network, see Section 7.1.
A Peer Discovery Signal MUST be encoded within a UDP packet. The A Peer Discovery Signal MUST be encoded within a UDP packet. The
destination MUST be set to the DLEP well-known address and port destination MUST be set to the DLEP well-known address and port
number. For routers supporting both IPv4 and IPv6 DLEP operation, it number. For routers supporting both IPv4 and IPv6 DLEP operation, it
is RECOMMENDED that IPv6 be selected as the transport. The source IP is RECOMMENDED that IPv6 be selected as the transport. The source IP
address MUST be set to the router IP address associated with the DLEP address MUST be set to the router IP address associated with the DLEP
interface. There is no DLEP-specific restriction on source port. interface. There is no DLEP-specific restriction on source port.
To construct a Peer Discovery Signal, the Signal Type value in the To construct a Peer Discovery Signal, the Signal Type value in the
Signal Header is set to 1 (see Signal Type Registration Signal Header is set to 1 (see Signal Type Registration
(Section 13.2)). (Section 15.2)).
The Peer Discovery Signal MAY contain a Peer Type Data Item The Peer Discovery Signal MAY contain a Peer Type Data Item
(Section 11.4). (Section 13.4).
10.4. Peer Offer Signal 12.4. Peer Offer Signal
A Peer Offer Signal MUST be sent by a DLEP modem in response to a A Peer Offer Signal MUST be sent by a DLEP modem in response to a
properly formatted and addressed Peer Discovery Signal properly formatted and addressed Peer Discovery Signal
(Section 10.3). (Section 12.3).
A Peer Offer Signal MUST be encoded within a UDP packet. The IP A Peer Offer Signal MUST be encoded within a UDP packet. The IP
destination MUST be set to the IP address and port number received in source and destination fields in the packet MUST be set by swapping
the corresponding Peer Discovery Signal. The source IP address MUST the values received in the Peer Discovery Signal. The Peer Offer
be set to the modem's IP address associated with the DLEP interface. Signal completes the discovery process, see Section 7.1.
The source port number MUST be set to the DLEP well-known port
number. The Peer Offer Signal completes the discovery process, see
Section 5.1.
To construct a Peer Offer Signal, the Signal Type value in the Signal To construct a Peer Offer Signal, the Signal Type value in the Signal
Header is set to 2 (see Signal Type Registration (Section 13.2)). Header is set to 2 (see Signal Type Registration (Section 15.2)).
The Peer Offer Signal MAY contain a Peer Type Data Item The Peer Offer Signal MAY contain a Peer Type Data Item
(Section 11.4). (Section 13.4).
The Peer Offer Signal MAY contain one or more of any of the following The Peer Offer Signal MAY contain one or more of any of the following
Data Items, with different values: Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Connection Point (Section 11.2) o IPv4 Connection Point (Section 13.2)
o IPv6 Connection Point (Section 11.3) o IPv6 Connection Point (Section 13.3)
The IP Connection Point Data Items indicate the unicast address the The IP Connection Point Data Items indicate the unicast address the
router MUST use when connecting the DLEP TCP session. router MUST use when connecting the DLEP TCP session.
10.5. Session Initialization Message 12.5. Session Initialization Message
A Session Initialization Message MUST be sent by a DLEP router as the A Session Initialization Message MUST be sent by a DLEP router as the
first Message of the DLEP TCP session. It is sent by the router first Message of the DLEP TCP session. It is sent by the router
after a TCP connect to an address/port combination that was obtained after a TCP connect to an address/port combination that was obtained
either via receipt of a Peer Offer, or from a priori configuration. either via receipt of a Peer Offer, or from a priori configuration.
To construct a Session Initialization Message, the Message Type value To construct a Session Initialization Message, the Message Type value
in the Message Header is set to 1 (see Message Type Registration in the Message Header is set to 1 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Session Initialization Message MUST contain a Heartbeat Interval
Data Item (Section 11.5).
The Session Initialization Message MAY contain one of each of the The Session Initialization Message MUST contain one of each of the
following Data Items: following Data Items:
o Peer Type (Section 11.4) o Heartbeat Interval Data Item (Section 13.5)
o Extensions Supported (Section 11.6)
o Peer Type (Section 13.4)
The Session Initialization Message MUST contain an Extensions
Supported Data Item (Section 13.6), if DLEP extensions are supported.
The Session Initialization Message MAY contain one or more of each of The Session Initialization Message MAY contain one or more of each of
the following Data Items, with different values, and the data item the following Data Items, with different values, and the data item
Add flag set to 1: Add flag set to 1:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11) o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11)
If any optional extensions are supported by the implementation, they If any optional extensions are supported by the implementation, they
MUST be enumerated in the Extensions Supported Data Item. If an MUST be enumerated in the Extensions Supported Data Item. If an
Extensions Supported Data Item does not exist in a Session Extensions Supported Data Item does not exist in a Session
Initialization Message, the modem MUST conclude that there is no Initialization Message, the modem MUST conclude that there is no
support for extensions in the router. support for extensions in the router.
DLEP Heartbeats are not fully established until receipt of the DLEP Heartbeats are not started until receipt of the Session
Session Initialization Response Message (Section 10.6), and therefore Initialization Response Message (Section 12.6), and therefore
implementations MUST use their own timeout and retry heuristics for implementations MUST use their own timeout heuristics for this
this Message. Message.
As an exception to the general rule governing an implementation As an exception to the general rule governing an implementation
receiving an unrecognized Data Item in a Message, see Section 10.1, receiving an unrecognized Data Item in a Message, see Section 12.1,
if a Session Initialization Message contains one or more Extension if a Session Initialization Message contains one or more Extension
Supported Data Items announcing support for extensions that the Supported Data Items announcing support for extensions that the
implementation does not recognize, then the implementation MAY ignore implementation does not recognize, then the implementation MAY ignore
Data Items it does not recognize. Data Items it does not recognize.
10.6. Session Initialization Response Message 12.6. Session Initialization Response Message
A Session Initialization Response Message MUST be sent by a DLEP A Session Initialization Response Message MUST be sent by a DLEP
modem in response to a received Session Initialization Message modem in response to a received Session Initialization Message
(Section 10.5). (Section 12.5).
To construct a Session Initialization Response Message, the Message To construct a Session Initialization Response Message, the Message
Type value in the Message Header is set to 2 (see Message Type Type value in the Message Header is set to 2 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Session Initialization Response Message MUST contain one of each The Session Initialization Response Message MUST contain one of each
of the following Data Items: of the following Data Items:
o Status (Section 11.1) o Status (Section 13.1)
o Heartbeat Interval (Section 11.5) o Peer Type (Section 13.4)
o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12)
o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13) o Heartbeat Interval (Section 13.5)
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14) o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 13.16)
The Session Initialization Response Message MUST contain one of each The Session Initialization Response Message MUST contain one of each
of the following Data Items, if the Data Item will be used during the of the following Data Items, if the Data Item will be used during the
lifetime of the session: lifetime of the session:
o Resources (Section 11.17) o Resources (Section 13.17)
o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 11.18) o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 13.18)
o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 11.19) o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 13.19)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20)
The Session Initialization Response Message MUST contain an The Session Initialization Response Message MUST contain an
Extensions Supported Data Item (Section 11.6), if DLEP extensions are Extensions Supported Data Item (Section 13.6), if DLEP extensions are
supported. supported.
The Session Initialization Response Message MAY contain a Peer Type
Data Item (Section 11.4).
The Session Initialization Response Message MAY contain one or more The Session Initialization Response Message MAY contain one or more
of each of the following Data Items, with different values, and the of each of the following Data Items, with different values, and the
data item Add flag set to 1: data item Add flag set to 1:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11) o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11)
The Session Initialization Response Message completes the DLEP The Session Initialization Response Message completes the DLEP
session establishment; the modem should transition to the In-Session session establishment; the modem should transition to the In-Session
state when the Message is sent, and the router should transition to state when the Message is sent, and the router should transition to
the In-Session state upon receipt of an acceptable Session the In-Session state upon receipt of an acceptable Session
Initialization Response Message. Initialization Response Message.
All supported metric Data Items MUST be included in the Session All supported metric Data Items MUST be included in the Session
Initialization Response Message, with default values to be used on a Initialization Response Message, with default values to be used on a
session-wide basis. This can be viewed as the modem 'declaring' all session-wide basis. This can be viewed as the modem 'declaring' all
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If any optional extensions are supported by the modem, they MUST be If any optional extensions are supported by the modem, they MUST be
enumerated in the Extensions Supported Data Item. If an Extensions enumerated in the Extensions Supported Data Item. If an Extensions
Supported Data Item does not exist in a Session Initialization Supported Data Item does not exist in a Session Initialization
Response Message, the router MUST conclude that there is no support Response Message, the router MUST conclude that there is no support
for extensions in the modem. for extensions in the modem.
After the Session Initialization/Session Initialization Response After the Session Initialization/Session Initialization Response
Messages have been successfully exchanged, implementations MUST only Messages have been successfully exchanged, implementations MUST only
use extensions that are supported by both DLEP participants, see use extensions that are supported by both DLEP participants, see
Section 5.2. Section 7.2.
10.7. Session Update Message 12.7. Session Update Message
A Session Update Message MAY be sent by a DLEP participant to A Session Update Message MAY be sent by a DLEP participant to
indicate local Layer 3 address changes, or metric changes on a indicate local Layer 3 address changes, or metric changes on a
session-wide basis. session-wide basis.
To construct a Session Update Message, the Message Type value in the To construct a Session Update Message, the Message Type value in the
Message Header is set to 3 (see Message Type Registration Message Header is set to 3 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Session Update Message MAY contain one or more of each of the The Session Update Message MAY contain one or more of each of the
following Data Items, with different values: following Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11) o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11)
When sent by a modem, the Session Update Message MAY contain one of When sent by a modem, the Session Update Message MAY contain one of
each of the following Data Items: each of the following Data Items:
o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12) o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12)
o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13) o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13)
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 13.16)
When sent by a modem, the Session Update Message MAY contain one of When sent by a modem, the Session Update Message MAY contain one of
each of the following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the each of the following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the
session: session:
o Resources (Section 11.17) o Resources (Section 13.17)
o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 11.18) o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 13.18)
o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 11.19) o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 13.19)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20)
If metrics are supplied with the Session Update Message (e.g., If metrics are supplied with the Session Update Message (e.g.,
Maximum Data Rate), these metrics are considered to be session-wide, Maximum Data Rate), these metrics are considered to be session-wide,
and therefore MUST be applied to all destinations in the information and therefore MUST be applied to all destinations in the information
base associated with the DLEP session. This includes destinations base associated with the DLEP session. This includes destinations
for which metrics may have been stored based on received Destination for which metrics may have been stored based on received Destination
Update messages. Update messages.
It should be noted that Session Update Messages can be sent by both It should be noted that Session Update Messages can be sent by both
routers and modems. For example, addition of an IPv4 address on the routers and modems. For example, addition of an IPv4 address on the
router MAY prompt a Session Update Message to its attached modems. router MAY prompt a Session Update Message to its attached modems.
Also, for example, a modem that changes its Maximum Data Rate Also, for example, a modem that changes its Maximum Data Rate
(Receive) for all destinations MAY reflect that change via a Session (Receive) for all destinations MAY reflect that change via a Session
Update Message to its attached router(s). Update Message to its attached router(s).
