draft-ietf-netlmm-proxymip6-18.txt   rfc5213.txt 
NETLMM WG S. Gundavelli (Editor) Network Working Group S. Gundavelli, Ed.
Internet-Draft K. Leung Request for Comments: 5213 K. Leung
Intended status: Standards Track Cisco Category: Standards Track Cisco
Expires: December 1, 2008 V. Devarapalli V. Devarapalli
Wichorus Wichorus
K. Chowdhury K. Chowdhury
Starent Networks Starent Networks
B. Patil B. Patil
Nokia Siemens Networks Nokia
May 30, 2008 August 2008
Proxy Mobile IPv6 Proxy Mobile IPv6
draft-ietf-netlmm-proxymip6-18.txt
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Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2008). This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
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Abstract Abstract
Network-based mobility management enables IP mobility for a host Network-based mobility management enables IP mobility for a host
without requiring its participation in any mobility related without requiring its participation in any mobility-related
signaling. The Network is responsible for managing IP mobility on signaling. The network is responsible for managing IP mobility on
behalf of the host. The mobility entities in the network are behalf of the host. The mobility entities in the network are
responsible for tracking the movements of the host and initiating the responsible for tracking the movements of the host and initiating the
required mobility signaling on its behalf. This specification required mobility signaling on its behalf. This specification
describes a network-based mobility management protocol and is describes a network-based mobility management protocol and is
referred to as Proxy Mobile IPv6. referred to as Proxy Mobile IPv6.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1. Introduction ................................................. 4
2. Conventions & Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Conventions and Terminology ................................. 5
2.1. Conventions used in this document . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1. Conventions Used in This Document ....................... 5
2.2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2. Terminology ............................................. 5
3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Overview ......................... 9
4. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Security ......................... 15
4.1. Peer Authorization Database (PAD) Example Entries . . . . 16 4.1. Peer Authorization Database (PAD) Example Entries ....... 16
4.2. Security Policy Database (SPD) Example Entries . . . . . . 17 4.2. Security Policy Database (SPD) Example Entries ........... 17
5. Local Mobility Anchor Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 5. Local Mobility Anchor Operation ............................. 17
5.1. Extensions to Binding Cache Entry Data Structure . . . . . 18 5.1. Extensions to Binding Cache Entry Data Structure ......... 18
5.2. Supported Home Network Prefix Models . . . . . . . . . . . 19 5.2. Supported Home Network Prefix Models ..................... 19
5.3. Signaling Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 5.3. Signaling Considerations ................................. 20
5.3.1. Processing Proxy Binding Updates . . . . . . . . . . . 20 5.3.1. Processing Proxy Binding Updates ..................... 20
5.3.2. Initial Binding Registration (New Mobility Session) . 22 5.3.2. Initial Binding Registration (New Mobility Session) .. 22
5.3.3. Binding Lifetime Extension (No handoff) . . . . . . . 23 5.3.3. Binding Lifetime Extension (No Handoff) ............. 23
5.3.4. Binding Lifetime Extension (After handoff) . . . . . . 24 5.3.4. Binding Lifetime Extension (After Handoff) ........... 24
5.3.5. Binding De-Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 5.3.5. Binding De-Registration ............................. 24
5.3.6. Constructing the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement 5.3.6. Constructing the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement
Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Message ............................................. 25
5.4. Multihoming Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 5.4. Multihoming Support ..................................... 27
5.4.1. Binding Cache entry lookup considerations . . . . . . 28 5.4.1. Binding Cache Entry Lookup Considerations ........... 28
5.5. Timestamp Option for Message Ordering . . . . . . . . . . 34 5.5. Timestamp Option for Message Ordering ................... 34
5.6. Routing Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.6. Routing Considerations ................................... 37
5.6.1. Bi-Directional Tunnel Management . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.6.1. Bi-Directional Tunnel Management ..................... 37
5.6.2. Forwarding Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.6.2. Forwarding Considerations ........................... 38
5.6.3. ECN Considerations for Proxy Mobile IPv6 Tunnels . . . 39 5.6.3. Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN)
5.7. Local Mobility Anchor Address Discovery . . . . . . . . . 40 Considerations for Proxy Mobile IPv6 Tunnels ......... 39
5.8. Mobile Prefix Discovery Considerations . . . . . . . . . . 40 5.7. Local Mobility Anchor Address Discovery ................. 40
5.9. Route Optimization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 5.8. Mobile Prefix Discovery Considerations ................... 40
6. Mobile Access Gateway Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 5.9. Route Optimization Considerations ....................... 41
6.1. Extensions to Binding Update List Entry Data Structure . . 42 6. Mobile Access Gateway Operation ............................. 41
6.2. Mobile Node's Policy Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 6.1. Extensions to Binding Update List Entry Data Structure ... 42
6.3. Supported Access Link Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 6.2. Mobile Node's Policy Profile ............................. 43
6.4. Supported Address Configuration Modes . . . . . . . . . . 44 6.3. Supported Access Link Types ............................. 44
6.5. Access Authentication & Mobile Node Identification . . . . 45 6.4. Supported Address Configuration Modes ................... 44
6.6. Acquiring Mobile Node's Identifier . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 6.5. Access Authentication and Mobile Node Identification ..... 45
6.7. Home Network Emulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 6.6. Acquiring Mobile Node's Identifier ....................... 45
6.8. Link-Local and Global Address Uniqueness . . . . . . . . . 46 6.7. Home Network Emulation ................................... 46
6.9. Signaling Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 6.8. Link-local and Global Address Uniqueness ................. 46
6.9.1. Binding Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 6.9. Signaling Considerations ................................. 48
6.9.2. Router Solicitation Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 6.9.1. Binding Registrations ............................... 48
6.9.3. Default-Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 6.9.2. Router Solicitation Messages ......................... 56
6.9.4. Retransmissions and Rate Limiting . . . . . . . . . . 58 6.9.3. Default-Router ....................................... 57
6.9.5. Path MTU Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 6.9.4. Retransmissions and Rate Limiting ................... 58
6.10. Routing Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 6.9.5. Path MTU Discovery ................................... 59
6.10.1. Transport Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 6.10. Routing Considerations ................................... 60
6.10.2. Tunneling & Encapsulation Modes . . . . . . . . . . . 60 6.10.1. Transport Network ................................... 60
6.10.3. Local Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 6.10.2. Tunneling and Encapsulation Modes ................... 61
6.10.4. Tunnel Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 6.10.3. Local Routing ....................................... 62
6.10.5. Forwarding Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 6.10.4. Tunnel Management ................................... 62
6.11. Supporting DHCP based Address Configuration on the 6.10.5. Forwarding Rules ..................................... 62
Access Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 6.11. Supporting DHCP-Based Address Configuration on the
6.12. Home Network Prefix Renumbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Access Link ............................................. 64
6.13. Mobile Node Detachment Detection and Resource Cleanup . . 66 6.12. Home Network Prefix Renumbering ......................... 66
6.14. Allowing network access to other IPv6 nodes . . . . . . . 67 6.13. Mobile Node Detachment Detection and Resource Cleanup ... 66
7. Mobile Node Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 6.14. Allowing Network Access to Other IPv6 Nodes ............. 67
7.1. Moving into a Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain . . . . . . . . . . 67 7. Mobile Node Operation ....................................... 67
7.2. Roaming in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain . . . . . . . . . 68 7.1. Moving into a Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain ................... 67
8. Message Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 7.2. Roaming in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain ................. 69
8.1. Proxy Binding Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 8. Message Formats ............................................. 69
8.2. Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message . . . . . . . . . . 71 8.1. Proxy Binding Update Message ............................. 69
8.3. Home Network Prefix Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 8.2. Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message ................... 71
8.4. Handoff Indicator Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 8.3. Home Network Prefix Option ............................... 72
8.5. Access Technology Type Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 8.4. Handoff Indicator Option ................................. 73
8.6. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option . . . . . . . . . 76 8.5. Access Technology Type Option ........................... 74
8.7. Link-local Address Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 8.6. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option ................. 76
8.8. Timestamp Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 8.7. Link-local Address Option ............................... 77
8.9. Status Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 8.8. Timestamp Option ......................................... 77
9. Protocol Configuration Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 8.9. Status Values ........................................... 78
9.1. Local Mobility Anchor - Configuration Variables . . . . . 80 9. Protocol Configuration Variables ............................. 80
9.2. Mobile Access Gateway - Configuration Variables . . . . . 81 9.1. Local Mobility Anchor - Configuration Variables ......... 80
9.3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain - Configuration Variables . . . . 82 9.2. Mobile Access Gateway - Configuration Variables ......... 81
10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 9.3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain - Configuration Variables ....... 82
11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 10. IANA Considerations ......................................... 83
12. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 11. Security Considerations ..................................... 84
13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 12. Acknowledgements ............................................. 85
13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 13. References ................................................... 86
13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 13.1. Normative References ..................................... 86
Appendix A. Proxy Mobile IPv6 interactions with AAA 13.2. Informative References ................................... 87
Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Appendix A. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Interactions with AAA
Appendix B. Routing State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Infrastructure ..................................... 89
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Appendix B. Routing State ....................................... 89
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 91
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
IP mobility for IPv6 hosts is specified in Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775]. IP mobility for IPv6 hosts is specified in Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775].
Mobile IPv6 requires client functionality in the IPv6 stack of a Mobile IPv6 requires client functionality in the IPv6 stack of a
mobile node. Exchange of signaling messages between the mobile node mobile node. Exchange of signaling messages between the mobile node
and home agent enables the creation and maintenance of a binding and home agent enables the creation and maintenance of a binding
between the mobile node's home address and its care-of-address. between the mobile node's home address and its care-of address.
Mobility as specified in [RFC-3775] requires the IP host to send IP Mobility as specified in [RFC3775] requires the IP host to send IP
mobility management signaling messages to the home agent, which is mobility management signaling messages to the home agent, which is
located in the network. located in the network.
Network-based mobility is another approach to solving the IP mobility Network-based mobility is another approach to solving the IP mobility
challenge. It is possible to support mobility for IPv6 nodes without challenge. It is possible to support mobility for IPv6 nodes without
host involvement by extending Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775] signaling host involvement by extending Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775] signaling
messages between a network node and a home agent. This approach to messages between a network node and a home agent. This approach to
supporting mobility does not require the mobile node to be involved supporting mobility does not require the mobile node to be involved
in the exchange of signaling messages between itself and the home in the exchange of signaling messages between itself and the home
agent. A proxy mobility agent in the network performs the signaling agent. A proxy mobility agent in the network performs the signaling
with the home agent and does the mobility management on behalf of the with the home agent and does the mobility management on behalf of the
mobile node attached to the network. Because of the use and mobile node attached to the network. Because of the use and
extension of Mobile IPv6 signaling and home agent functionality, this extension of Mobile IPv6 signaling and home agent functionality, this
protocol is referred to as Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6). protocol is referred to as Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6).
Network deployments which are designed to support mobility would be Network deployments that are designed to support mobility would be
agnostic to the capability in the IPv6 stack of the nodes which it agnostic to the capability in the IPv6 stack of the nodes that it
serves. IP mobility for nodes which have mobile IP client serves. IP mobility for nodes that have mobile IP client
functionality in the IPv6 stack as well as those nodes which do not, functionality in the IPv6 stack as well as those nodes that do not,
would be supported by enabling Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol would be supported by enabling Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol
functionality in the network. The advantages of developing a network functionality in the network. The advantages of developing a
based mobility protocol based on Mobile IPv6 are: network-based mobility protocol based on Mobile IPv6 are:
o Reuse of home agent functionality and the messages/format used in o Reuse of home agent functionality and the messages/format used in
mobility signaling. Mobile IPv6 is a mature protocol with several mobility signaling. Mobile IPv6 is a mature protocol with several
implementations that have undergone interoperability testing. implementations that have undergone interoperability testing.
o A common home agent would serve as the mobility agent for all o A common home agent would serve as the mobility agent for all
types of IPv6 nodes. types of IPv6 nodes.
The problem statement and the need for a network based mobility The problem statement and the need for a network-based mobility
protocol solution has been documented in [RFC-4830]. Proxy Mobile protocol solution has been documented in [RFC4830]. Proxy Mobile
IPv6 is a solution that addresses these issues and requirements. IPv6 is a solution that addresses these issues and requirements.
2. Conventions & Terminology 2. Conventions and Terminology
2.1. Conventions used in this document 2.1. Conventions Used in This Document
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC-2119]. document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
2.2. Terminology 2.2. Terminology
All the general mobility related terms used in this document are to All the general mobility-related terms used in this document are to
be interpreted as defined in the Mobile IPv6 base specification [RFC- be interpreted as defined in the Mobile IPv6 base specification
3775]. [RFC3775].
This document adopts the terms, Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) and This document adopts the terms, Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) and
Mobile Access Gateway (MAG) from the NETLMM Goals document [RFC- Mobile Access Gateway (MAG) from the NETLMM Goals document [RFC4831].
4831]. This document also provides the following context specific This document also provides the following context-specific
explanation to the following terms used in this document. explanation to the following terms used in this document.
Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain (PMIPv6-Domain) Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain (PMIPv6-Domain)
Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain refers to the network where the mobility Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain refers to the network where the mobility
management of a mobile node is handled using the Proxy Mobile IPv6 management of a mobile node is handled using the Proxy Mobile IPv6
protocol as defined in this specification. The Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol as defined in this specification. The Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain includes local mobility anchors and mobile access gateways domain includes local mobility anchors and mobile access gateways
between which security associations can be set up and between which security associations can be set up and
authorization for sending Proxy Binding Updates on behalf of the authorization for sending Proxy Binding Updates on behalf of the
mobile nodes can be ensured. mobile nodes can be ensured.
Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) Local Mobility Anchor (LMA)
Local Mobility Anchor is the home agent for the mobile node in a Local Mobility Anchor is the home agent for the mobile node in a
Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. It is the topological anchor point for Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. It is the topological anchor point for
the mobile node's home network prefix(es) and is the entity that the mobile node's home network prefix(es) and is the entity that
manages the mobile node's binding state. The local mobility manages the mobile node's binding state. The local mobility
anchor has the functional capabilities of a home agent as defined anchor has the functional capabilities of a home agent as defined
in Mobile IPv6 base specification [RFC-3775] with the additional in Mobile IPv6 base specification [RFC3775] with the additional
capabilities required for supporting Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol as capabilities required for supporting Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol as
defined in this specification. defined in this specification.
Mobile Access Gateway (MAG) Mobile Access Gateway (MAG)
Mobile Access Gateway is a function on an access router that Mobile Access Gateway is a function on an access router that
manages the mobility related signaling for a mobile node that is manages the mobility-related signaling for a mobile node that is
attached to its access link. It is responsible for tracking the attached to its access link. It is responsible for tracking the
mobile node's movements to and from the access link and for mobile node's movements to and from the access link and for
signaling the mobile node's local mobility anchor. signaling the mobile node's local mobility anchor.
Mobile Node (MN) Mobile Node (MN)
Throughout this document, the term mobile node is used to refer to Throughout this document, the term mobile node is used to refer to
an IP host or router whose mobility is managed by the network. an IP host or router whose mobility is managed by the network.
The mobile node may be an IPv4-only node, IPv6-only node or a The mobile node may be an IPv4-only node, IPv6-only node, or a
dual-stack node and is not required to participate in any IP dual-stack node and is not required to participate in any IP
mobility related signaling for achieving mobility for an IP mobility related signaling for achieving mobility for an IP
address that is obtained in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. address that is obtained in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
LMA Address (LMAA) LMA Address (LMAA)
The global address that is configured on the interface of the The global address that is configured on the interface of the
local mobility anchor and is the transport endpoint of the bi- local mobility anchor and is the transport endpoint of the bi-
directional tunnel established between the local mobility anchor directional tunnel established between the local mobility anchor
and the mobile access gateway. This is the address to where the and the mobile access gateway. This is the address to which the
mobile access gateway sends the Proxy Binding Update messages. mobile access gateway sends the Proxy Binding Update messages.
When supporting IPv4 traversal, i.e., when the network between the When supporting IPv4 traversal, i.e., when the network between the
local mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway is an IPv4 local mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway is an IPv4
network, this address will be an IPv4 address and will be referred network, this address will be an IPv4 address and will be referred
to as IPv4-LMAA, as specified in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. to as IPv4-LMAA, as specified in [IPV4-PMIP6].
Proxy Care-of Address (Proxy-CoA) Proxy Care-of Address (Proxy-CoA)
Proxy-CoA is the global address configured on the egress interface Proxy-CoA is the global address configured on the egress interface
of the mobile access gateway and is the transport endpoint of the of the mobile access gateway and is the transport endpoint of the
tunnel between the local mobility anchor and the mobile access tunnel between the local mobility anchor and the mobile access
gateway. The local mobility anchor views this address as the gateway. The local mobility anchor views this address as the
Care-of Address of the mobile node and registers it in the Binding care-of address of the mobile node and registers it in the Binding
Cache entry for that mobile node. When the transport network Cache entry for that mobile node. When the transport network
between the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor is between the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor is
an IPv4 network and if the care-of address that is registered at an IPv4 network and if the care-of address that is registered at
the local mobility anchor is an IPv4 address, the term, IPv4- the local mobility anchor is an IPv4 address, the term, IPv4-
Proxy-CoA is used, as specified in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. Proxy-CoA is used, as specified in [IPV4-PMIP6].
Mobile Node's Home Network Prefix (MN-HNP) Mobile Node's Home Network Prefix (MN-HNP)
The MN-HNP is a prefix assigned to the link between the mobile The MN-HNP is a prefix assigned to the link between the mobile
node and the mobile access gateway. More than one prefix can be node and the mobile access gateway. More than one prefix can be
assigned to the link between the mobile node and the mobile access assigned to the link between the mobile node and the mobile access
gateway, in which case, all of the assigned prefixes are managed gateway, in which case, all of the assigned prefixes are managed
as a set associated with a mobility session. The mobile node as a set associated with a mobility session. The mobile node
configures its interface with one or more addresses from its home configures its interface with one or more addresses from its home
network prefix(es). If the mobile node connects to the Proxy network prefix(es). If the mobile node connects to the Proxy
Mobile IPv6 domain through multiple interfaces, simultaneously, Mobile IPv6 domain through multiple interfaces, simultaneously,
each of the attached interfaces will be assigned a unique set of each of the attached interfaces will be assigned a unique set of
home network prefixes and all the prefixes assigned to a given home network prefixes, and all the prefixes assigned to a given
interface of a mobile node will be managed under one mobility interface of a mobile node will be managed under one mobility
session. Ex: Home network prefixes P1, P2 assigned to interface session. For example, home network prefixes P1 and P2 assigned to
I1 will be managed under one mobility session and prefixes P3, P4, interface I1 will be managed under one mobility session and
P5 assigned to interface I2 of the mobile node will be managed prefixes P3, P4, and P5 assigned to interface I2 of the mobile
under a different mobility session. Additionally, in some node will be managed under a different mobility session.
configurations the assigned prefix can be of 128-bit prefix Additionally, in some configurations the assigned prefix can be of
length. 128-bit prefix length.
Mobile Node's Home Address (MN-HoA) Mobile Node's Home Address (MN-HoA)
MN-HoA is an address from a mobile node's home network prefix. MN-HoA is an address from a mobile node's home network prefix.
The mobile node will be able to use this address as long as it is The mobile node will be able to use this address as long as it is
attached to the access network that is in the scope of that Proxy attached to the access network that is in the scope of that Proxy
Mobile IPv6 domain. If the mobile node uses more than one address Mobile IPv6 domain. If the mobile node uses more than one address
from its home network prefix(es), any one of these addresses is from its home network prefix(es), any one of these addresses is
referred to as mobile node's home address. Unlike in Mobile IPv6 referred to as mobile node's home address. Unlike in Mobile IPv6
where the home agent is aware of the home address of the mobile where the home agent is aware of the home address of the mobile
skipping to change at page 7, line 30 skipping to change at page 7, line 30
of the mobile node's home network prefix(es) and are not always of the mobile node's home network prefix(es) and are not always
aware of the exact address(es) that the mobile node configured on aware of the exact address(es) that the mobile node configured on
its interface from its home network prefix(es). However, in some its interface from its home network prefix(es). However, in some
configurations and based on the enabled address configuration configurations and based on the enabled address configuration
modes on the access link, the mobility entities in the network can modes on the access link, the mobility entities in the network can
be certain about the exact address(es) configured by the mobile be certain about the exact address(es) configured by the mobile
node. node.
Mobile Node's Home Link Mobile Node's Home Link
This is the link on which the mobile node obtained its Layer-3 This is the link on which the mobile node obtained its layer-3
address configuration for the attached interface after it moved address configuration for the attached interface after it moved
into that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. This is the link that into that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. This is the link that
conceptually follows the mobile node. The network will ensure the conceptually follows the mobile node. The network will ensure the
mobile node always sees this link with respect to the layer-3 mobile node always sees this link with respect to the layer-3
network configuration, on any access link that it attaches to in network configuration, on any access link that it attaches to in
that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
Multihomed Mobile Node Multihomed Mobile Node
A mobile node that connects to the same Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain A mobile node that connects to the same Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain
through more than one interface and uses these interfaces through more than one interface and uses these interfaces
simultaneously is referred to as a multihomed mobile node. simultaneously is referred to as a multihomed mobile node.
Mobile Node Identifier (MN-Identifier) Mobile Node Identifier (MN-Identifier)
The identity of a mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. The identity of a mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
This is the stable identifier of a mobile node that the mobility This is the stable identifier of a mobile node that the mobility
entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain can always acquire and use entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain can always acquire and use
it for predictably identifying a mobile node. This is typically for predictably identifying a mobile node. This is typically an
an identifier such as Network Access Identifier (NAI) [RFC-4282] identifier such as a Network Access Identifier (NAI) [RFC4282] or
or other identifier such as a Media Access Control (MAC) address. other identifier such as a Media Access Control (MAC) address.
Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier (MN-LL-Identifier) Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier (MN-LL-Identifier)
An identifier that identifies the attached interface of a mobile An identifier that identifies the attached interface of a mobile
node. For those interfaces that have a link-layer identifier, node. For those interfaces that have a link-layer identifier,
this identifier can be based on that. The link-layer identifier this identifier can be based on that. The link-layer identifier,
in some cases is generated by the mobile node and conveyed to the in some cases, is generated by the mobile node and conveyed to the
mobile access gateway. This identifier of the attached interface mobile access gateway. This identifier of the attached interface
must be stable as seen by any of the mobile access gateways in a must be stable, as seen by any of the mobile access gateways in a
given Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. In some other cases, there might given Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. In some other cases, there might
not be any link-layer identifier associated with the mobile node's not be any link-layer identifier associated with the mobile node's
interface. An identifier value of ALL_ZERO is not considered a interface. An identifier value of ALL_ZERO is not considered a
valid identifier and cannot be used as an interface identifier. valid identifier and cannot be used as an interface identifier.
Policy Profile Policy Profile
Policy Profile is an abstract term for referring to a set of Policy Profile is an abstract term for referring to a set of
configuration parameters that are configured for a given mobile configuration parameters that are configured for a given mobile
node. The mobility entities in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain node. The mobility entities in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain
skipping to change at page 8, line 42 skipping to change at page 8, line 42
the mobile node's home network prefix(es) assigned to a given the mobile node's home network prefix(es) assigned to a given
interface of a mobile node and its current care-of address (Proxy- interface of a mobile node and its current care-of address (Proxy-
CoA). CoA).
Proxy Binding Acknowledgement (PBA) Proxy Binding Acknowledgement (PBA)
A reply message sent by a local mobility anchor in response to a A reply message sent by a local mobility anchor in response to a
Proxy Binding Update message that it received from a mobile access Proxy Binding Update message that it received from a mobile access
gateway. gateway.
Per-MN-Prefix & Shared-Prefix Models Per-MN-Prefix and Shared-Prefix Models
The term, Per-MN-Prefix model, is used to refer to an addressing The term Per-MN-Prefix model is used to refer to an addressing
model where there is a unique network prefix or prefixes assigned model where there is a unique network prefix or prefixes assigned
for each node. The term, Shared-Prefix model, is used to refer to for each node. The term Shared-Prefix model is used to refer to
an addressing model where the prefix(es) are shared by more than an addressing model where the prefix(es) are shared by more than
one node. This specification supports the Per-MN-Prefix model and one node. This specification supports the Per-MN-Prefix model and
does not support the Shared-Prefix model. does not support the Shared-Prefix model.
Mobility Session Mobility Session
In the context of Proxy Mobile IPv6 specification, the term In the context of Proxy Mobile IPv6 specification, the term
mobility session refers to the creation or existence of state mobility session refers to the creation or existence of state
associated with the mobile node's mobility binding on the local associated with the mobile node's mobility binding on the local
mobility anchor and on the serving mobile access gateway. mobility anchor and on the serving mobile access gateway.
DHCP DHCP
Throughout this document, the acronym DHCP refers to DHCP for Throughout this document, the acronym DHCP refers to DHCP for
IPv6, as defined in [RFC-3315]. IPv6, as defined in [RFC3315].
ALL_ZERO & NON_ZERO ALL_ZERO and NON_ZERO
Protocol message fields initialized with value 0 in each byte of Protocol message fields initialized with value 0 in each byte of
the field. Ex: An 8-byte link-layer identifier field with the the field. For example, an 8-byte link-layer identifier field
value set to 0 in each of the 8 bytes, or an IPv6 address with the with the value set to 0 in each of the 8 bytes, or an IPv6 address
value 0 in all of the 16 bytes. Conversely, the term NON_ZERO is with the value 0 in all of the 16 bytes. Conversely, the term
used to refer to any value other than an ALL_ZERO value. NON_ZERO is used to refer to any value other than an ALL_ZERO
value.
3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Overview 3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Overview
This specification describes a network-based mobility management This specification describes a network-based mobility management
protocol. It is called Proxy Mobile IPv6 and is based on Mobile IPv6 protocol. It is called Proxy Mobile IPv6 and is based on Mobile IPv6
[RFC-3775]. [RFC3775].
Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol is intended for providing network-based IP Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol is intended for providing network-based IP
mobility management support to a mobile node, without requiring the mobility management support to a mobile node, without requiring the
participation of the mobile node in any IP mobility related participation of the mobile node in any IP mobility related
signaling. The mobility entities in the network will track the signaling. The mobility entities in the network will track the
mobile node's movements and will initiate the mobility signaling and mobile node's movements and will initiate the mobility signaling and
set up the required routing state. set up the required routing state.
The core functional entities in the NETLMM infrastructure are the The core functional entities in the NETLMM infrastructure are the
Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) and the Mobile Access Gateway (MAG). The Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) and the Mobile Access Gateway (MAG). The
local mobility anchor is responsible for maintaining the mobile local mobility anchor is responsible for maintaining the mobile
node's reachability state and is the topological anchor point for the node's reachability state and is the topological anchor point for the
mobile node's home network prefix(es). The mobile access gateway is mobile node's home network prefix(es). The mobile access gateway is
the entity that performs the mobility management on behalf of a the entity that performs the mobility management on behalf of a
mobile node and it resides on the access link where the mobile node mobile node, and it resides on the access link where the mobile node
is anchored. The mobile access gateway is responsible for detecting is anchored. The mobile access gateway is responsible for detecting
the mobile node's movements to and from the access link and for the mobile node's movements to and from the access link and for
initiating binding registrations to the mobile node's local mobility initiating binding registrations to the mobile node's local mobility
anchor. There can be multiple local mobility anchors in a Proxy anchor. There can be multiple local mobility anchors in a Proxy
Mobile IPv6 domain each serving a different group of mobile nodes. Mobile IPv6 domain each serving a different group of mobile nodes.
The architecture of a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain is shown in Figure 1. The architecture of a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain is shown in Figure 1.
+----+ +----+ +----+ +----+
|LMA1| |LMA2| |LMA1| |LMA2|
+----+ +----+ +----+ +----+
skipping to change at page 10, line 30 skipping to change at page 10, line 30
Proxy-CoA1--> | | <-- Proxy-CoA2 Proxy-CoA1--> | | <-- Proxy-CoA2
+----+ +----+ +----+ +----+
|MAG1|-----{MN2} |MAG2| |MAG1|-----{MN2} |MAG2|
+----+ | +----+ +----+ | +----+
| | | | | |
MN-HNP1 --> | MN-HNP2 | <-- MN-HNP3, MN-HNP4 MN-HNP1 --> | MN-HNP2 | <-- MN-HNP3, MN-HNP4
{MN1} {MN3} {MN1} {MN3}
Figure 1: Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain Figure 1: Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain
Once a mobile node enters a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain and attaches to When a mobile node enters a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain and attaches to
an access link, the mobile access gateway on that access link, after an access link, the mobile access gateway on that access link, after
identifying the mobile node and acquiring its identity, will identifying the mobile node and acquiring its identity, will
determine if the mobile node is authorized for the network-based determine if the mobile node is authorized for the network-based
mobility management service. mobility management service.
If the network determines that the network-based mobility management If the network determines that the mobile node is authorized for
service needs to be offered to that mobile node, the network will network-based mobility service, the network will ensure that the
ensure that the mobile node using any of the address configuration mobile node using any of the address configuration mechanisms
mechanisms permitted by the network will be able to obtain the permitted by the network will be able to obtain the address
address configuration on the connected interface and move anywhere in configuration on the connected interface and move anywhere in that
that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. The obtained address configuration Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. The obtained address configuration
includes the address(es) from its home network prefix(es), the includes the address(es) from its home network prefix(es), the
default-router address on the link and other related configuration default-router address on the link, and other related configuration
parameters. From the perspective of each mobile node, the entire parameters. From the perspective of each mobile node, the entire
Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain appears as a single link, the network Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain appears as a single link, the network
ensures that the mobile node does not detect any change with respect ensures that the mobile node does not detect any change with respect
to its layer-3 attachment even after changing its point of attachment to its layer-3 attachment even after changing its point of attachment
in the network. in the network.
The mobile node may be an IPv4-only node, IPv6-only node or a dual The mobile node may be an IPv4-only node, IPv6-only node, or a dual-
IPv4/IPv6 node. Based on what is enabled in the network for that stack (IPv4/v6) node. Based on the policy profile information that
mobile node, the mobile node will be able to obtain an IPv4, IPv6 or indicates the type of address or prefixes to be assigned for the
dual IPv4/IPv6 addresses and move anywhere in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 mobile node in the network, the mobile node will be able to obtain an
domain. However this specification only supports IPv6 address IPv4, IPv6, or dual IPv4/IPv6 address and move anywhere in that Proxy
mobility and when the transport network is IPv6 network. The support Mobile IPv6 domain. However, this specification only supports IPv6
for IPv4 addressing or IPv4 transport network is specified in the address/prefix mobility with the transport network being IPv6. The
companion document [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. support for IPv4 addressing or an IPv4 transport network is specified
in the companion document [IPV4-PMIP6].
If the mobile node connects to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain through If the mobile node connects to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain through
multiple interfaces and over multiple access networks, the network multiple interfaces and over multiple access networks, the network
will allocate a unique set of home network prefixes for each of the will allocate a unique set of home network prefixes for each of the
connected interfaces. The mobile node will be able to configure connected interfaces. The mobile node will be able to configure
address(es) on those interfaces from the respective home network address(es) on those interfaces from the respective home network
prefix(es). However, if the mobile node performs an handoff by prefix(es). However, if the mobile node performs a handoff by moving
moving its address configuration from one interface to the other and its address configuration from one interface to the other, and if the
if the local mobility anchor receives a handoff hint from the serving local mobility anchor receives a handoff hint from the serving mobile
mobile access gateway about the same, the local mobility anchor will access gateway about the same, the local mobility anchor will assign
assign the same home network prefix(es) that it previously assigned the same home network prefix(es) that it previously assigned prior to
prior to the handoff. The mobile node will also be able to perform the handoff. The mobile node will also be able to perform a handoff
an handoff by changing its point of attachment from one mobile access by changing its point of attachment from one mobile access gateway to
gateway to a different mobile access gateway using the same interface a different mobile access gateway using the same interface and will
and will be able to retain the address configuration on the attached be able to retain the address configuration on the attached
interface. interface.