Concerning Layer 3 addresses and subnets: If the modem is capable of Concerning Layer 3 addresses and subnets: If the modem is capable of
understanding and forwarding this information (via mechanisms not understanding and forwarding this information (via mechanisms not
defined by DLEP), the update would prompt any remote DLEP-enabled defined by DLEP), the update would prompt any remote DLEP-enabled
modems to issue a Destination Update Message (Section 10.17) to their modems to issue a Destination Update Message (Section 12.17) to their
local routers with the new (or deleted) addresses and subnets. local routers with the new (or deleted) addresses and subnets.
10.8. Session Update Response Message 12.8. Session Update Response Message
A Session Update Response Message MUST be sent by a DLEP participant A Session Update Response Message MUST be sent by a DLEP participant
when a Session Update Message (Section 10.7) is received. when a Session Update Message (Section 12.7) is received.
To construct a Session Update Response Message, the Message Type To construct a Session Update Response Message, the Message Type
value in the Message Header is set to 4 (see Message Type value in the Message Header is set to 4 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Session Update Response Message MUST contain a Status Data Item The Session Update Response Message MUST contain a Status Data Item
(Section 11.1). (Section 13.1).
10.9. Session Termination Message 12.9. Session Termination Message
A Session Termination Message MUST be sent by a DLEP participant when When a DLEP participant determines the DLEP session needs to be
the DLEP session needs to be terminated. terminated, the participant MUST send (or attempt to send) a Session
Termination Message.
To construct a Session Termination Message, the Message Type value in To construct a Session Termination Message, the Message Type value in
the Message Header is set to 5 (see Message Type Registration the Message Header is set to 5 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Session Termination Message MUST contain Status Data Item The Session Termination Message MUST contain Status Data Item
(Section 11.1). (Section 13.1).
It should be noted that Session Termination Messages can be sent by It should be noted that Session Termination Messages can be sent by
both routers and modems. both routers and modems.
10.10. Session Termination Response Message 12.10. Session Termination Response Message
A Session Termination Response Message MUST be sent by a DLEP A Session Termination Response Message MUST be sent by a DLEP
participant when a Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) is participant when a Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) is
received. received.
To construct a Session Termination Response Message, the Message Type To construct a Session Termination Response Message, the Message Type
value in the Message Header is set to 6 (see Message Type value in the Message Header is set to 6 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
There are no valid Data Items for the Session Termination Response There are no valid Data Items for the Session Termination Response
Message. Message.
Receipt of a Session Termination Response Message completes the tear- Receipt of a Session Termination Response Message completes the tear-
down of the DLEP session, see Section 5.4. down of the DLEP session, see Section 7.4.
10.11. Destination Up Message 12.11. Destination Up Message
Destination Up Messages MAY be sent by a modem to inform its attached Destination Up Messages MAY be sent by a modem to inform its attached
router of the presence of a new reachable destination. router of the presence of a new reachable destination.
To construct a Destination Up Message, the Message Type value in the To construct a Destination Up Message, the Message Type value in the
Message Header is set to 7 (see Message Type Registration Message Header is set to 7 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Up Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item The Destination Up Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item
(Section 11.7). (Section 13.7).
The Destination Up Message SHOULD contain one or more of each of the The Destination Up Message SHOULD contain one or more of each of the
following Data Items, with different values: following Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
The Destination Up Message MAY contain one of each of the following The Destination Up Message MAY contain one of each of the following
Data Items: Data Items:
o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12) o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12)
o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13) o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13)
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Latency (Section 13.16)
The Destination Up Message MAY contain one of each of the following The Destination Up Message MAY contain one of each of the following
Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session: Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session:
o Resources (Section 11.17) o Resources (Section 13.17)
o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 11.18)
o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 11.19) o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 13.18)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 13.19)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20)
The Destination Up Message MAY contain one or more of each of the The Destination Up Message MAY contain one or more of each of the
following Data Items, with different values: following Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11) o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11)
A router receiving a Destination Up Message allocates the necessary A router receiving a Destination Up Message allocates the necessary
resources, creating an entry in the information base with the resources, creating an entry in the information base with the
specifics (MAC Address, Latency, Data Rate, etc.) of the destination. specifics (MAC Address, Latency, Data Rate, etc.) of the destination.
The information about this destination will persist in the router's The information about this destination will persist in the router's
information base until a Destination Down Message (Section 10.15) is information base until a Destination Down Message (Section 12.15) is
received, indicating that the modem has lost contact with the remote received, indicating that the modem has lost contact with the remote
node, or the implementation transitions to the Session Termination node, or the implementation transitions to the Session Termination
state. state.
10.12. Destination Up Response Message 12.12. Destination Up Response Message
A router MUST send a Destination Up Response Message when a A router MUST send a Destination Up Response Message when a
Destination Up Message (Section 10.11) is received. Destination Up Message (Section 12.11) is received.
To construct a Destination Up Response Message, the Message Type To construct a Destination Up Response Message, the Message Type
value in the Message Header is set to 8 (see Message Type value in the Message Header is set to 8 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Up Response Message MUST contain one of each of the The Destination Up Response Message MUST contain one of each of the
following Data Items: following Data Items:
o MAC Address (Section 11.7) o MAC Address (Section 13.7)
o Status (Section 11.1) o Status (Section 13.1)
A router that wishes to receive further information concerning the A router that wishes to receive further information concerning the
destination identified in the corresponding Destination Up Message destination identified in the corresponding Destination Up Message
MUST set the status code of the included Status Data Item to 0 MUST set the status code of the included Status Data Item to 0
'Success', see Table 2. 'Success', see Table 2.
If the router has no interest in the destination identified in the If the router has no interest in the destination identified in the
corresponding Destination Up Message, then it MAY set the status code corresponding Destination Up Message, then it MAY set the status code
of the included Status Data Item to 1 'Not Interested'. of the included Status Data Item to 1 'Not Interested'.
A modem receiving a Destination Up Response Message containing a A modem receiving a Destination Up Response Message containing a
Status Data Item with status code of any value other than 0 'Success' Status Data Item with status code of any value other than 0 'Success'
MUST NOT send further Destination messages about the destination, MUST NOT send further Destination messages about the destination,
e.g. Destination Down (Section 10.15) or Destination Update e.g. Destination Down (Section 12.15) or Destination Update
(Section 10.17) with the same MAC address. (Section 12.17) with the same MAC address.
10.13. Destination Announce Message 12.13. Destination Announce Message
Usually a modem will discover the presence of one or more remote Usually a modem will discover the presence of one or more remote
router/modem pairs and announce each destination's arrival by sending router/modem pairs and announce each destination's arrival by sending
a corresponding Destination Up Message (Section 10.11) to the router. a corresponding Destination Up Message (Section 12.11) to the router.
However, there may be times when a router wishes to express an However, there may be times when a router wishes to express an
interest in a destination that has yet to be announced, typically a interest in a destination that has yet to be announced, typically a
multicast destination. Destination Announce Messages MAY be sent by multicast destination. Destination Announce Messages MAY be sent by
a router to announce such an interest. a router to announce such an interest.
A Destination Announce Message MAY also be sent by a router to A Destination Announce Message MAY also be sent by a router to
request information concerning a destination in which it has request information concerning a destination in which it has
previously declined interest, via the 1 'Not Interested' status code previously declined interest, via the 1 'Not Interested' status code
in a Destination Up Response Message (Section 10.12), see Table 2, or in a Destination Up Response Message (Section 12.12), see Table 2, or
declared as 'down', via the Destination Down Message (Section 10.15). declared as 'down', via the Destination Down Message (Section 12.15).
To construct a Destination Announce Message, the Message Type value To construct a Destination Announce Message, the Message Type value
in the Message Header is set to 9 (see Message Type Registration in the Message Header is set to 9 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Announce Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item The Destination Announce Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item
(Section 11.7). (Section 13.7).
The Destination Announce Message MAY contain zero or more of the The Destination Announce Message MAY contain zero or more of the
following Data Items, with different values: following Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
One of the advantages of implementing DLEP is to leverage the modem's One of the advantages of implementing DLEP is to leverage the modem's
knowledge of the links between remote destinations allowing routers knowledge of the links between remote destinations allowing routers
to avoid using probed neighbor discovery techniques, therefore modem to avoid using probed neighbor discovery techniques, therefore modem
implementations SHOULD announce available destinations via the implementations SHOULD announce available destinations via the
Destination Up Message, rather than relying on Destination Announce Destination Up Message, rather than relying on Destination Announce
Messages. Messages.
10.14. Destination Announce Response Message 12.14. Destination Announce Response Message
A modem MUST send a Destination Announce Response Message when a A modem MUST send a Destination Announce Response Message when a
Destination Announce Message (Section 10.13) is received. Destination Announce Message (Section 12.13) is received.
To construct a Destination Announce Response Message, the Message To construct a Destination Announce Response Message, the Message
Type value in the Message Header is set to 10 (see Message Type Type value in the Message Header is set to 10 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Announce Response Message MUST contain one of each of The Destination Announce Response Message MUST contain one of each of
the following Data Items: the following Data Items:
o MAC Address (Section 11.7) o MAC Address (Section 13.7)
o Status (Section 11.1) o Status (Section 13.1)
The Destination Announce Response Message MAY contain one or more of The Destination Announce Response Message MAY contain one or more of
each of the following Data Items, with different values: each of the following Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11)
The Destination Announce Response Message MAY contain one of each of The Destination Announce Response Message MAY contain one of each of
the following Data Items: the following Data Items:
o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12) o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12)
o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13) o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13)
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Latency (Section 13.16)
The Destination Announce Response Message MAY contain one of each of The Destination Announce Response Message MAY contain one of each of
the following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session: the following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session:
o Resources (Section 11.17) o Resources (Section 13.17)
o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 11.18) o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 13.18)
o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 11.19) o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 13.19)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20)
If a modem is unable to report information immediately about the If a modem is unable to report information immediately about the
requested information, if the destination is not currently reachable, requested information, if the destination is not currently reachable,
for example, the status code in the Status Data Item MUST be set to 2 for example, the status code in the Status Data Item MUST be set to 2
'Request Denied', see Table 2. 'Request Denied', see Table 2.
After sending a Destination Announce Response Message containing a After sending a Destination Announce Response Message containing a
Status Data Item with status code of 0 'Success', a modem then Status Data Item with status code of 0 'Success', a modem then
announces changes to the link to the destination via Destination announces changes to the link to the destination via Destination
Update Messages. Update Messages.
When a successful Destination Announce Response Message is received, When a successful Destination Announce Response Message is received,
the router should add knowledge of the available destination to its the router should add knowledge of the available destination to its
information base. information base.
10.15. Destination Down Message 12.15. Destination Down Message
A modem MUST send a Destination Down Message to report when a A modem MUST send a Destination Down Message to report when a
destination (a remote node or a multicast group) is no longer destination (a remote node or a multicast group) is no longer
reachable. reachable.
A router MAY send a Destination Down Message to report when it no A router MAY send a Destination Down Message to report when it no
longer requires information concerning a destination. longer requires information concerning a destination.
To construct a Destination Down Message, the Message Type value in To construct a Destination Down Message, the Message Type value in
the Message Header is set to 11 (see Message Type Registration the Message Header is set to 11 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Down Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item The Destination Down Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item
(Section 11.7). (Section 13.7).
It should be noted that both modem and router may send a Destination It should be noted that both modem and router may send a Destination
Down Message to their peer, regardless of which participant initially Down Message to their peer, regardless of which participant initially
indicated the destination to be 'up'. indicated the destination to be 'up'.
10.16. Destination Down Response Message 12.16. Destination Down Response Message
A Destination Down Response MUST be sent by the recipient of a A Destination Down Response MUST be sent by the recipient of a
Destination Down Message (Section 10.15) to confirm that the relevant Destination Down Message (Section 12.15) to confirm that the relevant
data concerning the destination has been removed from the information data concerning the destination has been removed from the information
base. base.
To construct a Destination Down Response Message, the Message Type To construct a Destination Down Response Message, the Message Type
value in the Message Header is set to 12 (see Message Type value in the Message Header is set to 12 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Down Response Message MUST contain one of each of the The Destination Down Response Message MUST contain one of each of the
following Data Items: following Data Items:
o MAC Address (Section 11.7) o MAC Address (Section 13.7)
o Status (Section 11.1) o Status (Section 13.1)
10.17. Destination Update Message 12.17. Destination Update Message
A modem SHOULD send the Destination Update Message when it detects A modem SHOULD send the Destination Update Message when it detects
some change in the information base for a given destination (remote some change in the information base for a given destination (remote
node or multicast group). Some examples of changes that would prompt node or multicast group). Some examples of changes that would prompt
a Destination Update Message are: a Destination Update Message are:
o Change in link metrics (e.g., Data Rates) o Change in link metrics (e.g., Data Rates)
o Layer 3 addressing change o Layer 3 addressing change
To construct a Destination Update Message, the Message Type value in To construct a Destination Update Message, the Message Type value in
the Message Header is set to 13 (see Message Type Registration the Message Header is set to 13 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
The Destination Update Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item The Destination Update Message MUST contain a MAC Address Data Item
(Section 11.7). (Section 13.7).
The Destination Update Message MAY contain one of each of the The Destination Update Message MAY contain one of each of the
following Data Items: following Data Items:
o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12) o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12)
o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13) o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13)
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Latency (Section 13.16)
The Destination Update Message MAY contain one of each of the The Destination Update Message MAY contain one of each of the
following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session: following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session:
o Resources (Section 11.17) o Resources (Section 13.17)
o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 11.18) o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 13.18)
o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 11.19) o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 13.19)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20)
The Destination Update Message MAY contain one or more of each of the The Destination Update Message MAY contain one or more of each of the
following Data Items, with different values: following Data Items, with different values:
o IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) o IPv4 Address (Section 13.8)
o IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) o IPv6 Address (Section 13.9)
o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) o IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10)
o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11) o IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11)
If metrics are supplied with the Message (e.g., Resources), these Metrics supplied in this message overwrite metrics provided in a
metrics are MUST be applied to all destinations identified in the
Message. Note that this may overwrite metrics provided in a
previously received Session or Destination Up Messages. previously received Session or Destination Up Messages.
It should be noted that this Message has no corresponding response. It should be noted that this Message has no corresponding response.
10.18. Link Characteristics Request Message 12.18. Link Characteristics Request Message
The Link Characteristics Request Message MAY be sent by a router to The Link Characteristics Request Message MAY be sent by a router to
request that the modem initiate changes for specific characteristics request that the modem initiate changes for specific characteristics
of the link. The request can reference either a real destination of the link. The request can reference either a real destination
(e.g., a remote node), or a logical destination (e.g., a multicast (e.g., a remote node), or a logical destination (e.g., a multicast
group) within the network. group) within the network.
To construct a Link Characteristics Request Message, the Message Type To construct a Link Characteristics Request Message, the Message Type
value in the Message Header is set to 14 (see Message Type value in the Message Header is set to 14 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Link Characteristics Request Message MUST contain one of the The Link Characteristics Request Message MUST contain one of the
following Data Items: following Data Items:
o MAC Address (Section 11.7) o MAC Address (Section 13.7)
The Link Characteristics Request Message MUST contain at least one of The Link Characteristics Request Message MUST contain at least one of
each of the following Data Items: each of the following Data Items:
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Latency (Section 13.16)
The Link Characteristics Request Message MAY contain either a Current The Link Characteristics Request Message MAY contain either a Current
Data Rate (CDRR or CDRT) Data Item to request a different datarate Data Rate (CDRR or CDRT) Data Item to request a different datarate
than is currently allocated, a Latency Data Item to request that than is currently allocated, a Latency Data Item to request that
traffic delay on the link not exceed the specified value, or both. traffic delay on the link not exceed the specified value, or both.
The router sending a Link Characteristics Request Message should be The router sending a Link Characteristics Request Message should be
aware that a request may take an extended period of time to complete. aware that a request may take an extended period of time to complete.
10.19. Link Characteristics Response Message 12.19. Link Characteristics Response Message
A modem MUST send a Link Characteristics Response Message when a Link A modem MUST send a Link Characteristics Response Message when a Link
Characteristics Request Message (Section 10.18) is received. Characteristics Request Message (Section 12.18) is received.
To construct a Link Characteristics Response Message, the Message To construct a Link Characteristics Response Message, the Message
Type value in the Message Header is set to 15 (see Message Type Type value in the Message Header is set to 15 (see Message Type
Registration (Section 13.3)). Registration (Section 15.3)).
The Link Characteristics Response Message MUST contain one of each of The Link Characteristics Response Message MUST contain one of each of
the following Data Items: the following Data Items:
o MAC Address (Section 11.7) o MAC Address (Section 13.7)
o Status (Section 11.1) o Status (Section 13.1)
The Link Characteristics Response Message SHOULD contain one of each The Link Characteristics Response Message SHOULD contain one of each
of the following Data Items: of the following Data Items:
o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12) o Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12)
o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13) o Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13)
o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.14) o Current Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.14)
o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.15) o Current Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.15)
o Latency (Section 11.16) o Latency (Section 13.16)
The Link Characteristics Response Message MAY contain one of each of The Link Characteristics Response Message MAY contain one of each of
the following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session: the following Data Items, if the Data Item is in use by the session:
o Resources (Section 11.17) o Resources (Section 13.17)
o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 11.18) o Relative Link Quality (Receive) (Section 13.18)
o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 11.19) o Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (Section 13.19)
o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) o Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20)
The Link Characteristics Response Message MUST contain a complete set The Link Characteristics Response Message MUST contain a complete set
of metric Data Items, referencing all metrics declared in the Session of metric Data Items, referencing all metrics declared in the Session
Initialization Response Message (Section 10.6). The values in the Initialization Response Message (Section 12.6). The values in the
metric Data Items in the Link Characteristics Response Message MUST metric Data Items in the Link Characteristics Response Message MUST
reflect the link characteristics after the request has been reflect the link characteristics after the request has been
processed. processed.
If an implementation is not able to alter the characteristics of the If an implementation is not able to alter the characteristics of the
link in the manner requested, then the status code of the Status Data link in the manner requested, then the status code of the Status Data
Item MUST be set to 2 'Request Denied', see Table 2. Item MUST be set to 2 'Request Denied', see Table 2.
10.20. Heartbeat Message 12.20. Heartbeat Message
A Heartbeat Message MUST be sent by a DLEP participant every N A Heartbeat Message MUST be sent by a DLEP participant every N
milliseconds, where N is defined in the Heartbeat Interval Data Item milliseconds, where N is defined in the Heartbeat Interval Data Item
(Section 11.5) of the Session Initialization Message (Section 10.5) (Section 13.5) of the Session Initialization Message (Section 12.5)
or Session Initialization Response Message (Section 10.6). or Session Initialization Response Message (Section 12.6).
To construct a Heartbeat Message, the Message Type value in the To construct a Heartbeat Message, the Message Type value in the
Message Header is set to 16 (see Message Type Registration Message Header is set to 16 (see Message Type Registration
(Section 13.3)). (Section 15.3)).
There are no valid Data Items for the Heartbeat Message. There are no valid Data Items for the Heartbeat Message.
The Message is used by DLEP participants to detect when a DLEP The Message is used by DLEP participants to detect when a DLEP
session peer (either the modem or the router) is no longer session peer (either the modem or the router) is no longer
communicating, see Section 5.3.1. communicating, see Section 7.3.1.
11. DLEP Data Items 13. DLEP Data Items
Following is the list of core Data Items that MUST be recognized by a Following is the list of core Data Items that MUST be recognized by a
DLEP compliant implementation. As mentioned before, not all Data DLEP compliant implementation. As mentioned before, not all Data
Items need be used during a session, but an implementation MUST Items need be used during a session, but an implementation MUST
correctly process these Data Items when correctly associated with a correctly process these Data Items when correctly associated with a
Signal or Message. Signal or Message.
The core DLEP Data Items are: The core DLEP Data Items are:
+-------------+-----------------------------------------------------+ +-------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| Type Code | Description | | Type Code | Description |
+-------------+-----------------------------------------------------+ +-------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| 0 | Reserved | | 0 | Reserved |
| 1 | Status (Section 11.1) | | 1 | Status (Section 13.1) |
| 2 | IPv4 Connection Point (Section 11.2) | | 2 | IPv4 Connection Point (Section 13.2) |
| 3 | IPv6 Connection Point (Section 11.3) | | 3 | IPv6 Connection Point (Section 13.3) |
| 4 | Peer Type (Section 11.4) | | 4 | Peer Type (Section 13.4) |
| 5 | Heartbeat Interval (Section 11.5) | | 5 | Heartbeat Interval (Section 13.5) |
| 6 | Extensions Supported (Section 11.6) | | 6 | Extensions Supported (Section 13.6) |
| 7 | MAC Address (Section 11.7) | | 7 | MAC Address (Section 13.7) |
| 8 | IPv4 Address (Section 11.8) | | 8 | IPv4 Address (Section 13.8) |
| 9 | IPv6 Address (Section 11.9) | | 9 | IPv6 Address (Section 13.9) |
| 10 | IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 11.10) | | 10 | IPv4 Attached Subnet (Section 13.10) |
| 11 | IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 11.11) | | 11 | IPv6 Attached Subnet (Section 13.11) |
| 12 | Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (MDRR) (Section 11.12) | | 12 | Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (MDRR) (Section 13.12) |
| 13 | Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (MDRT) (Section 11.13) | | 13 | Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (MDRT) (Section 13.13) |
| 14 | Current Data Rate (Receive) (CDRR) (Section 11.14) | | 14 | Current Data Rate (Receive) (CDRR) (Section 13.14) |
| 15 | Current Data Rate (Transmit) (CDRT) (Section 11.15) | | 15 | Current Data Rate (Transmit) (CDRT) (Section 13.15) |
| 16 | Latency (Section 11.16) | | 16 | Latency (Section 13.16) |
| 17 | Resources (RES) (Section 11.17) | | 17 | Resources (RES) (Section 13.17) |
| 18 | Relative Link Quality (Receive) (RLQR) (Section | | 18 | Relative Link Quality (Receive) (RLQR) (Section |
| | 11.18) | | | 13.18) |
| 19 | Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT) (Section | | 19 | Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT) (Section |
| | 11.19) | | | 13.19) |
| 20 | Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 11.20) | | 20 | Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) (Section 13.20) |
| 21-65407 | Reserved for future extensions | | 21-65407 | Reserved for future extensions |
| 65408-65534 | Private Use. Available for experiments | | 65408-65534 | Private Use. Available for experiments |
| 65535 | Reserved | | 65535 | Reserved |
+-------------+-----------------------------------------------------+ +-------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
Table 1: DLEP Data Item types Table 1: DLEP Data Item types
11.1. Status 13.1. Status
For the Session Termination Message (Section 10.9), the Status Data For the Session Termination Message (Section 12.9), the Status Data
Item indicates a reason for the termination. For all response Item indicates a reason for the termination. For all response
Messages, the Status Data Item is used to indicate the success or Messages, the Status Data Item is used to indicate the success or
failure of the previously received Message. failure of the previously received Message.