+-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+
| MN | | MAG | | LMA | | MN | | MAG | | LMA |
+-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+
| | | | | |
MN Attached | | MN Attached | |
| | | | | |
| MN Attached Event from MN/Network | | MN Attached Event from MN/Network |
| (Acquire MN-Id and Profile) | | (Acquire MN-Id and Profile) |
skipping to change at page 12, line 24 skipping to change at page 12, line 24
|--- Rtr Sol --------->| | |--- Rtr Sol --------->| |
| | | | | |
| |--- PBU ------------->| | |--- PBU ------------->|
| | | | | |
| | Accept PBU | | Accept PBU
| | (Allocate MN-HNP(s), Setup BCE and Tunnel) | | (Allocate MN-HNP(s), Setup BCE and Tunnel)
| | | | | |
| |<------------- PBA ---| | |<------------- PBA ---|
| | | | | |
| Accept PBA | | Accept PBA |
| (Setup Tunnel and Routing) | | (Set Up Tunnel and Routing) |
| | | | | |
| |==== Bi-Dir Tunnel ===| | |==== Bi-Dir Tunnel ===|
| | | | | |
|<--------- Rtr Adv ---| | |<--------- Rtr Adv ---| |
| | | | | |
IP Address | | IP Address | |
Configuration | | Configuration | |
| | | | | |
Figure 2: Mobile Node Attachment - Signaling Call Flow Figure 2: Mobile Node Attachment - Signaling Call Flow
skipping to change at page 13, line 9 skipping to change at page 13, line 8
Update message to the mobile node's local mobility anchor. Upon Update message to the mobile node's local mobility anchor. Upon
accepting this Proxy Binding Update message, the local mobility accepting this Proxy Binding Update message, the local mobility
anchor sends a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message including the anchor sends a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message including the
mobile node's home network prefix(es). It also creates the Binding mobile node's home network prefix(es). It also creates the Binding
Cache entry and sets up its endpoint of the bi-directional tunnel to Cache entry and sets up its endpoint of the bi-directional tunnel to
the mobile access gateway. the mobile access gateway.
The mobile access gateway on receiving the Proxy Binding The mobile access gateway on receiving the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message sets up its endpoint of the bi-directional Acknowledgement message sets up its endpoint of the bi-directional
tunnel to the local mobility anchor and also sets up the forwarding tunnel to the local mobility anchor and also sets up the forwarding
for the mobile node's traffic. At this point the mobile access for the mobile node's traffic. At this point, the mobile access
gateway will have all the required information for emulating the gateway has all the required information for emulating the mobile
mobile node's home link. It sends Router Advertisement messages to node's home link. It sends Router Advertisement messages to the
the mobile node on the access link advertising the mobile node's home mobile node on the access link advertising the mobile node's home
network prefix(es) as the hosted on-link-prefix(es). network prefix(es) as the hosted on-link prefix(es).
The mobile node on receiving these Router Advertisement messages on The mobile node, on receiving these Router Advertisement messages on
the access link will attempt to configure its interface either using the access link, attempts to configure its interface using either
stateful or stateless address configuration modes, based on the modes stateful or stateless address configuration modes, based on the modes
that are permitted on that access link as indicated in Router that are permitted on that access link as indicated in Router
Advertisement messages. At the end of a successful address Advertisement messages. At the end of a successful address
configuration procedure, the mobile node will end up with one or more configuration procedure, the mobile node has one or more addresses
addresses from its home network prefix(es). from its home network prefix(es).
Once the address configuration is complete, the mobile node has one After address configuration, the mobile node has one or more valid
or more valid addresses from its home network prefix(es) at the addresses from its home network prefix(es) at the current point of
current point of attachment. The serving mobile access gateway and attachment. The serving mobile access gateway and the local mobility
the local mobility anchor also have proper routing states for anchor also have proper routing states for handling the traffic sent
handling the traffic sent to and from the mobile node using any one to and from the mobile node using any one or more of the addresses
or more of the addresses from its home network prefix(es). from its home network prefix(es).
The local mobility anchor, being the topological anchor point for the The local mobility anchor, being the topological anchor point for the
mobile node's home network prefix(es), receives any packets that are mobile node's home network prefix(es), receives any packets that are
sent to the mobile node by any node in or outside the Proxy Mobile sent to the mobile node by any node in or outside the Proxy Mobile
IPv6 domain. The local mobility anchor forwards these received IPv6 domain. The local mobility anchor forwards these received
packets to the mobile access gateway through the bi-directional packets to the mobile access gateway through the bi-directional
tunnel. The mobile access gateway on other end of the tunnel, after tunnel. The mobile access gateway on other end of the tunnel, after
receiving the packet, removes the outer header and forwards the receiving the packet, removes the outer header and forwards the
packet on the access link to the mobile node. However, in some cases packet on the access link to the mobile node. However, in some
the traffic sent from a correspondent node that is locally connected cases, the traffic sent from a correspondent node that is locally
to the mobile access gateway may not be received by the local connected to the mobile access gateway may not be received by the
mobility anchor and may be routed locally by the mobile access local mobility anchor and may be routed locally by the mobile access
gateway (Refer to Section 6.10.3). gateway (refer to Section 6.10.3).
The mobile access gateway acts as the default router on the point-to- The mobile access gateway acts as the default router on the point-to-
point link shared with the mobile node. Any packet that the mobile point link shared with the mobile node. Any packet that the mobile
node sends to any correspondent node will be received by the mobile node sends to any correspondent node will be received by the mobile
access gateway and will be sent to its local mobility anchor through access gateway and will be sent to its local mobility anchor through
the bi-directional tunnel. The local mobility anchor on the other the bi-directional tunnel. The local mobility anchor on the other
end of the tunnel, after receiving the packet, removes the outer end of the tunnel, after receiving the packet, removes the outer
header and routes the packet to the destination. However in some header and routes the packet to the destination. However, in some
cases the traffic sent to a correspondent node that is locally cases, the traffic sent to a correspondent node that is locally
connected to the mobile access gateway may be locally routed by the connected to the mobile access gateway may be locally routed by the
mobile access gateway (Refer to Section 6.10.3). mobile access gateway (refer to Section 6.10.3).
+-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+
| MN | |p-MAG| | LMA | |n-MAG| | MN | |p-MAG| | LMA | |n-MAG|
+-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+ +-----+
| | | | | | | |
| |==Bi-Dir Tunnel=| | | |==Bi-Dir Tunnel=| |
MN Detached | | | MN Detached | | |
| MN Detached Event | | | MN Detached Event | |
| | | | | | | |
| |-- DeReg PBU -->| | | |-- DeReg PBU -->| |
skipping to change at page 14, line 28 skipping to change at page 14, line 27
| | | | | | | |
| |<-------- PBA --| | | |<-------- PBA --| |
| | | | | | | |
MN Attached | | | MN Attached | | |
| | | MN Attached event received | | | MN Attached event received
| | | from MN or from network | | | from MN or from network
| | | (Acquire MN-Id and Profile) | | | (Acquire MN-Id and Profile)
| | | | | | | |
|--- Rtr Sol ------------------------------------->| |--- Rtr Sol ------------------------------------->|
.... ....
Registration steps as in fig 2. Registration steps as in Fig. 2.
.... ....
| | |==Bi-Dir Tunnel=| | | |==Bi-Dir Tunnel=|
| | | | | | | |
|<------------------------------------ Rtr Adv ----| |<------------------------------------ Rtr Adv ----|
| | | | | | | |
MN retains HoA/HNP(s) MN retains HoA/HNP(s)
| | | | | | | |
Figure 3: Mobile Node Handoff - Signaling Call Flow Figure 3: Mobile Node Handoff - Signaling Call Flow
Figure 3 shows the signaling call flow for the mobile node's handoff Figure 3 shows the signaling call flow for the mobile node's handoff
from previously attached mobile access gateway (p-MAG) to the newly from the previously attached mobile access gateway (p-MAG) to the
attached mobile access gateway (n-MAG). This call flow reflects only newly attached mobile access gateway (n-MAG). This call flow only
a specific message ordering, it is possible the registration message reflects a specific message ordering, it is possible the registration
from the n-MAG may arrive before the de-registration message from the message from the n-MAG may arrive before the de-registration message
p-MAG arrives. from the p-MAG arrives.
After obtaining the initial address configuration in the Proxy Mobile After obtaining the initial address configuration in the Proxy Mobile
IPv6 domain, if the mobile node changes its point of attachment, the IPv6 domain, if the mobile node changes its point of attachment, the
mobile access gateway on the previous link will detect the mobile mobile access gateway on the previous link will detect the mobile
node's detachment from the link and will signal the local mobility node's detachment from the link. It will signal the local mobility
anchor and will remove the binding and routing state for that mobile anchor and will remove the binding and routing state for that mobile
node. The local mobility anchor upon receiving this request will node. The local mobility anchor, upon receiving this request, will
identify the corresponding mobility session for which the request was identify the corresponding mobility session for which the request was
received and once it accepts the request will wait for certain amount received, and accepts the request after which it waits for a certain
of time for allowing the mobile access gateway on the new link to amount of time to allow the mobile access gateway on the new link to
update the binding. However, if it does not receive any Proxy update the binding. However, if it does not receive any Proxy
Binding Update message within that given amount of time, it will Binding Update message within the given amount of time, it will
delete the binding cache entry. delete the binding cache entry.
The mobile access gateway on the new access link upon detecting the The mobile access gateway on the new access link, upon detecting the
mobile node on its access link will signal the local mobility anchor mobile node on its access link, will signal the local mobility anchor
for updating the binding state. Once that signaling is complete, the to update the binding state. After completion of the signaling, the
serving mobile access gateway will send the Router Advertisements serving mobile access gateway will send the Router Advertisements
containing the mobile node's home network prefix(es) and this will containing the mobile node's home network prefix(es), and this will
ensure the mobile node will not detect any change with respect to its ensure the mobile node will not detect any change with respect to the
layer-3 attachment of its interface. layer-3 attachment of its interface.
4. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Security 4. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol Security
The signaling messages, Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding The signaling messages, Proxy Binding Update, and Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement, exchanged between the mobile access gateway and the Acknowledgement, exchanged between the mobile access gateway and the
local mobility anchor MUST be protected using end-to-end security local mobility anchor, MUST be protected using end-to-end security
association(s) offering integrity and data origin authentication. association(s) offering integrity and data origin authentication.
The mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor MUST The mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor MUST
implement IPsec for protecting the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling implement IPsec for protecting the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling
messages [RFC-4301]. That is, IPsec is a mandatory to implement messages [RFC4301]. IPsec is a mandatory-to-implement security
security mechanism. However, additional documents may specify mechanism. However, additional documents may specify alternative
alternative mechanisms and the mobility entities can enable a mechanisms and the mobility entities can enable a specific mechanism
specific mechanism for securing Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling messages, for securing Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling messages, based on either a
either based on a static configuration or after a dynamic negotiation static configuration or after a dynamic negotiation using any
using any standard security negotiation protocols. As in Mobile IPv6 standard security negotiation protocols. As in Mobile IPv6
[RFC-3775], the use of IPsec for protecting mobile node's data [RFC3775], the use of IPsec for protecting a mobile node's data
traffic is optional. traffic is optional.
IPsec ESP [RFC-4303] in transport mode with mandatory integrity IPsec Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) [RFC4303] in transport
protection SHOULD be used for protecting the signaling messages. mode with mandatory integrity protection SHOULD be used for
Confidentiality protection of these messages is not required. protecting the signaling messages. Confidentiality protection of
these messages is not required.
IPsec ESP [RFC-4303] in tunnel mode MAY be used to protect the mobile IPsec ESP [RFC4303] in tunnel mode MAY be used to protect the mobile
node's tunneled data traffic, if protection of data traffic is node's tunneled data traffic, if protection of data traffic is
required. required.
IKEv2 [RFC-4306] SHOULD be used to set up security associations Internet Key Exchange Protocol version 2 (IKEv2) [RFC4306] SHOULD be
between the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor to used to set up security associations between the mobile access
protect the Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement gateway and the local mobility anchor to protect the Proxy Binding
messages. The mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages. The mobile access
can use any of the authentication mechanisms, as specified in [RFC- gateway and the local mobility anchor can use any of the
4306], for mutual authentication. authentication mechanisms, as specified in [RFC4306], for mutual
authentication.
The Mobile IPv6 specification [RFC-3775] requires the home agent to The Mobile IPv6 specification [RFC3775] requires the home agent to
prevent a mobile node from creating security associations or creating prevent a mobile node from creating security associations or creating
binding cache entries for another mobile node's home address. In the binding cache entries for another mobile node's home address. In the
protocol described in this document, the mobile node is not involved protocol described in this document, the mobile node is not involved
in creating security associations for protecting the signaling in creating security associations for protecting the signaling
messages or sending binding updates. Therefore, the local mobility messages or sending binding updates. Therefore, the local mobility
anchor MUST restrict the creation and manipulation of proxy bindings anchor MUST restrict the creation and manipulation of proxy bindings
to specifically authorized mobile access gateways and prefixes. The to specifically authorized mobile access gateways and prefixes. The
local mobility anchor MUST be locally configurable to authorize such local mobility anchor MUST be locally configurable to authorize such
specific combinations. Additional mechanisms such as a policy store specific combinations. Additional mechanisms, such as a policy store
or AAA may be employed, but these are outside the scope of this or Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) may be
specification. employed, but these are outside the scope of this specification.
Unlike in Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775], these signaling messages do not Unlike in Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775], these signaling messages do not
carry either the Home Address destination option or the Type 2 carry either the Home Address destination option or the Type 2
Routing header and hence the policy entries and security association Routing header, and hence the policy entries and security association
selectors stay the same and require no special IPsec related selectors stay the same and require no special IPsec related
considerations. considerations.
4.1. Peer Authorization Database (PAD) Example Entries 4.1. Peer Authorization Database (PAD) Example Entries
This section describes PAD entries [RFC-4301] on the mobile access This section describes PAD entries [RFC4301] on the mobile access
gateway and the local mobility anchor. The PAD entries are only gateway and the local mobility anchor. The PAD entries are only
example configurations. Note that the PAD is a logical concept and a example configurations. Note that the PAD is a logical concept and a
particular mobile access gateway or a local mobility anchor particular mobile access gateway or a local mobility anchor
implementation can implement the PAD in any implementation specific implementation can implement the PAD in any implementation-specific
manner. The PAD state may also be distributed across various manner. The PAD state may also be distributed across various
databases in a specific implementation. databases in a specific implementation.
In the example shown below, the identity of the local mobility anchor In the example shown below, the identity of the local mobility anchor
is assumed to be lma_identity_1 and the identity of the mobile access is assumed to be lma_identity_1 and the identity of the mobile access
gateway is assumed to be mag_identity_1. gateway is assumed to be mag_identity_1.
mobile access gateway PAD: mobile access gateway PAD:
- IF remote_identity = lma_identity_1 - IF remote_identity = lma_identity_1
Then authenticate (shared secret/certificate/EAP) Then authenticate (shared secret/certificate/EAP)
skipping to change at page 17, line 16 skipping to change at page 17, line 4
- IF remote_identity = lma_identity_1 - IF remote_identity = lma_identity_1
Then authenticate (shared secret/certificate/EAP) Then authenticate (shared secret/certificate/EAP)
and authorize CHILD_SAs for remote address lma_address_1 and authorize CHILD_SAs for remote address lma_address_1
local mobility anchor PAD: local mobility anchor PAD:
- IF remote_identity = mag_identity_1 - IF remote_identity = mag_identity_1
Then authenticate (shared secret/certificate/EAP) Then authenticate (shared secret/certificate/EAP)
and authorize CHILD_SAs for remote address mag_address_1 and authorize CHILD_SAs for remote address mag_address_1
Figure 4: PAD Entries Figure 4: PAD Entries
The list of authentication mechanisms in the above examples is not The list of authentication mechanisms in the above examples is not
exhaustive. There could be other credentials used for authentication exhaustive. There could be other credentials used for authentication
stored in the PAD. stored in the PAD.
4.2. Security Policy Database (SPD) Example Entries 4.2. Security Policy Database (SPD) Example Entries
This section describes the security policy entries [RFC-4301] on the This section describes the security policy entries [RFC4301] on the
mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor required to mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor required to
protect the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling messages. The SPD entries protect the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling messages. The SPD entries
are only example configurations. A particular mobile access gateway are only example configurations. A particular mobile access gateway
or a local mobility anchor implementation could configure different or a local mobility anchor implementation could configure different
SPD entries as long as they provide the required security. SPD entries as long as they provide the required security.
In the example shown below, the identity of the mobile access gateway In the example shown below, the identity of the mobile access gateway
is assumed to be mag_identity_1, the address of the mobile access is assumed to be mag_identity_1, the address of the mobile access
gateway is assumed to be mag_address_1, and the address of the local gateway is assumed to be mag_address_1, and the address of the local
mobility anchor is assumed to be lma_address_1. The acronym MH mobility anchor is assumed to be lma_address_1. The acronym MH
represents the protocol number for the Mobility Header [RFC-3775]; represents the protocol number for the Mobility Header [RFC3775],
while the terms local_mh_type and remote_mh_type stand for local while the terms local_mh_type and remote_mh_type stand for local
mobility header type and remote mobility header type respectively. mobility header type and remote mobility header type, respectively.
mobile access gateway SPD-S: mobile access gateway SPD-S:
- IF local_address = mag_address_1 & - IF local_address = mag_address_1 &
remote_address = lma_address_1 & remote_address = lma_address_1 &
proto = MH & (local_mh_type = BU | remote_mh_type = BA) proto = MH & (local_mh_type = BU | remote_mh_type = BA)
Then use SA ESP transport mode Then use SA ESP transport mode
Initiate using IDi = mag_identity_1 to address lma_address_1 Initiate using IDi = mag_identity_1 to address lma_address_1
local mobility anchor SPD-S: local mobility anchor SPD-S:
- IF local_address = lma_address_1 & - IF local_address = lma_address_1 &
skipping to change at page 18, line 4 skipping to change at page 17, line 37
remote_address = lma_address_1 & remote_address = lma_address_1 &
proto = MH & (local_mh_type = BU | remote_mh_type = BA) proto = MH & (local_mh_type = BU | remote_mh_type = BA)
Then use SA ESP transport mode Then use SA ESP transport mode
Initiate using IDi = mag_identity_1 to address lma_address_1 Initiate using IDi = mag_identity_1 to address lma_address_1
local mobility anchor SPD-S: local mobility anchor SPD-S:
- IF local_address = lma_address_1 & - IF local_address = lma_address_1 &
remote_address = mag_address_1 & remote_address = mag_address_1 &
proto = MH & (local_mh_type = BA | remote_mh_type = BU) proto = MH & (local_mh_type = BA | remote_mh_type = BU)
Then use SA ESP transport mode Then use SA ESP transport mode
Figure 5: SPD Entries Figure 5: SPD Entries
5. Local Mobility Anchor Operation 5. Local Mobility Anchor Operation
The local mobility anchor MUST support the home agent function as The local mobility anchor MUST support the home agent function as
defined in [RFC-3775] and additionally the extensions defined in this defined in [RFC3775] and the extensions defined in this
specification. A home agent with these modifications and enhanced specification. A home agent with these modifications and enhanced
capabilities for supporting the Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol is capabilities for supporting the Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol is
referred to as a local mobility anchor. referred to as a local mobility anchor.
This section describes the operational details of the local mobility This section describes the operational details of the local mobility
anchor. anchor.
5.1. Extensions to Binding Cache Entry Data Structure 5.1. Extensions to Binding Cache Entry Data Structure
Every local mobility anchor MUST maintain a Binding Cache entry for Every local mobility anchor MUST maintain a Binding Cache entry for
each currently registered mobile node. A Binding Cache entry is a each currently registered mobile node. A Binding Cache entry is a
conceptual data structure, described in Section 9.1 of [RFC-3775]. conceptual data structure, described in Section 9.1 of [RFC3775].
For supporting this specification, the Binding Cache Entry data For supporting this specification, the Binding Cache Entry data
structure needs to be extended with the following additional fields. structure needs to be extended with the following additional fields.
o A flag indicating whether or not this Binding Cache entry is o A flag indicating whether or not this Binding Cache entry is
created due to a proxy registration. This flag is set to value 1 created due to a proxy registration. This flag is set to value 1
for Binding Cache entries that are proxy registrations and is set for Binding Cache entries that are proxy registrations and is set
to value 0 for all other entries. to value 0 for all other entries.
o The identifier of the registered mobile node, MN-Identifier. This o The identifier of the registered mobile node, MN-Identifier. This
identifier is obtained from the Mobile Node Identifier Option identifier is obtained from the Mobile Node Identifier Option
[RFC-4283] present in the received Proxy Binding Update message. [RFC4283] present in the received Proxy Binding Update message.
o The link-layer identifier of the mobile node's connected interface o The link-layer identifier of the mobile node's connected interface
on the access link. This identifier can be acquired from the on the access link. This identifier can be acquired from the
Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option, present in the received Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option, present in the received
Proxy Binding Update message. If the option was not present in Proxy Binding Update message. If the option was not present in
the request, this variable length field MUST be set to two the request, this variable length field MUST be set to two
(octets) and MUST be initialized to a value of ALL_ZERO. (octets) and MUST be initialized to a value of ALL_ZERO.
o The link-local address of the mobile access gateway on the point- o The link-local address of the mobile access gateway on the point-
to-point link shared with the mobile node. This is generated by to-point link shared with the mobile node. This is generated by
the local mobility anchor after accepting the initial Proxy the local mobility anchor after accepting the initial Proxy
Binding Update message. Binding Update message.
o List of IPv6 home network prefixes assigned to the mobile node's o A list of IPv6 home network prefixes assigned to the mobile node's
connected interface. The home network prefix(es) may have been connected interface. The home network prefix(es) may have been
statically configured in the mobile node's policy profile, or, statically configured in the mobile node's policy profile, or,
they may have been dynamically allocated by the local mobility they may have been dynamically allocated by the local mobility
anchor. Each one of these prefix entries will also includes the anchor. Each one of these prefix entries will also include the
corresponding prefix length. corresponding prefix length.
o The tunnel interface identifier (tunnel-if-id) of the bi- o The tunnel interface identifier (tunnel-if-id) of the bi-
directional tunnel between the local mobility anchor and the directional tunnel between the local mobility anchor and the
mobile access gateway where the mobile node is currently anchored. mobile access gateway where the mobile node is currently anchored.
This is internal to the local mobility anchor. The tunnel This is internal to the local mobility anchor. The tunnel
interface identifier is acquired during the tunnel creation. interface identifier is acquired during the tunnel creation.
o The access technology type, by which the mobile node is currently o The access technology type, by which the mobile node is currently
attached. This is obtained from the Access Technology Type attached. This is obtained from the Access Technology Type
option, present in the Proxy Binding Update message. option, present in the Proxy Binding Update message.
o The 64-bit timestamp value of the most recently accepted Proxy o The 64-bit timestamp value of the most recently accepted Proxy
Binding Update message sent for this mobile node. This is the Binding Update message sent for this mobile node. This is the
time-of-day on the local mobility anchor, when the message was time of day on the local mobility anchor, when the message was
received. If the Timestamp option is not present in the Proxy received. If the Timestamp option is not present in the Proxy
Binding Update message (i.e., when the sequence number based Binding Update message (i.e., when the sequence-number-based
scheme is in use), the value MUST be set to ALL_ZERO. scheme is in use), the value MUST be set to ALL_ZERO.
Typically, any one of the mobile node's home network prefixes from Typically, any one of the mobile node's home network prefixes from
its mobility session may be used as a key for locating its Binding its mobility session may be used as a key for locating its Binding
Cache entry in all cases except when there has been an handoff of the Cache entry in all cases except when there has been a handoff of the
mobile node's session to a new mobile access gateway and that mobile mobile node's session to a new mobile access gateway, and that mobile
access gateway is unaware of the home network prefix(es) assigned to access gateway is unaware of the home network prefix(es) assigned to
that mobility session. In such handoff cases, the Binding Cache that mobility session. In such handoff cases, the Binding Cache
entry can be located under the considerations specified in Section entry can be located under the considerations specified in Section
5.4.1. 5.4.1.
5.2. Supported Home Network Prefix Models 5.2. Supported Home Network Prefix Models
This specification supports the Per-MN-Prefix model and does not This specification supports the Per-MN-Prefix model and does not
support the Shared-Prefix model. According to the Per-MN-Prefix support the Shared-Prefix model. According to the Per-MN-Prefix
model, home network prefix(es) assigned to a mobile node are for that model, home network prefix(es) assigned to a mobile node are for that
mobile node's exclusive use and no other node shares an address from mobile node's exclusive use and no other node shares an address from
that prefix (other than the Subnet-Router anycast address [RFC-4291] that prefix (other than the Subnet-Router anycast address [RFC4291]
which is used by the mobile access gateway hosting that prefix on that is used by the mobile access gateway hosting that prefix on that
that link). link).
There may be more than one prefix assigned to a given interface of There may be more than one prefix assigned to a given interface of
the mobile node; all of those assigned prefixes MUST be unique to the mobile node; all of those assigned prefixes MUST be unique to
that mobile node and all are part of exactly one mobility session. that mobile node, and all are part of exactly one mobility session.
If the mobile node simultaneously attaches to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 If the mobile node simultaneously attaches to the Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain through multiple interfaces, each of the attached interfaces domain through multiple interfaces, each of the attached interfaces
MUST be assigned one or more unique prefixes. Prefixes that are not MUST be assigned one or more unique prefixes. Prefixes that are not
assigned to the same interface MUST NOT be managed under the same assigned to the same interface MUST NOT be managed under the same
mobility session. mobility session.
The mobile node's home network prefix(es) assigned to a given The mobile node's home network prefix(es) assigned to a given
interface of a mobile node (part of a mobility session) will be interface of a mobile node (part of a mobility session) will be
hosted on the access link where the mobile node is attached (using hosted on the access link where the mobile node is attached (using
that interface). The local mobility anchor is not required to that interface). The local mobility anchor is not required to
perform any proxy ND operations [RFC-4861] for defending the mobile perform any proxy Neighbor Discovery (ND) operations [RFC4861] for
node's home address(es), as the prefixes are not locally hosted on defending the mobile node's home address(es), as the prefixes are not
the local mobility anchor. However, from the routing perspective, locally hosted on the local mobility anchor. However, from the
the home network prefix(es) is topologically anchored on the local routing perspective, the home network prefix(es) is topologically
mobility anchor. anchored on the local mobility anchor.
5.3. Signaling Considerations 5.3. Signaling Considerations
This section provides the rules for processing the signaling This section provides the rules for processing the signaling
messages. The processing rules specified in this section and other messages. The processing rules specified in this section and other
related sections are chained and are in a specific order. When related sections are chained and are in a specific order. When
applying these considerations for processing the signaling messages, applying these considerations for processing the signaling messages,
the specified order MUST be maintained. the specified order MUST be maintained.
5.3.1. Processing Proxy Binding Updates 5.3.1. Processing Proxy Binding Updates
1. The received Proxy Binding Update message (a Binding Update 1. The received Proxy Binding Update message (a Binding Update
message with the 'P' flag set to value of 1, format specified in message with the (P) flag set to value of 1, format specified in
Section 8.1) MUST be authenticated as described in Section 4. Section 8.1) MUST be authenticated as described in Section 4.
When IPsec is used for message authentication, the SPI in the When IPsec is used for message authentication, the Security
IPsec header [RFC-4306] of the received packet is needed for Parameter Index (SPI) in the IPsec header [RFC4306] of the
locating the security association, for authenticating the Proxy received packet is needed for locating the security association,
Binding Update message. for authenticating the Proxy Binding Update message.
2. The local mobility anchor MUST observe the rules described in 2. The local mobility anchor MUST observe the rules described in
Section 9.2 of [RFC-3775] when processing the Mobility Header in Section 9.2 of [RFC3775] when processing the Mobility Header in
the received Proxy Binding Update message. the received Proxy Binding Update message.
3. The local mobility anchor MUST ignore the check, specified in 3. The local mobility anchor MUST ignore the check, specified in
Section 10.3.1 of [RFC-3775], related to the presence of Home Section 10.3.1 of [RFC3775], related to the presence of the Home
Address destination option in the Proxy Binding Update message. Address destination option in the Proxy Binding Update message.
4. The local mobility anchor MUST identify the mobile node from the 4. The local mobility anchor MUST identify the mobile node from the
identifier present in the Mobile Node Identifier option [RFC- identifier present in the Mobile Node Identifier option
4283] of the Proxy Binding Update message. If the Mobile Node [RFC4283] of the Proxy Binding Update message. If the Mobile
Identifier option is not present in the Proxy Binding Update Node Identifier option is not present in the Proxy Binding
message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject the request and Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject the
send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with Status field request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with
set to MISSING_MN_IDENTIFIER_OPTION (Missing mobile node Status field set to MISSING_MN_IDENTIFIER_OPTION (Missing Mobile
identifier option) and the identifier in the Mobile Node Node Identifier option) and the identifier in the Mobile Node
Identifier Option carried in the message MUST be set to a zero Identifier option carried in the message MUST be set to a zero
length identifier. length identifier.
5. The local mobility anchor MUST apply the required policy checks, 5. The local mobility anchor MUST apply the required policy checks,
as explained in Section 4, to verify the sender is a trusted as explained in Section 4, to verify that the sender is a
mobile access gateway, authorized to send Proxy Binding Update trusted mobile access gateway authorized to send Proxy Binding
messages on behalf of this mobile node. Update messages on behalf of this mobile node.
6. If the local mobility anchor determines that the requesting node 6. If the local mobility anchor determines that the requesting node
is not authorized to send Proxy Binding Update messages for the is not authorized to send Proxy Binding Update messages for the
identified mobile node, it MUST reject the request and send a identified mobile node, it MUST reject the request and send a
Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with Status field set to Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with the Status field set
MAG_NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_PROXY_REG (not authorized to send proxy to MAG_NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_PROXY_REG (not authorized to send
binding updates). proxy binding updates).
7. If the local mobility anchor cannot identify the mobile node 7. If the local mobility anchor cannot identify the mobile node
based on the identifier present in the Mobile Node Identifier based on the identifier present in the Mobile Node Identifier
option [RFC-4283] of Proxy Binding Update message, it MUST option [RFC4283] of the Proxy Binding Update message, it MUST
reject the request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement reject the request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement
message with Status field set to NOT_LMA_FOR_THIS_MOBILE_NODE message with the Status field set to
(Not local mobility anchor for this mobile node). NOT_LMA_FOR_THIS_MOBILE_NODE (Not a local mobility anchor for
this mobile node).
8. If the local mobility anchor determines that the mobile node is 8. If the local mobility anchor determines that the mobile node is
not authorized for the network-based mobility management not authorized for the network-based mobility management
service, it MUST reject the request and send a Proxy Binding service, it MUST reject the request and send a Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with Status field set to Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to
PROXY_REG_NOT_ENABLED (Proxy Registration not enabled). PROXY_REG_NOT_ENABLED (Proxy Registration not enabled).
9. The local mobility anchor MUST apply the considerations 9. The local mobility anchor MUST apply the considerations
specified in Section 5.5, for processing the Sequence Number specified in Section 5.5 for processing the Sequence Number
field and the Timestamp option (if present), in the Proxy field and the Timestamp option (if present) in the Proxy Binding
Binding Update message. Update message.