The Status Data Item includes an optional Text field that can be used The Status Data Item includes an optional Text field that can be used
to provide a textual description of the status. The use of the Text to provide a textual description of the status. The use of the Text
field is entirely up to the receiving implementation, e.g., it could field is entirely up to the receiving implementation, e.g., it could
be output to a log file or discarded. If no Text field is supplied be output to a log file or discarded. If no Text field is supplied
with the Status Data Item, the Length field MUST be set to 1. with the Status Data Item, the Length field MUST be set to 1.
skipping to change at page 36, line 33 skipping to change at page 38, line 23
Data Item Type: 1 Data Item Type: 1
Length: 1 + Length of text, in octets Length: 1 + Length of text, in octets
Status Code: One of the codes defined in Table 2 below. Status Code: One of the codes defined in Table 2 below.
Text: UTF-8 encoded string of UNICODE [RFC3629] characters, Text: UTF-8 encoded string of UNICODE [RFC3629] characters,
describing the cause, used for implementation defined purposes. describing the cause, used for implementation defined purposes.
Since this field is used for description, implementations SHOULD Since this field is used for description, implementations SHOULD
limit characters in this field to printable characters. limit characters in this field to printable characters.
Implementations receiving this Data Item SHOULD check for
printable characters in the field.
An implementation MUST NOT assume the Text field is NUL-terminated. An implementation MUST NOT assume the Text field is a NUL-terminated
string of printable characters.
+----------+-------------+------------------+-----------------------+ +----------+-------------+------------------+-----------------------+
| Status | Failure | Description | Reason | | Status | Failure | Description | Reason |
| Code | Mode | | | | Code | Mode | | |
+----------+-------------+------------------+-----------------------+ +----------+-------------+------------------+-----------------------+
| 0 | Continue | Success | The Message was | | 0 | Continue | Success | The Message was |
| | | | processed | | | | | processed |
| | | | successfully. | | | | | successfully. |
| 1 | Continue | Not Interested | The receiver is not | | 1 | Continue | Not Interested | The receiver is not |
| | | | interested in this | | | | | interested in this |
| | | | Message subject, e.g. | | | | | Message subject, e.g. |
| | | | in a Destination Up | | | | | in a Destination Up |
| | | | Response Message | | | | | Response Message |
| | | | (Section 10.12) to | | | | | (Section 12.12) to |
| | | | indicate no further | | | | | indicate no further |
| | | | Messages about the | | | | | Messages about the |
| | | | destination. | | | | | destination. |
| 2 | Continue | Request Denied | The receiver refuses | | 2 | Continue | Request Denied | The receiver refuses |
| | | | to complete the | | | | | to complete the |
| | | | request. | | | | | request. |
| 3 | Continue | Inconsistent | One or more Data | | 3 | Continue | Inconsistent | One or more Data |
| | | Data | Items in the Message | | | | Data | Items in the Message |
| | | | describe a logically | | | | | describe a logically |
| | | | inconsistent state in | | | | | inconsistent state in |
| | | | the network. For | | | | | the network. For |
| | | | example, in the | | | | | example, in the |
| | | | Destination Up | | | | | Destination Up |
| | | | Message (Section | | | | | Message (Section |
| | | | 10.11) when an | | | | | 12.11) when an |
| | | | announced subnet | | | | | announced subnet |
| | | | clashes with an | | | | | clashes with an |
| | | | existing destination | | | | | existing destination |
| | | | subnet. | | | | | subnet. |
| 4-111 | Continue | <Reserved> | Reserved for future | | 4-111 | Continue | <Reserved> | Reserved for future |
| | | | extensions. | | | | | extensions. |
| 112-127 | Continue | <Private Use> | Available for | | 112-127 | Continue | <Private Use> | Available for |
| | | | experiments. | | | | | experiments. |
| 128 | Terminate | Unknown Message | The Message was not | | 128 | Terminate | Unknown Message | The Message was not |
| | | | recognized by the | | | | | recognized by the |
| | | | implementation. | | | | | implementation. |
| 129 | Terminate | Unexpected | The Message was not | | 129 | Terminate | Unexpected | The Message was not |
| | | Message | expected while the | | | | Message | expected while the |
| | | | device was in the | | | | | device was in the |
| | | | current state, e.g., | | | | | current state, e.g., |
| | | | a Session | | | | | a Session |
| | | | Initialization | | | | | Initialization |
| | | | Message (Section | | | | | Message (Section |
| | | | 10.5) in the In- | | | | | 12.5) in the In- |
| | | | Session state. | | | | | Session state. |
| 130 | Terminate | Invalid Data | One or more Data | | 130 | Terminate | Invalid Data | One or more Data |
| | | | Items in the Message | | | | | Items in the Message |
| | | | are invalid, | | | | | are invalid, |
| | | | unexpected or | | | | | unexpected or |
| | | | incorrectly | | | | | incorrectly |
| | | | duplicated. | | | | | duplicated. |
| 131 | Terminate | Invalid | The destination | | 131 | Terminate | Invalid | The destination |
| | | Destination | included in the | | | | Destination | included in the |
| | | | Message does not | | | | | Message does not |
| | | | match a previously | | | | | match a previously |
| | | | announced | | | | | announced |
| | | | destination. For | | | | | destination. For |
| | | | example, in the Link | | | | | example, in the Link |
| | | | Characteristic | | | | | Characteristic |
| | | | Response Message | | | | | Response Message |
| | | | (Section 10.19). | | | | | (Section 12.19). |
| 132 | Terminate | Timed Out | The session has timed | | 132 | Terminate | Timed Out | The session has timed |
| | | | out. | | | | | out. |
| 133-239 | Terminate | <Reserved> | Reserved for future | | 133-239 | Terminate | <Reserved> | Reserved for future |
| | | | extensions. | | | | | extensions. |
| 240-254 | Terminate | <Private Use> | Available for | | 240-254 | Terminate | <Private Use> | Available for |
| | | | experiments. | | | | | experiments. |
| 255 | Terminate | <Reserved> | Reserved. | | 255 | Terminate | <Reserved> | Reserved. |
+----------+-------------+------------------+-----------------------+ +----------+-------------+------------------+-----------------------+
Table 2: DLEP Status Codes Table 2: DLEP Status Codes
11.2. IPv4 Connection Point 13.2. IPv4 Connection Point
The IPv4 Connection Point Data Item indicates the IPv4 address and, The IPv4 Connection Point Data Item indicates the IPv4 address and,
optionally, the TCP port number on the modem available for optionally, the TCP port number on the modem available for
connections. If provided, the router MUST use this information to connections. If provided, the router MUST use this information to
initiate the TCP connection to the modem. initiate the TCP connection to the modem.
The IPv4 Connection Point Data Item contains the following fields: The IPv4 Connection Point Data Item contains the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
skipping to change at page 38, line 49 skipping to change at page 40, line 37
Flags: Flags field, defined below. Flags: Flags field, defined below.
IPv4 Address: The IPv4 address listening on the modem. IPv4 Address: The IPv4 address listening on the modem.
TCP Port Number: TCP Port number on the modem. TCP Port Number: TCP Port number on the modem.
If the Length field is 7, the port number specified MUST be used to If the Length field is 7, the port number specified MUST be used to
establish the TCP session. If the TCP Port Number is omitted, i.e. establish the TCP session. If the TCP Port Number is omitted, i.e.
the Length field is 5, the router MUST use the DLEP well-known port the Length field is 5, the router MUST use the DLEP well-known port
number (Section 13.13) to establish the TCP connection. number (Section 15.14) to establish the TCP connection.
The Flags field is defined as: The Flags field is defined as:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |T| | Reserved |T|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
T: :Use TLS flag, indicating whether the TCP connection requires the T: Use TLS flag, indicating whether the TCP connection to the given
use of TLS [RFC5246] (1), or not (0). address and port requires the use of TLS [RFC5246] (1), or not
(0).
Reserved: MUST be zero. Left for future assignment. Reserved: MUST be zero. Left for future assignment.
11.3. IPv6 Connection Point 13.3. IPv6 Connection Point
The IPv6 Connection Point Data Item indicates the IPv6 address and, The IPv6 Connection Point Data Item indicates the IPv6 address and,
optionally, the TCP port number on the modem available for optionally, the TCP port number on the modem available for
connections. If provided, the router MUST use this information to connections. If provided, the router MUST use this information to
initiate the TCP connection to the modem. initiate the TCP connection to the modem.
The IPv6 Connection Point Data Item contains the following fields: The IPv6 Connection Point Data Item contains the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
skipping to change at page 40, line 4 skipping to change at page 41, line 42
Length: 17 (or 19 if TCP Port included) Length: 17 (or 19 if TCP Port included)
Flags: Flags field, defined below. Flags: Flags field, defined below.
IPv6 Address: The IPv6 address listening on the modem. IPv6 Address: The IPv6 address listening on the modem.
TCP Port Number: TCP Port number on the modem. TCP Port Number: TCP Port number on the modem.
If the Length field is 19, the port number specified MUST be used to If the Length field is 19, the port number specified MUST be used to
establish the TCP session. If the TCP Port Number is omitted, i.e. establish the TCP session. If the TCP Port Number is omitted, i.e.
the Length field is 17, the router MUST use the DLEP well-known port the Length field is 17, the router MUST use the DLEP well-known port
number (Section 13.13) to establish the TCP connection. number (Section 15.14) to establish the TCP connection.
The Flags field is defined as: The Flags field is defined as:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |T| | Reserved |T|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
T: Use TLS flag, indicating whether the TCP connection to the given
T: :Use TLS flag, indicating whether the TCP connection requires the address and port requires the use of TLS [RFC5246] (1), or not
use of TLS [RFC5246] (1), or not (0). (0).
Reserved: MUST be zero. Left for future assignment. Reserved: MUST be zero. Left for future assignment.
11.4. Peer Type 13.4. Peer Type
The Peer Type Data Item is used by the router and modem to give The Peer Type Data Item is used by the router and modem to give
additional information as to its type. The Peer Type is a string and additional information as to its type and the properties of the over-
is envisioned to be used for informational purposes (e.g., as output the-air control-plane.
in a display command).
With some devices, access to the shared RF medium is strongly
controlled. One example of this would be satellite modems - where
protocols, proprietary in nature, have been developed to insure a
given modem has authorization to connect to the shared medium.
Another example of this class of modems is governmental/military
devices, where elaborate mechanisms have been developed to ensure
that only authorized devices can connect to the shared medium.
Contrasting with the above, there are modems where no such access
control is used. An example of this class of modem would be one that
supports the 802.11 ad-hoc mode of operation. The Secured Medium
flag is used to indicate if access control is in place.
The Peer Type Data Item includes a textual description of the peer
that is envisioned to be used for informational purposes (e.g., as
output in a display command).
The Peer Type Data Item contains the following fields: The Peer Type Data Item contains the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Peer Type... : | Flags | Description... :
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 4 Data Item Type: 4
Length: Length of Peer Type string, in octets. Length: 1 + Length of Peer Type string, in octets.
Peer Type: UTF-8 encoded string of UNICODE [RFC3629] characters. Flags: Flags field, defined below.
Description: UTF-8 encoded string of UNICODE [RFC3629] characters.
For example, a satellite modem might set this variable to For example, a satellite modem might set this variable to
"Satellite terminal". Since this Data Item is intended to provide "Satellite terminal". Since this Data Item is intended to provide
additional information for display commands, sending additional information for display commands, sending
implementations SHOULD limit the data to printable characters, and implementations SHOULD limit the data to printable characters.
receiving implementations SHOULD check the data for printable
characters.
An implementation MUST NOT assume the Peer Type field is NUL- An implementation MUST NOT assume the Description field is a NUL-
terminated. terminated string of printable characters.
11.5. Heartbeat Interval The Flags field is defined as:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |S|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
S: Secured Medium flag, used by a modem to indicate if the shared RF
medium implements access control (1), or not (0). The Secured
Medium flag only has meaning in Signals and Messages sent by a
modem.
Reserved: MUST be zero. Left for future assignment.
13.5. Heartbeat Interval
The Heartbeat Interval Data Item is used to specify a period in The Heartbeat Interval Data Item is used to specify a period in
milliseconds for Heartbeat Messages (Section 10.20). milliseconds for Heartbeat Messages (Section 12.20).
The Heartbeat Interval Data Item contains the following fields: The Heartbeat Interval Data Item contains the following fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Heartbeat Interval | | Heartbeat Interval |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 5 Data Item Type: 5
Length: 4 Length: 4
Heartbeat Interval: The interval in milliseconds, expressed as a Heartbeat Interval: The interval in milliseconds, expressed as a
32-bit unsigned integer, for Heartbeat Messages. This value MUST 32-bit unsigned integer, for Heartbeat Messages. This value MUST
NOT be 0. NOT be 0.
11.6. Extensions Supported As mentioned before, receipt of any valid DLEP Message MUST reset the
heartbeat interval timer (e.g., valid DLEP Messages take the place
of, and obviate the need for, additional Heartbeat Messages).
13.6. Extensions Supported
The Extensions Supported Data Item is used by the router and modem to The Extensions Supported Data Item is used by the router and modem to
negotiate additional optional functionality they are willing to negotiate additional optional functionality they are willing to
support. The Extensions List is a concatenation of the types of each support. The Extensions List is a concatenation of the types of each
supported extension, found in the IANA DLEP Extensions repository. supported extension, found in the IANA DLEP Extensions repository.
Each Extension Type definition includes which additional Signals and Each Extension Type definition includes which additional Signals and
Data Items are supported. Data Items are supported.
The Extensions Supported Data Item contains the following fields: The Extensions Supported Data Item contains the following fields:
skipping to change at page 42, line 8 skipping to change at page 44, line 32
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 6 Data Item Type: 6
Length: Length of the extensions list in octets. This is twice (2x) Length: Length of the extensions list in octets. This is twice (2x)
the number of extensions. the number of extensions.
Extension List: A list of extensions supported, identified by their Extension List: A list of extensions supported, identified by their
2-octet value as listed in the extensions registry. 2-octet value as listed in the extensions registry.
11.7. MAC Address 13.7. MAC Address
The MAC Address Data Item contains the address of the destination on The MAC Address Data Item contains the address of the destination on
the remote node. the remote node.
DLEP can support MAC addresses in either EUI-48 or EUI-64 format, DLEP can support MAC addresses in either EUI-48 or EUI-64 format,
with the restriction that all MAC addresses for a given DLEP session with the restriction that all MAC addresses for a given DLEP session
MUST be in the same format, and MUST be consistent with the MAC MUST be in the same format, and MUST be consistent with the MAC
address format of the connected modem (e.g., if the modem is address format of the connected modem (e.g., if the modem is
connected to the router with an EUI-48 MAC, all destination addresses connected to the router with an EUI-48 MAC, all destination addresses
via that modem MUST be expressed in EUI-48 format). via that modem MUST be expressed in EUI-48 format).
skipping to change at page 42, line 30 skipping to change at page 45, line 12
Examples of a virtual destination would be a multicast MAC address, Examples of a virtual destination would be a multicast MAC address,
or the broadcast MAC (FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF). or the broadcast MAC (FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF).
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| MAC Address : | MAC Address :
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
: MAC Address :
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
: MAC Address : (if EUI-64 used) | : MAC Address : (if EUI-64 used) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 7 Data Item Type: 7
Length: 6 for EUI-48 format, or 8 for EUI-64 format Length: 6 for EUI-48 format, or 8 for EUI-64 format
MAC Address: MAC Address of the destination. MAC Address: MAC Address of the destination.
11.8. IPv4 Address 13.8. IPv4 Address
When included in the Session Update Message, this Data Item contains When included in the Session Update Message, this Data Item contains
the IPv4 address of the peer. When included in Destination Messages, the IPv4 address of the peer. When included in Destination Messages,
this Data Item contains the IPv4 address of the destination. In this Data Item contains the IPv4 address of the destination. In
either case, the Data Item also contains an indication of whether either case, the Data Item also contains an indication of whether
this is a new or existing address, or is a deletion of a previously this is a new or existing address, or is a deletion of a previously
known address. known address.
The IPv4 Address Data Item contains the following fields: The IPv4 Address Data Item contains the following fields:
skipping to change at page 43, line 35 skipping to change at page 46, line 15
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |A| | Reserved |A|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing
address (1), or a withdrawal of an address (0). address (1), or a withdrawal of an address (0).
Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use. Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use.
11.8.1. IPv4 Address Processing 13.8.1. IPv4 Address Processing
Processing of the IPv4 Address Data Item MUST be done within the Processing of the IPv4 Address Data Item MUST be done within the
context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented. context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented.
The handling of erroneous or logically inconsistent conditions The handling of erroneous or logically inconsistent conditions
depends upon the type of the message that contains the data item: depends upon the type of the message that contains the data item:
If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session
Initialization Message (Section 10.5), or Session Update Message Initialization Message (Section 12.5), or Session Update Message
(Section 10.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a (Section 12.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a
Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a Status Data Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a Status Data
Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and
transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such
conditions are: conditions are:
o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not
associated with the peer in the current session. associated with the peer in the current session.
o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already
been added to the peer in the current session. been added to the peer in the current session.
If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination
Up Message (Section 10.11), or Destination Update Message Up Message (Section 12.11), or Destination Update Message
(Section 10.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue (Section 12.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue
the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with
status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with
session processing. Examples of such conditions are: session processing. Examples of such conditions are:
o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already
been added to the destination in the current session. been added to the destination in the current session.
o An address Add operation referencing an address that is associated o An address Add operation referencing an address that is associated
with a different destination or the peer in the current session with a different destination or the peer in the current session.
o An address Add operation referencing an address that makes no
sense, for example defined as not forwardable in [RFC6890].
o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not
associated with the destination in the current session. associated with the destination in the current session.
If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination
Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session
processing. processing.
Modems that do not track IPv4 addresses MUST silently ignore IPv4 Modems that do not track IPv4 addresses MUST silently ignore IPv4
Address Data Items. Address Data Items.
11.9. IPv6 Address 13.9. IPv6 Address
When included in the Session Update Message, this Data Item contains When included in the Session Update Message, this Data Item contains
the IPv6 address of the peer. When included in Destination Messages, the IPv6 address of the peer. When included in Destination Messages,
this Data Item contains the IPv6 address of the destination. In this Data Item contains the IPv6 address of the destination. In
either case, the Data Item also contains an indication of whether either case, the Data Item also contains an indication of whether
this is a new or existing address, or is a deletion of a previously this is a new or existing address, or is a deletion of a previously
known address. known address.
The IPv6 Address Data Item contains the following fields: The IPv6 Address Data Item contains the following fields:
skipping to change at page 45, line 41 skipping to change at page 48, line 15
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |A| | Reserved |A|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing
address (1), or a withdrawal of an address (0). address (1), or a withdrawal of an address (0).
Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use. Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use.
11.9.1. IPv6 Address Processing 13.9.1. IPv6 Address Processing
Processing of the IPv6 Address Data Item MUST be done within the Processing of the IPv6 Address Data Item MUST be done within the
context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented. context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented.
The handling of erroneous or logically inconsistent conditions The handling of erroneous or logically inconsistent conditions
depends upon the type of the message that contains the data item: depends upon the type of the message that contains the data item:
If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session
Initialization Message (Section 10.5), or Session Update Message Initialization Message (Section 12.5), or Session Update Message
(Section 10.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a (Section 12.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a
Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a Status Data Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a Status Data
Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and
transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such
conditions are: conditions are:
o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not
associated with the peer in the current session. associated with the peer in the current session.
o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already
been added to the peer in the current session. been added to the peer in the current session.
If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination
Up Message (Section 10.11), or Destination Update Message Up Message (Section 12.11), or Destination Update Message
(Section 10.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue (Section 12.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue
the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with
status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with
session processing. Examples of such conditions are: session processing. Examples of such conditions are:
o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already o An address Add operation referencing an address that has already
been added to the destination in the current session. been added to the destination in the current session.
o An address Add operation referencing an address that is associated o An address Add operation referencing an address that is associated
with a different destination or the peer in the current session with a different destination or the peer in the current session.
o An address Add operation referencing an address that makes no
sense, for example defined as not forwardable in [RFC6890].
o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not o An address Drop operation referencing an address that is not
associated with the destination in the current session. associated with the destination in the current session.
If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination
Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session
processing. processing.
Modems that do not track IPv6 addresses MUST silently ignore IPv6 Modems that do not track IPv6 addresses MUST silently ignore IPv6
Address Data Items. Address Data Items.
11.10. IPv4 Attached Subnet 13.10. IPv4 Attached Subnet
The DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet allows a device to declare that it has The DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet allows a device to declare that it has
an IPv4 subnet (e.g., a stub network) attached, that it has become an IPv4 subnet (e.g., a stub network) attached, that it has become
aware of an IPv4 subnet being present at a remote destination, or aware of an IPv4 subnet being present at a remote destination, or
that it has become aware of the loss of a subnet at the remote that it has become aware of the loss of a subnet at the remote
destination. destination.
The DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet Data Item contains the following The DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
skipping to change at page 47, line 39 skipping to change at page 50, line 15
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |A| | Reserved |A|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing subnet A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing subnet
address (1), or a withdrawal of a subnet address (0). address (1), or a withdrawal of a subnet address (0).
Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use. Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use.
11.10.1. IPv4 Attached Subnet Processing 13.10.1. IPv4 Attached Subnet Processing
Processing of the IPv4 Attached Subnet Data Item MUST be done within Processing of the IPv4 Attached Subnet Data Item MUST be done within
the context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented. the context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented.
If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session
Initialization Message (Section 10.5), or Session Update Message Initialization Message (Section 12.5), or Session Update Message
(Section 10.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a (Section 12.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a
Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a Status Data Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a Status Data
Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and
transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such
conditions are: conditions are:
o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not
associated with the peer in the current session. associated with the peer in the current session.
o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been
added to the peer in the current session. added to the peer in the current session.