10. If there is no Home Network Prefix option(s) (with any value) 10. If there is no Home Network Prefix option(s) (with any value)
present in the Proxy Binding Update message, the local mobility present in the Proxy Binding Update message, the local mobility
anchor MUST reject the request and send a Proxy Binding anchor MUST reject the request and send a Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with Status field set to Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to
MISSING_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX_OPTION (Missing home network prefix MISSING_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX_OPTION (Missing Home Network Prefix
option). option).
11. If the Handoff Indicator option is not present in the Proxy 11. If the Handoff Indicator option is not present in the Proxy
Binding Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject Binding Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject
the request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message the request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message
with Status field set to MISSING_HANDOFF_INDICATOR_OPTION with the Status field set to MISSING_HANDOFF_INDICATOR_OPTION
(Missing handoff indicator option). (Missing Handoff Indicator option).
12. If the Access Technology Type option is not present in the Proxy 12. If the Access Technology Type option is not present in the Proxy
Binding Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject Binding Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject
the request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message the request and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message
with Status field set to MISSING_ACCESS_TECH_TYPE_OPTION with the Status field set to MISSING_ACCESS_TECH_TYPE_OPTION
(Missing access technology type option). (Missing Access Technology Type option).
13. Considerations specified in Section 5.4.1 MUST be applied for 13. Considerations specified in Section 5.4.1 MUST be applied for
performing the Binding Cache entry existence test. If those performing the Binding Cache entry existence test. If those
checks specified in Section 5.4.1, result in associating the checks specified in Section 5.4.1 result in associating the
received Proxy Binding Update message to a new mobility session received Proxy Binding Update message to a new mobility session
creation request, considerations from Section 5.3.2 (Initial creation request, considerations from Section 5.3.2 (Initial
Binding Registration - New Mobility Session), MUST be applied. Binding Registration - New Mobility Session), MUST be applied.
If those checks result in associating the request to an existing If those checks result in associating the request to an existing
mobility session, the following checks determine the next set of mobility session, the following checks determine the next set of
processing rules that needs to be applied. processing rules that need to be applied.
* If the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator
option present in the request is set to a value of 5 (Handoff
state not changed), considerations from Section 5.3.3
(Binding Lifetime Extension- No handoff) MUST be applied.
* If the received Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime * If the received Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime
value of zero, considerations from Section 5.3.5 (Binding De- value of zero, considerations from Section 5.3.5 (Binding De-
Registration) MUST be applied. Registration) MUST be applied.
* If the Proxy-CoA in the Binding Cache entry matches the
source address of the request (or the address in the
Alternate Care-of Address option, if the option is present),
considerations from Section 5.3.3 (Binding LIfetime Extension
- No handoff) MUST be applied.
* For all other cases, considerations from Section 5.3.4 * For all other cases, considerations from Section 5.3.4
(Binding Lifetime Extension - After handoff) MUST be applied. (Binding Lifetime Extension - After handoff) MUST be applied.
14. When sending the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with any 14. When sending the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with any
Status field value, the message MUST be constructed as specified Status field value, the message MUST be constructed as specified
in Section 5.3.6. in Section 5.3.6.
5.3.2. Initial Binding Registration (New Mobility Session) 5.3.2. Initial Binding Registration (New Mobility Session)
1. If there is at least one instance of Home Network Prefix option 1. If there is at least one instance of the Home Network Prefix
present in the Proxy Binding Update message with the prefix value option present in the Proxy Binding Update message with the
set to ALL_ZERO, the local mobility anchor MUST allocate one or prefix value set to ALL_ZERO, the local mobility anchor MUST
more home network prefix(es) to the mobile node and assign it to allocate one or more home network prefixes to the mobile node and
the new mobility session created for the mobile node. The local assign it to the new mobility session created for the mobile
mobility anchor MUST ensure the allocated prefix(es) is not in node. The local mobility anchor MUST ensure the allocated
use by any other node or mobility session. The decision on how prefix(es) is not in use by any other node or mobility session.
many prefixes to be allocated for the attached interface, can be The decision on how many prefixes to be allocated for the
based on a global policy or a policy specific to that mobile attached interface can be based on a global policy or a policy
node. However, when stateful address autoconfiguration using specific to that mobile node. However, when stateful address
DHCP is supported on the link, considerations from Section 6.11 autoconfiguration using DHCP is supported on the link,
MUST be applied for the prefix assignment. considerations from Section 6.11 MUST be applied for the prefix
assignment.
2. If the local mobility anchor is unable to allocate any home 2. If the local mobility anchor is unable to allocate any home
network prefix for the mobile node, it MUST reject the request network prefix for the mobile node, it MUST reject the request
and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with Status and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with the Status
field set to 130 (Insufficient resources). field set to 130 (Insufficient resources).
3. If there are one or more Home Network Prefix options present in 3. If there are one or more Home Network Prefix options present in
the Proxy Binding Update message (with each of the prefixes set the Proxy Binding Update message (with each of the prefixes set
to a NON_ZERO value), the local mobility anchor before accepting to a NON_ZERO value), the local mobility anchor, before accepting
that request, MUST ensure each one of those prefixes is owned by that request, MUST ensure each one of those prefixes is owned by
the local mobility anchor and further the mobile node is the local mobility anchor, and further that the mobile node is
authorized to use these prefixes. If the mobile node is not authorized to use these prefixes. If the mobile node is not
authorized to use any one or more of those prefixes, the local authorized to use any one or more of those prefixes, the local
mobility anchor MUST reject the request and send a Proxy Binding mobility anchor MUST reject the request and send a Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with Status field set to Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to
NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX (mobile node not NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX (mobile node not
authorized for one or more of the requesting home network authorized for one or more of the requesting home network
prefixes). prefixes).
4. Upon accepting the request, the local mobility anchor MUST create 4. Upon accepting the request, the local mobility anchor MUST create
a Binding Cache entry for the mobile node. It must set the a Binding Cache entry for the mobile node. It must set the
fields in the Binding Cache entry to the accepted values for that fields in the Binding Cache entry to the accepted values for that
registration. registration.
5. If there is no existing bi-directional tunnel to the mobile 5. If there is no existing bi-directional tunnel to the mobile
skipping to change at page 23, line 46 skipping to change at page 23, line 32
received for the mobile node's home network prefix(es) associated received for the mobile node's home network prefix(es) associated
with this mobility session. The created tunnel and the routing with this mobility session. The created tunnel and the routing
state MUST result in the forwarding behavior on the local state MUST result in the forwarding behavior on the local
mobility anchor as specified in Section 5.6.2. mobility anchor as specified in Section 5.6.2.
7. The local mobility anchor MUST send the Proxy Binding 7. The local mobility anchor MUST send the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy
Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as
specified in Section 5.3.6. specified in Section 5.3.6.
5.3.3. Binding Lifetime Extension (No handoff) 5.3.3. Binding Lifetime Extension (No Handoff)
1. Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update message for extending the 1. Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update message for extending the
binding lifetime, received from the same mobile access gateway binding lifetime, received from the same mobile access gateway
(if the Proxy-CoA address in the Binding Cache entry is the same (if the Proxy-CoA in the Binding Cache entry is the same as the
as the Proxy-CoA address in the request) that last updated the Proxy-CoA in the request) that last updated the binding, the
binding, the local mobility anchor MUST update the Binding Cache local mobility anchor MUST update the Binding Cache entry with
entry with the accepted registration values. the accepted registration values.
2. The local mobility anchor MUST send the Proxy Binding 2. The local mobility anchor MUST send the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy
Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as
specified in Section 5.3.6. specified in Section 5.3.6.
5.3.4. Binding Lifetime Extension (After handoff) 5.3.4. Binding Lifetime Extension (After Handoff)
1. Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update message for extending the 1. Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update message for extending the
binding lifetime, received from a new mobile access gateway (if binding lifetime, received from a new mobile access gateway (if
the Proxy-CoA address in the Binding Cache entry does not match the Proxy-CoA in the Binding Cache entry does not match the
the Proxy-CoA address in the request) where the mobile node's Proxy-CoA in the request) where the mobile node's mobility
mobility session is handed off, the local mobility anchor MUST session is handed off, the local mobility anchor MUST update the
update the Binding Cache entry with the accepted registration Binding Cache entry with the accepted registration values.
values.
2. The local mobility anchor MUST remove the previously created 2. The local mobility anchor MUST remove the previously created
route(s) for the mobile node's home network prefix(es) associated route(s) for the mobile node's home network prefix(es) associated
with this mobility session. Additionally, if there are no other with this mobility session. Additionally, if there are no other
mobile node sharing the dynamically created bi-directional tunnel mobile nodes sharing the dynamically created bi-directional
to the previous mobile access gateway, the tunnel SHOULD be tunnel to the previous mobile access gateway, the tunnel SHOULD
deleted applying considerations from section 5.6.1 (if the tunnel be deleted, applying considerations from section 5.6.1 (if the
is a dynamically created tunnel and not a fixed pre-established tunnel is a dynamically created tunnel and not a fixed pre-
tunnel). established tunnel).
3. If there is no existing bi-directional tunnel to the mobile 3. If there is no existing bi-directional tunnel to the mobile
access gateway that sent the request, the local mobility anchor access gateway that sent the request, the local mobility anchor
MUST establish a bi-directional tunnel to that mobile access MUST establish a bi-directional tunnel to that mobile access
gateway. Considerations from Section 5.6.1 MUST be applied for gateway. Considerations from Section 5.6.1 MUST be applied for
managing the dynamically created bi-directional tunnel. managing the dynamically created bi-directional tunnel.
4. The local mobility anchor MUST create prefix route(s) over the 4. The local mobility anchor MUST create prefix route(s) over the
tunnel to the mobile access gateway for forwarding any traffic tunnel to the mobile access gateway for forwarding any traffic
received for the mobile node's home network prefix(es) associated received for the mobile node's home network prefix(es) associated
skipping to change at page 25, line 10 skipping to change at page 24, line 46
5. The local mobility anchor MUST send the Proxy Binding 5. The local mobility anchor MUST send the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy
Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as
specified in Section 5.3.6. specified in Section 5.3.6.
5.3.5. Binding De-Registration 5.3.5. Binding De-Registration
1. If the received Proxy Binding Update message with the lifetime 1. If the received Proxy Binding Update message with the lifetime
value of zero, has a Source Address in the IPv6 header (or the value of zero, has a Source Address in the IPv6 header (or the
address in the Alternate Care-of Address option, if the option is address in the Alternate Care-of Address option, if the option is
present) different from what is present in the Proxy-CoA address present) different from what is present in the Proxy-CoA field in
field in the Binding Cache entry, the local mobility anchor MUST the Binding Cache entry, the local mobility anchor MUST ignore
ignore the request. the request.
2. Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update message with the lifetime 2. Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update message, with the
value of zero, the local mobility anchor MUST wait for lifetime value of zero, the local mobility anchor MUST wait for
MinDelayBeforeBCEDelete amount of time, before it deletes the MinDelayBeforeBCEDelete amount of time, before it deletes the
Binding Cache entry. However, it MUST send the Proxy Binding Binding Cache entry. However, it MUST send the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy Acknowledgement message with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy
Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as Binding Update Accepted). The message MUST be constructed as
specified in Section 5.3.6. specified in Section 5.3.6.
* During this wait period, the local mobility anchor SHOULD drop * During this wait period, the local mobility anchor SHOULD drop
the mobile node's data traffic. the mobile node's data traffic.
* During this wait period, if the local mobility anchor receives * During this wait period, if the local mobility anchor receives
a valid Proxy Binding Update message for the same mobility a valid Proxy Binding Update message for the same mobility
session with the lifetime value of greater than zero, and if session with the lifetime value of greater than zero, and if
that request is accepted, then the Binding Cache entry MUST that request is accepted, then the Binding Cache entry MUST
NOT be deleted, but must be updated with the newly accepted NOT be deleted, but must be updated with the newly accepted
registration values and additionally the wait period should be registration values, and the wait period should be ended.
ended.
* By the end of this wait period, if the local mobility anchor * By the end of this wait period, if the local mobility anchor
did not receive any valid Proxy Binding Update message for did not receive any valid Proxy Binding Update messages for
this mobility session, then it MUST delete the Binding Cache this mobility session, then it MUST delete the Binding Cache
entry and remove the routing state created for that mobility entry and remove the routing state created for that mobility
session. The local mobility anchor can potentially reassign session. The local mobility anchor can potentially reassign
the prefix(es) associated with this mobility session to other the prefix(es) associated with this mobility session to other
mobile nodes. mobile nodes.
5.3.6. Constructing the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message 5.3.6. Constructing the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message
o The local mobility anchor when sending the Proxy Binding o The local mobility anchor, when sending the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message to the mobile access gateway MUST Acknowledgement message to the mobile access gateway, MUST
construct the message as specified below. construct the message as specified below.
IPv6 header (src=LMAA, dst=Proxy-CoA) IPv6 header (src=LMAA, dst=Proxy-CoA)
Mobility header Mobility header
- BA /* P flag must be set to value of 1 */ - BA /* P flag must be set to value of 1 */
Mobility Options Mobility Options
- Mobile Node Identifier Option (mandatory) - Mobile Node Identifier option (mandatory)
- Home Network Prefix option(s) (mandatory) - Home Network Prefix option(s) (mandatory)
- Handoff Indicator option (mandatory) - Handoff Indicator option (mandatory)
- Access Technology Type option (mandatory) - Access Technology Type option (mandatory)
- Timestamp Option (optional) - Timestamp option (optional)
- Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option (optional) - Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option (optional)
- Link-local Address option (optional) - Link-local Address option (optional)
Figure 6: Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message format Figure 6: Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message Format
o The Source Address field in the IPv6 header of the message MUST be o The Source Address field in the IPv6 header of the message MUST be
set to the destination address of the received Proxy Binding set to the destination address of the received Proxy Binding
Update message. Update message.
o The Destination Address field in the IPv6 header of the message o The Destination Address field in the IPv6 header of the message
MUST be set to the source address of the received Proxy Binding MUST be set to the source address of the received Proxy Binding
Update message. When there is no Alternate Care-of Address option Update message. When there is no Alternate Care-of Address option
present in the request, the destination address is the same as the present in the request, the destination address is the same as the
Proxy-CoA address, otherwise, the address may not be the same as Proxy-CoA; otherwise, the address may not be the same as the
the Proxy-CoA. Proxy-CoA.
o The Mobile Node Identifier option [RFC-4283] MUST be present. The o The Mobile Node Identifier option [RFC4283] MUST be present. The
identifier field in the option MUST be copied from the Mobile Node identifier field in the option MUST be copied from the Mobile Node
Identifier option in the received Proxy Binding Update message. Identifier option in the received Proxy Binding Update message.
If the option was not present in the request, the identifier in If the option was not present in the request, the identifier in
the option MUST be set to a zero length identifier. the option MUST be set to a zero length identifier.
o At least one Home Network Prefix option MUST be present. o At least one Home Network Prefix option MUST be present.
* If the Status field is set to a value greater than or equal to * If the Status field is set to a value greater than or equal to
128, i.e., if the Proxy Binding Update is rejected, all the 128, i.e., if the Proxy Binding Update is rejected, all the
Home Network Prefix options that were present in the request Home Network Prefix options that were present in the request
(along with their prefix values) MUST be present in the reply. (along with their prefix values) MUST be present in the reply.
But, if there was no Home Network Prefix option present in the But, if there was no Home Network Prefix option present in the
request, then there MUST be only one Home Network Prefix option request, then there MUST be only one Home Network Prefix option
and with the value in the option set to ALL_ZERO. with the value in the option set to ALL_ZERO.
* For all other cases, there MUST be a Home Network Prefix option * For all other cases, there MUST be a Home Network Prefix option
for each of the assigned home network prefixes (for that for each of the assigned home network prefixes (for that
mobility session) and with the prefix value in the option set mobility session), and with the prefix value in the option set
to the allocated prefix value. to the allocated prefix value.
o The Handoff Indicator option MUST be present. The handoff o The Handoff Indicator option MUST be present. The handoff
indicator field in the option MUST be copied from the Handoff indicator field in the option MUST be copied from the Handoff
Indicator option in the received Proxy Binding Update message. If Indicator option in the received Proxy Binding Update message. If
the option was not present in the request, the value in the option the option was not present in the request, the value in the option
MUST be set to zero. MUST be set to zero.
o The Access Technology Type option MUST be present. The access o The Access Technology Type option MUST be present. The access
technology type field in the option MUST be copied from the Access technology type field in the option MUST be copied from the Access
skipping to change at page 28, line 11 skipping to change at page 27, line 38
copied to the Link-local Address option in the reply. The same copied to the Link-local Address option in the reply. The same
address MUST also be copied to the link-local address field of address MUST also be copied to the link-local address field of
Binding Cache entry created for this mobility session. Binding Cache entry created for this mobility session.
* If the received Proxy Binding Update message has the Link-local * If the received Proxy Binding Update message has the Link-local
Address option with NON_ZERO value, then the link-local address Address option with NON_ZERO value, then the link-local address
from the request MUST be copied to the Link-local Address from the request MUST be copied to the Link-local Address
option in the reply. The same address MUST also be copied to option in the reply. The same address MUST also be copied to
the link-local address field of the Binding Cache entry the link-local address field of the Binding Cache entry
associated with this request (after creating the Binding Cache associated with this request (after creating the Binding Cache
entry, if there does not exist one). entry, if one does not exist).
o If IPsec is used for protecting the signaling messages, the o If IPsec is used for protecting the signaling messages, the
message MUST be protected, using the security association existing message MUST be protected using the security association existing
between the local mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway. between the local mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway.
o Unlike in Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775], the Type 2 Routing header MUST o Unlike in Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775], the Type 2 Routing header MUST
NOT be present in the IPv6 header of the packet. NOT be present in the IPv6 header of the packet.
5.4. Multihoming Support 5.4. Multihoming Support
This specification allows mobile nodes to connect to a Proxy Mobile This specification allows mobile nodes to connect to a Proxy Mobile
IPv6 domain through multiple interfaces for simultaneous access. IPv6 domain through multiple interfaces for simultaneous access. The
Following are the key aspects of this multihoming support. following are the key aspects of this multihoming support.
o When a mobile node connects to a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain through o When a mobile node connects to a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain through
multiple interfaces for simultaneous access, the local mobility multiple interfaces for simultaneous access, the local mobility
anchor MUST allocate a mobility session for each of the attached anchor MUST allocate a mobility session for each of the attached
interfaces. Each mobility session should be managed under a interfaces. Each mobility session should be managed under a
separate Binding Cache entry and with its own lifetime. separate Binding Cache entry and with its own lifetime.
o The local mobility anchor MAY allocate more than one home network o The local mobility anchor MAY allocate more than one home network
prefix for a given interface of the mobile node. However, all the prefix for a given interface of the mobile node. However, all the
prefixes associated with a given interface MUST be managed as part prefixes associated with a given interface MUST be managed as part
of one mobility session, associated with that interface. of one mobility session, associated with that interface.
o The local mobility anchor MUST allow for an handoff between two o The local mobility anchor MUST allow for a handoff between two
different interfaces of a mobile node. In such a scenario, all different interfaces of a mobile node. In such a scenario, all
the home network prefix(es) associated with one interface (part of the home network prefixes associated with one interface (part of
one mobility session) will be associated with a different one mobility session) will be associated with a different
interface of the mobile node). The decision on when to create a interface of the mobile node. The decision on when to create a
new mobility session and when to update an existing mobility new mobility session and when to update an existing mobility
session MUST be based on the Handover hint present in the Proxy session MUST be based on the Handover hint present in the Proxy
Binding Update message and under the considerations specified in Binding Update message and under the considerations specified in
this section 5.4. this section.
5.4.1. Binding Cache entry lookup considerations 5.4.1. Binding Cache Entry Lookup Considerations
There can be multiple Binding Cache entries for a given mobile node. There can be multiple Binding Cache entries for a given mobile node.
When doing a lookup for a mobile node's Binding Cache entry for When doing a lookup for a mobile node's Binding Cache entry for
processing a received Proxy Binding Update message, the local processing a received Proxy Binding Update message, the local
mobility anchor MUST apply the following multihoming considerations mobility anchor MUST apply the following multihoming considerations
(in the below specified order, starting with Section 5.4.1.1). These (in the below specified order, starting with Section 5.4.1.1). These
rules are chained with the processing rules specified in Section 5.3. rules are chained with the processing rules specified in Section 5.3.
5.4.1.1. Home Network Prefix Option (NON_ZERO Value) present in the 5.4.1.1. Home Network Prefix Option (NON_ZERO Value) Present in the
request Request
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| Registration/De-Registration Message | | Registration/De-Registration Message |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| At least one HNP Option with NON_ZERO Value | | At least one HNP Option with NON_ZERO Value |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| ATT | | ATT |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| MN-LL-Identifier Opt Present | MN-LL-Identifier Opt Not Present | | MN-LL-Identifier Opt Present | MN-LL-Identifier Opt Not Present |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| HI | | HI |
+==================================+==================================+ +==================================+==================================+
| BCE Lookup Key: Any of the Home Network Prefixes from the request | | BCE Lookup Key: Any of the Home Network Prefixes from the request |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
Figure 7: BCE lookup using home network prefix Figure 7: Binding Cache Entry (BCE) Lookup Using Home Network Prefix
If there is at least one Home Network Prefix option present in the If there is at least one Home Network Prefix option present in the
request with a NON_ZERO prefix value and irrespective of the presence request with a NON_ZERO prefix value and irrespective of the presence
of the Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option in the request, the of the Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option in the request, the
following considerations MUST be applied. If there are more than one following considerations MUST be applied. If there is more than one
instances of the Home Network Prefix option, any one of the Home instance of the Home Network Prefix option, any one of the Home
Network Prefix options present in the request (with NON_ZERO prefix Network Prefix options present in the request (with NON_ZERO prefix
value) can be used for locating the Binding Cache entry. value) can be used for locating the Binding Cache entry.
1. The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there is an existing 1. The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there is an existing
Binding Cache entry with one of its home network prefixes Binding Cache entry with one of its home network prefixes
matching the prefix value in one of the Home Network Prefix matching the prefix value in one of the Home Network Prefix
options of the received Proxy Binding Update message. options of the received Proxy Binding Update message.
2. If there does not exist a Binding Cache entry (with one of its 2. If a Binding Cache entry does not exist (with one of its home
home network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry matching the network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry matching the prefix
prefix value in one of the Home Network Prefix options of the value in one of the Home Network Prefix options of the received
received Proxy Binding Update message), the request MUST be Proxy Binding Update message), the request MUST be considered as
considered as a request for creating a new mobility session. a request for creating a new mobility session.
3. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (with one of its home 3. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (with one of its home
network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry matching the prefix network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry matching the prefix
value in one of the Home Network Prefix options of the received value in one of the Home Network Prefix options of the received
Proxy Binding Update message) but if the mobile node identifier Proxy Binding Update message), but if the mobile node identifier
in the entry does not match the mobile node identifier in the in the entry does not match the mobile node identifier in the
Mobile Node Identifier option of the received Proxy Binding Mobile Node Identifier option of the received Proxy Binding
Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject the request Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST reject the request
with the Status field value set to with the Status field value set to
NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX (mobile node is not NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX (mobile node is not
authorized for one or more of the requesting home network authorized for one or more of the requesting home network
prefixes). prefixes).
4. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-Identifier and 4. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-Identifier and
one of its home network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry one of its home network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry
skipping to change at page 30, line 28 skipping to change at page 29, line 50
Binding Cache entry, or if they do not match in count, then the Binding Cache entry, or if they do not match in count, then the
local mobility anchor MUST reject the request with the Status local mobility anchor MUST reject the request with the Status
field value set to BCE_PBU_PREFIX_SET_DO_NOT_MATCH (all the home field value set to BCE_PBU_PREFIX_SET_DO_NOT_MATCH (all the home
network prefixes listed in the BCE do not match all the prefixes network prefixes listed in the BCE do not match all the prefixes
in the received PBU). in the received PBU).
5. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-Identifier and 5. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-Identifier and
all the home network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry matching all the home network prefixes in the Binding Cache entry matching
all the home network prefixes in the received Proxy Binding all the home network prefixes in the received Proxy Binding
Update message) and if any one or more of these below stated Update message) and if any one or more of these below stated
conditions match, the request MUST be considered as a request for conditions are true, the request MUST be considered as a request
updating that Binding Cache entry. for updating that Binding Cache entry.
* If there is a Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option present
in the request and if the link-layer identifier in the option
matches the link-layer identifier of the Binding Cache entry
and the access technology type in the Access Technology Type
option present in the request matches the access technology
type in the Binding Cache entry.
* If the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option * If the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option
present in the request is set to a value of 2 (Handoff between present in the request is set to a value of 2 (Handoff between
two different interfaces of the mobile node). two different interfaces of the mobile node).
* If there is no Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option * If there is no Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option
present in the request, the link-layer identifier value in the present in the request, the link-layer identifier value in the
Binding Cache entry is set to ALL_ZERO, the access technology Binding Cache entry is set to ALL_ZERO, the access technology
type field in the Access Technology Type option present in the type field in the Access Technology Type option present in the
request matches the access technology type in the Binding request matches the access technology type in the Binding
Cache entry and if the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Cache entry, and if the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff
Indicator option present in the request is set to a value of 3 Indicator option present in the request is set to a value of 3
(Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same (Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same
interface). interface).
* If the Proxy-CoA address in the Binding Cache entry matches * If the Proxy-CoA in the Binding Cache entry matches the source
the source address of the request (or the address in the address of the request (or the address in the Alternate
alternate Care-of Address option, if the option is present) Care-of Address option, if the option is present) and if the
and if the access technology type field in the Access access technology type field in the Access Technology Type
Technology Type option present in the request matches the option present in the request matches the access technology
access technology type in the Binding Cache entry. type in the Binding Cache entry.
6. For all other cases, the message MUST be considered as a request 6. For all other cases, the message MUST be considered as a request
for creating a new mobility session. However, if the received for creating a new mobility session. However, if the received
Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime value of zero and Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime value of zero and
if the request cannot be associated with any existing mobility if the request cannot be associated with any existing mobility
session, the message MUST be silently ignored. session, the message MUST be silently ignored.
5.4.1.2. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option present in the 5.4.1.2. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option Present in the
request Request
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| Registration/De-Registration Message | | Registration/De-Registration Message |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| No HNP option with a NON_ZERO Value | | No HNP option with a NON_ZERO Value |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| ATT | | ATT |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| MN-LL-Identifier Option Present (NON_ZERO Value) | | MN-LL-Identifier Option Present (NON_ZERO Value) |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| HI | | HI |
+==================================+==================================+ +==================================+==================================+
| BCE Lookup Keys: (MN-Identifier + ATT + MN-LL-Identifier) | | BCE Lookup Keys: (MN-Identifier + ATT + MN-LL-Identifier) |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
Figure 8: BCE Lookup using Link-layer Identifier Figure 8: BCE Lookup Using Link-layer Identifier
If there is no Home Network Prefix option present in the request with If there is no Home Network Prefix option present in the request with
a NON_ZERO prefix value, but if there is a Mobile Node Link-layer a NON_ZERO prefix value, but if there is a Mobile Node Link-layer
Identifier option present in the request then the following Identifier option present in the request, then the following
considerations MUST be applied for locating the Binding Cache entry. considerations MUST be applied for locating the Binding Cache entry.
1. The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there is an existing 1. The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there is an existing
Binding Cache entry, with the mobile node identifier matching the Binding Cache entry, with the mobile node identifier matching the
identifier in the received Mobile Node Identifier option, access identifier in the received Mobile Node Identifier option, access
technology type matching the value in the received Access technology type matching the value in the received Access
Technology Type option and the link-layer identifier value Technology Type option, and the link-layer identifier value
matching the identifier in the received Mobile Node Link-layer matching the identifier in the received Mobile Node Link-layer
Identifier option. Identifier option.
2. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-Identifier, 2. If there exists a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-Identifier,
ATT and MN-LL-Identifier), the request MUST be considered as a Access Technology Type (ATT), and MN-LL-Identifier), the request
request for updating that Binding Cache entry. MUST be considered as a request for updating that Binding Cache
entry.
3. If there does not exist a Binding Cache entry (matching MN- 3. If there does not exist a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-
Identifier, ATT and MN-LL-Identifier) and the Handoff Indicator Identifier, ATT, and MN-LL-Identifier) and the Handoff Indicator
field in the Handoff Indicator option present in the request is field in the Handoff Indicator option present in the request is
set to a value of 2 (Handoff between two different interfaces of set to a value of 2 (Handoff between two different interfaces of
the mobile node). The local mobility anchor MUST apply the the mobile node). The local mobility anchor MUST apply the
following additional considerations. following additional considerations.
* The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there exists one and * The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there exists one and
only one Binding Cache entry with the mobile node identifier only one Binding Cache entry with the mobile node identifier
matching the identifier in the Mobile Node Identifier option matching the identifier in the Mobile Node Identifier option
present in the request and for any link-layer identifier present in the request and for any link-layer identifier
value. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN- value. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN-
Identifier), the request MUST be considered as a request for Identifier), the request MUST be considered as a request for
updating that Binding Cache entry. updating that Binding Cache entry.
4. If there does not exist a Binding Cache entry (matching MN- 4. If there does not exist a Binding Cache entry (matching MN-
Identifier, ATT and MN-LL-Identifier) and if the Handoff Identifier, ATT, and MN-LL-Identifier) and if the Handoff
Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option present in the Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option present in the
request is set to a value of 4 (Handoff state unknown), the local request is set to a value of 4 (Handoff state unknown), the local
mobility anchor MUST apply the following additional mobility anchor MUST apply the following additional
considerations. considerations.
* The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there exists one and * The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there exists one and
only one Binding Cache entry with the mobile node identifier only one Binding Cache entry with the mobile node identifier
matching the identifier in the Mobile Node Identifier option matching the identifier in the Mobile Node Identifier option
present in the request and for any link-layer identifier present in the request and for any link-layer identifier
value. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN- value. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN-
Identifier), the local mobility anchor SHOULD wait till the Identifier), the local mobility anchor SHOULD wait until the
existing Binding Cache entry is de-registered by the existing Binding Cache entry is de-registered by the
previously serving mobile access gateway, before the request previously serving mobile access gateway, before the request
can be considered as a request for updating that Binding Cache can be considered as a request for updating that Binding Cache
entry. However, if there is no de-registration message that entry. However, if there is no de-registration message that
is received within MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign amount of time, is received within MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign amount of time,
the local mobility anchor upon accepting the request MUST the local mobility anchor, upon accepting the request, MUST
consider the request as a request for creating a new mobility consider the request as a request for creating a new mobility
session. The local mobility anchor MAY also choose to create session. The local mobility anchor MAY also choose to create
a new mobility session without waiting for a de-registration a new mobility session without waiting for a de-registration
message and this should be configurable on the local mobility message, and this should be configurable on the local mobility
anchor. anchor.
5. For all other cases, the message MUST be considered as a request 5. For all other cases, the message MUST be considered as a request
for creating a new mobility session. However, if the received for creating a new mobility session. However, if the received
Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime value of zero and Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime value of zero and
if the request cannot be associated with any existing mobility if the request cannot be associated with any existing mobility
session, the message MUST be silently ignored. session, the message MUST be silently ignored.
5.4.1.3. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option not present in the 5.4.1.3. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option Not Present in the
request Request
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| Registration/De-Registration Message | | Registration/De-Registration Message |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| No HNP option with a NON_ZERO Value | | No HNP option with a NON_ZERO Value |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| ATT | | ATT |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| MN-LL-Identifier Option Not Present | | MN-LL-Identifier Option Not Present |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
| HI | | HI |
+==================================+==================================+ +==================================+==================================+
| BCE Lookup Key: (MN-Identifier) | | BCE Lookup Key: (MN-Identifier) |
+=====================================================================+ +=====================================================================+
Figure 9: BCE Lookup using Mobile Node Identifier Figure 9: BCE Lookup Using Mobile Node Identifier
If there is no Home Network Prefix option present in the request with If there is no Home Network Prefix option present in the request with
a NON_ZERO prefix value and if there is also no Mobile Node Link- a NON_ZERO prefix value and if there is also no Mobile Node Link-
layer Identifier option present in the request then the following layer Identifier option present in the request, then the following
considerations MUST be applied for locating the Binding Cache entry. considerations MUST be applied for locating the Binding Cache entry.
1. The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there exists one and 1. The local mobility anchor MUST verify if there exists one and
only one Binding Cache entry with the mobile node identifier only one Binding Cache entry with the mobile node identifier
matching the identifier in the Mobile Node Identifier option matching the identifier in the Mobile Node Identifier option
present in the request. present in the request.
2. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN-Identifier) 2. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN-Identifier)
and the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option and the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option
present in the request is set to a value of 2 (Handoff between present in the request is set to a value of 2 (Handoff between
two different interfaces of the mobile node) or set to a value of two different interfaces of the mobile node) or set to a value of
3 (Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same 3 (Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same
interface), then the request MUST be considered as a request for interface), then the request MUST be considered as a request for
updating that Binding Cache entry. updating that Binding Cache entry.
3. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN-Identifier) 3. If there exists only one such entry (matching the MN-Identifier)
and the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option and the Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option
present in the request is set to a value of 4 (Handoff state present in the request is set to a value of 4 (Handoff state
unknown), the local mobility anchor SHOULD wait till the existing unknown), the local mobility anchor SHOULD wait until the
Binding Cache entry is de-registered by the previously serving existing Binding Cache entry is de-registered by the previously
mobile access gateway, before the request can be considered as a serving mobile access gateway before the request can be
request for updating that Binding Cache entry. However, if there considered as a request for updating that Binding Cache entry.
is no de-registration message that is received within However, if there is no de-registration message that is received
MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign amount of time, the local mobility within MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign amount of time, the local
anchor upon accepting the request MUST consider the request as a mobility anchor, upon accepting the request, MUST consider the
request for creating a new mobility session. The local mobility request as a request for creating a new mobility session. The
anchor MAY also choose to create a new mobility session and local mobility anchor MAY also choose to create a new mobility
without waiting for a de-registration message and this should be session without waiting for a de-registration message, and this
configurable on the local mobility anchor. should be configurable on the local mobility anchor.
4. For all other cases, the message MUST be considered as a request 4. For all other cases, the message MUST be considered as a request
for creating a new mobility session. However, if the received for creating a new mobility session. However, if the received
Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime value of zero and Proxy Binding Update message has the lifetime value of zero and
if the request cannot be associated with any existing mobility if the request cannot be associated with any existing mobility
session, the message MUST be silently ignored. session, the message MUST be silently ignored.
5.5. Timestamp Option for Message Ordering 5.5. Timestamp Option for Message Ordering
Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775] uses the Sequence Number field in binding Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775] uses the Sequence Number field in binding
registration messages as a way for the home agent to process the registration messages as a way for the home agent to process the
binding updates in the order they were sent by a mobile node. The binding updates in the order they were sent by a mobile node. The
home agent and the mobile node are required to manage this counter home agent and the mobile node are required to manage this counter
over the lifetime of a binding. However, in Proxy Mobile IPv6, as over the lifetime of a binding. However, in Proxy Mobile IPv6, as
the mobile node moves from one mobile access gateway to another and the mobile node moves from one mobile access gateway to another and
in the absence of mechanisms such as context transfer between the in the absence of mechanisms such as context transfer between the
mobile access gateways, the serving mobile access gateway will be mobile access gateways, the serving mobile access gateway will be
unable to determine the sequence number that it needs to use in the unable to determine the sequence number that it needs to use in the
signaling messages. Hence, the sequence number scheme, as specified signaling messages. Hence, the sequence number scheme, as specified
in [RFC-3775], will be insufficient for Proxy Mobile IPv6. in [RFC3775], will be insufficient for Proxy Mobile IPv6.
If the local mobility anchor cannot determine the sending order of If the local mobility anchor cannot determine the sending order of
the received Proxy Binding Update messages, it may potentially the received Proxy Binding Update messages, it may potentially
process an older message sent by a mobile access gateway where the process an older message sent by a mobile access gateway where the
mobile node was previously anchored, but delivered out of order, mobile node was previously anchored, but delivered out of order,
resulting in incorrectly updating the mobile node's Binding Cache resulting in incorrectly updating the mobile node's Binding Cache
entry and creating a routing state for tunneling the mobile node's entry and creating a routing state for tunneling the mobile node's
traffic to the previous mobile access gateway. traffic to the previous mobile access gateway.
For solving this problem, this specification adopts two alternative For solving this problem, this specification adopts two alternative
solutions. One is based on timestamps and the other based on solutions. One is based on timestamps and the other based on
sequence numbers, as defined in [RFC-3775]. sequence numbers, as defined in [RFC3775].
The basic principle behind the use of timestamps in binding The basic principle behind the use of timestamps in binding
registration messages is that the node generating the message inserts registration messages is that the node generating the message inserts
the current time-of-day, and the node receiving the message checks the current time of day, and the node receiving the message checks
that this timestamp is greater than all previously accepted that this timestamp is greater than all previously accepted
timestamps. The timestamp based solution may be used when the timestamps. The timestamp-based solution may be used when the
serving mobile access gateways in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain do not serving mobile access gateways in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain do not
have the ability to obtain the last sequence number that was sent in have the ability to obtain the last sequence number that was sent in
a Proxy Binding Update message for updating a given mobile node's a Proxy Binding Update message for updating a given mobile node's
binding. binding.
Clock drift reduces the effectiveness of the timestamp mechanism. Clock drift reduces the effectiveness of the timestamp mechanism.
The time required for reconnection is the total of the time required The time required for reconnection is the total of the time required
for the mobile node to roam between two mobile access gateways and for the mobile node to roam between two mobile access gateways and
the time required for the serving mobile access gateway to detect the the time required for the serving mobile access gateway to detect the
mobile node on its access link and construct the Proxy Binding Update mobile node on its access link and construct the Proxy Binding Update
message. If the clock skew on any one of these two neighboring message. If the clock skew on any one of these two neighboring
mobile access gateways (relative to the common time source used for mobile access gateways (relative to the common time source used for
clock synchronization) is more than half this reconnection time, the clock synchronization) is more than half this reconnection time, the
timestamp solution will not predictably work in all cases and hence timestamp solution will not predictably work in all cases and hence
SHOULD NOT be used. SHOULD NOT be used.
As an alternative to the Timestamp based approach, the specification As an alternative to the Timestamp-based approach, the specification
also allows the use of Sequence Number based scheme, as specified in also allows the use of Sequence-Number-based scheme, as specified in
[RFC-3775]. However, for this scheme to work, the serving mobile [RFC3775]. However, for this scheme to work, the serving mobile
access gateway in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST have the ability to access gateway in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST have the ability to
obtain the last sequence number that was sent in a binding obtain the last sequence number that was sent in a binding
registration message. The sequence number MUST be maintained on a registration message for that mobility session. The sequence number
per mobile node basis and MUST be available to the serving mobile MUST be maintained on a mobile node's per mobility session basis and
access gateway. This may be achieved by using context transfer MUST be available to the serving mobile access gateway. This may be
schemes or by maintaining the sequence number in a policy store. achieved by using context transfer schemes or by maintaining the
However, the specific details on how the mobile node's sequence sequence number in a policy store. However, the specific details on
number is made available to the serving mobile access gateway prior how the mobile node's sequence number is made available to the
to sending the Proxy Binding Update message is outside the scope of serving mobile access gateway prior to sending the Proxy Binding
this document." Update message is outside the scope of this document.
Using the Timestamps based approach: Using the Timestamp-Based Approach:
1. A local mobility anchor implementation MUST support the Timestamp 1. A local mobility anchor implementation MUST support the Timestamp
option. If the Timestamp option is present in the received Proxy option. If the Timestamp option is present in the received Proxy
Binding Update message, then the local mobility anchor MUST Binding Update message, then the local mobility anchor MUST
include a valid Timestamp option in the Proxy Binding include a valid Timestamp option in the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message that it sends to the mobile access Acknowledgement message that it sends to the mobile access
gateway. gateway.
2. All the mobility entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain that are 2. All the mobility entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain that are
exchanging binding registration messages using the Timestamp exchanging binding registration messages using the Timestamp
option MUST have adequately synchronized time-of-day clocks. option MUST have adequately synchronized time-of-day clocks.
This is the essential requirement for this solution to work. If This is the essential requirement for this solution to work. If
this requirement is not met, the solution will not predictably this requirement is not met, the solution will not predictably
work in all cases. work in all cases.
3. The mobility entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain SHOULD 3. The mobility entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain SHOULD
synchronize their clocks to a common time source. For synchronize their clocks to a common time source. For
synchronizing the clocks, the nodes MAY use the Network Time synchronizing the clocks, the nodes MAY use the Network Time
Protocol [RFC-4330]. Deployments MAY also adopt other approaches Protocol [RFC4330]. Deployments MAY also adopt other approaches
suitable for that specific deployment. Alternatively, if there suitable for that specific deployment. Alternatively, if there
is mobile node generated timestamp that is increasing at every is a mobile node generated timestamp that is increasing at every
attachment to the access link and if that timestamp is available attachment to the access link and if that timestamp is available
to the mobile access gateway (Ex: the timestamp option in the to the mobile access gateway (e.g., the Timestamp option in the
SEND [RFC-3971] messages that the mobile node sends), the mobile SEND [RFC3971] messages that the mobile node sends), the mobile
access gateway can use this timestamp or sequence number in the access gateway can use this timestamp or sequence number in the
Proxy Binding Update messages and does not have to depend on any Proxy Binding Update messages and does not have to depend on any
external clock source. However, the specific details on how this external clock source. However, the specific details on how this
is achieved are outside the scope of this document. is achieved are outside the scope of this document.
4. When generating the timestamp value for building the Timestamp 4. When generating the timestamp value for building the Timestamp
option, the mobility entities MUST ensure that the generated option, the mobility entities MUST ensure that the generated
timestamp is the elapsed time past the same reference epoch, as timestamp is the elapsed time past the same reference epoch, as
specified in the format for the Timestamp option (Section 8.8). specified in the format for the Timestamp option (Section 8.8).
skipping to change at page 36, line 36 skipping to change at page 36, line 31
6. Upon receipt of a Proxy Binding Update message with the Timestamp 6. Upon receipt of a Proxy Binding Update message with the Timestamp
option, the local mobility anchor MUST check the timestamp field option, the local mobility anchor MUST check the timestamp field
for validity. In order for it to be considered valid, the for validity. In order for it to be considered valid, the
following MUST be true. following MUST be true.
* The timestamp value contained in the Timestamp option MUST be * The timestamp value contained in the Timestamp option MUST be
close enough (within TimestampValidityWindow amount of time close enough (within TimestampValidityWindow amount of time
difference) to the local mobility anchor's time-of-day clock. difference) to the local mobility anchor's time-of-day clock.
However, if the flag MobileNodeGeneratedTimestampInUse is set However, if the flag MobileNodeGeneratedTimestampInUse is set
to value of 1, the local mobility anchor MUST ignore this to a value of 1, the local mobility anchor MUST ignore this
check and perform only the following check. check and perform only the following check.
* The timestamp MUST be greater than all previously accepted * The timestamp MUST be greater than all previously accepted
timestamps in the Proxy Binding Update messages sent for that timestamps in the Proxy Binding Update messages sent for that
mobile node. mobile node.
7. If the timestamp value in the received Proxy Binding Update is 7. If the timestamp value in the received Proxy Binding Update is
valid (validity as specified in the above considerations) or if valid (validity as specified in the above considerations) or if
the flag MobileNodeGeneratedTimestampInUse is set to value of 1, the flag MobileNodeGeneratedTimestampInUse is set to value of 1,
the local mobility anchor MUST return the same timestamp value in the local mobility anchor MUST return the same timestamp value in
the Timestamp option included in the Proxy Binding the Timestamp option included in the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message that it sends to the mobile access Acknowledgement message that it sends to the mobile access
gateway. gateway.
8. If the timestamp value in the received Proxy Binding Update is 8. If the timestamp value in the received Proxy Binding Update is
lower than the previously accepted timestamp in the Proxy Binding lower than the previously accepted timestamp in the Proxy Binding
Update messages sent for that mobility binding, the local Update messages sent for that mobility binding, the local
mobility anchor MUST reject the Proxy Binding Update message and mobility anchor MUST reject the Proxy Binding Update message and
send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with Status field send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with the Status
set to TIMESTAMP_LOWER_THAN_PREV_ACCEPTED (Timestamp lower than field set to TIMESTAMP_LOWER_THAN_PREV_ACCEPTED (Timestamp lower
previously accepted timestamp). The message MUST also include than previously accepted timestamp). The message MUST also
the Timestamp option with the value set to the current time-of- include the Timestamp option with the value set to the current
day on the local mobility anchor. time of day on the local mobility anchor.
9. If the timestamp value in the received Proxy Binding Update is 9. If the timestamp value in the received Proxy Binding Update is
not valid (validity as specified in the above considerations), not valid (validity as specified in the above considerations),
the local mobility anchor MUST reject the Proxy Binding Update the local mobility anchor MUST reject the Proxy Binding Update
and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with Status and send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with the Status
field set to TIMESTAMP_MISMATCH (Timestamp mismatch). The field set to TIMESTAMP_MISMATCH (Timestamp mismatch). The
message MUST also include the Timestamp option with the value set message MUST also include the Timestamp option with the value set
to the current time-of-day on the local mobility anchor. to the current time of day on the local mobility anchor.
Using the Sequence Number based approach: Using the Sequence-Number-Based Approach:
1. If the Timestamp option is not present in the received Proxy 1. If the Timestamp option is not present in the received Proxy
Binding Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST fall back Binding Update message, the local mobility anchor MUST fall back
to the Sequence Number based scheme. It MUST process the to the Sequence-Number-based scheme. It MUST process the
sequence number field as specified in [RFC-3775]. Also, it MUST sequence number field as specified in [RFC3775]. Also, it MUST
NOT include the Timestamp option in the Proxy Binding NOT include the Timestamp option in the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement messages that it sends to the mobile access Acknowledgement messages that it sends to the mobile access
gateway. gateway.
2. An implementation MUST support the Sequence Number based scheme, 2. An implementation MUST support the Sequence-Number-based scheme,
as specified in [RFC-3775]. as specified in [RFC3775].
3. The Sequence Number based approach can be used only when there is 3. The Sequence-Number-based approach can be used only when there is
some mechanism (such as context transfer procedure between mobile some mechanism (such as context transfer procedure between mobile
access gateways) that allows the serving mobile access gateway to access gateways) that allows the serving mobile access gateway to
obtain the last sequence number that was sent in a Proxy Binding obtain the last sequence number that was sent in a Proxy Binding
Update message for updating a given mobile node's binding. Update message for updating a given mobile node's binding.
5.6. Routing Considerations 5.6. Routing Considerations
5.6.1. Bi-Directional Tunnel Management 5.6.1. Bi-Directional Tunnel Management
The bi-directional tunnel MUST be used for routing the mobile node's The bi-directional tunnel MUST be used for routing the mobile node's
data traffic between the mobile access gateway and the local mobility data traffic between the mobile access gateway and the local mobility
anchor. A tunnel hides the topology and enables a mobile node to use anchor. A tunnel hides the topology and enables a mobile node to use
address(es) from its home network prefix(es) from any access link in address(es) from its home network prefix(es) from any access link in
that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. A tunnel may be created dynamically that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. A tunnel may be created dynamically
when needed and removed when not needed. However, implementations when needed and removed when not needed. However, implementations
MAY choose to use static pre-established tunnels instead of MAY choose to use static pre-established tunnels instead of
dynamically creating and tearing them down on a need basis. The dynamically creating and tearing them down on a need basis. The
following considerations MUST be applied when using dynamic tunnels. following considerations MUST be applied when using dynamically
created tunnels.
o A bi-directional tunnel MUST be established between the local o A bi-directional tunnel MUST be established between the local
mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway with IPv6-in-IPv6 mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway and the local
encapsulation, as described in [RFC-2473]. The tunnel end points mobility anchor with IPv6-in-IPv6 encapsulation, as described in
are the Proxy-CoA and LMAA. However, when using IPv4 transport, [RFC2473]. The tunnel endpoints are the Proxy-CoA and LMAA.
the end points of the tunnel are IPv4-LMAA and IPv4-Proxy-CoA with However, when using IPv4 transport, the endpoints of the tunnel
the encapsulation mode as specified in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. are IPv4-LMAA and IPv4-Proxy-CoA with the encapsulation mode as
specified in [IPV4-PMIP6].
o Implementations MAY use a software timer for managing the tunnel o Implementations MAY use a software timer for managing the tunnel
lifetime and a counter for keeping a count of all the mobile nodes lifetime and a counter for keeping a count of all the mobile nodes
that are sharing the tunnel. The timer value can be set to the that are sharing the tunnel. The timer value can be set to the
accepted binding lifetime and can be updated after each periodic accepted binding lifetime and can be updated after each periodic
re-registration for extending the lifetime. If the tunnel is re-registration for extending the lifetime. If the tunnel is
shared for multiple mobile nodes, the tunnel lifetime must be set shared for multiple mobile nodes, the tunnel lifetime must be set
to the highest binding lifetime that is granted to any one of to the highest binding lifetime that is granted to any one of
those mobile nodes sharing that tunnel. those mobile nodes sharing that tunnel.
skipping to change at page 38, line 48 skipping to change at page 38, line 46
hop router for the mobile node's home network prefix(es). hop router for the mobile node's home network prefix(es).
Forwarding Packets to the Mobile Node: Forwarding Packets to the Mobile Node:
o On receiving a packet from a correspondent node with the o On receiving a packet from a correspondent node with the
destination address matching a mobile node's home network destination address matching a mobile node's home network
prefix(es), the local mobility anchor MUST forward the packet prefix(es), the local mobility anchor MUST forward the packet
through the bi-directional tunnel set up for that mobile node. through the bi-directional tunnel set up for that mobile node.
o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below. Considerations o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below. Considerations
from [RFC-2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 encapsulation. However, from [RFC2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 encapsulation. However,
when using IPv4 transport, the format of the packet is as when using IPv4 transport, the format of the packet is as
described in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. described in [IPV4-PMIP6].
IPv6 header (src= LMAA, dst= Proxy-CoA /* Tunnel Header */ IPv6 header (src= LMAA, dst= Proxy-CoA /* Tunnel Header */
IPv6 header (src= CN, dst= MN-HOA ) /* Packet Header */ IPv6 header (src= CN, dst= MN-HOA ) /* Packet Header */
Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/ Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/
Figure 10: Tunneled Packet from LMA to MAG Figure 10: Tunneled Packet from LMA to MAG
o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below, when payload o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below, when payload
protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile node's data protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile node's data
traffic. However, when using IPv4 transport, the format of the traffic. However, when using IPv4 transport, the format of the
packet is as described in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. packet is as described in [IPV4-PMIP6].
IPv6 header (src= LMAA, dst= Proxy-CoA /* Tunnel Header */ IPv6 header (src= LMAA, dst= Proxy-CoA /* Tunnel Header */
ESP Header in tunnel mode /* ESP Header */ ESP Header in tunnel mode /* ESP Header */
IPv6 header (src= CN, dst= MN-HoA ) /* Packet Header */ IPv6 header (src= CN, dst= MN-HoA ) /* Packet Header */
Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/ Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/
Figure 11: Tunneled Packet from LMA to MAG with Payload Protection Figure 11: Tunneled Packet from LMA to MAG with Payload Protection
Forwarding Packets Sent by the Mobile Node: Forwarding Packets Sent by the Mobile Node:
o All the reverse tunneled packets that the local mobility anchor o All the reverse tunneled packets that the local mobility anchor
received from the mobile access gateway, after removing the tunnel received from the mobile access gateway, after removing the tunnel
header MUST be routed to the destination specified in the inner header MUST be routed to the destination specified in the inner
packet header. These routed packets will have the source address packet header. These routed packets will have the Source Address
field set to the mobile node's home address. Considerations from field set to the mobile node's home address. Considerations from
[RFC-2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 decapsulation. [RFC2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 decapsulation.
5.6.3. ECN Considerations for Proxy Mobile IPv6 Tunnels 5.6.3. Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) Considerations for Proxy
Mobile IPv6 Tunnels
This section describes how the ECN information needs to be handled by This section describes how the ECN information needs to be handled by
the mobility agents at the tunnel entry and exit points. The ECN the mobility agents at the tunnel entry and exit points. The ECN
considerations for IP tunnels are specified in [RFC-3168] and the considerations for IP tunnels are specified in [RFC3168], and the
same considerations apply to Proxy Mobile IPv6 tunnels (using IPv6- same considerations apply to Proxy Mobile IPv6 tunnels (using IPv6-
in-IPv6 encapsulation mode). Specifically the full-functionality in-IPv6 encapsulation mode). Specifically, the full-functionality
option MUST be supported. The relevant ECN considerations from [RFC- option MUST be supported. The relevant ECN considerations from
3168] are summarized here for convenience. [RFC3168] are summarized here for convenience.
Encapsulation Considerations: Encapsulation Considerations:
o If the Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) field in the inner o If the Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) field in the inner
header is set to ECT(0) or ECT(1), where ECT stands for ECN- header is set to ECT(0) or ECT(1), where ECT stands for ECN-
Capable Transport (ECT), the ECN field from the inner header MUST Capable Transport (ECT), the ECN field from the inner header MUST
be copied to the outer header. Additionally, when payload be copied to the outer header. Additionally, when payload
protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile node's data protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile node's data
traffic, the ECN considerations from [RFC-4301] MUST be applied. traffic, the ECN considerations from [RFC4301] MUST be applied.
Decapsulation Considerations: Decapsulation Considerations:
o If the Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) field in the inner o If the Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) field in the inner
header is set to ECT(0) or ECT(1), and if the ECN field in the header is set to ECT(0) or ECT(1), and if the ECN field in the
outer header is set to Congestion Experienced (CE), then the ECN outer header is set to Congestion Experienced (CE), then the ECN
field in the inner header MUST be set to CE. Otherwise, the ECN field in the inner header MUST be set to CE. Otherwise, the ECN
field in the inner header MUST NOT be modified. Additionally, field in the inner header MUST NOT be modified. Additionally,
when payload protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile when payload protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile
node's data traffic, the ECN considerations from [RFC-4301] MUST node's data traffic, the ECN considerations from [RFC4301] MUST be
be applied. applied.
5.7. Local Mobility Anchor Address Discovery 5.7. Local Mobility Anchor Address Discovery
Dynamic Home Agent Address Discovery (DHAAD), as explained in Section Dynamic Home Agent Address Discovery (DHAAD), as explained in Section
10.5 of [RFC-3775], allows a mobile node to discover all the home 10.5 of [RFC3775], allows a mobile node to discover all the home
agents on its home link by sending an ICMP Home Agent Address agents on its home link by sending an ICMP Home Agent Address
Discovery Request message to the Mobile IPv6 Home-Agents anycast Discovery Request message to the Mobile IPv6 Home Agent's anycast
address, derived from its home network prefix. address, derived from its home network prefix.
The DHAAD message in the current form cannot be used in Proxy Mobile The DHAAD message in the current form cannot be used in Proxy Mobile
IPv6 for discovering the address of the mobile node's local mobility IPv6 for discovering the address of the mobile node's local mobility
anchor. In Proxy Mobile IPv6, the local mobility anchor will not be anchor. In Proxy Mobile IPv6, the local mobility anchor will not be
able to receive any messages sent to the Mobile IPv6 Home-Agents able to receive any messages sent to the Mobile IPv6 Home Agent's
anycast address corresponding to the mobile node's home network anycast address corresponding to the mobile node's home network
prefix(es), as the prefix(es) is not hosted on any of its interfaces. prefix(es), as the prefix(es) is not hosted on any of its interfaces.
Further, the mobile access gateway will not predictably be able to Further, the mobile access gateway will not predictably be able to
locate the serving local mobility anchor that has the mobile node's locate the serving local mobility anchor that has the mobile node's
binding cache entry. Hence, this specification does not support binding cache entry. Hence, this specification does not support
Dynamic Home Agent Address Discovery protocol. Dynamic Home Agent Address Discovery protocol.
In Proxy Mobile IPv6, the address of the local mobility anchor In Proxy Mobile IPv6, the address of the local mobility anchor
configured to serve a mobile node can be discovered by the mobility configured to serve a mobile node can be discovered by the mobility
entities in other ways. This may be a configured entry in the mobile access gateway entity via other means. The LMA to be assigned to a
node's policy profile, or it may be obtained through mechanisms mobile node may be a configured entry in the mobile node's policy
outside the scope of this document. profile, or it may be obtained through mechanisms outside the scope
of this document.
5.8. Mobile Prefix Discovery Considerations 5.8. Mobile Prefix Discovery Considerations
This specification does not support mobile prefix discovery. The This specification does not support mobile prefix discovery. The
mobile prefix discovery mechanism as specified in [RFC-3775] is not mobile prefix discovery mechanism as specified in [RFC3775] is not
applicable to Proxy Mobile IPv6. applicable to Proxy Mobile IPv6.
5.9. Route Optimization Considerations 5.9. Route Optimization Considerations
The Route Optimization in Mobile IPv6, as defined in [RFC-3775], The Route Optimization in Mobile IPv6, as defined in [RFC3775],
enables a mobile node to communicate with a correspondent node enables a mobile node to communicate with a correspondent node
directly using its care-of address and further the Return Routability directly using its care-of address and further the Return Routability
procedure enables the correspondent node to have reasonable trust procedure enables the correspondent node to have reasonable trust
that the mobile node is reachable at both its home address and that the mobile node is reachable at both its home address and
care-of address. care-of address.
This specification does not support the Route Optimization as This specification does not support the Route Optimization specified
specified in Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775]. However, this specification in Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775]. However, this specification does support
does support some other form of route optimization as specified in another form of route optimization, as specified in Section 6.10.3.
Section 6.10.3.
6. Mobile Access Gateway Operation 6. Mobile Access Gateway Operation
The Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol described in this document introduces The Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol described in this document introduces
a new functional entity, the Mobile Access Gateway (MAG). The mobile a new functional entity, the mobile access gateway (MAG). The mobile
access gateway is the entity that is responsible for detecting the access gateway is the entity that is responsible for detecting the
mobile node's movements to and from the access link and sending the mobile node's movements to and from the access link and sending the
Proxy Binding Update messages to the local mobility anchor. In Proxy Binding Update messages to the local mobility anchor. In
essence, the mobile access gateway performs mobility management on essence, the mobile access gateway performs mobility management on
behalf of a mobile node. behalf of a mobile node.
The mobile access gateway is a function that typically runs on an The mobile access gateway is a function that typically runs on an
access router. However, implementations MAY choose to split this access router. However, implementations MAY choose to split this
function and run it across multiple systems. The specifics on how function and run it across multiple systems. The specifics on how
that is achieved or the signaling interactions between those that is achieved or the signaling interactions between those
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The mobile access gateway has the following key functional roles: The mobile access gateway has the following key functional roles:
o It is responsible for detecting the mobile node's movements on the o It is responsible for detecting the mobile node's movements on the
access link and for initiating the mobility signaling with the access link and for initiating the mobility signaling with the
mobile node's local mobility anchor. mobile node's local mobility anchor.
o Emulation of the mobile node's home link on the access link by o Emulation of the mobile node's home link on the access link by
sending Router Advertisement messages containing the mobile node's sending Router Advertisement messages containing the mobile node's
home network prefix(es), each prefix carried using the Prefix home network prefix(es), each prefix carried using the Prefix
Information option [RFC-4861]. Information option [RFC4861].
o Responsible for setting up the forwarding for enabling the mobile o Responsible for setting up the forwarding for enabling the mobile
node to configure one or more addresses from its home network node to configure one or more addresses from its home network
prefix(es) and use it from the attached access link. prefix(es) and use it from the attached access link.
6.1. Extensions to Binding Update List Entry Data Structure 6.1. Extensions to Binding Update List Entry Data Structure
Every mobile access gateway MUST maintain a Binding Update List. Every mobile access gateway MUST maintain a Binding Update List.
Each entry in the Binding Update List represents a mobile node's Each entry in the Binding Update List represents a mobile node's
mobility binding with its local mobility anchor. The Binding Update mobility binding with its local mobility anchor. The Binding Update
List is a conceptual data structure, described in Section 11.1 of List is a conceptual data structure, described in Section 11.1 of
[RFC-3775]. [RFC3775].
For supporting this specification, the conceptual Binding Update List For supporting this specification, the conceptual Binding Update List
entry data structure needs be extended with the following additional entry data structure needs be extended with the following additional
fields. fields.
o The Identifier of the attached mobile node, MN-Identifier. This o The identifier of the attached mobile node, MN-Identifier. This
identifier is acquired during the mobile node's attachment to the identifier is acquired during the mobile node's attachment to the
access link through mechanisms outside the scope of this document. access link through mechanisms outside the scope of this document.
o The link-layer identifier of the mobile node's connected o The link-layer identifier of the mobile node's connected
interface. This can be acquired from the received Router interface. This can be acquired from the received Router
Solicitation messages from the mobile node or during the mobile Solicitation messages from the mobile node or during the mobile
node's attachment to the access network. This is typically a node's attachment to the access network. This is typically a
link-layer identifier conveyed by the mobile node; however, the link-layer identifier conveyed by the mobile node; however, the
specific details on how that is conveyed is out of scope for this specific details on how that is conveyed is out of scope for this
specification. If this identifier is not available, this variable specification. If this identifier is not available, this variable
length field MUST be set to two (octets) and MUST be initialized length field MUST be set to two (octets) and MUST be initialized
to a value of ALL_ZERO. to a value of ALL_ZERO.
o List of IPv6 home network prefixes assigned to the mobile node's o A list of IPv6 home network prefixes assigned to the mobile node's
connected interface. The home network prefix(es) may have been connected interface. The home network prefix(es) may have been
statically configured in the mobile node's policy profile, or, may statically configured in the mobile node's policy profile, or, may
have been dynamically allocated by the local mobility anchor. have been dynamically allocated by the local mobility anchor.