If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination
Up Message (Section 10.11), or Destination Update Message Up Message (Section 12.11), or Destination Update Message
(Section 10.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue (Section 12.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue
the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with
status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with
session processing. Examples of such conditions are: session processing. Examples of such conditions are:
o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been
added to the destination in the current session. added to the destination in the current session.
o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that is associated o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that is associated
with a different destination in the current session. with a different destination in the current session.
o An subnet Add operation referencing an subnet that makes no sense,
for example defined as not forwardable in [RFC6890].
o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not
associated with the destination in the current session. associated with the destination in the current session.
If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination
Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session
processing. processing.
Modems that do not track IPv4 subnets MUST silently ignore IPv4 Modems that do not track IPv4 subnets MUST silently ignore IPv4
Attached Subnet Data Items. Attached Subnet Data Items.
11.11. IPv6 Attached Subnet 13.11. IPv6 Attached Subnet
The DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet allows a device to declare that it has The DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet allows a device to declare that it has
an IPv6 subnet (e.g., a stub network) attached, that it has become an IPv6 subnet (e.g., a stub network) attached, that it has become
aware of an IPv6 subnet being present at a remote destination, or aware of an IPv6 subnet being present at a remote destination, or
that it has become aware of the loss of a subnet at the remote that it has become aware of the loss of a subnet at the remote
destination. destination.
The DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet Data Item contains the following The DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
skipping to change at page 49, line 45 skipping to change at page 52, line 15
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved |A| | Reserved |A|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing subnet A: Add/Drop flag, indicating whether this is a new or existing subnet
address (1), or a withdrawal of a subnet address (0). address (1), or a withdrawal of a subnet address (0).
Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use. Reserved: MUST be zero. Reserved for future use.
11.11.1. IPv6 Attached Subnet Processing 13.11.1. IPv6 Attached Subnet Processing
Processing of the IPv6 Attached Subnet Data Item MUST be done within Processing of the IPv6 Attached Subnet Data Item MUST be done within
the context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented. the context of the DLEP Peer session on which it is presented.
If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session If the containing message is a Session Message, e.g., Session
Initialization Message (Section 10.5), or Session Update Message Initialization Message (Section 12.5), or Session Update Message
(Section 10.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a (Section 12.7), the receiver of inconsistent information MUST issue a
Session Termination Message (Section 10.9) containing a Status Data Session Termination Message (Section 12.9) containing a Status Data
Item (Section 11.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and Item (Section 13.1) with status code set to 130 'Invalid Data', and
transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such transition to the Session Termination state. Examples of such
conditions are: conditions are:
o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not
associated with the peer in the current session. associated with the peer in the current session.
o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been
added to the peer in the current session. added to the peer in the current session.
If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination If the containing message is a Destination Message, e.g., Destination
Up Message (Section 10.11), or Destination Update Message Up Message (Section 12.11), or Destination Update Message
(Section 10.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue (Section 12.17), the receiver of inconsistent information MAY issue
the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with the appropriate response message containing a Status Data Item, with
status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with status code set to 3 'Inconsistent Data', but MUST continue with
session processing. Examples of such conditions are: session processing. Examples of such conditions are:
o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that has already been
added to the destination in the current session. added to the destination in the current session.
o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that is associated o A subnet Add operation referencing a subnet that is associated
with a different destination in the current session. with a different destination in the current session.
o An subnet Add operation referencing an subnet that makes no sense,
for example defined as not forwardable in [RFC6890].
o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not o A subnet Drop operation referencing a subnet that is not
associated with the destination in the current session. associated with the destination in the current session.
If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination If no response message is appropriate, for example, the Destination
Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session Update Message, then the implementation MUST continue with session
processing. processing.
Modems that do not track IPv6 subnets MUST silently ignore IPv4 Modems that do not track IPv6 subnets MUST silently ignore IPv6
Attached Subnet Data Items. Attached Subnet Data Items.
11.12. Maximum Data Rate (Receive) 13.12. Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
The Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (MDRR) Data Item is used to indicate The Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (MDRR) Data Item is used to indicate
the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second, that can be the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second, that can be
achieved while receiving data on the link. achieved while receiving data on the link.
The Maximum Data Rate (Receive) Data Item contains the following The Maximum Data Rate (Receive) Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
skipping to change at page 51, line 23 skipping to change at page 53, line 39
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 12 Data Item Type: 12
Length: 8 Length: 8
Maximum Data Rate (Receive): A 64-bit unsigned integer, representing Maximum Data Rate (Receive): A 64-bit unsigned integer, representing
the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second (bps), that the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second (bps), that
can be achieved while receiving on the link. can be achieved while receiving on the link.
11.13. Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) 13.13. Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
The Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (MDRT) Data Item is used to indicate The Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (MDRT) Data Item is used to indicate
the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second, that can be the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second, that can be
achieved while transmitting data on the link. achieved while transmitting data on the link.
The Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) Data Item contains the following The Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
skipping to change at page 52, line 5 skipping to change at page 54, line 23
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 13 Data Item Type: 13
Length: 8 Length: 8
Maximum Data Rate (Transmit): A 64-bit unsigned integer, Maximum Data Rate (Transmit): A 64-bit unsigned integer,
representing the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second representing the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per second
(bps), that can be achieved while transmitting on the link. (bps), that can be achieved while transmitting on the link.
11.14. Current Data Rate (Receive) 13.14. Current Data Rate (Receive)
The Current Data Rate (Receive) (CDRR) Data Item is used to indicate The Current Data Rate (Receive) (CDRR) Data Item is used to indicate
the rate at which the link is currently operating for receiving the rate at which the link is currently operating for receiving
traffic. traffic.
When used in the Link Characteristics Request Message When used in the Link Characteristics Request Message
(Section 10.18), Current Data Rate (Receive) represents the desired (Section 12.18), Current Data Rate (Receive) represents the desired
receive rate, in bits per second, on the link. receive rate, in bits per second, on the link.
The Current Data Rate (Receive) Data Item contains the following The Current Data Rate (Receive) Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
skipping to change at page 52, line 37 skipping to change at page 55, line 6
Data Item Type: 14 Data Item Type: 14
Length: 8 Length: 8
Current Data Rate (Receive): A 64-bit unsigned integer, representing Current Data Rate (Receive): A 64-bit unsigned integer, representing
the current data rate, in bits per second, that can currently be the current data rate, in bits per second, that can currently be
achieved while receiving traffic on the link. achieved while receiving traffic on the link.
If there is no distinction between Current Data Rate (Receive) and If there is no distinction between Current Data Rate (Receive) and
Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 11.12), Current Data Rate Maximum Data Rate (Receive) (Section 13.12), Current Data Rate
(Receive) MUST be set equal to the Maximum Data Rate (Receive). The (Receive) MUST be set equal to the Maximum Data Rate (Receive). The
Current Data Rate (Receive) MUST NOT exceed the Maximum Data Rate Current Data Rate (Receive) MUST NOT exceed the Maximum Data Rate
(Receive). (Receive).
11.15. Current Data Rate (Transmit) 13.15. Current Data Rate (Transmit)
The Current Data Rate (Transmit) (CDRT) Data Item is used to indicate The Current Data Rate (Transmit) (CDRT) Data Item is used to indicate
the rate at which the link is currently operating for transmitting the rate at which the link is currently operating for transmitting
traffic. traffic.
When used in the Link Characteristics Request Message When used in the Link Characteristics Request Message
(Section 10.18), Current Data Rate (Transmit) represents the desired (Section 12.18), Current Data Rate (Transmit) represents the desired
transmit rate, in bits per second, on the link. transmit rate, in bits per second, on the link.
The Current Data Rate (Transmit) Data Item contains the following The Current Data Rate (Transmit) Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
skipping to change at page 53, line 27 skipping to change at page 55, line 43
Data Item Type: 15 Data Item Type: 15
Length: 8 Length: 8
Current Data Rate (Transmit): A 64-bit unsigned integer, Current Data Rate (Transmit): A 64-bit unsigned integer,
representing the current data rate, in bits per second, that can representing the current data rate, in bits per second, that can
currently be achieved while transmitting traffic on the link. currently be achieved while transmitting traffic on the link.
If there is no distinction between Current Data Rate (Transmit) and If there is no distinction between Current Data Rate (Transmit) and
Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 11.13), Current Data Rate Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (Section 13.13), Current Data Rate
(Transmit) MUST be set equal to the Maximum Data Rate (Transmit). (Transmit) MUST be set equal to the Maximum Data Rate (Transmit).
The Current Data Rate (Transmit) MUST NOT exceed the Maximum Data The Current Data Rate (Transmit) MUST NOT exceed the Maximum Data
Rate (Transmit). Rate (Transmit).
11.16. Latency 13.16. Latency
The Latency Data Item is used to indicate the amount of latency, in The Latency Data Item is used to indicate the amount of latency, in
microseconds, on the link. microseconds, on the link.
The Latency value is reported as transmission delay. The calculation The Latency value is reported as transmission delay. The calculation
of latency is implementation dependent. For example, the latency may of latency is implementation dependent. For example, the latency may
be a running average calculated from the internal queuing. be a running average calculated from the internal queuing.
The Latency Data Item contains the following fields: The Latency Data Item contains the following fields:
skipping to change at page 54, line 4 skipping to change at page 56, line 20
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Latency : | Latency :
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
: Latency | : Latency |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 16 Data Item Type: 16
Length: 8 Length: 8
Latency: A 64-bit unsigned integer, representing the transmission Latency: A 64-bit unsigned integer, representing the transmission
delay, in microseconds, that a packet encounters as it is delay, in microseconds, that a packet encounters as it is
transmitted over the link. transmitted over the link.
11.17. Resources 13.17. Resources
The Resources (RES) Data Item is used to indicate the amount of The Resources (RES) Data Item is used to indicate the amount of
finite resources available for data transmission and reception at the finite resources available for data transmission and reception at the
destination as a percentage, with 0 meaning 'no resources remaining', destination as a percentage, with 0 meaning 'no resources remaining',
and 100 meaning 'a full supply', assuming that when Resources reaches and 100 meaning 'a full supply', assuming that when Resources reaches
0 data transmission and/or reception will cease. 0 data transmission and/or reception will cease.
An example of such resources might be battery life, but could equally An example of such resources might be battery life, but could equally
be magic beans. The list of resources that might be considered is be magic beans. The list of resources that might be considered is
beyond the scope of this document, and is left to implementations to beyond the scope of this document, and is left to implementations to
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Length: 1 Length: 1
Resources: An 8-bit unsigned integer percentage, 0-100, representing Resources: An 8-bit unsigned integer percentage, 0-100, representing
the amount of resources available. Any value greater than 100 the amount of resources available. Any value greater than 100
MUST be considered as invalid. MUST be considered as invalid.
If a device cannot calculate Resources, this Data Item MUST NOT be If a device cannot calculate Resources, this Data Item MUST NOT be
issued. issued.
11.18. Relative Link Quality (Receive) 13.18. Relative Link Quality (Receive)
The Relative Link Quality (Receive) (RLQR) Data Item is used to The Relative Link Quality (Receive) (RLQR) Data Item is used to
indicate the quality of the link to a destination for receiving indicate the quality of the link to a destination for receiving
traffic, with 0 meaning 'worst quality', and 100 meaning 'best traffic, with 0 meaning 'worst quality', and 100 meaning 'best
quality'. quality'.