Each of these prefix entries will also includes the corresponding Each of these prefix entries will also include the corresponding
prefix length. prefix length.
o The Link-local address of the mobile access gateway on the access o The Link-local address of the mobile access gateway on the access
link shared with the mobile node. link shared with the mobile node.
o The IPv6 address of the local mobility anchor serving the attached o The IPv6 address of the local mobility anchor serving the attached
mobile node. This address is acquired from the mobile node's mobile node. This address is acquired from the mobile node's
policy profile or from other means. policy profile or from other means.
o The interface identifier (if-id) of the point-to-point link o The interface identifier (if-id) of the point-to-point link
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The following are the mandatory fields of the policy profile: The following are the mandatory fields of the policy profile:
o The mobile node's identifier (MN-Identifier) o The mobile node's identifier (MN-Identifier)
o The IPv6 address of the local mobility anchor (LMAA) o The IPv6 address of the local mobility anchor (LMAA)
The following are the optional fields of the policy profile: The following are the optional fields of the policy profile:
o The mobile node's IPv6 home network prefix(es) assigned to the o The mobile node's IPv6 home network prefix(es) assigned to the
mobile node's connected interface. These prefix(es) have to be mobile node's connected interface. These prefixes have to be
maintained on a per-interface basis. There can be multiple unique maintained on a per-interface basis. There can be multiple unique
entries for each interface of the mobile node. The specific entries for each interface of the mobile node. The specific
details on how the network maintains this association between the details on how the network maintains this association between the
prefix set and the interfaces, specially during the mobility prefix set and the interfaces, specially during the mobility
session handoff between interfaces is outside the scope of this session handoff between interfaces, is outside the scope of this
document. document.
o The mobile node's IPv6 home network Prefix lifetime. This o The mobile node's IPv6 home network Prefix lifetime. This
lifetime will be same for all the hosted prefixes on the link, as lifetime will be the same for all the hosted prefixes on the link,
they all are part of one mobility session. This value can also be as they all are part of one mobility session. This value can also
same for all the mobile node's mobility sessions. be the same for all the mobile node's mobility sessions.
o Supported address configuration procedures (Stateful, Stateless or o Supported address configuration procedures (Stateful, Stateless,
both) for the mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain or both) for the mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain
6.3. Supported Access Link Types 6.3. Supported Access Link Types
This specification supports only point-to-point access link types and This specification supports only point-to-point access link types,
thus it assumes that the mobile node and the mobile access gateway and thus, it assumes that the mobile node and the mobile access
are the only two nodes on the access link. The link is assumed to gateway are the only two nodes on the access link. The link is
have multicast capability. assumed to have multicast capability.
This protocol may also be used on other link types, as long as the This protocol may also be used on other link types, as long as the
link is configured in such a way that it emulates point-to-point link is configured in such a way that it emulates point-to-point
delivery between the mobile node and the mobile access gateway for delivery between the mobile node and the mobile access gateway for
all the protocol traffic. all the protocol traffic.
It is also necessary to be able to identify mobile nodes attaching to It is also necessary to be able to identify mobile nodes attaching to
the link. Requirements relating to this are covered in Section 6.6. the link. Requirements relating to this are covered in Section 6.6.
Finally, while this specification can operate without link layer Finally, while this specification can operate without link-layer
indications of node attachment and detachment to the link, the indications of node attachment and detachment to the link, the
existence of such indications either on the network or mobile node existence of such indications either on the network or mobile node
side improves the resulting performance. side improves the resulting performance.
6.4. Supported Address Configuration Modes 6.4. Supported Address Configuration Modes
A mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain can configure one or A mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain can configure one or
more global IPv6 addresses on its interface (using Stateless, more global IPv6 addresses on its interface (using Stateless,
Stateful or manual address autoconfiguration procedures) from the Stateful address autoconfiguration procedures or manual address
hosted prefix(es) on that link. The Router Advertisement messages configuration) from the hosted prefix(es) on that link. The Router
sent on the access link specify the address configuration methods Advertisement messages sent on the access link specify the address
permitted on that access link for that mobile node. However, the configuration methods permitted on that access link for that mobile
advertised flags with respect to the address configuration will be node. However, the advertised flags, with respect to the address
consistent for a mobile node, on any of the access links in that configuration, will be consistent for a mobile node, on any of the
Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. Typically, these configuration settings access links in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. Typically, these
will be based on the domain wide policy or based on a policy specific configuration settings will be based on the domain-wide policy or
to each mobile node. based on a policy specific to each mobile node.
When stateless address autoconfiguration is supported on the access When stateless address autoconfiguration is supported on the access
link, the mobile node can generate one or more IPv6 addresses from link, the mobile node can generate one or more IPv6 addresses from
the hosted prefix(es) by standard IPv6 mechanisms such as Stateless the hosted prefix(es) by standard IPv6 mechanisms such as Stateless
Autoconfiguration [RFC-4862] or Privacy extensions [RFC-4941]. Autoconfiguration [RFC4862] or Privacy extensions [RFC4941].
When stateful address autoconfiguration is supported on the link, the When stateful address autoconfiguration is supported on the link, the
mobile node can obtain the address configuration from the DHCP server mobile node can obtain the address configuration from the DHCP server
located in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, by standard DHCP mechanisms, located in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, by standard DHCP mechanisms,
as specified in [RFC-3315]. The obtained address(es) will be from as specified in [RFC3315]. The obtained address(es) will be from its
its home network prefix(es). Section 6.11 specifies the details on home network prefix(es). Section 6.11 specifies the details on how
how this configuration can be achieved. this configuration can be achieved.
Additionally, other address configuration mechanisms specific to the Additionally, other address configuration mechanisms specific to the
access link between the mobile node and the mobile access gateway may access link between the mobile node and the mobile access gateway may
also be used for delivering the address configuration to the mobile also be used for delivering the address configuration to the mobile
node. This specification does not modify the behavior of any of the node. This specification does not modify the behavior of any of the
standard IPv6 address configuration mechanisms. standard IPv6 address configuration mechanisms.
6.5. Access Authentication & Mobile Node Identification 6.5. Access Authentication and Mobile Node Identification
When a mobile node attaches to an access link connected to the mobile When a mobile node attaches to an access link connected to the mobile
access gateway, the deployed access security protocols on that link access gateway, the deployed access security protocols on that link
SHOULD ensure that the network-based mobility management service is SHOULD ensure that the network-based mobility management service is
offered only after authenticating and authorizing the mobile node for offered only after authenticating and authorizing the mobile node for
that service. The exact specifics on how this is achieved or the that service. The exact specifics on how this is achieved or the
interactions between the mobile access gateway and the access interactions between the mobile access gateway and the access
security service is outside the scope of this document. This security service are outside the scope of this document. This
specification goes with the stated assumption of having an specification goes with the stated assumption of having an
established trust between the mobile node and the mobile access established trust between the mobile node and the mobile access
gateway, before the protocol operation begins. gateway before the protocol operation begins.
6.6. Acquiring Mobile Node's Identifier 6.6. Acquiring Mobile Node's Identifier
All the network entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST be able All the network entities in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST be able
to identify a mobile node, using its MN-Identifier. This identifier to identify a mobile node, using its MN-Identifier. This identifier
MUST be stable and unique across the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. The MUST be stable and unique across the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. The
mobility entities in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST be able to use mobility entities in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST be able to use
this identifier in the signaling messages and unambiguously identify this identifier in the signaling messages and unambiguously identify
a given mobile node. Following are some of the considerations a given mobile node. The following are some of the considerations
related to this MN-Identifier. related to this MN-Identifier.
o The MN-Identifier is typically obtained as part of the access o The MN-Identifier is typically obtained as part of the access
authentication or from a notified network attachment event. In authentication or from a notified network attachment event. In
cases where the user identifier authenticated during access cases where the user identifier authenticated during access
authentication uniquely identifies a mobile node, the MN- authentication uniquely identifies a mobile node, the MN-
Identifier MAY be the same as the user identifier. However, the Identifier MAY be the same as the user identifier. However, the
user identifier MUST NOT be used if it identifies a user account user identifier MUST NOT be used if it identifies a user account
that can be used from more than one mobile node operating in the that can be used from more than one mobile node operating in the
same Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. same Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
o In some cases, the obtained identifier as part of the access o In some cases, the obtained identifier, as part of the access
authentication can be a temporary identifier and further that authentication, can be a temporary identifier and further that
temporary identifier may be different at each re-authentication. temporary identifier may be different at each re-authentication.
However, the mobile access gateway MUST be able to use this However, the mobile access gateway MUST be able to use this
temporary identifier and obtain the mobile node's stable temporary identifier and obtain the mobile node's stable
identifier from the policy store. For instance, in AAA-based identifier from the policy store. For instance, in AAA-based
systems the RADIUS attribute, Chargeable-User-Identifier [RFC- systems, the Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS)
4372] may be used, as long as it uniquely identifies a mobile attribute, Chargeable-User-Identifier [RFC4372] may be used, as
node, and not a user account that can be used with multiple mobile long as it uniquely identifies a mobile node, and not a user
nodes. account that can be used with multiple mobile nodes.
o In some cases and for privacy reasons, the MN-Identifier that the o In some cases and for privacy reasons, the MN-Identifier that the
policy store delivers to the mobile access gateway may not be the policy store delivers to the mobile access gateway may not be the
true identifier of the mobile node. However, the mobility access true identifier of the mobile node. However, the mobility access
gateway MUST be able to use this identifier in the signaling gateway MUST be able to use this identifier in the signaling
messages exchanged with the local mobility anchor. messages exchanged with the local mobility anchor.
o The mobile access gateway MUST be able to identify the mobile node o The mobile access gateway MUST be able to identify the mobile node
by its MN-Identifier and it MUST be able to associate this by its MN-Identifier, and it MUST be able to associate this
identity to the point-to-point link shared with the mobile node. identity to the point-to-point link shared with the mobile node.
6.7. Home Network Emulation 6.7. Home Network Emulation
One of the key functions of a mobile access gateway is to emulate the One of the key functions of a mobile access gateway is to emulate the
mobile node's home network on the access link. It must ensure, the mobile node's home network on the access link. It must ensure the
mobile node does not detect any change with respect to its layer-3 mobile node does not detect any change with respect to its layer-3
attachment even after it changes its point of attachment in that attachment even after it changes its point of attachment in that
Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
For emulating the mobile node's home link on the access link, the For emulating the mobile node's home link on the access link, the
mobile access gateway must be able to send Router Advertisement mobile access gateway must be able to send Router Advertisement
messages advertising the mobile node's home network prefix(es) messages advertising the mobile node's home network prefix(es)
carried using the Prefix Information option(s) [RFC-4861] and with carried using the Prefix Information option(s) [RFC4861] and with
other address configuration parameters consistent with its home link other address configuration parameters consistent with its home link
properties. Typically, these configuration settings will be based on properties. Typically, these configuration settings will be based on
the domain wide policy or based on a policy specific to each mobile the domain-wide policy or based on a policy specific to each mobile
node. node.
Typically, the mobile access gateway learns the mobile node's home Typically, the mobile access gateway learns the mobile node's home
network prefix(es) details from the received Proxy Binding network prefix(es) details from the received Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message or it may obtain them from the mobile node's Acknowledgement message, or it may obtain them from the mobile node's
policy profile. However, the mobile access gateway SHOULD send the policy profile. However, the mobile access gateway SHOULD send the
Router Advertisements advertising the mobile node's home network Router Advertisements advertising the mobile node's home network
prefix(es) only after successfully completing the binding prefix(es) only after successfully completing the binding
registration with the mobile node's local mobility anchor. registration with the mobile node's local mobility anchor.
When advertising the home network prefix(es) in the Router When advertising the home network prefix(es) in the Router
Advertisement messages, the mobile access gateway MAY set the prefix Advertisement messages, the mobile access gateway MAY set the prefix
lifetime value for the advertised prefix(es) to any chosen value at lifetime value for the advertised prefix(es) to any chosen value at
its own discretion. An implementation MAY choose to tie the prefix its own discretion. An implementation MAY choose to tie the prefix
lifetime to the mobile node's binding lifetime. The prefix lifetime lifetime to the mobile node's binding lifetime. The prefix lifetime
can also be an optional configuration parameter in the mobile node's can also be an optional configuration parameter in the mobile node's
policy profile. policy profile.
6.8. Link-Local and Global Address Uniqueness 6.8. Link-local and Global Address Uniqueness
A mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, as it moves from one A mobile node in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, as it moves from one
mobile access gateway to the other, will continue to detect its home mobile access gateway to the other, will continue to detect its home
network and does not detect a change of layer-3 attachment. Every network and does not detect a change of layer-3 attachment. Every
time the mobile node attaches to a new link, the event related to the time the mobile node attaches to a new link, the event related to the
interface state change will trigger the mobile node to perform DAD interface state change will trigger the mobile node to perform
operation on the link-local and global address(es). However, if the Duplicate Address Detection (DAD) operation on the link-local and
mobile node is DNAv6 enabled, as specified in [ID-DNAV6], it may not global address(es). However, if the mobile node is Detecting Network
detect the link change due to DNAv6 optimizations and may not trigger Attachment in IPv6 (DNAv6) enabled, as specified in [DNAV6], it may
the duplicate address detection (DAD) procedure for its existing not detect the link change due to DNAv6 optimizations and may not
addresses, which may potentially lead to address collisions after the trigger the duplicate address detection (DAD) procedure for its
mobile node's handoff to a new link. existing addresses, which may potentially lead to address collisions
after the mobile node's handoff to a new link.
The issue of address collision is not relevant to the mobile node's The issue of address collision is not relevant to the mobile node's
global address(es). Since the assigned home network prefix(es) are global address(es). Since the assigned home network prefix(es) are
for the mobile node's exclusive usage, no other node shares an for the mobile node's exclusive usage, no other node shares an
address (other than Subnet-Router anycast address which is configured address (other than Subnet-Router anycast address that is configured
by the mobile access gateway) from the prefix(es) and so the by the mobile access gateway) from the prefix(es), and so the
uniqueness for the mobile node's global address is assured on the uniqueness for the mobile node's global address is assured on the
access link. access link.
The issue of address collision is however relevant to the mobile The issue of address collision is however relevant to the mobile
node's link-local addresses since the mobile access gateway and the node's link-local addresses since the mobile access gateway and the
mobile node will have link-local addresses configured from the same mobile node will have link-local addresses configured from the same
link-local prefix (FE80::/64). This leaves a room for link-local link-local prefix (FE80::/64). This leaves a room for link-local
address collision between the two neighbors (i.e., the mobile node address collision between the two neighbors (i.e., the mobile node
and the mobile access gateway) on that access link. For solving this and the mobile access gateway) on that access link. For solving this
problem, this specification requires that the link-local address that problem, this specification requires that the link-local address that
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anchor and be stored in the mobile node's Binding Cache entry. This anchor and be stored in the mobile node's Binding Cache entry. This
address will not change for the duration of that mobile node's address will not change for the duration of that mobile node's
mobility session and can be provided to the serving mobile access mobility session and can be provided to the serving mobile access
gateway at every mobile node's handoff, as part of the Proxy Mobile gateway at every mobile node's handoff, as part of the Proxy Mobile
IPv6 signaling messages. The specific method by which the local IPv6 signaling messages. The specific method by which the local
mobility anchor generates the link-local address is out of scope for mobility anchor generates the link-local address is out of scope for
this specification. this specification.
It is highly desirable that the access link on the mobile access It is highly desirable that the access link on the mobile access
gateway shared with the mobile node be provisioned in such a way that gateway shared with the mobile node be provisioned in such a way that
before the mobile node completes the DAD operation [RFC-4862] on its before the mobile node completes the DAD operation [RFC4862] on its
link-local address, the mobile access gateway on that link is aware link-local address, the mobile access gateway on that link is aware
of its own link-local address provided by the local mobility anchor of its own link-local address provided by the local mobility anchor
that it needs to use on that access link. This essentially requires that it needs to use on that access link. This essentially requires
a successful completion of the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling by the a successful completion of the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling by the
mobile access gateway before the mobile node completes the DAD mobile access gateway before the mobile node completes the DAD
operation. This can be achieved by ensuring that link layer operation. This can be achieved by ensuring that link-layer
attachment does not complete until the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling is attachment does not complete until the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling is
completed. Alternatively, network and local mobility anchor capacity completed. Alternatively, network and local mobility anchor capacity
and signaling retransmission timers can be provisioned in such a way and signaling retransmission timers can be provisioned in such a way
that signaling is extremely likely to complete during the default that signaling is likely to complete during the default waiting
waiting period associated with the DAD process. period associated with the DAD process.
Optionally, implementations MAY choose to configure a fixed link- Optionally, implementations MAY choose to configure a fixed link-
local address across all the access links in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 local address across all the access links in a Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain and without a need for carrying this address from the local domain and without a need for carrying this address from the local
mobility anchor to the mobile access gateway in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 mobility anchor to the mobile access gateway in the Proxy Mobile IPv6
signaling messages. The configuration variable signaling messages. The configuration variable
FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks determines the enabled mode FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks determines the enabled mode
in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
6.9. Signaling Considerations 6.9. Signaling Considerations
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6.9.1.1. Mobile Node Attachment and Initial Binding Registration 6.9.1.1. Mobile Node Attachment and Initial Binding Registration
1. After detecting a new mobile node on its access link, the mobile 1. After detecting a new mobile node on its access link, the mobile
access gateway MUST identify the mobile node and acquire its MN- access gateway MUST identify the mobile node and acquire its MN-
Identifier. If it determines that the network-based mobility Identifier. If it determines that the network-based mobility
management service needs to be offered to the mobile node, it management service needs to be offered to the mobile node, it
MUST send a Proxy Binding Update message to the local mobility MUST send a Proxy Binding Update message to the local mobility
anchor. anchor.
2. The Proxy Binding Update message MUST include the Mobile Node 2. The Proxy Binding Update message MUST include the Mobile Node
Identifier option [RFC-4283], carrying the MN-Identifier for Identifier option [RFC4283], carrying the MN-Identifier for
identifying the mobile node. identifying the mobile node.
3. The Home Network Prefix option(s) MUST be present in the Proxy 3. The Home Network Prefix option(s) MUST be present in the Proxy
Binding Update message. If the mobile access gateway learns the Binding Update message. If the mobile access gateway learns the
mobile node's home network prefix(es) either from its policy mobile node's home network prefix(es) either from its policy
store or from other means, the mobile access gateway MAY choose store or from other means, the mobile access gateway MAY choose
to request the local mobility anchor to allocate the requested to request the local mobility anchor to allocate the specific
prefix(es) by including a Home Network Prefix option for each of prefix(es) by including a Home Network Prefix option for each of
those requested prefixes. The mobile access gateway MAY also those requested prefixes. The mobile access gateway MAY also
choose to include just one Home Network Prefix option with the choose to include just one Home Network Prefix option with the
prefix value of ALL_ZERO, for requesting the local mobility prefix value of ALL_ZERO, for requesting the local mobility
anchor to do the prefix assignment. However, when including a anchor to do the prefix assignment. However, when including a
Home Network Prefix option with the prefix value of ALL_ZERO, Home Network Prefix option with the prefix value of ALL_ZERO,
then there MUST be only one instance of the Home Network prefix there MUST be only one instance of the Home Network prefix
option in the request. option in the request.
4. The Handoff Indicator option MUST be present in the Proxy 4. The Handoff Indicator option MUST be present in the Proxy
Binding Update message. The Handoff Indicator field in the Binding Update message. The Handoff Indicator field in the
Handoff Indicator option MUST be set to a value indicating the Handoff Indicator option MUST be set to a value indicating the
handoff hint. handoff hint.
* The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to value 1 * The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to a value of 1
(Attachment over a new interface), if the mobile access (Attachment over a new interface) if the mobile access
gateway determines (under the Handoff Indicator gateway determines (under the Handoff Indicator
considerations specified in this section) that the mobile considerations specified in this section) that the mobile
node's current attachment to the network over this interface node's current attachment to the network over this interface
is not as a result of a handoff of an existing mobility is not as a result of a handoff of an existing mobility
session (over the same interface or through a different session (over the same interface or through a different
interface), but as a result of an attachment over a new interface), but as a result of an attachment over a new
interface. This essentially serves as a request to the local interface. This essentially serves as a request to the local
mobility anchor to create a new mobility session and not mobility anchor to create a new mobility session and not
update any existing Binding Cache entry created for the same update any existing Binding Cache entry created for the same
mobile node connected to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain through mobile node connected to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain through
a different interface. a different interface.
* The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to value 2 (Handoff * The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to a value of 2
between two different interfaces of the mobile node), if the (Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile node)
mobile access gateway definitively knows the mobile node's if the mobile access gateway definitively knows the mobile
current attachment is due to a handoff of an existing node's current attachment is due to a handoff of an existing
mobility session, between two different interfaces of the mobility session between two different interfaces of the
mobile node. mobile node.
* The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to value 3 (Handoff * The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to a value of 3
between mobile access gateways for the same interface), if (Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same
the mobile access gateway definitively knows the mobile interface) if the mobile access gateway definitively knows
node's current attachment is due to a handoff of an existing the mobile node's current attachment is due to a handoff of
mobility session between two mobile access gateways and for an existing mobility session between two mobile access
the same interface of the mobile node. gateways and for the same interface of the mobile node.
* The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to value 4 (Handoff * The Handoff Indicator field MUST be set to a value of 4
state unknown), if the mobile access gateway cannot determine (Handoff state unknown) if the mobile access gateway cannot
if the mobile node's current attachment is due to a handoff determine if the mobile node's current attachment is due to a
of an existing mobility session. handoff of an existing mobility session.
5. The mobile access gateway MUST apply the below considerations 5. The mobile access gateway MUST apply the below considerations
when choosing the value for the Handoff Indicator field. when choosing the value for the Handoff Indicator field.
* The mobile access gateway can choose to use the value 2 * The mobile access gateway can choose to use the value 2
(Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile (Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile
node), only when it knows that the mobile node has on purpose node), only when it knows that the mobile node has, on
switched from one interface to another, and the previous purpose, switched from one interface to another, and the
interface is going to be disabled. It may know this due to a previous interface is going to be disabled. It may know this
number of factors. For instance, most cellular networks have due to a number of factors. For instance, most cellular
controlled handovers where the network knows that the host is networks have controlled handovers where the network knows
moving from one attachment to another. In this situation the that the host is moving from one attachment to another. In
link layer mechanism can inform the mobility functions that this situation, the link-layer mechanism can inform the
this is indeed a movement, not a new attachment. mobility functions that this is indeed a movement, not a new
attachment.
* Some link layers have link-layer identifiers that can be used * Some link layers have link-layer identifiers that can be used
to distinguish (a) the movement of a particular interface to to distinguish (a) the movement of a particular interface to
a new attachment from (b) the attachment of a new interface a new attachment from (b) the attachment of a new interface
from the same host. Option value 3 (Handoff between mobile from the same host. Option value 3 (Handoff between mobile
access gateways for the same interface)is appropriate in case access gateways for the same interface) is appropriate in
a and value of 1 (Attachment over a new interface) in case b. case (a) and a value of 1 (Attachment over a new interface)
in case (b).
* The mobile access gateway MUST NOT set the option value to 2 * The mobile access gateway MUST NOT set the option value to 2
(Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile node) (Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile node)
or 3 (Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same or 3 (Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same
interface) if it can not be determined that the mobile node interface) if it can not be determined that the mobile node
can move the address between the interfaces involved in the can move the address between the interfaces involved in the
handover or that it is the same interface that has moved. handover or that it is the same interface that has moved.
Otherwise Proxy Mobile IPv6-unaware hosts that have multiple Otherwise, Proxy Mobile IPv6-unaware hosts that have multiple
physical interfaces to the same domain may suffer unexpected physical interfaces to the same domain may suffer unexpected
failures. failures.
* Where no support from the link layer exists, the host and the * Where no support from the link layer exists, the host and the
network would need to inform each other about the intended network would need to inform each other about the intended
movement. The Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol does not specify movement. The Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol does not specify
this and simply requires that knowledge about movements can this and simply requires that knowledge about movements can
be derived either from the link-layer or from somewhere else. be derived either from the link-layer or from somewhere else.
The method by which this is accomplished is outside the scope The method by which this is accomplished is outside the scope
of this specification. of this specification.
6. Either the Timestamp option or a valid sequence number 6. Either the Timestamp option or a valid sequence number
maintained on a per mobile node basis (if the Sequence Number maintained on a per mobile node's mobility session basis as
based scheme is in use) MUST be present. When Timestamp option specified in [RFC3775] (if the Sequence-Number-based scheme is
is added to the message, the mobile access gateway SHOULD also in use) MUST be present. This can be determined based on the
set the Sequence Number field to a value of a monotonically value of the configuration flag TimestampBasedApproachInUse.
increasing counter (not to be confused with the per mobile node When Timestamp option is added to the message, the mobile access
sequence number specified in [RFC-3775]). The local mobility gateway SHOULD also set the Sequence Number field to a value of
a monotonically increasing counter (maintained at each mobile
access gateway and not to be confused with the per mobile node
sequence number specified in [RFC3775]). The local mobility
anchor will ignore this field when there is a Timestamp option anchor will ignore this field when there is a Timestamp option
present in the request, but will return the same value in the present in the request, but will return the same value in the
Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. This will be useful for Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. This will be useful for
matching the reply to the request message. matching the reply to the request message.
7. The Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option carrying the link- 7. The Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option carrying the link-
layer identifier of the currently attached interface MUST be layer identifier of the currently attached interface MUST be
present in the Proxy Binding Update message, if the mobile present in the Proxy Binding Update message, if the mobile
access gateway is aware of the same. If the link-layer access gateway is aware of the same. If the link-layer
identifier of the currently attached interface is not known or identifier of the currently attached interface is not known or
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8. The Access Technology Type option MUST be present in the Proxy 8. The Access Technology Type option MUST be present in the Proxy
Binding Update message. The access technology type field in the Binding Update message. The access technology type field in the
option SHOULD be set to the type of access technology by which option SHOULD be set to the type of access technology by which
the mobile node is currently attached to the mobile access the mobile node is currently attached to the mobile access
gateway. gateway.
9. The Link-local Address option MUST be present in the Proxy 9. The Link-local Address option MUST be present in the Proxy
Binding Update message only if the value of the configuration Binding Update message only if the value of the configuration
variable FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks is set to a variable FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks is set to a
value of ALL_ZERO, otherwise the Link-local Address option MUST value of ALL_ZERO; otherwise, the Link-local Address option MUST
NOT be present in the request. Considerations from Section 6.8 NOT be present in the request. Considerations from Section 6.8
MUST be applied when using the Link-local Address option. MUST be applied when using the Link-local Address option.
* For querying the local mobility anchor to provide the link- * For querying the local mobility anchor to provide the link-
local address that it should use on the point-to-point link local address that it should use on the point-to-point link
shared with the mobile node, this option MUST be set to shared with the mobile node, this option MUST be set to
ALL_ZERO value. This essentially serves as a request to the ALL_ZERO value. This essentially serves as a request to the
local mobility anchor to provide the link-local address that local mobility anchor to provide the link-local address that
it can use on the access link shared with the mobile node. it can use on the access link shared with the mobile node.
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Update List entry for the mobile node upon sending the Proxy Update List entry for the mobile node upon sending the Proxy
Binding Update message. Binding Update message.
6.9.1.2. Receiving Proxy Binding Acknowledgement 6.9.1.2. Receiving Proxy Binding Acknowledgement
On receiving a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message (format On receiving a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message (format
specified in Section 8.2) from the local mobility anchor, the mobile specified in Section 8.2) from the local mobility anchor, the mobile
access gateway MUST process the message as specified below. access gateway MUST process the message as specified below.
1. The received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message (a Binding 1. The received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message (a Binding
Acknowledgement message with the 'P' flag set to value of 1) Acknowledgement message with the (P) flag set to value of 1)
MUST be authenticated as described in Section 4. When IPsec is MUST be authenticated as described in Section 4. When IPsec is
used for message authentication, the SPI in the IPsec header used for message authentication, the SPI in the IPsec header
[RFC-4306] of the received packet is needed for locating the [RFC4306] of the received packet is needed for locating the
security association, for authenticating the Proxy Binding security association, for authenticating the Proxy Binding
Acknowledgement message. Acknowledgement message.
2. The mobile access gateway MUST observe the rules described in 2. The mobile access gateway MUST observe the rules described in
Section 9.2 of [RFC-3775] when processing Mobility Headers in Section 9.2 of [RFC3775] when processing Mobility Headers in the
the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message.
3. The mobile access gateway MUST apply the considerations 3. The mobile access gateway MUST apply the considerations
specified in Section 5.5 for processing the Sequence Number specified in Section 5.5 for processing the Sequence Number
field and the Timestamp option (if present), in the message. field and the Timestamp option (if present) in the message.
4. The mobile access gateway MUST ignore any checks, specified in 4. The mobile access gateway MUST ignore any checks, specified in
[RFC-3775] related to the presence of a Type 2 Routing header in [RFC3775], related to the presence of a Type 2 Routing header in
the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message.
5. The mobile access gateway MAY use the mobile node identifier 5. The mobile access gateway MAY use the mobile node identifier
present in the Mobile Node Identifier option for matching the present in the Mobile Node Identifier option for matching the
response to the request messages that it sent recently. response to the request messages that it sent recently.
However, if there is more than one request message in its However, if there is more than one request message in its
request queue for the same mobile node, the sequence number request queue for the same mobile node, the sequence number
field can be used for identifying the exact message from those field can be used for identifying the exact message from those
messages. There are other ways to achieve this and messages. There are other ways to achieve this and
implementations are free to adopt the best approach that suits implementations are free to adopt the best approach that suits
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6. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has any 6. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has any
one or more of the following options, Handoff Indicator option, one or more of the following options, Handoff Indicator option,
Access Technology Type option, Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Access Technology Type option, Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier
option, Mobile Node Identifier option, carrying option values option, Mobile Node Identifier option, carrying option values
that are different from the option values present in the that are different from the option values present in the
corresponding request (Proxy Binding Update) message, the corresponding request (Proxy Binding Update) message, the
message MUST be ignored as the local mobility anchor is expected message MUST be ignored as the local mobility anchor is expected
to echo back all these listed options and with the same option to echo back all these listed options and with the same option
values in the reply message. In this case, the mobile access values in the reply message. In this case, the mobile access
gateway MUST NOT retransmit the Proxy Binding Update message gateway MUST NOT retransmit the Proxy Binding Update message
till an administrative action is taken. until an administrative action is taken.
7. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the 7. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
Status field value set to PROXY_REG_NOT_ENABLED (Proxy Status field value set to PROXY_REG_NOT_ENABLED (Proxy
registration not enabled for the mobile node), the mobile access registration not enabled for the mobile node), the mobile access
gateway SHOULD NOT send a Proxy Binding Update message again for gateway SHOULD NOT send a Proxy Binding Update message again for
that mobile node till an administrative action is taken. It that mobile node until an administrative action is taken. It
MUST deny the mobility service to that mobile node. MUST deny the mobility service to that mobile node.
8. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the 8. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
Status field value set to TIMESTAMP_LOWER_THAN_PREV_ACCEPTED Status field value set to TIMESTAMP_LOWER_THAN_PREV_ACCEPTED
(Timestamp value lower than previously accepted value), the (Timestamp value lower than previously accepted value), the
mobile access gateway SHOULD try to register again to reassert mobile access gateway SHOULD try to register again to reassert
the mobile node's presence on its access link. The mobile the mobile node's presence on its access link. The mobile
access gateway is not specifically required to synchronize its access gateway is not specifically required to synchronize its
clock upon receiving this error code. clock upon receiving this error code.
skipping to change at page 53, line 8 skipping to change at page 53, line 17
value), the mobile access gateway SHOULD try to register again value), the mobile access gateway SHOULD try to register again
only after it has synchronized its clock to a common time source only after it has synchronized its clock to a common time source
that is used by all the mobility entities in that domain for that is used by all the mobility entities in that domain for
their clock synchronization. The mobile access gateway SHOULD their clock synchronization. The mobile access gateway SHOULD
NOT synchronize its clock to the local mobility anchor's system NOT synchronize its clock to the local mobility anchor's system
clock, based on the timestamp present in the received message. clock, based on the timestamp present in the received message.
10. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the 10. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
Status field value set to NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX Status field value set to NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX
(The mobile node is not authorized for one or more of the (The mobile node is not authorized for one or more of the
requesting home network prefix(es)), the mobile access gateway requesting home network prefixes), the mobile access gateway
SHOULD NOT request for the same prefix(es) again, but MAY SHOULD NOT request the same prefix(es) again, but MAY request
request the local mobility anchor to do the assignment of the local mobility anchor to do the assignment of prefix(es) by
prefix(es) by including only one Home Network Prefix option with including only one Home Network Prefix option with the prefix
the prefix value set to ALL_ZERO. value set to ALL_ZERO.
11. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the 11. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
Status field value set to any value greater than or equal to 128 Status field value set to any value greater than or equal to 128
(i.e., if the binding is rejected), the mobile access gateway (i.e., if the binding is rejected), the mobile access gateway
MUST NOT advertise the mobile node's home network prefix(es) in MUST NOT advertise the mobile node's home network prefix(es) in
the Router Advertisement messages sent on that access link and the Router Advertisement messages sent on that access link and
MUST deny the mobility service to the mobile node by not MUST deny the mobility service to the mobile node by not
forwarding any packets received from the mobile node using an forwarding any packets received from the mobile node using an
address from the home network prefix(es). It MAY also tear down address from the home network prefix(es). It MAY also tear down
the point-to-point link shared with the mobile node. the point-to-point link shared with the mobile node.
skipping to change at page 53, line 34 skipping to change at page 53, line 43
12. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the 12. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
Status field value set to 0 (Proxy Binding Update accepted), the Status field value set to 0 (Proxy Binding Update accepted), the
mobile access gateway MUST establish a bi-directional tunnel to mobile access gateway MUST establish a bi-directional tunnel to
the local mobility anchor (if there is no existing bi- the local mobility anchor (if there is no existing bi-
directional tunnel to that local mobility anchor). directional tunnel to that local mobility anchor).
Considerations from Section 5.6.1 MUST be applied for managing Considerations from Section 5.6.1 MUST be applied for managing
the dynamically created bi-directional tunnel. the dynamically created bi-directional tunnel.
13. The mobile access gateway MUST set up the route for forwarding 13. The mobile access gateway MUST set up the route for forwarding
the packets received from the mobile node using address(es) from the packets received from the mobile node using address(es) from
its home network prefix(es) through the bi-directional set up its home network prefix(es) through the bi-directional setup for
for that mobile node. The created tunnel and the routing state that mobile node. The created tunnel and the routing state MUST
MUST result in the forwarding behavior on the mobile access result in the forwarding behavior on the mobile access gateway
gateway as specified in Section 6.10.5. as specified in Section 6.10.5.
14. The mobile access gateway MUST also update the Binding Update 14. The mobile access gateway MUST also update the Binding Update
List entry to reflect the accepted binding registration values. List entry to reflect the accepted binding registration values.
It MUST also advertise the mobile node's home network prefix(es) It MUST also advertise the mobile node's home network prefix(es)
as the hosted on-link prefixes, by including them in the Router as the hosted on-link prefixes, by including them in the Router
Advertisement messages that it sends on that access link. Advertisement messages that it sends on that access link.
15. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the 15. If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
address in the Link-local Address option set to a NON_ZERO address in the Link-local Address option set to a NON_ZERO
value, the mobile access gateway SHOULD configure that link- value, the mobile access gateway SHOULD configure that link-
local address on that point-to-point link and SHOULD NOT local address on that point-to-point link and SHOULD NOT
configure any other link-local address without performing a DAD configure any other link-local address without performing a DAD
operation [RFC-4862]. This will avoid any potential link-local operation [RFC4862]. This will avoid any potential link-local
address collisions on that access link. However, if the link- address collisions on that access link. However, if the link-
local address generated by the local mobility anchor happens to local address generated by the local mobility anchor happens to
be already in use by the mobile node on that link, the mobile be already in use by the mobile node on that link, the mobile
access gateway MUST NOT use that address, but SHOULD configure a access gateway MUST NOT use that address, but SHOULD configure a
different link-local address. It SHOULD also upload this link- different link-local address. It SHOULD also upload this link-
local address to the local mobility anchor by immediately local address to the local mobility anchor by immediately
sending a Proxy Binding Update message and by including this sending a Proxy Binding Update message and by including this
address in the Link-local Address option. address in the Link-local Address option.
6.9.1.3. Extending Binding Lifetime 6.9.1.3. Extending Binding Lifetime
1. For extending the lifetime of a currently registered mobile node 1. For extending the lifetime of a currently registered mobile node
(i.e., after a successful initial binding registration from the (i.e., after a successful initial binding registration from the
same mobile access gateway), the mobile access gateway can send a same mobile access gateway), the mobile access gateway can send a
Proxy Binding Update message to the local mobility anchor with a Proxy Binding Update message to the local mobility anchor with a
new lifetime value. This re-registration message MUST be new lifetime value. This re-registration message MUST be
constructed with the same set of options as the initial Proxy constructed with the same set of options as the initial Proxy
Binding Update message, under the considerations specified in Binding Update message, under the considerations specified in
Section 6.9.1.1. However the following exceptions apply. Section 6.9.1.1. However, the following exceptions apply.
2. There MUST be a Home Network Prefix option for each of the 2. There MUST be a Home Network Prefix option for each of the
assigned home network prefixes assigned for that mobility session assigned home network prefixes assigned for that mobility session
and with the prefix value in the option set to that respective and with the prefix value in the option set to that respective
prefix value. prefix value.
3. The Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option MUST 3. The Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option MUST
be set to a value of 5 (Handoff state not changed - Re- be set to a value of 5 (Handoff state not changed - Re-
Registration). Registration).
skipping to change at page 54, line 43 skipping to change at page 55, line 6
1. If at any point the mobile access gateway detects that the mobile 1. If at any point the mobile access gateway detects that the mobile
node has moved away from its access link, or if it decides to node has moved away from its access link, or if it decides to
terminate the mobile node's mobility session, it SHOULD send a terminate the mobile node's mobility session, it SHOULD send a
Proxy Binding Update message to the local mobility anchor with Proxy Binding Update message to the local mobility anchor with
the lifetime value set to zero. This de-registration message the lifetime value set to zero. This de-registration message
MUST be constructed with the same set of options as the initial MUST be constructed with the same set of options as the initial
Proxy Binding Update message, under the considerations specified Proxy Binding Update message, under the considerations specified
in Section 6.9.1.1. However, the following exceptions apply. in Section 6.9.1.1. However, the following exceptions apply.
2. There MUST be a Home Network Prefix option for each of the 2. There MUST be a Home Network Prefix option for each of the
assigned home network prefix(es) assigned for that mobility assigned home network prefixes assigned for that mobility session
session and with the prefix value in the option set to the and with the prefix value in the option set to the respective
respective prefix value. prefix value.
3. The Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option MUST 3. The Handoff Indicator field in the Handoff Indicator option MUST
be set to a value of 4 (Handoff state unknown). be set to a value of 4 (Handoff state unknown).
Either upon receipt of a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message from Either upon receipt of a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message from
the local mobility anchor with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy the local mobility anchor with the Status field set to 0 (Proxy
Binding Update Accepted), or after INITIAL_BINDACK_TIMEOUT [RFC-3775] Binding Update Accepted), or after INITIAL_BINDACK_TIMEOUT [RFC3775]
timeout waiting for the reply, the mobile access gateway MUST do the timeout waiting for the reply, the mobile access gateway MUST do the
following: following:
1. It MUST remove the Binding Update List entry for the mobile node 1. It MUST remove the Binding Update List entry for the mobile node
from its Binding Update List. from its Binding Update List.
2. It MUST remove the created routing state for tunneling the mobile 2. It MUST remove the created routing state for tunneling the mobile
node's traffic. node's traffic.
3. If there is a dynamically created tunnel to the mobile node's 3. If there is a dynamically created tunnel to the mobile node's
local mobility anchor and if there are not other mobile nodes for local mobility anchor and if there are not other mobile nodes for
which the tunnel is being used, then the tunnel MUST be deleted. which the tunnel is being used, then the tunnel MUST be deleted.
4. It MUST tear down the point-to-point link shared with the mobile 4. It MUST tear down the point-to-point link shared with the mobile
node. This action will force the mobile node to remove any IPv6 node. This action will force the mobile node to remove any IPv6
address configuration on the interface connected to this point- address configuration on the interface connected to this point-
to-point link. to-point link.
6.9.1.5. Constructing the Proxy Binding Update Message 6.9.1.5. Constructing the Proxy Binding Update Message
o The mobile access gateway when sending the Proxy Binding Update o The mobile access gateway, when sending the Proxy Binding Update
message to the local mobility anchor MUST construct the message as message to the local mobility anchor, MUST construct the message
specified below. as specified below.
IPv6 header (src=Proxy-CoA, dst=LMAA) IPv6 header (src=Proxy-CoA, dst=LMAA)
Mobility header Mobility header
- BU /* P & A flags MUST be set to value 1 */ - BU /* P & A flags MUST be set to value 1 */
Mobility Options Mobility Options
- Mobile Node Identifier option (mandatory) - Mobile Node Identifier option (mandatory)
- Home Network Prefix option(s) (mandatory) - Home Network Prefix option(s) (mandatory)
- Handoff Indicator option (mandatory) - Handoff Indicator option (mandatory)
- Access Technology Type option (mandatory) - Access Technology Type option (mandatory)
- Timestamp option (optional) - Timestamp option (optional)
- Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option (optional) - Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option (optional)
- Link-local Address option (optional) - Link-local Address option (optional)
Figure 12: Proxy Binding Update message format Figure 12: Proxy Binding Update Message Format
o The Source Address field in the IPv6 header of the message MUST be o The Source Address field in the IPv6 header of the message MUST be
set to the global address configured on the egress interface of set to the global address configured on the egress interface of
the mobile access gateway. When there is no Alternate Care-of the mobile access gateway. When there is no Alternate Care-of
Address option present in the request, this address will be Address option present in the request, this address will be
considered as the Proxy-CoA address for this Proxy Binding Update considered as the Proxy-CoA for this Proxy Binding Update message.
message. However, when there is Alternate Care-of Address option However, when there is an Alternate Care-of Address option present
present in the request, this address will be not be considered as in the request, this address will be not be considered as the
the Proxy-CoA address, but the address in the alternate Care-of Proxy-CoA, but the address in the Alternate Care-of Address option
Address option will be considered as the Proxy-CoA address. will be considered as the Proxy-CoA.
o The Destination Address field in the IPv6 header of the message o The Destination Address field in the IPv6 header of the message
MUST be set to the local mobility anchor address. MUST be set to the local mobility anchor address.
o The Mobile Node Identifier option [RFC-4283] MUST be present. o The Mobile Node Identifier option [RFC4283] MUST be present.
o At least one Home Network Prefix option MUST be present. o At least one Home Network Prefix option MUST be present.
o The Handoff Indicator option MUST be present. o The Handoff Indicator option MUST be present.
o The Access Technology Type option MUST be present. o The Access Technology Type option MUST be present.
o The Timestamp option MAY be present. o The Timestamp option MAY be present.
o The Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option MAY be present. o The Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option MAY be present.
o The Link-local Address option MAY be present. o The Link-local Address option MAY be present.
o If IPsec is used for protecting the signaling messages, the o If IPsec is used for protecting the signaling messages, the
message MUST be protected, using the security association existing message MUST be protected, using the security association existing
between the local mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway. between the local mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway.
o Unlike in Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775], the Home Address option [RFC- o Unlike in Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775], the Home Address option [RFC3775]
3775] MUST NOT be present in the IPv6 Destination Options MUST NOT be present in the IPv6 Destination Options extension
extension header of the Proxy Binding Update message. header of the Proxy Binding Update message.
6.9.2. Router Solicitation Messages 6.9.2. Router Solicitation Messages
A mobile node may send a Router Solicitation message on the access A mobile node may send a Router Solicitation message on the access
link shared with the mobile access gateway. The Router Solicitation link shared with the mobile access gateway. The Router Solicitation
message that the mobile node sends is as specified in [RFC-4861]. message that the mobile node sends is as specified in [RFC4861]. The
The mobile access gateway on receiving the Router Solicitation mobile access gateway, on receiving the Router Solicitation message
message or before sending a Router Advertisement message MUST apply or before sending a Router Advertisement message, MUST apply the
the following considerations. following considerations.
1. The mobile access gateway on receiving the Router Solicitation 1. The mobile access gateway, on receiving the Router Solicitation
message SHOULD send a Router Advertisement message containing the message, SHOULD send a Router Advertisement message containing
mobile node's home network prefix(es) as the on-link prefix(es). the mobile node's home network prefix(es) as the on-link
However, before sending the Router Advertisement message prefix(es). However, before sending the Router Advertisement
containing the mobile node's home network prefix(es), it SHOULD message containing the mobile node's home network prefix(es), it
complete the binding registration process with the mobile node's SHOULD complete the binding registration process with the mobile
local mobility anchor. node's local mobility anchor.
2. If the local mobility anchor rejects the Proxy Binding Update 2. If the local mobility anchor rejects the Proxy Binding Update
message, or, if the mobile access gateway failed to complete the message, or, if the mobile access gateway failed to complete the
binding registration process for whatever reason, the mobile binding registration process for whatever reason, the mobile
access gateway MUST NOT advertise the mobile node's home network access gateway MUST NOT advertise the mobile node's home network
prefix(es) in the Router Advertisement messages that it sends on prefix(es) in the Router Advertisement messages that it sends on
the access link. However, it MAY choose to advertise a local the access link. However, it MAY choose to advertise a local
visited network prefix(es) to enable the mobile node for regular visited network prefix to enable the mobile node for regular IPv6
IPv6 access. access.
3. The mobile access gateway SHOULD add the MTU option, as specified 3. The mobile access gateway SHOULD add the MTU option, as specified
in [RFC-4861], to the Router Advertisement messages that it sends in [RFC4861], to the Router Advertisement messages that it sends
on the access link. This will ensure the mobile node on the link on the access link. This will ensure the mobile node on the link
uses the advertised MTU value. The MTU value SHOULD reflect the uses the advertised MTU value. The MTU value SHOULD reflect the
tunnel MTU for the bi-directional tunnel between the mobile tunnel MTU for the bi-directional tunnel between the mobile
access gateway and the local mobility anchor. Considerations access gateway and the local mobility anchor. Considerations
from Section 6.9.5 SHOULD be applied for determining the tunnel from Section 6.9.5 SHOULD be applied for determining the tunnel
MTU value. MTU value.
6.9.3. Default-Router 6.9.3. Default-Router
In Proxy Mobile IPv6, the mobile access gateway is the IPv6 default- In Proxy Mobile IPv6, the mobile access gateway is the IPv6 default-
router for the mobile node on the access link. However, as the router for the mobile node on the access link. However, as the
mobile node moves from one access link to another, the serving mobile mobile node moves from one access link to another, the serving mobile
access gateway on those respective links will send the Router access gateway on those respective links will send the Router
Advertisement messages. If these Router Advertisements are sent Advertisement messages. If these Router Advertisements are sent
using a different link-local address or a different link-layer using a different link-local address or a different link-layer
address, the mobile node will always detect a new default-router address, the mobile node will always detect a new default-router
after every handoff. For solving this problem, this specification after every handoff. For solving this problem, this specification
requires all the mobile access gateways in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 requires all the mobile access gateways in the Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain to use the same link-local and link-layer address on any of domain to use the same link-local and link-layer address on any of
the access links where ever the mobile node attaches. These the access links wherever the mobile node attaches. These addresses
addresses can be fixed addresses across the entire Proxy Mobile IPv6 can be fixed addresses across the entire Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain,
domain and all the mobile access gateways can use these globally and all the mobile access gateways can use these globally fixed
fixed address on any of the point-to-point links. The configuration address on any of the point-to-point links. The configuration
variables FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks and variables FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks and
FixedMAGLinkLayerAddressOnAllAccessLinks SHOULD be used for this FixedMAGLinkLayerAddressOnAllAccessLinks SHOULD be used for this
purpose. Additionally, this specification allows the local mobility purpose. Additionally, this specification allows the local mobility
anchor to generate the link-local address and provide it to the anchor to generate the link-local address and provide it to the
mobile access gateway as part of the signaling messages. mobile access gateway as part of the signaling messages.
However, both of these approaches (a link-local address generated by However, both of these approaches (a link-local address generated by
the local mobility anchor or when using a globally fixed link-local the local mobility anchor or when using a globally fixed link-local
address) have implications on the deployment of SEcure Neighbor address) have implications on the deployment of SEcure Neighbor
Discovery (SEND) [RFC-3971]. In SEND, routers have certificates and Discovery (SEND) [RFC3971]. In SEND, routers have certificates and
public key pairs, and their Router Advertisements are signed with the public key pairs, and their Router Advertisements are signed with the
private keys of these key pairs. When a number of different routers private keys of these key pairs. When a number of different routers
use the same addresses, the routers either all have to be able to use the same addresses, the routers either all have to be able to
construct these signatures for the same key pair, or the used key construct these signatures for the same key pair, or the used key
pair and the router's cryptographic identity must change after a pair and the router's cryptographic identity must change after a
movement. Both approaches are problematic. Sharing of private key movement. Both approaches are problematic. Sharing of private key
information across a number of nodes would be inappropriate. And information across multiple nodes in a PMIP6 domain is poor design
changing even the cryptographic identity of the router goes against from a security perspective. And changing even the cryptographic
the general idea of the Proxy Mobile IPv6 being as invisible to the identity of the router goes against the general idea of the Proxy
hosts as possible. Mobile IPv6 being as invisible to the hosts as possible.
There is, however, ongoing work at the IETF to revise the SEND There is, however, ongoing work in the IETF to revise the SEND
specifications. It is suggested that these revisions also address specifications. It is suggested that these revisions also address
the above problem. Other revisions are needed to deal with other the above problem. Other revisions are needed to deal with other
problematic cases (such as Neighbor Discovery proxies) before wide- problematic cases (such as Neighbor Discovery proxies) before wide-
spread deployment of SEND. spread deployment of SEND.
6.9.4. Retransmissions and Rate Limiting 6.9.4. Retransmissions and Rate Limiting
The mobile access gateway is responsible for retransmissions and rate The mobile access gateway is responsible for retransmissions and rate
limiting the Proxy Binding Update messages that it sends to the local limiting the Proxy Binding Update messages that it sends to the local
mobility anchor. The Retransmission and the Rate Limiting rules are mobility anchor. The Retransmission and the Rate Limiting rules are
as specified in [RFC-3775]. However, the following considerations as specified in [RFC3775]. However, the following considerations
MUST be applied. MUST be applied.
1. When the mobile access gateway sends a Proxy Binding Update 1. When the mobile access gateway sends a Proxy Binding Update
message, it should use the constant, INITIAL_BINDACK_TIMEOUT message, it should use the constant, INITIAL_BINDACK_TIMEOUT
[RFC-3775], for configuring the retransmission timer, as [RFC3775], for configuring the retransmission timer, as specified
specified in Section 11.8 [RFC-3775]. However, the mobile access in Section 11.8 [RFC3775]. However, the mobile access gateway is
gateway is not required to use a longer retransmission interval not required to use a longer retransmission interval of
of InitialBindackTimeoutFirstReg as specified in [RFC-3775] for InitialBindackTimeoutFirstReg, as specified in [RFC3775], for the
the initial Proxy Binding Update message. initial Proxy Binding Update message.
2. If the mobile access gateway fails to receive a valid matching 2. If the mobile access gateway fails to receive a valid matching
response for a registration or re-registration message within the response for a registration or re-registration message within the
retransmission interval, it SHOULD retransmit the message until a retransmission interval, it SHOULD retransmit the message until a
response is received. However, the mobile access gateway MUST response is received. However, the mobile access gateway MUST
ensure the mobile node is still attached to the connected link ensure the mobile node is still attached to the connected link
before retransmitting the message. before retransmitting the message.
3. As specified in Section 11.8 of [RFC-3775], the mobile access 3. As specified in Section 11.8 of [RFC3775], the mobile access
gateway MUST use an exponential back-off process in which the gateway MUST use an exponential back-off process in which the
timeout period is doubled upon each retransmission, until either timeout period is doubled upon each retransmission, until either
the node receives a response or the timeout period reaches the the node receives a response or the timeout period reaches the
value MAX_BINDACK_TIMEOUT [RFC-3775]. The mobile access gateway value MAX_BINDACK_TIMEOUT [RFC3775]. The mobile access gateway
MAY continue to send these messages at this slower rate MAY continue to send these messages at this slower rate
indefinitely. indefinitely.
4. If the Timestamp based scheme is in use, the retransmitted Proxy 4. If the Timestamp-based scheme is in use, the retransmitted Proxy
Binding Update messages MUST use the latest timestamp. If the Binding Update messages MUST use the latest timestamp. If the
Sequence number scheme is in use, the retransmitted Proxy Binding Sequence Number scheme is in use, the retransmitted Proxy Binding
Update messages MUST use a Sequence Number value greater than Update messages MUST use a Sequence Number value greater than
that used for the previous transmission of this Proxy Binding that was used for the previous transmission of this Proxy Binding
Update message, just as specified in [RFC-3775]. Update message, just as specified in [RFC3775].
6.9.5. Path MTU Discovery 6.9.5. Path MTU Discovery
It is important that mobile node, mobile access gateway, and local It is important that mobile node, mobile access gateway, and local
mobility anchor have a correct understanding of MTUs. When the mobility anchor have a correct understanding of MTUs. When the
mobile node uses the correct MTU, it can send packets that do not mobile node uses the correct MTU, it can send packets that do not
exceed the local link MTU and do not cause the tunneled packets from exceed the local link MTU and do not cause the tunneled packets from
the mobile access gateway to be fragmented. This is important both the mobile access gateway to be fragmented. This is important both
from the perspective of efficiency, as well as preventing hard-to- from the perspective of efficiency, as well as preventing hard-to-
diagnose MTU problems. The following are some of the considerations diagnose MTU problems. The following are some of the considerations
related to Path MTU discovery. related to Path MTU discovery.
o The local mobility anchor and mobile access gateway MAY use the o The local mobility anchor and mobile access gateway MAY use the
Path MTU Discovery mechanisms as specified in [RFC-1981] or in Path MTU discovery mechanisms, as specified in [RFC1981] or in
[RFC-4821] for determining the Path MTU (PMTU) for the (LMA-MAG) [RFC4821], for determining the Path MTU (PMTU) for the (LMA-MAG)
paths. The specific discovery mechanism to be used in a given paths. The specific discovery mechanism to be used in a given
deployment can be configurable. deployment can be configurable.
o The mobility entities MUST implement and SHOULD support ICMP-based o The mobility entities MUST implement and SHOULD support ICMP-based
Path MTU discovery mechanism as specified in [RFC-1981]. However, Path MTU discovery mechanism, as specified in [RFC1981]. However,
this mechanism may not work correctly if the Proxy Mobile IPv6 this mechanism may not work correctly if the Proxy Mobile IPv6
network does not deliver or process ICMP Packet Too Big messages. network does not deliver or process ICMP Packet Too Big messages.
o The mobility entities MAY implement Packetization Layer Path MTU o The mobility entities MAY implement Packetization Layer Path MTU
discovery mechanisms as specified in [RFC-4821] and use any discovery mechanisms, as specified in [RFC4821], and use any
application traffic as a payload for the PMTU discovery. Neither application traffic as a payload for the PMTU discovery. Neither
the Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol or the tunnel between the mobile the Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol or the tunnel between the mobile
access gateway and local mobility agent can easily be used for access gateway and local mobility agent can easily be used for
this purpose. However, implementations SHOULD support at least this purpose. However, implementations SHOULD support at least
the use of an explicit ICMP Echo Request/Response for this the use of an explicit ICMP Echo Request/Response for this
purpose. purpose.
o The mobility entities MAY choose to perform Path MTU discovery for o The mobility entities MAY choose to perform Path MTU discovery for
all the (LMA-MAG) paths at the boot time and may repeat this all the (LMA-MAG) paths at the boot time and may repeat this
operation periodically to ensure the Path MTU values have not operation periodically to ensure the Path MTU values have not
changed for those paths. If the dynamic PMTU discovery mechanisms changed for those paths. If the dynamic PMTU discovery mechanisms
fail to determine the Path MTU, an administratively configured fail to determine the Path MTU, an administratively configured
default value MUST be used. default value MUST be used.
o The IPv6 tunnel MTU for an established tunnel between the local o The IPv6 tunnel MTU for an established tunnel between the local
mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway MUST be computed mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway MUST be computed
based on the determined Path MTU value for that specific path and based on the determined Path MTU value for that specific path and
the computation should be as specified in Section 6.7 of [RFC- the computation should be as specified in Section 6.7 of
2473]. [RFC2473].
o The mobile access gateway SHOULD use the determined tunnel Path o The mobile access gateway SHOULD use the determined tunnel Path
MTU value (for the tunnel established with the mobile node's local MTU value (for the tunnel established with the mobile node's local
mobility anchor) as the MTU value in the MTU option that it sends mobility anchor) as the MTU value in the MTU option that it sends
in the Router Advertisements on the access link shared with the in the Router Advertisements on the access link shared with the
mobile node. mobile node. But, if the MTU value of the access link shared with
the mobile node is lower than the determined Path MTU value, then
the MTU of the access link MUST be used in the MTU option.
o If the mobile access gateway detects a change in MTU value for any o If the mobile access gateway detects a change in the MTU value for
of the paths (LMA-MAG) and at any point of time, the corresponding any of the paths (LMA-MAG) and at any point of time, the
tunnel MTU value MUST be updated to reflect the change in Path MTU corresponding tunnel MTU value MUST be updated to reflect the
value. The adjusted tunnel MTU value SHOULD be notified to the change in Path MTU value. The adjusted tunnel MTU value (lower of
the Path MTU and the access link MTU) SHOULD be notified to the
impacted mobile nodes by sending additional Router Advertisement impacted mobile nodes by sending additional Router Advertisement
messages. Additionally, the adjusted tunnel MTU value MUST be messages. Additionally, the adjusted tunnel MTU value MUST be
used in all the subsequent Router Advertisement messages as well. used in all the subsequent Router Advertisement messages as well.
6.10. Routing Considerations 6.10. Routing Considerations
This section describes how the mobile access gateway handles the This section describes how the mobile access gateway handles the
traffic to/from the mobile node that is attached to one of its access traffic to/from the mobile node that is attached to one of its access
interfaces. interfaces.
skipping to change at page 60, line 38 skipping to change at page 60, line 47
|MN|----------|MAG|======================|LMA|----------|CN| |MN|----------|MAG|======================|LMA|----------|CN|
+--+ +---+ +---+ +--+ +--+ +---+ +---+ +--+
IPv6 Tunnel IPv6 Tunnel
Figure 13: Proxy Mobile IPv6 Tunnel Figure 13: Proxy Mobile IPv6 Tunnel
6.10.1. Transport Network 6.10.1. Transport Network
As per this specification, the transport network between the local As per this specification, the transport network between the local
mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway is an IPv6 network. mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway is an IPv6 network.
The companion document [ID-IPV4-PMIP6] specifies the required The document [IPV4-PMIP6] specifies the required extensions for
extensions for negotiating IPv4 transport and the corresponding negotiating IPv4 transport and the corresponding encapsulation mode.
encapsulation mode.
6.10.2. Tunneling & Encapsulation Modes 6.10.2. Tunneling and Encapsulation Modes
An IPv6 address that a mobile node uses from its home network An IPv6 address that a mobile node uses from its home network
prefix(es) is topologically anchored at the local mobility anchor. prefix(es) is topologically anchored at the local mobility anchor.
For a mobile node to use this address from an access network attached For a mobile node to use this address from an access network attached
to a mobile access gateway, proper tunneling techniques have to be in to a mobile access gateway, proper tunneling techniques have to be in
place. Tunneling hides the network topology and allows the mobile place. Tunneling hides the network topology and allows the mobile
node's IPv6 datagram to be encapsulated as a payload of another IPv6 node's IPv6 datagram to be encapsulated as a payload of another IPv6
packet and to be routed between the local mobility anchor and the packet and to be routed between the local mobility anchor and the
mobile access gateway. The Mobile IPv6 base specification [RFC-3775] mobile access gateway. The Mobile IPv6 base specification [RFC3775]
defines the use of IPv6-over-IPv6 tunneling [RFC-2473], between the defines the use of IPv6-over-IPv6 tunneling [RFC2473] between the
home agent and the mobile node and this specification extends the use home agent and the mobile node, and this specification extends the
of the same tunneling mechanism for use between the local mobility use of the same tunneling mechanism for use between the local
anchor and the mobile access gateway. mobility anchor and the mobile access gateway.
On most operating systems, a tunnel is implemented as a virtual On most operating systems, a tunnel is implemented as a virtual
point-to-point interface. The source and the destination address of point-to-point interface. The source and the destination address of
the two end points of this virtual interface along with the the two end points of this virtual interface along with the
encapsulation mode are specified for this virtual interface. Any encapsulation mode are specified for this virtual interface. Any
packet that is routed over this interface gets encapsulated with the packet that is routed over this interface gets encapsulated with the
outer header as specified for that point to point tunnel interface. outer header as specified for that point-to-point tunnel interface.
For creating a point to point tunnel to any local mobility anchor, For creating a point-to-point tunnel to any local mobility anchor,
the mobile access gateway may implement a tunnel interface with the the mobile access gateway may implement a tunnel interface with the
source address field set to a global address on its egress interface Source Address field set to a global address on its egress interface
(Proxy-CoA) and the destination address field set to the global (Proxy-CoA) and the destination address field set to the global
address of the local mobility anchor (LMAA). address of the local mobility anchor (LMAA).
The following is the supported packet encapsulation mode that can be The following is the supported packet encapsulation mode that can be
used by the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor for used by the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor for
routing mobile node's IPv6 datagrams. routing mobile node's IPv6 datagrams.
o IPv6-In-IPv6 - IPv6 datagram encapsulated in an IPv6 packet [RFC- o IPv6-In-IPv6 - IPv6 datagram encapsulated in an IPv6 packet
2473]. [RFC2473].
The companion document [ID-IPV4-PMIP6] specifies other encapsulation The companion document [IPV4-PMIP6] specifies other encapsulation
modes for supporting IPv4 transport. modes for supporting IPv4 transport.
o IPv6-In-IPv4 - IPv6 datagram encapsulation in an IPv4 packet. The o IPv6-In-IPv4 - IPv6 datagram encapsulation in an IPv4 packet. The
details on how this mode is negotiated is specified in [ID-IPV4- details on how this mode is negotiated are specified in
PMIP6]. [IPV4-PMIP6].
o IPv6-In-IPv4-UDP - IPv6 datagram encapsulation in an IPv4 UDP o IPv6-In-IPv4-UDP - IPv6 datagram encapsulation in an IPv4 UDP
packet. This mode is specified in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. packet. This mode is specified in [IPV4-PMIP6].
o IPv6-In-IPv4-UDP-TLV - IPv6 datagram encapsulation in an IPv4 UDP o IPv6-In-IPv4-UDP-TLV - IPv6 datagram encapsulation in an IPv4 UDP
packet with a TLV header. This mode is specified in [ID-IPV4- packet with a TLV header. This mode is specified in [IPV4-PMIP6].
PMIP6].
6.10.3. Local Routing 6.10.3. Local Routing
If there is data traffic between a visiting mobile node and a If there is data traffic between a visiting mobile node and a
correspondent node that is locally attached to an access link correspondent node that is locally attached to an access link
connected to the mobile access gateway, the mobile access gateway MAY connected to the mobile access gateway, the mobile access gateway MAY
optimize on the delivery efforts by locally routing the packets and optimize on the delivery efforts by locally routing the packets and
by not reverse tunneling them to the mobile node's local mobility by not reverse tunneling them to the mobile node's local mobility
anchor. The flag EnableMAGLocalRouting MAY be used for controlling anchor. The flag EnableMAGLocalRouting MAY be used for controlling
this behavior. However, in some systems, this may have an this behavior. However, in some systems, this may have an
skipping to change at page 62, line 23 skipping to change at page 62, line 32
achieved are beyond of the scope of this document. achieved are beyond of the scope of this document.