Quality in this context is defined as an indication of the stability Quality in this context is defined as an indication of the stability
of a link for reception; a destination with high Relative Link of a link for reception; a destination with high Relative Link
Quality (Receive) is expected to have generally stable DLEP metrics, Quality (Receive) is expected to have generally stable DLEP metrics,
and the metrics of a destination with low Relative Link Quality and the metrics of a destination with low Relative Link Quality
skipping to change at page 55, line 32 skipping to change at page 58, line 4
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Data Item Type | Length | | Data Item Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| RLQR | | RLQR |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Data Item Type: 18 Data Item Type: 18
Length: 1 Length: 1
Relative Link Quality (Receive): A non-dimensional unsigned 8-bit Relative Link Quality (Receive): A non-dimensional unsigned 8-bit
integer, 0-100, representing relative quality of the link for integer, 0-100, representing relative quality of the link for
receiving traffic. Any value greater than 100 MUST be considered receiving traffic. Any value greater than 100 MUST be considered
as invalid. as invalid.
If a device cannot calculate the Relative Link Quality (Receive), If a device cannot calculate the Relative Link Quality (Receive),
this Data Item MUST NOT be issued. this Data Item MUST NOT be issued.
11.19. Relative Link Quality (Transmit) 13.19. Relative Link Quality (Transmit)
The Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT) Data Item is used to The Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT) Data Item is used to
indicate the quality of the link to a destination for transmitting indicate the quality of the link to a destination for transmitting
traffic, with 0 meaning 'worst quality', and 100 meaning 'best traffic, with 0 meaning 'worst quality', and 100 meaning 'best
quality'. quality'.
Quality in this context is defined as an indication of the stability Quality in this context is defined as an indication of the stability
of a link for transmission; a destination with high Relative Link of a link for transmission; a destination with high Relative Link
Quality (Transmit) is expected to have generally stable DLEP metrics, Quality (Transmit) is expected to have generally stable DLEP metrics,
and the metrics of a destination with low Relative Link Quality and the metrics of a destination with low Relative Link Quality
skipping to change at page 56, line 28 skipping to change at page 59, line 5
Length: 1 Length: 1
Relative Link Quality (Transmit): A non-dimensional unsigned 8-bit Relative Link Quality (Transmit): A non-dimensional unsigned 8-bit
integer, 0-100, representing relative quality of the link for integer, 0-100, representing relative quality of the link for
transmitting traffic. Any value greater than 100 MUST be transmitting traffic. Any value greater than 100 MUST be
considered as invalid. considered as invalid.
If a device cannot calculate the Relative Link Quality (Transmit), If a device cannot calculate the Relative Link Quality (Transmit),
this Data Item MUST NOT be issued. this Data Item MUST NOT be issued.
11.20. Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) 13.20. Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU)
The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) Data Item is used to indicate the The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) Data Item is used to indicate the
maximum size, in octets, of an IP packet that can be transmitted maximum size, in octets, of an IP packet that can be transmitted
without fragmentation, including headers, but excluding any lower without fragmentation, including headers, but excluding any lower
layer headers. layer headers.
The Maximum Transmission Unit Data Item contains the following The Maximum Transmission Unit Data Item contains the following
fields: fields:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
skipping to change at page 57, line 8 skipping to change at page 59, line 34
Length: 2 Length: 2
Maximum Transmission Unit: The maximum size, in octets, of an IP Maximum Transmission Unit: The maximum size, in octets, of an IP
packet that can be transmitted without fragmentation, including packet that can be transmitted without fragmentation, including
headers, but excluding any lower layer headers. headers, but excluding any lower layer headers.
If a device cannot calculate the Maximum Transmission Unit, this Data If a device cannot calculate the Maximum Transmission Unit, this Data
Item MUST NOT be issued. Item MUST NOT be issued.
12. Security Considerations 14. Security Considerations
The potential security concerns when using DLEP are: The potential security concerns when using DLEP are:
1. An attacker might pretend to be a DLEP participant, either at 1. An attacker might pretend to be a DLEP participant, either at
DLEP session initialization, or by injection of DLEP Messages DLEP session initialization, or by injection of DLEP Messages
once a session has been established, and/or once a session has been established.
2. DLEP Data Items could be altered by an attacker, causing the 2. DLEP Data Items could be altered by an attacker, causing the
receiving implementation to inappropriately alter its information receiving implementation to inappropriately alter its information
base concerning network status. base concerning network status.
3. An attacker could join an unsecured radio network and inject
over-the-air signals that maliciously influence the information
reported by a DLEP modem, causing a router to forward traffic to
an inappropriate destination.
The implications of attacks on DLEP peers are directly proportional The implications of attacks on DLEP peers are directly proportional
to the extent to which DLEP data is used within the control plane. to the extent to which DLEP data is used within the control plane.
While the use of DLEP data in other control plane components is out While the use of DLEP data in other control plane components is out
of scope for this document, as an example, if DLEP statistics are of scope for this document, as an example, if DLEP statistics are
incorporated into route cost calculations, adversaries masquerading incorporated into route cost calculations, adversaries masquerading
as a DLEP peer, and injecting malicious data via DLEP, could cause as a DLEP peer, and injecting malicious data via DLEP, could cause
suboptimal route selection, adversely impacting network performance. suboptimal route selection, adversely impacting network performance.
Similar issues can arise if DLEP data is used as an input to policing Similar issues can arise if DLEP data is used as an input to policing
algorithms - injection of malicious data via DLEP can cause those algorithms - injection of malicious data via DLEP can cause those
policing algorithms to make incorrect decisions, degrading network policing algorithms to make incorrect decisions, degrading network
throughput. throughput.
skipping to change at page 57, line 36 skipping to change at page 60, line 19
suboptimal route selection, adversely impacting network performance. suboptimal route selection, adversely impacting network performance.
Similar issues can arise if DLEP data is used as an input to policing Similar issues can arise if DLEP data is used as an input to policing
algorithms - injection of malicious data via DLEP can cause those algorithms - injection of malicious data via DLEP can cause those
policing algorithms to make incorrect decisions, degrading network policing algorithms to make incorrect decisions, degrading network
throughput. throughput.
For these reasons, security of the DLEP transport must be considered For these reasons, security of the DLEP transport must be considered
at both the transport layer, and at Layer 2. at both the transport layer, and at Layer 2.
At the transport layer, implementations of DLEP SHOULD implement, and At the transport layer, implementations of DLEP SHOULD implement, and
use, TLS [RFC5246] to protect the TCP session. Deployments that are use, TLS [RFC5246] to protect the TCP session. The "dedicated
protected by strong physical security (e.g., deployments where the deployments" discussed in Implementation Scenarios (Section 4) MAY
DLEP router and modem are the only devices on a physical Layer 2 consider use of DLEP without TLS. For all "networked deployments"
segment) may consider use of DLEP without TLS. When TLS is in use, (again, discussed in Implementation Scenarios), implementation and
each peer SHOULD check the validity of credentials presented by the use of TLS is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED.
other peer during TLS session extablishment. Refer to [RFC7525] for
additional details. When TLS is in use, each peer SHOULD check the validity of
credentials presented by the other peer during TLS session
establishment. Mobile implementations MAY need to consider use of
pre-shared keys for credentials; implementations following the
"networked deployment" model described in Implementation Scenarios
SHOULD refer to [RFC7525] for additional details.
At layer 2 - since DLEP is restricted to operation over a single At layer 2 - since DLEP is restricted to operation over a single
(possibly logical) hop, implementations SHOULD also secure the Layer (possibly logical) hop, implementations SHOULD also secure the Layer
2 link. Examples of technologies that can be deployed to secure the 2 link. Examples of technologies that can be deployed to secure the
Layer 2 link include [IEEE-802.1AE] and [IEEE-802.1X]. Layer 2 link include [IEEE-802.1AE] and [IEEE-802.1X].
By examining the Secured Medium flag in the Peer Type Data Item
(Section 13.4), a router can decide if it is able to trust the
information supplied via a DLEP modem. If this is not the case, then
the router SHOULD consider restricting the size of attached subnets,
announced in IPv4 Attached Subnet Data Items (Section 13.10) and/or
IPv6 Attached Subnet Data Items (Section 13.11), that are considered
for route selection.
To avoid potential denial of service attack, it is RECOMMENDED that To avoid potential denial of service attack, it is RECOMMENDED that
implementations using the Peer Discovery mechanism maintain an implementations using the Peer Discovery mechanism maintain an
information base of hosts that persistently fail Session information base of hosts that persistently fail Session
Initialization having provided an acceptable Peer Discovery Signal, Initialization having provided an acceptable Peer Discovery Signal,
and ignore subsequent Peer Discovery Signals from such hosts. and ignore subsequent Peer Discovery Signals from such hosts.
This specification does not address security of the data plane, as it This specification does not address security of the data plane, as it
(the data plane) is not affected, and standard security procedures (the data plane) is not affected, and standard security procedures
can be employed. can be employed.
13. IANA Considerations 15. IANA Considerations
13.1. Registrations 15.1. Registrations
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
protocol registry for Dynamic Link Exchange Protocol (DLEP). The protocol registry for Dynamic Link Exchange Protocol (DLEP). The
remainder of this section requests the creation of new DLEP specific remainder of this section requests the creation of new DLEP specific
registries. registries.