6.10.4. Tunnel Management 6.10.4. Tunnel Management
All the considerations mentioned in Section 5.6.1 for the tunnel All the considerations mentioned in Section 5.6.1 for the tunnel
management on the local mobility anchor apply for the mobile access management on the local mobility anchor apply for the mobile access
gateway as well. gateway as well.
6.10.5. Forwarding Rules 6.10.5. Forwarding Rules
Forwarding Packets sent to the Mobile Node's Home Network: Forwarding Packets Sent to the Mobile Node's Home Network:
o On receiving a packet from the bi-directional tunnel established o On receiving a packet from the bi-directional tunnel established
with the mobile node's local mobility anchor, the mobile access with the mobile node's local mobility anchor, the mobile access
gateway MUST use the destination address of the inner packet for gateway MUST use the destination address of the inner packet for
forwarding it on the interface where the destination network forwarding it on the interface where the destination network
prefix is hosted. The mobile access gateway MUST remove the outer prefix is hosted. The mobile access gateway MUST remove the outer
header before forwarding the packet. Considerations from [RFC- header before forwarding the packet. Considerations from
2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 decapsulation. If the mobile [RFC2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 decapsulation. If the mobile
access gateway cannot find the connected interface for that access gateway cannot find the connected interface for that
destination address, it MUST silently drop the packet. For destination address, it MUST silently drop the packet. For
reporting an error in such a scenario, in the form of a ICMP reporting an error in such a scenario, in the form of an ICMP
control message, the considerations from [RFC-2473] MUST be control message, the considerations from [RFC2473] MUST be
applied. applied.
o On receiving a packet from a correspondent node that is locally o On receiving a packet from a correspondent node that is connected
connected and which is destined to a mobile node that is on to the mobile access gateway as a regular IPv6 host (see Section
another locally connected access link, the mobile access gateway 6.14) destined to a mobile node that is also locally attached, the
MUST check the flag EnableMAGLocalRouting, to ensure the mobile mobile access gateway MUST check the flag EnableMAGLocalRouting to
access gateway is allowed to route the packet directly to the determine if the packet can be delivered directly to the mobile
mobile node. If the mobile access gateway is not allowed to route node. If the mobile access gateway is not allowed to route the
the packet directly, it MUST route the packet through the bi- packet directly, it MUST route the packet towards the local
directional tunnel established between itself and the mobile mobility anchor where the destination address is topologically
node's local mobility anchor. Otherwise, it can route the packet anchored, else it can route the packet directly to the mobile
directly to the mobile node. node.
Forwarding Packets Sent by the Mobile Node: Forwarding Packets Sent by the Mobile Node:
o On receiving a packet from a mobile node connected to its access o On receiving a packet from a mobile node connected to its access
link, the mobile access gateway MUST ensure that there is an link, the mobile access gateway MUST ensure that there is an
established binding for that mobile node with its local mobility established binding for that mobile node with its local mobility
anchor before forwarding the packet directly to the destination or anchor before forwarding the packet directly to the destination or
before tunneling the packet to the mobile node's local mobility before tunneling the packet to the mobile node's local mobility
anchor. anchor.
skipping to change at page 63, line 30 skipping to change at page 63, line 36
the packet directly to the destination. the packet directly to the destination.
o On receiving a packet from a mobile node connected to its access o On receiving a packet from a mobile node connected to its access
link, to a destination that is not directly connected, the packet link, to a destination that is not directly connected, the packet
MUST be forwarded to the local mobility anchor through the bi- MUST be forwarded to the local mobility anchor through the bi-
directional tunnel established between itself and the mobile directional tunnel established between itself and the mobile
node's local mobility anchor. However, the packets that are sent node's local mobility anchor. However, the packets that are sent
with the link-local source address MUST NOT be forwarded. with the link-local source address MUST NOT be forwarded.
o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below. Considerations o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below. Considerations
from [RFC-2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 encapsulation. However, from [RFC2473] MUST be applied for IPv6 encapsulation. However,
when using IPv4 transport, the format of the tunneled packet is as when using IPv4 transport, the format of the tunneled packet is as
described in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. described in [IPV4-PMIP6].
IPv6 header (src= Proxy-CoA, dst= LMAA /* Tunnel Header */ IPv6 header (src= Proxy-CoA, dst= LMAA /* Tunnel Header */
IPv6 header (src= MN-HoA, dst= CN ) /* Packet Header */ IPv6 header (src= MN-HoA, dst= CN ) /* Packet Header */
Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/ Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/
Figure 14: Tunneled Packet from MAG to LMA Figure 14: Tunneled Packet from MAG to LMA
o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below, when payload o The format of the tunneled packet is shown below, when payload
protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile node's data protection using IPsec is enabled for the mobile node's data
traffic. However, when using IPv4 transport, the format of the traffic. However, when using IPv4 transport, the format of the
packet is as described in [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. packet is as described in [IPV4-PMIP6].
IPv6 header (src= Proxy-CoA, dst= LMAA /* Tunnel Header */ IPv6 header (src= Proxy-CoA, dst= LMAA /* Tunnel Header */
ESP Header in tunnel mode /* ESP Header */ ESP Header in tunnel mode /* ESP Header */
IPv6 header (src= MN-HoA, dst= CN ) /* Packet Header */ IPv6 header (src= MN-HoA, dst= CN ) /* Packet Header */
Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/ Upper layer protocols /* Packet Content*/
Figure 15: Tunneled Packet from MAG to LMA with Payload Protection Figure 15: Tunneled Packet from MAG to LMA with Payload Protection
6.11. Supporting DHCP based Address Configuration on the Access Link 6.11. Supporting DHCP-Based Address Configuration on the Access Link
This section explains how Stateful Address Configuration using DHCP This section explains how Stateful Address Configuration using DHCP
support can be enabled in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. It also support can be enabled in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. It also
identifies the required configuration in DHCP and mobility identifies the required configuration in DHCP and mobility
infrastructures for supporting this address configuration mode and infrastructures for supporting this address configuration mode and
also identifies the protocol interactions between these two systems. also identifies the protocol interactions between these two systems.
o For supporting Stateful Address Configuration using DHCP, the DHCP o For supporting Stateful Address Configuration using DHCP, the DHCP
relay agent [RFC-3315] service MUST be supported on all the mobile relay agent [RFC3315] service MUST be supported on all the mobile
access gateways in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. Further, as access gateways in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. Further, as
specified in Section 20 of [RFC-3315], the DHCP relay agent should specified in Section 20 of [RFC3315], the DHCP relay agent should
be configured to use a list of destination addresses, which MAY be configured to use a list of destination addresses, which MAY
include unicast addresses, the All_DHCP_Servers multicast address, include unicast addresses, the All_DHCP_Servers multicast address,
or other addresses as required in a given deployment. or other addresses as required in a given deployment.
o The DHCP infrastructure needs to be configured to assign addresses o The DHCP infrastructure needs to be configured to assign addresses
from each of the prefixes assigned to a link in that Proxy Mobile from each of the prefixes assigned to a link in that Proxy Mobile
IPv6 domain. The DHCP relay agent indicates the link to which the IPv6 domain. The DHCP relay agent indicates the link to which the
mobile node is attached by including an IPv6 address from any of mobile node is attached by including an IPv6 address from any of
the prefixes assigned to that link in the link-address field of the prefixes assigned to that link in the link-address field of
the Relay Forward message. Therefore, for each link in the Mobile the Relay Forward message. Therefore, for each link in the Mobile
IPv6 domain, the DHCP infrastructure will: IPv6 domain, the DHCP infrastructure will:
* be configured with a list of all of the prefixes associated * be configured with a list of all of the prefixes associated
with that link; with that link;
* identify the link to which the mobile node is attached by * identify the link to which the mobile node is attached by
looking up the prefix for the link-address field in the Relay looking up the prefix for the link-address field in the Relay
Forward message in the list of prefixes associated with each Forward message in the list of prefixes associated with each
link link;
* assign to the host an address from each prefix associated with * assign to the host an address from each prefix associated with
the link to which the mobile node is attached. the link to which the mobile node is attached.
This DHCP infrastructure configuration requirement is identical This DHCP infrastructure configuration requirement is identical to
with other IPv6 networks; other than receiving DHCP messages from other IPv6 networks; other than receiving DHCP messages from a
a mobile node through different relay agents (MAGs) over time, the mobile node through different relay agents (MAGs) over time, the
DHCP infrastructure will be unaware of the mobile node's DHCP infrastructure will be unaware of the mobile node's
capability with respect to mobility support. capability with respect to mobility support.
o The local mobility anchor needs to have the same awareness with o The local mobility anchor needs to have the same awareness with
respect to the links along with the associated prefixes in a Proxy respect to the links along with the associated prefixes in a Proxy
Mobile IPv6 domain. When a local mobility anchor assigns Mobile IPv6 domain. When a local mobility anchor assigns
prefix(es) to a mobile node, it MUST assign all the prefixes prefix(es) to a mobile node, it MUST assign all the prefixes
associated with a given link and all of those assigned prefixes associated with a given link and all of those assigned prefixes
will remain as the home network prefixes for that mobile node will remain as the home network prefixes for that mobile node
through out the life of that mobility session. The serving mobile through out the life of that mobility session. The serving mobile
access gateway that hosts these prefixes is physically connected access gateway that hosts these prefixes is physically connected
to that link and can function as the DHCP relay agent. This to that link and can function as the DHCP relay agent. This
common understanding between DHCP and mobility entities about all common understanding between DHCP and mobility entities about all
the links in the domain along with the associated prefixes, the links in the domain along with the associated prefixes
provides the required coordination for allowing mobility entities provides the required coordination for allowing mobility entities
to perform prefix assignment dynamically to a mobile node and to perform prefix assignment dynamically to a mobile node and
still allow the DHCP infrastructure to perform address assignment still allow the DHCP infrastructure to perform address assignment
for that mobile node only from its home network prefixes. for that mobile node only from its home network prefixes.
o When a mobile node sends a DHCP request message, the DHCP relay o When a mobile node sends a DHCP request message, the DHCP relay
agent function on the mobile access gateway will set the link- agent function on the mobile access gateway will set the link-
address field in the DHCP message to an address in the mobile address field in the DHCP message to an address in the mobile
node's home network prefix (any one of the mobile node's home node's home network prefix (any one of the mobile node's home
network prefixes assigned to that mobile node's attached network prefixes assigned to that mobile node's attached
interface). The mobile access gateway can generate an interface). The mobile access gateway can generate an
autoconfiguration address from one of the mobile node's home autoconfiguration address from one of the mobile node's home
network prefixes [RFC-4862] and can use this address link-address network prefixes [RFC4862] and can use this address link-address
option, so as to provide a hint to the DHCP Server for the link option, so as to provide a hint to the DHCP Server for the link
identification. The DHCP server on receiving the request from the identification. The DHCP server, on receiving the request from
mobile node, will allocate addresses from all the prefixes the mobile node, will allocate addresses from all the prefixes
associated with that link (identified using the link-address field associated with that link (identified using the link-address field
of the request). of the request).
o Once the mobile node obtains address(es) and moves to a different o Once the mobile node obtains address(es), moves to a different
link and sends a DHCP request (at any time) for extending the DHCP link, and sends a DHCP request (at any time) for extending the
lease, the DHCP relay agent on the new link will set the link- DHCP lease, the DHCP relay agent on the new link will set the
address field in the DHCP Relay Forward message to one of the link-address field in the DHCP Relay Forward message to one of the
mobile node's home network prefixes. The DHCP server will mobile node's home network prefixes. The DHCP server will
identify the client from the Client-DUID option and will identify identify the client from the Client-DUID option and will identify
the link from the link-address option present in the request and the link from the link-address option present in the request and
will allocate the same address(es) as before. will allocate the same address(es) as before.
o For correct operation of the model of network-based mobility o For correct operation of the model of network-based mobility
management in which the host does not participate in any mobility management in which the host does not participate in any mobility
management, the mobile node MUST always be assigned an identical management, the mobile node MUST always be assigned an identical
set of IPv6 addresses regardless of the access link to which the set of IPv6 addresses regardless of the access link to which the
mobile node is attached. For example, the mobile access gateways mobile node is attached. For example, the mobile access gateways
in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain should be configured so that DHCP in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain should be configured so that DHCP
messages from a mobile node will always be handled by the same messages from a mobile node will always be handled by the same
DHCP server or by a server from the same group of coordinated DHCP DHCP server or by a server from the same group of coordinated DHCP
servers serving that domain. DHCP based address configuration is servers serving that domain. DHCP-based address configuration is
not recommended for deployments in which the local mobility anchor not recommended for deployments in which the local mobility anchor
and the mobile access gateway are located in different and the mobile access gateway are located in different
administrative domains. administrative domains.
6.12. Home Network Prefix Renumbering 6.12. Home Network Prefix Renumbering
If the mobile node's home network prefix(es) gets renumbered or If the mobile node's home network prefix(es) gets renumbered or
becomes invalid during the middle of a mobility session, the mobile becomes invalid during the middle of a mobility session, the mobile
access gateway MUST withdraw the prefix(es) by sending a Router access gateway MUST withdraw the prefix(es) by sending a Router
Advertisement message on the access link with zero prefix lifetime Advertisement message on the access link with zero prefix lifetime
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attempt to extend the registration lifetime of the mobile node. attempt to extend the registration lifetime of the mobile node.
Further, in such a scenario, the mobile access gateway SHOULD Further, in such a scenario, the mobile access gateway SHOULD
terminate the binding of the mobile node by sending a Proxy Binding terminate the binding of the mobile node by sending a Proxy Binding
Update message to the mobile node's local mobility anchor with Update message to the mobile node's local mobility anchor with
lifetime value set to 0. It MUST also remove any local state such as lifetime value set to 0. It MUST also remove any local state such as
the Binding Update List entry created for that mobile node. the Binding Update List entry created for that mobile node.
The specific detection mechanism of the loss of a visiting mobile The specific detection mechanism of the loss of a visiting mobile
node on the connected link is specific to the access link between the node on the connected link is specific to the access link between the
mobile node and the mobile access gateway and is outside the scope of mobile node and the mobile access gateway and is outside the scope of
this document. Typically, there are various link-layer specific this document. Typically, there are various link-layer-specific
events specific to each access technology that the mobile access events specific to each access technology that the mobile access
gateway can depend on for detecting the node loss. In general, the gateway can depend on for detecting the node loss. In general, the
mobile access gateway can depend on one or more of the following mobile access gateway can depend on one or more of the following
methods for the detection presence of the mobile node on the methods for the detection presence of the mobile node on the
connected link: connected link:
o Link-layer event specific to the access technology o Link-layer event specific to the access technology
o Session termination event on point-to-point link types o Session termination event on point-to-point link types
o IPv6 Neighbor Unreachability Detection event from IPv6 stack o IPv6 Neighbor Unreachability Detection event from IPv6 stack
o Notification event from the local mobility anchor o Notification event from the local mobility anchor
6.14. Allowing network access to other IPv6 nodes 6.14. Allowing Network Access to Other IPv6 Nodes
In some Proxy Mobile IPv6 deployments, network operators may want to In some Proxy Mobile IPv6 deployments, network operators may
provision the mobile access gateway to offer network-based mobility provision the mobile access gateway to offer network-based mobility
management service only to some visiting mobile nodes and enable just management service only to some visiting mobile nodes and enable just
regular IP access to some other nodes. This requires the network to regular IP access to some other nodes. This requires the network to
have control on when to enable network-based mobility management have control on when to enable network-based mobility management
service to a mobile node and when to enable regular IPv6 access. service to a mobile node and when to enable regular IPv6 access.
This specification does not disallow such configuration. This specification does not disallow such configuration.
Upon detecting a mobile node on its access link and after policy Upon detecting a mobile node on its access link and after policy
considerations, the mobile access gateway MUST determine if network- considerations, the mobile access gateway MUST determine if network-
based mobility management service should be offered to that mobile based mobility management service should be offered to that mobile
node. If the mobile node is entitled for network-based mobility node. If the mobile node is entitled to network-based mobility
management service, then the mobile access gateway must ensure the management service, then the mobile access gateway must ensure the
mobile node does not detect any change with respect to its layer-3 mobile node does not detect any change with respect to its layer-3
attachment, as explained in various sections of this specification. attachment, as explained in various sections of this specification.
If the mobile node is not entitled for the network-based mobility If the mobile node is not entitled to the network-based mobility
management service, as determined from the policy considerations, the management service, as determined from the policy considerations, the
mobile access gateway MAY choose to offer regular IPv6 access to the mobile access gateway MAY choose to offer regular IPv6 access to the
mobile node and in such a scenario the normal IPv6 considerations mobile node, and in such a scenario, the normal IPv6 considerations
apply. If IPv6 access is enabled, the mobile node SHOULD be able to apply. If IPv6 access is enabled, the mobile node SHOULD be able to
obtain IPv6 address(es) using the normal IPv6 address configuration obtain IPv6 address(es) using the normal IPv6 address configuration
procedures. The obtained address(es) must be from a local visitor procedures. The obtained address(es) must be from a local visitor
network prefix(es). This essentially ensures that the mobile access network prefix(es). This essentially ensures that the mobile access
gateway functions as a normal access router to a mobile node attached gateway functions as a normal access router to a mobile node attached
to its access link and without impacting its host-based mobility to its access link and without impacting its host-based mobility
protocol operation. protocol operation.
7. Mobile Node Operation 7. Mobile Node Operation
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When a mobile node enters a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain and attaches to When a mobile node enters a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain and attaches to
an access network, the mobile access gateway on the access link an access network, the mobile access gateway on the access link
detects the attachment of the mobile node and completes the binding detects the attachment of the mobile node and completes the binding
registration with the mobile node's local mobility anchor. If the registration with the mobile node's local mobility anchor. If the
binding update operation is successfully performed, the mobile access binding update operation is successfully performed, the mobile access
gateway will create the required state and set up the forwarding for gateway will create the required state and set up the forwarding for
the mobile node's data traffic. the mobile node's data traffic.
When a mobile node attaches to the access link, it will typically When a mobile node attaches to the access link, it will typically
send a Router Solicitation message [RFC-4861]. The mobile access send a Router Solicitation message [RFC4861]. The mobile access
gateway on the access link will respond to the Router Solicitation gateway on the access link will respond to the Router Solicitation
message with a Router Advertisement message. The Router message with a Router Advertisement message. The Router
Advertisement message will carry the mobile node's home network Advertisement message will carry the mobile node's home network
prefix(es), default-router address and other address configuration prefix(es), default-router address, and other address configuration
Parameters. parameters.
If the mobile access gateway on the access link receives a Router If the mobile access gateway on the access link receives a Router
Solicitation message from the mobile node, before it completes the Solicitation message from the mobile node, before it completes the
signaling with the mobile node's local mobility anchor, the mobile signaling with the mobile node's local mobility anchor, the mobile
access gateway may not know the mobile node's home network prefix(es) access gateway may not know the mobile node's home network prefix(es)
and may not be able to emulate the mobile node's home link on the and may not be able to emulate the mobile node's home link on the
access link. In such a scenario, the mobile node may notice a delay access link. In such a scenario, the mobile node may notice a delay
before it receives a Router Advertisement message. This will also before it receives a Router Advertisement message. This will also
affect mobile nodes that would be capable of handling their own affect mobile nodes that would be capable of handling their own
mobility, or mobile nodes that do not need to maintain the same IP mobility, or mobile nodes that do not need to maintain the same IP
address through movements. address through movements.
If the received Router Advertisement message has the Managed Address If the received Router Advertisement message has the Managed Address
Configuration flag set, the mobile node, as it would normally do, Configuration flag set, the mobile node, as it would normally do,
will send a DHCP Request [RFC-3315]. The DHCP relay service enabled will send a DHCP Request [RFC3315]. The DHCP relay service enabled
on that access link will ensure the mobile node can obtain one or on that access link will ensure the mobile node can obtain one or
more addresses from its home network prefix(es). more addresses from its home network prefix(es).
If the received Router Advertisement message does not have the If the received Router Advertisement message does not have the
Managed Address Configuration flag set and if the mobile node is Managed Address Configuration flag set and if the mobile node is
allowed to use autoconfigured address(es), the mobile node will be allowed to use autoconfigured address(es), the mobile node will be
able to obtain IPv6 address(es) and from each of its home network able to obtain IPv6 address(es) from each of its home network
prefixes using any of the standard IPv6 address configuration prefixes using any of the standard IPv6 address configuration
mechanisms permitted for that mode. mechanisms permitted for that mode.
If the mobile node is IPv4 enabled and if the network permits, it If the mobile node is IPv4-enabled and if the network permits, it
will be able to obtain the IPv4 address configuration as specified in will be able to obtain the IPv4 address configuration, as specified
the companion document [ID-IPV4-PMIP6]. in the companion document [IPV4-PMIP6].
Once the address configuration is complete, the mobile node can Once the address configuration is complete, the mobile node can
continue to use this address configuration as long as it is attached continue to use this address configuration as long as it is attached
to the network that is in the scope of that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. to the network that is in the scope of that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
7.2. Roaming in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain 7.2. Roaming in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain
After obtaining the address configuration in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 After obtaining the address configuration in the Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain, as the mobile node moves and changes its point of attachment domain, as the mobile node moves and changes its point of attachment
from one mobile access gateway to the other, it can still continue to from one mobile access gateway to the other, it can still continue to
use the same address configuration. As long as the attached access use the same address configuration. As long as the attached access
link is in the scope of that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, the mobile link is in the scope of that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, the mobile
node will always detect the same router advertising itself as a node will always detect the same router advertising itself as a
default-router and advertising the mobile node's home network default-router and advertising the mobile node's home network
prefix(es) on each connected link. If the mobile node has address prefix(es) on each connected link. If the mobile node has address
configuration that it obtained using DHCP, it will be able to retain configuration that it obtained using DHCP, it will be able to retain
the address configuration and extend the lease lifetime. the address configuration and extend the lease lifetime.
8. Message Formats 8. Message Formats
This section defines extensions to the Mobile IPv6 [RFC-3775] This section defines extensions to the Mobile IPv6 [RFC3775] protocol
protocol messages. messages.
8.1. Proxy Binding Update Message 8.1. Proxy Binding Update Message
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Sequence # | | Sequence # |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|A|H|L|K|M|R|P| Reserved | Lifetime | |A|H|L|K|M|R|P| Reserved | Lifetime |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
skipping to change at page 69, line 37 skipping to change at page 69, line 44
. Mobility options . . Mobility options .
. . . .
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
A Binding Update message that is sent by a mobile access gateway to a A Binding Update message that is sent by a mobile access gateway to a
local mobility anchor is referred to as the "Proxy Binding Update" local mobility anchor is referred to as the "Proxy Binding Update"
message. A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Update message. message. A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Update message.
The rest of the Binding Update message format remains the same as The rest of the Binding Update message format remains the same as
defined in [RFC-3775] and with the additional (R) and (M) flags as defined in [RFC3775] and with the additional (R) and (M) flags, as
specified in [RFC-3963] and [RFC-4140] respectively. specified in [RFC3963] and [RFC4140], respectively.
Proxy Registration Flag (P) Proxy Registration Flag (P)
A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Update message to A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Update message to
indicate to the local mobility anchor that the Binding Update indicate to the local mobility anchor that the Binding Update
message is a proxy registration. The flag MUST be set to the message is a proxy registration. The flag MUST be set to the
value of 1 for proxy registrations and MUST be set to 0 for direct value of 1 for proxy registrations and MUST be set to 0 for direct
registrations sent by a mobile node. registrations sent by a mobile node.
Mobility Options Mobility Options
Variable-length field of such length that the complete Mobility Variable-length field of such length that the complete Mobility
Header is an integer multiple of 8 octets long. This field Header is an integer multiple of 8 octets long. This field
skipping to change at page 70, line 16 skipping to change at page 70, line 19
message is a proxy registration. The flag MUST be set to the message is a proxy registration. The flag MUST be set to the
value of 1 for proxy registrations and MUST be set to 0 for direct value of 1 for proxy registrations and MUST be set to 0 for direct
registrations sent by a mobile node. registrations sent by a mobile node.
Mobility Options Mobility Options
Variable-length field of such length that the complete Mobility Variable-length field of such length that the complete Mobility
Header is an integer multiple of 8 octets long. This field Header is an integer multiple of 8 octets long. This field
contains zero or more TLV-encoded mobility options. The encoding contains zero or more TLV-encoded mobility options. The encoding
and format of defined options are described in Section 6.2 of and format of defined options are described in Section 6.2 of
[RFC-3775]. The local mobility anchor MUST ignore and skip any [RFC3775]. The local mobility anchor MUST ignore and skip any
options which it does not understand. options that it does not understand.
As per this specification, the following mobility options are As per this specification, the following mobility options are
valid in a Proxy Binding Update message. These options can be valid in a Proxy Binding Update message. These options can be
present in the message in any order. There can be one or more present in the message in any order. There can be one or more
instances of the Home Network Prefix options present in the instances of the Home Network Prefix options present in the
message. However, there cannot be more than one instance of any message. However, there cannot be more than one instance of any
of the other options. of the following options.
Mobile Node Identifier option Mobile Node Identifier option
Home Network Prefix option Home Network Prefix option
Handoff Indicator option Handoff Indicator option
Access Technology Type option Access Technology Type option
Timestamp option Timestamp option
Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option
Link-local Address option Link-local Address option
Additionally, there can one or more instances of the Vendor- Additionally, there can be one or more instances of the Vendor-
Specific Mobility option [RFC-5094]. Specific Mobility option [RFC5094].
For descriptions of other fields present in this message, refer to For descriptions of other fields present in this message, refer to
section 6.1.7 of [RFC-3775]. Section 6.1.7 of [RFC3775].
8.2. Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message 8.2. Proxy Binding Acknowledgement Message
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Status |K|R|P|Reserved | | Status |K|R|P|Reserved |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Sequence # | Lifetime | | Sequence # | Lifetime |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
skipping to change at page 71, line 25 skipping to change at page 71, line 25
. . . .
. Mobility options . . Mobility options .
. . . .
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
A Binding Acknowledgement message that is sent by a local mobility A Binding Acknowledgement message that is sent by a local mobility
anchor to a mobile access gateway is referred to as the "Proxy anchor to a mobile access gateway is referred to as the "Proxy
Binding Acknowledgement" message. A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Acknowledgement" message. A new flag (P) is included in the
Binding Acknowledgement message. The rest of the Binding Binding Acknowledgement message. The rest of the Binding
Acknowledgement message format remains the same as defined in [RFC- Acknowledgement message format remains the same as defined in
3775] and with the additional (R) flag as specified in [RFC-3963]. [RFC3775] and with the additional (R) flag as specified in [RFC3963].
Proxy Registration Flag (P) Proxy Registration Flag (P)
A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Acknowledgement message A new flag (P) is included in the Binding Acknowledgement message
to indicate that the local mobility anchor that processed the to indicate that the local mobility anchor that processed the
corresponding Proxy Binding Update message supports proxy corresponding Proxy Binding Update message supports proxy
registrations. The flag is set to value of 1 only if the registrations. The flag is set to a value of 1 only if the
corresponding Proxy Binding Update had the Proxy Registration Flag corresponding Proxy Binding Update had the Proxy Registration Flag
(P) set to value of 1. (P) set to value of 1.
Mobility Options Mobility Options
Variable-length field of such length that the complete Mobility A variable-length field of such length that the complete Mobility
Header is an integer multiple of 8 octets long. This field Header is an integer multiple of 8 octets long. This field
contains zero or more TLV-encoded mobility options. The encoding contains zero or more TLV-encoded mobility options. The encoding
and format of defined options are described in Section 6.2 of and format of defined options are described in Section 6.2 of
[RFC-3775]. The mobile access gateway MUST ignore and skip any [RFC3775]. The mobile access gateway MUST ignore and skip any
options which it does not understand. options that it does not understand.
As per this specification, the following mobility options are As per this specification, the following mobility options are
valid in a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. These options valid in a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. These options
can be present in the message in any order. There can be one or can be present in the message in any order. There can be one or
more instances of the Home Network Prefix options present in the more instances of the Home Network Prefix options present in the
message. However, there cannot be more than one instance of any message. However, there cannot be more than one instance of any
of the other options. of the following options.
Mobile Node Identifier option Mobile Node Identifier option
Home Network Prefix option Home Network Prefix option
Handoff Indicator option Handoff Indicator option
Access Technology Type option Access Technology Type option
Timestamp option Timestamp option
Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option
Link-local Address option Link-local Address option
Additionally, there can one or more instances of the Vendor- Additionally, there can be one or more instances of the Vendor-
Specific Mobility option [RFC-5094]. Specific Mobility option [RFC5094].
Status Status
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the disposition of the Proxy An 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the disposition of the Proxy
Binding Update. Values of the Status field less than 128 indicate Binding Update. Values of the Status field less than 128 indicate
that the Proxy Binding Update was accepted by the local mobility that the Proxy Binding Update was accepted by the local mobility
anchor. Values greater than or equal to 128 indicate that the anchor. Values greater than or equal to 128 indicate that the
Proxy Binding Update message was rejected by the local mobility Proxy Binding Update message was rejected by the local mobility
anchor. Section 8.9 defines the Status values that can used in anchor. Section 8.9 defines the Status values that can used in
Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message.
For descriptions of other fields present in this message, refer to For descriptions of other fields present in this message, refer to
the section 6.1.8 of [RFC-3775]. Section 6.1.8 of [RFC3775].
8.3. Home Network Prefix Option 8.3. Home Network Prefix Option
A new option, Home Network Prefix Option is defined for use with the A new option, Home Network Prefix option is defined for use with the
Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages
exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access
gateway. This option is used for exchanging the mobile node's home gateway. This option is used for exchanging the mobile node's home
network prefix information. There can be multiple Home Network network prefix information. There can be multiple Home Network
Prefix options present in the message. Prefix options present in the message.
The Home Network Prefix Option has an alignment requirement of 8n+4. The Home Network Prefix Option has an alignment requirement of 8n+4.
Its format is as follows: Its format is as follows:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
skipping to change at page 73, line 20 skipping to change at page 73, line 20
| | | |
+ + + +
| | | |
+ Home Network Prefix + + Home Network Prefix +
| | | |
+ + + +
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
<IANA> 22
Length Length
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option
in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field
MUST be set to 18. MUST be set to 18.
Reserved (R) Reserved (R)
This 8-bit field is unused for now. The value MUST be This 8-bit field is unused for now. The value MUST be
skipping to change at page 73, line 46 skipping to change at page 73, line 46
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the prefix length of the 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the prefix length of the
IPv6 prefix contained in the option. IPv6 prefix contained in the option.
Home Network Prefix Home Network Prefix
A sixteen-byte field containing the mobile node's IPv6 Home A sixteen-byte field containing the mobile node's IPv6 Home
Network Prefix. Network Prefix.
8.4. Handoff Indicator Option 8.4. Handoff Indicator Option
A new option, Handoff Indicator Option is defined for use with the A new option, Handoff Indicator option is defined for use with the
Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages
exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access
gateway. This option is used for exchanging the mobile node's gateway. This option is used for exchanging the mobile node's
handoff related hints. handoff-related hints.
The Handoff Indicator Option has no alignment requirement. Its The Handoff Indicator option has no alignment requirement. Its
format is as follows: format is as follows:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | Reserved (R) | HI | | Type | Length | Reserved (R) | HI |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
<IANA> 23
Length Length
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option
in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field
MUST be set to 2. MUST be set to 2.