13.2. Signal Type Registration 15.2. Signal Type Registration
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "Signal Type Values". DLEP registry, named "Signal Type Values".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+--------------+-------------------------+ +--------------+-------------------------+
| Type Code | Description/Policy | | Type Code | Description/Policy |
+--------------+-------------------------+ +--------------+-------------------------+
| 0 | Reserved | | 0 | Reserved |
| 1 | Peer Discovery Signal | | 1 | Peer Discovery Signal |
| 2 | Peer Offer Signal | | 2 | Peer Offer Signal |
| 3-65519 | Specification Required | | 3-65519 | Specification Required |
| 65520-65534 | Private Use | | 65520-65534 | Private Use |
| 65535 | Reserved | | 65535 | Reserved |
+--------------+-------------------------+ +--------------+-------------------------+
13.3. Message Type Registration 15.3. Message Type Registration
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "Message Type Values". DLEP registry, named "Message Type Values".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+--------------+------------------------------------------+ +--------------+------------------------------------------+
| Type Code | Description/Policy | | Type Code | Description/Policy |
+--------------+------------------------------------------+ +--------------+------------------------------------------+
skipping to change at page 59, line 30 skipping to change at page 62, line 30
| 12 | Destination Down Response Message | | 12 | Destination Down Response Message |
| 13 | Destination Update Message | | 13 | Destination Update Message |
| 14 | Link Characteristics Request Message | | 14 | Link Characteristics Request Message |
| 15 | Link Characteristics Response Message | | 15 | Link Characteristics Response Message |
| 16 | Heartbeat Message | | 16 | Heartbeat Message |
| 17-65519 | Specification Required | | 17-65519 | Specification Required |
| 65520-65534 | Private Use | | 65520-65534 | Private Use |
| 65535 | Reserved | | 65535 | Reserved |
+--------------+------------------------------------------+ +--------------+------------------------------------------+
13.4. DLEP Data Item Registrations 15.4. DLEP Data Item Registrations
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "Data Item Values". DLEP registry, named "Data Item Type Values".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+-------------------+------------------------------------------+ +-------------------+------------------------------------------+
| Type Code | Description/Policy | | Type Code | Description/Policy |
+-------------------+------------------------------------------+ +-------------------+------------------------------------------+
| 0 | Reserved | | 0 | Reserved |
| 1 | Status | | 1 | Status |
| 2 | IPv4 Connection Point | | 2 | IPv4 Connection Point |
skipping to change at page 60, line 34 skipping to change at page 63, line 34
| 16 | Latency | | 16 | Latency |
| 17 | Resources (RES) | | 17 | Resources (RES) |
| 18 | Relative Link Quality (Receive) (RLQR) | | 18 | Relative Link Quality (Receive) (RLQR) |
| 19 | Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT) | | 19 | Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT) |
| 20 | Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) | | 20 | Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) |
| 21-65407 | Specification Required | | 21-65407 | Specification Required |
| 65408-65534 | Private Use | | 65408-65534 | Private Use |
| 65535 | Reserved | | 65535 | Reserved |
+-------------------+------------------------------------------+ +-------------------+------------------------------------------+
13.5. DLEP Status Code Registrations 15.5. DLEP Status Code Registrations
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "Status Code Values". DLEP registry, named "Status Code Values".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+--------------+---------------+-------------------------+ +--------------+---------------+-------------------------+
| Status Code | Failure Mode | Description/Policy | | Status Code | Failure Mode | Description/Policy |
+--------------+---------------+-------------------------+ +--------------+---------------+-------------------------+
skipping to change at page 61, line 24 skipping to change at page 64, line 24
| 128 | Terminate | Unknown Message | | 128 | Terminate | Unknown Message |
| 129 | Terminate | Unexpected Message | | 129 | Terminate | Unexpected Message |
| 130 | Terminate | Invalid Data | | 130 | Terminate | Invalid Data |
| 131 | Terminate | Invalid Destination | | 131 | Terminate | Invalid Destination |
| 132 | Terminate | Timed Out | | 132 | Terminate | Timed Out |
| 133-239 | Terminate | Specification Required | | 133-239 | Terminate | Specification Required |
| 240-254 | Terminate | Private Use | | 240-254 | Terminate | Private Use |
| 255 | Terminate | Reserved | | 255 | Terminate | Reserved |
+--------------+---------------+-------------------------+ +--------------+---------------+-------------------------+
13.6. DLEP Extensions Registrations 15.6. DLEP Extensions Registrations
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "Extension Type Values". DLEP registry, named "Extension Type Values".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+--------------+----------------------------+ +--------------+---------------------------+
| Code | Description/Policy | | Code | Description/Policy |
+--------------+----------------------------+ +--------------+---------------------------+
| 0 | Reserved | | 0 | Reserved |
| 1 | Credit Windowing [CREDIT] | | 1-65519 | Specification Required |
| 2-65519 | Specification Required | | 65520-65534 | Private Use |
| 65520-65534 | Private Use | | 65535 | Reserved |
| 65535 | Reserved | +--------------+---------------------------+
+--------------+----------------------------+
Table 3: DLEP Extension types Table 3: DLEP Extension types
13.7. DLEP IPv4 Connection Point Flags 15.7. DLEP IPv4 Connection Point Flags
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "IPv4 Connection Point Flags". DLEP registry, named "IPv4 Connection Point Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy | | Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required | | 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Use TLS [RFC5246] indicator | | 7 | Use TLS [RFC5246] indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
13.8. DLEP IPv6 Connection Point Flags 15.8. DLEP IPv6 Connection Point Flags
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "IPv6 Connection Point Flags". DLEP registry, named "IPv6 Connection Point Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy | | Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required | | 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Use TLS [RFC5246] indicator | | 7 | Use TLS [RFC5246] indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
13.9. DLEP IPv4 Address Flag 15.9. DLEP Peer Type Flag
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "Peer Type Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Secured Medium indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+
15.10. DLEP IPv4 Address Flag
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "IPv4 Address Flags". DLEP registry, named "IPv4 Address Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy | | Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required | | 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Add/Drop indicator | | 7 | Add/Drop indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
13.10. DLEP IPv6 Address Flag 15.11. DLEP IPv6 Address Flag
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "IPv6 Address Flags". DLEP registry, named "IPv6 Address Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy | | Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required | | 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Add/Drop indicator | | 7 | Add/Drop indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
13.11. DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet Flag 15.12. DLEP IPv4 Attached Subnet Flag
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "IPv4 Attached Subnet Flags". DLEP registry, named "IPv4 Attached Subnet Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy | | Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required | | 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Add/Drop indicator | | 7 | Add/Drop indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
13.12. DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet Flag 15.13. DLEP IPv6 Attached Subnet Flag
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to create a new
DLEP registry, named "IPv6 Attached Subnet Flags". DLEP registry, named "IPv6 Attached Subnet Flags".
The following table provides initial registry values and the The following table provides initial registry values and the
[RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry: [RFC5226] defined policies that should apply to the registry:
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| Bit | Description/Policy | | Bit | Description/Policy |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
| 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required | | 0-6 | Unassigned/Specification Required |
| 7 | Add/Drop indicator | | 7 | Add/Drop indicator |
+------------+------------------------------------+ +------------+------------------------------------+
13.13. DLEP Well-known Port 15.14. DLEP Well-known Port
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to assign a single Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to assign a single
value in the "Service Name and Transport Protocol Port Number value in the "Service Name and Transport Protocol Port Number
Registry" found at https://www.iana.org/assignments/service-names- Registry" found at https://www.iana.org/assignments/service-names-
port-numbers/service-names-port-numbers.xhtml for use by "DLEP", as port-numbers/service-names-port-numbers.xhtml for use by "DLEP", as
defined in this document. This assignment should be valid for TCP defined in this document. This assignment should be valid for TCP
and UDP. and UDP.
13.14. DLEP IPv4 Link-local Multicast Address 15.15. DLEP IPv4 Link-local Multicast Address
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to assign an IPv4 Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to assign an IPv4
multicast address registry found at http://www.iana.org/assignments/ multicast address registry found at http://www.iana.org/assignments/
multicast-addresses for use as the "IPv4 DLEP Discovery Address". multicast-addresses for use as the "IPv4 DLEP Discovery Address".
13.15. DLEP IPv6 Link-local Multicast Address 15.16. DLEP IPv6 Link-local Multicast Address
Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to assign an IPv6 Upon approval of this document, IANA is requested to assign an IPv6
multicast address registry found at http://www.iana.org/assignments/ multicast address registry found at http://www.iana.org/assignments/
multicast-addresses for use as the "IPv6 DLEP Discovery Address". multicast-addresses for use as the "IPv6 DLEP Discovery Address".
14. Acknowledgements 16. Acknowledgments
We would like to acknowledge and thank the members of the DLEP design We would like to acknowledge and thank the members of the DLEP design
team, who have provided invaluable insight. The members of the team, who have provided invaluable insight. The members of the
design team are: Teco Boot, Bow-Nan Cheng, John Dowdell, and Henning design team are: Teco Boot, Bow-Nan Cheng, John Dowdell, and Henning
Rogge. Rogge.
We would also like to acknowledge the influence and contributions of We would also like to acknowledge the influence and contributions of
Greg Harrison, Chris Olsen, Martin Duke, Subir Das, Jaewon Kang, Greg Harrison, Chris Olsen, Martin Duke, Subir Das, Jaewon Kang,
Vikram Kaul, Nelson Powell, Lou Berger, and Victoria Pritchard. Vikram Kaul, Nelson Powell, Lou Berger, and Victoria Pritchard.
15. References 17. References
15.1. Normative References 17.1. Normative References
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC3629] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO [RFC3629] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO
10646", STD 63, RFC 3629, DOI 10.17487/RFC3629, November 10646", STD 63, RFC 3629, DOI 10.17487/RFC3629, November
2003, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3629>. 2003, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3629>.
[RFC5082] Gill, V., Heasley, J., Meyer, D., Savola, P., Ed., and C. [RFC5082] Gill, V., Heasley, J., Meyer, D., Savola, P., Ed., and C.
Pignataro, "The Generalized TTL Security Mechanism Pignataro, "The Generalized TTL Security Mechanism
(GTSM)", RFC 5082, DOI 10.17487/RFC5082, October 2007, (GTSM)", RFC 5082, DOI 10.17487/RFC5082, October 2007,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5082>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5082>.
[RFC5246] Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security [RFC5246] Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security
(TLS) Protocol Version 1.2", RFC 5246, (TLS) Protocol Version 1.2", RFC 5246,
DOI 10.17487/RFC5246, August 2008, DOI 10.17487/RFC5246, August 2008,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5246>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5246>.
15.2. Informative References 17.2. Informative References
[CREDIT] Ratliff, S., "Credit Windowing extension for DLEP", IETF
draft draft-ietf-manet-credit-window-04, March 2016.
[IEEE-802.1AE] [IEEE-802.1AE]
"IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks: "IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks:
Media Access Control (MAC) Security", Media Access Control (MAC) Security",
DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2006.245590, August 2006. DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2006.245590, August 2006.
[IEEE-802.1X] [IEEE-802.1X]
"IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks: "IEEE Standards for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks:
Port based Network Access Control", Port based Network Access Control",
DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2010.5409813, February 2010. DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2010.5409813, February 2010.
skipping to change at page 65, line 30 skipping to change at page 68, line 41
[RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an [RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
DOI 10.17487/RFC5226, May 2008, DOI 10.17487/RFC5226, May 2008,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5226>. <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5226>.
[RFC5578] Berry, B., Ed., Ratliff, S., Paradise, E., Kaiser, T., and [RFC5578] Berry, B., Ed., Ratliff, S., Paradise, E., Kaiser, T., and
M. Adams, "PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Extensions for Credit M. Adams, "PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Extensions for Credit
Flow and Link Metrics", RFC 5578, DOI 10.17487/RFC5578, Flow and Link Metrics", RFC 5578, DOI 10.17487/RFC5578,
February 2010, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5578>. February 2010, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5578>.
[RFC6890] Cotton, M., Vegoda, L., Bonica, R., Ed., and B. Haberman,
"Special-Purpose IP Address Registries", BCP 153,
RFC 6890, DOI 10.17487/RFC6890, April 2013,
<http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6890>.
[RFC7525] Sheffer, Y., Holz, R., and P. Saint-Andre, [RFC7525] Sheffer, Y., Holz, R., and P. Saint-Andre,
"Recommendations for Secure Use of Transport Layer "Recommendations for Secure Use of Transport Layer
Security (TLS) and Datagram Transport Layer Security Security (TLS) and Datagram Transport Layer Security
(DTLS)", BCP 195, RFC 7525, DOI 10.17487/RFC7525, May (DTLS)", BCP 195, RFC 7525, DOI 10.17487/RFC7525, May
2015, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7525>. 2015, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7525>.
Appendix A. Discovery Signal Flows Appendix A. Discovery Signal Flows
Router Modem Signal Description Router Modem Signal Description
======================================================================== ========================================================================
| Router initiates discovery, starts | Router initiates discovery, starts
| a timer, send Peer Discovery | a timer, send Peer Discovery
|-------Peer Discovery---->X Signal. |-------Peer Discovery---->X Signal.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Router discovery timer expires ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Router discovery timer expires
without receiving Peer Offer. without receiving Peer Offer.
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