Reserved (R) Reserved (R)
This 8-bit field is unused for now. The value MUST be This 8-bit field is unused for now. The value MUST be
initialized to 0 by the sender and MUST be ignored by the initialized to 0 by the sender and MUST be ignored by the
receiver. receiver.
Handoff Indicator (HI) Handoff Indicator (HI)
A 8-bit field that specifies the type of handoff. The values An 8-bit field that specifies the type of handoff. The values
(0 - 255) will be allocated and managed by IANA. The following (0 - 255) will be allocated and managed by IANA. The following
values are currently defined. values are currently defined.
0: Reserved 0: Reserved
1: Attachment over a new interface 1: Attachment over a new interface
2: Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile node 2: Handoff between two different interfaces of the mobile node
3: Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same interface 3: Handoff between mobile access gateways for the same interface
4: Handoff state unknown 4: Handoff state unknown
5: Handoff state not changed (Re-registration) 5: Handoff state not changed (Re-registration)
8.5. Access Technology Type Option 8.5. Access Technology Type Option
A new option, Access Technology Type Option is defined for use with A new option, Access Technology Type option is defined for use with
the Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages the Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages
exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access
gateway. This option is used for exchanging the type of the access gateway. This option is used for exchanging the type of the access
technology by which the mobile node is currently attached to the technology by which the mobile node is currently attached to the
mobile access gateway. mobile access gateway.
The Access Technology Type Option has no alignment requirement. Its The Access Technology Type Option has no alignment requirement. Its
format is as follows: format is as follows:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | Reserved (R) | ATT | | Type | Length | Reserved (R) | ATT |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
<IANA> 24
Length Length
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option
in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field
MUST be set to 2. MUST be set to 2.
Reserved (R) Reserved (R)
This 8-bit field is unused for now. The value MUST be This 8-bit field is unused for now. The value MUST be
initialized to 0 by the sender and MUST be ignored by the initialized to 0 by the sender and MUST be ignored by the
receiver. receiver.
Access Technology Type (ATT) Access Technology Type (ATT)
A 8-bit field that specifies the access technology through An 8-bit field that specifies the access technology through
which the mobile node is connected to the access link on the which the mobile node is connected to the access link on the
mobile access gateway. mobile access gateway.
The values (0 - 255) will be allocated and managed by IANA. The The values (0 - 255) will be allocated and managed by IANA. The
following values are currently reserved for the below specified following values are currently reserved for the below specified
access technology types. access technology types.
0: Reserved ("Reserved") 0: Reserved ("Reserved")
1: Virtual ("Logical Network Interface") 1: Virtual ("Logical Network Interface")
2: PPP ("Point-to-Point Protocol") 2: PPP ("Point-to-Point Protocol")
3: IEEE 802.3 ("Ethernet") 3: IEEE 802.3 ("Ethernet")
4: IEEE 802.11a/b/g ("Wireless LAN") 4: IEEE 802.11a/b/g ("Wireless LAN")
5: IEEE 802.16e ("WIMAX") 5: IEEE 802.16e ("WIMAX")
8.6. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option 8.6. Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option
A new option, Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option is defined for A new option, Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option is defined for
use with the Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement use with the Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement
messages exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile messages exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile
access gateway. This option is used for exchanging the mobile node's access gateway. This option is used for exchanging the mobile node's
link-layer identifier. link-layer identifier.
The format of the Link-layer Identifier option is shown below. Based The format of the Link-layer Identifier option is shown below. Based
on the size of the identifier, the option MUST be aligned on the size of the identifier, the option MUST be aligned
appropriately, as per mobility option alignment requirements appropriately, as per mobility option alignment requirements
specified in [RFC-3775]. specified in [RFC3775].
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | Reserved | | Type | Length | Reserved |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| | | |
+ Link-layer Identifier + + Link-layer Identifier +
. ... . . ... .
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
<IANA> 25
Length Length
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option
in octets, excluding the type and length fields. in octets, excluding the type and length fields.
Reserved Reserved
This field is unused for now. The value MUST be initialized to This field is unused for now. The value MUST be initialized to
0 by the sender and MUST be ignored by the receiver. 0 by the sender and MUST be ignored by the receiver.
Link-layer Identifier Link-layer Identifier
A variable length field containing the mobile node's link-layer A variable length field containing the mobile node's link-layer
identifier. identifier.
The content and format of this field (including byte and bit The content and format of this field (including byte and bit
ordering) is as specified in Section 4.6 of [RFC-4861] for ordering) is as specified in Section 4.6 of [RFC4861] for
carrying Link-Layer Address. On certain access links, where carrying link-layer addresses. On certain access links, where
the link-layer address is not used or cannot be determined, the link-layer address is not used or cannot be determined,
this option cannot be used. this option cannot be used.
8.7. Link-local Address Option 8.7. Link-local Address Option
A new option, Link-local Address Option is defined for use with the A new option, Link-local Address option is defined for use with the
Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages
exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access exchanged between a local mobility anchor and a mobile access
gateway. This option is used for exchanging the link-local address gateway. This option is used for exchanging the link-local address
of the mobile access gateway. of the mobile access gateway.
The Link-local Address option has an alignment requirement of 8n+6. The Link-local Address option has an alignment requirement of 8n+6.
Its format is as follows: Its format is as follows:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
skipping to change at page 77, line 32 skipping to change at page 77, line 31
| | | |
+ + + +
| | | |
+ Link-local Address + + Link-local Address +
| | | |
+ + + +
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
<IANA> 26
Length Length
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option
in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field in octets, excluding the type and length fields. This field
MUST be set to 16. MUST be set to 16.
Link-local Address Link-local Address
A sixteen-byte field containing the link-local address. A sixteen-byte field containing the link-local address.
8.8. Timestamp Option 8.8. Timestamp Option
A new option, Timestamp Option is defined for use in the Proxy A new option, Timestamp option is defined for use in the Proxy
Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages. Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages.
The Timestamp option has an alignment requirement of 8n+2. Its The Timestamp option has an alignment requirement of 8n+2. Its
format is as follows: format is as follows:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | | Type | Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| | | |
+ Timestamp + + Timestamp +
| | | |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Type Type
<IANA> 27
Length Length
8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length in octets of 8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length in octets of
the option, excluding the type and length fields. The value the option, excluding the type and length fields. The value
for this field MUST be set to 8. for this field MUST be set to 8.
Timestamp Timestamp
A 64-bit unsigned integer field containing a timestamp. The value A 64-bit unsigned integer field containing a timestamp. The
indicates the number of seconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00 UTC, value indicates the number of seconds since January 1, 1970,
by using a fixed point format. In this format, the integer number 00:00 UTC, by using a fixed point format. In this format, the
of seconds is contained in the first 48 bits of the field, and the integer number of seconds is contained in the first 48 bits of
remaining 16 bits indicate the number of 1/65536 fractions of a the field, and the remaining 16 bits indicate the number of
second. 1/65536 fractions of a second.
8.9. Status Values 8.9. Status Values
This document defines the following new Status values for use in This document defines the following new Status values for use in
Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. These values are to be Proxy Binding Acknowledgement messages. These values are to be
allocated from the same number space, as defined in Section 6.1.8 of allocated from the same number space, as defined in Section 6.1.8 of
[RFC-3775]. [RFC3775].
Status values less than 128 indicate that the Proxy Binding Update Status values less than 128 indicate that the Proxy Binding Update
message was accepted by the local mobility anchor. Status values message was accepted by the local mobility anchor. Status values
greater than 128 indicate that the Proxy Binding Update was rejected greater than 128 indicate that the Proxy Binding Update was rejected
by the local mobility anchor. by the local mobility anchor.
PROXY_REG_NOT_ENABLED: IANA PROXY_REG_NOT_ENABLED: 152
Proxy registration not enabled for the mobile node Proxy registration not enabled for the mobile node
NOT_LMA_FOR_THIS_MOBILE_NODE: 153
NOT_LMA_FOR_THIS_MOBILE_NODE: IANA
Not local mobility anchor for this mobile node Not local mobility anchor for this mobile node
MAG_NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_PROXY_REG: IANA MAG_NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_PROXY_REG: 154
The mobile access gateway is not authorized to send proxy binding The mobile access gateway is not authorized to send proxy binding
updates updates
NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX: IANA NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX: 155
The mobile node is not authorized for one or more of the The mobile node is not authorized for one or more of the
requesting home network prefixes requesting home network prefixes
TIMESTAMP_MISMATCH: IANA TIMESTAMP_MISMATCH: 156
Invalid timestamp value (the clocks are out of sync) Invalid timestamp value (the clocks are out of sync)
TIMESTAMP_LOWER_THAN_PREV_ACCEPTED: IANA TIMESTAMP_LOWER_THAN_PREV_ACCEPTED: 157
The timestamp value is lower than the previously accepted value The timestamp value is lower than the previously accepted value
MISSING_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX_OPTION: IANA MISSING_HOME_NETWORK_PREFIX_OPTION: 158
Missing home network prefix option Missing home network prefix option
BCE_PBU_PREFIX_SET_DO_NOT_MATCH: IANA BCE_PBU_PREFIX_SET_DO_NOT_MATCH: 159
All the home network prefixes listed in the BCE do not match all All the home network prefixes listed in the BCE do not match all
the prefixes in the received PBU the prefixes in the received PBU
MISSING_MN_IDENTIFIER_OPTION: IANA
MISSING_MN_IDENTIFIER_OPTION: 160
Missing mobile node identifier option Missing mobile node identifier option
MISSING_HANDOFF_INDICATOR_OPTION: IANA MISSING_HANDOFF_INDICATOR_OPTION: 161
Missing handoff indicator option Missing handoff indicator option
MISSING_ACCESS_TECH_TYPE_OPTION: IANA MISSING_ACCESS_TECH_TYPE_OPTION: 162
Missing access technology type option Missing access technology type option
Additionally, the following Status values defined in [RFC3775] can
Additionally, the following Status values defined in [RFC-3775] can
also be used in a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message. also be used in a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message.
0 Proxy Binding Update accepted 0 Proxy Binding Update accepted
128 Reason unspecified 128 Reason unspecified
129 Administratively prohibited 129 Administratively prohibited
130 Insufficient resources 130 Insufficient resources
skipping to change at page 80, line 42 skipping to change at page 80, line 30
configured by the system management. The configured values for these configured by the system management. The configured values for these
protocol variables MUST survive server reboots and service restarts. protocol variables MUST survive server reboots and service restarts.
MinDelayBeforeBCEDelete MinDelayBeforeBCEDelete
This variable specifies the amount of time in milliseconds the This variable specifies the amount of time in milliseconds the
local mobility anchor MUST wait before it deletes a Binding Cache local mobility anchor MUST wait before it deletes a Binding Cache
entry of a mobile node, upon receiving a Proxy Binding Update entry of a mobile node, upon receiving a Proxy Binding Update
message from a mobile access gateway with a lifetime value of 0. message from a mobile access gateway with a lifetime value of 0.
During this wait time, if the local mobility anchor receives a During this wait time, if the local mobility anchor receives a
Proxy Binding Update for the same mobility binding, with lifetime Proxy Binding Update for the same mobility binding, with a
value greater than 0, then it must update the binding cache entry lifetime value greater than 0, then it must update the binding
with the accepted binding values. By the end of this wait-time, cache entry with the accepted binding values. By the end of this
if the local mobility anchor did not receive any valid Proxy wait-time, if the local mobility anchor did not receive any valid
Binding Update message for that mobility binding, it MUST delete Proxy Binding Update message for that mobility binding, it MUST
the Binding Cache entry. This delay essentially ensures a mobile delete the Binding Cache entry. This delay essentially ensures a
node's Binding Cache entry is not deleted too quickly and allows mobile node's Binding Cache entry is not deleted too quickly and
some time for the new mobile access gateway to complete the allows some time for the new mobile access gateway to complete the
signaling for the mobile node. signaling for the mobile node.
The default value for this variable is 10000 milliseconds. The default value for this variable is 10000 milliseconds.
MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign
This variable specifies the amount of time in milliseconds the This variable specifies the amount of time in milliseconds the
local mobility anchor MUST wait for the de-registration message local mobility anchor MUST wait for the de-registration message
for an existing mobility session before it decides to create a new for an existing mobility session before it decides to create a new
mobility session. mobility session.
The default value for this variable is 1500 milliseconds. The default value for this variable is 1500 milliseconds.
Note that there is a dependency between this value and the values Note that there is a dependency between this value and the values
used in the retransmission algorithm for Proxy Binding Updates. used in the retransmission algorithm for Proxy Binding Updates.
The retransmissions need to happen before The retransmissions need to happen before
MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign runs out, as otherwise there are MaxDelayBeforeNewBCEAssign runs out, as otherwise there are
situations where a de-registration from a previous mobile access situations where a de-registration from a previous mobile access
gateway may be lost, and the local mobility anchor creates gateway may be lost, and the local mobility anchor creates,
needlessly a new mobility session and new prefixes for the mobile needlessly, a new mobility session and new prefixes for the mobile
node. This affects situations where there is no information from node. However, this affects situations where there is no
the lower layers about the type of a handoff or other parameters information from the lower layers about the type of a handoff or
that can be used for identifying the mobility session, however. other parameters that can be used for identifying the mobility
session.
TimestampValidityWindow TimestampValidityWindow
This variable specifies the maximum amount of time difference in This variable specifies the maximum amount of time difference in
milliseconds between the timestamp in the received Proxy Binding milliseconds between the timestamp in the received Proxy Binding
Update message and the current time-of-day on the local mobility Update message and the current time of day on the local mobility
anchor, that is allowed by the local mobility anchor for the anchor, that is allowed by the local mobility anchor for the
received message to be considered valid. received message to be considered valid.
The default value for this variable is 300 milliseconds. This The default value for this variable is 300 milliseconds. This
variable must be adjusted to suit the deployments. variable must be adjusted to suit the deployments.
9.2. Mobile Access Gateway - Configuration Variables 9.2. Mobile Access Gateway - Configuration Variables
The mobile access gateway MUST allow the following variables to be The mobile access gateway MUST allow the following variables to be
configured by the system management. The configured values for these configured by the system management. The configured values for these
skipping to change at page 82, line 14 skipping to change at page 82, line 5
EnableMAGLocalRouting EnableMAGLocalRouting
This flag indicates whether or not the mobile access gateway is This flag indicates whether or not the mobile access gateway is
allowed to enable local routing of the traffic exchanged between a allowed to enable local routing of the traffic exchanged between a
visiting mobile node and a correspondent node that is locally visiting mobile node and a correspondent node that is locally
connected to one of the interfaces of the mobile access gateway. connected to one of the interfaces of the mobile access gateway.
The correspondent node can be another visiting mobile node as The correspondent node can be another visiting mobile node as
well, or a local fixed node. well, or a local fixed node.
The default value for this flag is set to value of 0, indicating The default value for this flag is set to a value of 0, indicating
that the mobile access gateway MUST reverse tunnel all the traffic that the mobile access gateway MUST reverse tunnel all the traffic
to the mobile node's local mobility anchor. to the mobile node's local mobility anchor.
When the value of this flag is set to value of 1, the mobile When the value of this flag is set to a value of 1, the mobile
access gateway MUST route the traffic locally. access gateway MUST route the traffic locally.
This aspect of local routing MAY be defined as policy on a per This aspect of local routing MAY be defined as policy on a per
mobile basis and when present will take precedence over this flag. mobile basis and when present will take precedence over this flag.
9.3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain - Configuration Variables 9.3. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain - Configuration Variables
All the mobile entities (local mobility anchors and mobile access All the mobile entities (local mobility anchors and mobile access
gateways) in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST allow the following gateways) in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST allow the following
variables to be configured by the system management. The configured variables to be configured by the system management. The configured
values for these protocol variables MUST survive server reboots and values for these protocol variables MUST survive server reboots and
service restarts. These variables MUST be globally fixed for a given service restarts. These variables MUST be globally fixed for a given
Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain resulting in the same values being enforced Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain resulting in the same values being enforced
on all the mobility entities in that domain. on all the mobility entities in that domain.
TimestampBasedApproachInUse
This flag indicates whether or not the timestamp-based approach
for message ordering is in use in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
When the value for this flag is set to 1, all the mobile access
gateways in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain MUST apply the
timestamp-based considerations listed in Section 5.5. When the
value of this flag is set to 0, sequence-number-based
considerations listed in Section 5.5 MUST be applied. The default
value for this flag is set to value of 1, indicating that the
timestamp-based mechanism is in use in that Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain.
MobileNodeGeneratedTimestampInUse MobileNodeGeneratedTimestampInUse
This flag indicates whether or not the mobile node generated This flag indicates whether or not the mobile-node-generated
timestamp mechanism is in use in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. timestamp approach is in use in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
When the value for this flag is set to 1, the local mobility When the value for this flag is set to 1, the local mobility
anchors and mobile access gateways in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 anchors and mobile access gateways in that Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain MUST apply the mobile node generated timestamp domain MUST apply the mobile node generated timestamp
considerations as specified in Section 5.5. considerations as specified in Section 5.5.
This flag is relevant only when timestamp-based approach is in
use. The value for this flag MUST NOT be set to value of 1, if
the value of the TimestampBasedApproachInUse flag is set to 0.
The default value for this flag is set to value of 0, indicating The default value for this flag is set to value of 0, indicating
that the mobile node generated timestamp mechanism is not in use that the mobile node generated timestamp mechanism is not in use
in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks FixedMAGLinkLocalAddressOnAllAccessLinks
This variable indicates the link-local address value that all the This variable indicates the link-local address value that all the
mobile access gateways SHOULD use on any of the access links mobile access gateways SHOULD use on any of the access links
shared with any of the mobile nodes in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 shared with any of the mobile nodes in that Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain. If this variable is initialized to ALL_ZERO value, it domain. If this variable is initialized to ALL_ZERO value, it
implies the use of fixed link-local address mode is not enabled implies the use of fixed link-local address mode is not enabled
for that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain. for that Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.
FixedMAGLinkLayerAddressOnAllAccessLinks FixedMAGLinkLayerAddressOnAllAccessLinks
This variable indicates the link-layer address value that all the This variable indicates the link-layer address value that all the
skipping to change at page 83, line 22 skipping to change at page 83, line 29
This variable indicates the link-layer address value that all the This variable indicates the link-layer address value that all the
mobile access gateways SHOULD use on any of the access links mobile access gateways SHOULD use on any of the access links
shared with any of the mobile nodes in that Proxy Mobile IPv6 shared with any of the mobile nodes in that Proxy Mobile IPv6
domain. For access technologies where there is no link-layer domain. For access technologies where there is no link-layer
address, this variable MUST be initialized to ALL_ZERO value. address, this variable MUST be initialized to ALL_ZERO value.
10. IANA Considerations 10. IANA Considerations
This document defines six new Mobility Header options, the Home This document defines six new Mobility Header options, the Home
Network Prefix option, Handoff Indicator option, Access Technology Network Prefix Option, Handoff Indicator Option, Access Technology
Type option, Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier option, Link-local Type Option, Mobile Node Link-layer Identifier Option, Link-local
Address option and Timestamp option. These options are described in Address Option, and Timestamp Option. These options are described in
Section 8. The Type value for these options needs to be assigned Section 8. The Type value for these options has been assigned from
from the same numbering space as allocated for the other mobility the same numbering space as allocated for the other mobility options,
options, as defined in [RFC-3775]. as defined in [RFC3775].
The Handoff Indicator option defined in Section 8.4 of this document The Handoff Indicator Option, defined in Section 8.4 of this
introduces a new Handoff Indicator (HI) numbering space, where the document, introduces a new Handoff Indicator (HI) numbering space,
values from 0 to 5 have been reserved by this document. Approval of where the values from 0 to 5 have been reserved by this document.
new Handoff Indicator type values are to be made through IANA Expert Approval of new Handoff Indicator type values are to be made through
Review. IANA Expert Review.
The Access Technology Type option defined in Section 8.5 of this The Access Technology Type Option, defined in Section 8.5 of this
document introduces a new Access Technology type (ATT) numbering document, introduces a new Access Technology type (ATT) numbering
space, where the values from 0 to 5 have been reserved by this space, where the values from 0 to 5 have been reserved by this
document. Approval of new Access Technology type values are to be document. Approval of new Access Technology type values are to be
made through IANA Expert Review. made through IANA Expert Review.
This document also defines new Binding Acknowledgement status values This document also defines new Binding Acknowledgement status values,
as described in Section 8.9. The status values MUST be assigned from as described in Section 8.9. The status values MUST be assigned from
the same number space used for Binding Acknowledgement status values, the same number space used for Binding Acknowledgement status values,
as defined in [RFC-3775]. The allocated values for each of these as defined in [RFC3775]. The allocated values for each of these
status values must be greater than 128. status values must be greater than 128.
This document creates a new registry for the flags in the Binding
Update message called the "Binding Update Flags".
The following flags are reserved:
(A) 0x8000 [RFC3775]
(H) 0x4000 [RFC3775]
(L) 0x2000 [RFC3775]
(K) 0x1000 [RFC3775]
(M) 0x0800 [RFC4140]
(R) 0x0400 [RFC3963]
This document reserves a new flag (P) as follows:
(P) 0x0200
The rest of the values in the 16-bit field are reserved. New values
can be assigned by Standards Action or IESG approval.
This document also creates a new registry for the flags in the
Binding Acknowledgment message called the "Binding Acknowledgment
Flags". The following values are reserved.
(K) 0x80 [RFC3775]
(R) 0x40 [RFC3963]
This document reserves a new flag (P) as follows:
(P) 0x20
The rest of the values in the 8-bit field are reserved. New values
can be assigned by Standards Action or IESG approval.
11. Security Considerations 11. Security Considerations
The potential security threats against any network-based mobility The potential security threats against any network-based mobility
management protocol are described in [RFC-4832]. This section management protocol are described in [RFC4832]. This section
explains how Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol defends itself against those explains how Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol defends itself against those
threats. threats.
Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol recommends the signaling messages, Proxy Proxy Mobile IPv6 protocol recommends the signaling messages, Proxy
Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement, exchanged between Binding Update and Proxy Binding Acknowledgement, exchanged between
the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor to be the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor to be
protected using IPsec, using the established security association protected using IPsec using the established security association
between them. This essentially eliminates the threats related to the between them. This essentially eliminates the threats related to the
impersonation of the mobile access gateway or the local mobility impersonation of the mobile access gateway or the local mobility
anchor. anchor.
This specification allows a mobile access gateway to send binding This specification allows a mobile access gateway to send binding
registration messages on behalf of a mobile node. If proper registration messages on behalf of a mobile node. If proper
authorization checks are not in place, a malicious node may be able authorization checks are not in place, a malicious node may be able
to hijack a mobile node's mobility session or may carry out a denial- to hijack a mobile node's mobility session or may carry out a denial-
of-service attack. To prevent this attack, this specification of-service attack. To prevent this attack, this specification
requires the local mobility anchor to allow only authorized mobile requires the local mobility anchor to allow only authorized mobile
skipping to change at page 84, line 45 skipping to change at page 85, line 38
that there is a secure binding between the mobile node's identity and that there is a secure binding between the mobile node's identity and
its link-layer address. The mobile access gateway will definitively its link-layer address. The mobile access gateway will definitively
identify the mobile node from the packets that it receives on that identify the mobile node from the packets that it receives on that
access link. access link.
To address the threat related to a compromised mobile access gateway, To address the threat related to a compromised mobile access gateway,
the local mobility anchor, before accepting a Proxy Binding Update the local mobility anchor, before accepting a Proxy Binding Update
message for a given mobile node, may ensure that the mobile node is message for a given mobile node, may ensure that the mobile node is
attached to the mobile access gateway that sent the Proxy Binding attached to the mobile access gateway that sent the Proxy Binding
Update message. This may be accomplished by contacting a trusted Update message. This may be accomplished by contacting a trusted
entity which is able to track the mobile node's current point of entity, which is able to track the mobile node's current point of
attachment. However, the specific details of the actual mechanisms attachment. However, the specific details of the actual mechanisms
for achieving this is outside the scope of this document. for achieving this is outside the scope of this document.
12. Acknowledgements 12. Acknowledgements
The authors would like to specially thank Jari Arkko, Julien The authors would like to specially thank Jari Arkko, Julien
Laganier, Christian Vogt, Dave Thaler, Pasi Eronen, Pete McCann, Laganier, Christian Vogt, Dave Thaler, Pasi Eronen, Pete McCann,
Brian Haley, Ahmad Muhanna, JinHyeock Choi and Elwyn Davies for their Brian Haley, Ahmad Muhanna, JinHyeock Choi, and Elwyn Davies for
thorough review of this document. their thorough reviews of this document.
The authors would also like to thank Alex Petrescu, Alice Qinxia, The authors would also like to thank Alex Petrescu, Alice Qinxia,
Alper Yegin, Ashutosh Dutta, Behcet Sarikaya, Charlie Perkins, Fred Alper Yegin, Ashutosh Dutta, Behcet Sarikaya, Charles Perkins,
Templin, Genadi Velev, George Tsirtsis, Gerardo Giaretta, Henrik Domagoj Premec, Fred Templin, Genadi Velev, George Tsirtsis, Gerardo
Levkowetz, Hesham Soliman, James Kempf, Jean-Michel Combes, John Giaretta, Henrik Levkowetz, Hesham Soliman, James Kempf, Jean-Michel
Jason Brzozowski, Jun Awano, John Zhao, Jong-Hyouk Lee, Jonne Combes, John Jason Brzozowski, Jun Awano, John Zhao, Jong-Hyouk Lee,
Soininen, Jouni Korhonen, Kalin Getov, Kilian Weniger, Lars Eggert, Jonne Soininen, Jouni Korhonen, Kalin Getov, Kilian Weniger, Lars
Magnus Westerlund, Marco Liebsch, Mohamed Khalil, Nishida Katsutoshi, Eggert, Magnus Westerlund, Marco Liebsch, Mohamed Khalil, Nishida
Pierrick Seite, Phil Roberts, Ralph Droms, Ryuji Wakikawa, Sangjin Katsutoshi, Pierrick Seite, Phil Roberts, Ralph Droms, Ryuji
Jeong, Suresh Krishnan, Uri Blumenthal, Ved Kafle, Vidya Narayanan, Wakikawa, Sangjin Jeong, Suresh Krishnan, Tero Kauppinen, Uri
Youn-Hee Han and many others for their passionate discussions in the Blumenthal, Ved Kafle, Vidya Narayanan, Youn-Hee Han, and many others
working group mailing list on the topic of localized mobility for their passionate discussions in the working group mailing list on
management solutions. These discussions stimulated much of the the topic of localized mobility management solutions. These
thinking and shaped the draft to the current form and we acknowledge discussions stimulated much of the thinking and shaped the document
that ! to the current form and we acknowledge that!
The authors would also like to thank Ole Troan, Akiko Hattori, Parviz The authors would also like to thank Ole Troan, Akiko Hattori, Parviz
Yegani, Mark Grayson, Michael Hammer, Vojislav Vucetic, Jay Iyer, Tim Yegani, Mark Grayson, Michael Hammer, Vojislav Vucetic, Jay Iyer, Tim
Stammers, Bernie Volz and Josh Littlefield for their input on this Stammers, Bernie Volz, and Josh Littlefield for their input on this
document. document.
13. References 13. References
13.1. Normative References 13.1. Normative References
[RFC-2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC-2473] Conta, A. and S. Deering, "Generic Packet Tunneling in [RFC2473] Conta, A. and S. Deering, "Generic Packet Tunneling in
IPv6 Specification", RFC 2473, December 1998. IPv6 Specification", RFC 2473, December 1998.
[RFC-3168] Ramakrishnan, K., Floyd, S., and D. Black, "The Addition [RFC3168] Ramakrishnan, K., Floyd, S., and D. Black, "The
of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) to IP", RFC 3168, September Addition of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) to
2001. IP", RFC 3168, September 2001.
[RFC-3315] Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C. and
M.Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)",
RFC 3315, July 2003.
[RFC-3775] Johnson, D., Perkins, C., Arkko, J., "Mobility Support in [RFC3315] Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C.,
IPv6", RFC 3775, June 2004. and M. Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for
IPv6 (DHCPv6)", RFC 3315, July 2003.
[RFC-3963] Devarapalli, V., Wakikawa, R., Petrescu, A., and P. [RFC3775] Johnson, D., Perkins, C., and J. Arkko, "Mobility
Thubert, "Network Mobility (NEMO) Basic Support Protocol", RFC 3963, Support in IPv6", RFC 3775, June 2004.
January 2005.
[RFC-4282] Aboba, B., Beadles, M., Arkko, J., and P. Eronen, "The [RFC4282] Aboba, B., Beadles, M., Arkko, J., and P. Eronen, "The
Network Access Identifier", RFC 4282, December 2005. Network Access Identifier", RFC 4282, December 2005.
[RFC-4283] Patel, A., Leung, K., Khalil, M., Akhtar, H., and K. [RFC4283] Patel, A., Leung, K., Khalil, M., Akhtar, H., and K.
Chowdhury, "Mobile Node Identifier Option for Mobile IPv6", RFC 4283, Chowdhury, "Mobile Node Identifier Option for Mobile
November 2005. IPv6 (MIPv6)", RFC 4283, November 2005.
[RFC-4291] Hinden, R., Deering, S., "IP Version 6 Addressing [RFC4291] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing
Architecture", RFC 4291, February 2006. Architecture", RFC 4291, February 2006.
[RFC-4301] Kent, S. and Atkinson, R., "Security Architecture for the [RFC4301] Kent, S. and K. Seo, "Security Architecture for the
Internet Protocol", RFC 4301, December 2005. Internet Protocol", RFC 4301, December 2005.
[RFC-4303] Kent, S. "IP Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP)", RFC [RFC4303] Kent, S., "IP Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)",
4303, December 2005. RFC 4303, December 2005.
[RFC-4861] Narten, T., Nordmark, E. and W. Simpson, Soliman, H., [RFC4861] Narten, T., Nordmark, E., Simpson, W., and H. Soliman,
"Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6)", RFC 4861, September "Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6)", RFC 4861,
2007. September 2007.
13.2. Informative References 13.2. Informative References
[RFC-1981] McCann, J., Deering, S., and J. Mogul, "Path MTU Discovery [RFC1981] McCann, J., Deering, S., and J. Mogul, "Path MTU
for IP version 6", RFC 1981, August 1996. Discovery for IP version 6", RFC 1981, August 1996.
[RFC-2865] Rigney, C., Willens, S., Rubens, A., and W. Simpson, [RFC2865] Rigney, C., Willens, S., Rubens, A., and W. Simpson,
"Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)", RFC 2865, June "Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)",
2000. RFC 2865, June 2000.
[RFC-3588] Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman, E., Zorn, G., and J. [RFC3588] Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman, E., Zorn, G., and
Arkko, "Diameter Base Protocol", RFC 3588, September 2003. J. Arkko, "Diameter Base Protocol", RFC 3588,
September 2003.
[RFC-3971] Arkko, J., Ed., Kempf, J., Sommerfeld, B., Zill, B., and [RFC3963] Devarapalli, V., Wakikawa, R., Petrescu, A., and P.
P. Nikander, "SEcure Neighbor Discovery (SEND)", RFC 3971, March Thubert, "Network Mobility (NEMO) Basic Support
2005. Protocol", RFC 3963, January 2005.
[RFC-4140] Soliman, H., Castelluccia, C., El Malki, K., and L. [RFC3971] Arkko, J., Kempf, J., Zill, B., and P. Nikander,
Bellier, "Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Mobility Management (HMIPv6)", RFC "SEcure Neighbor Discovery (SEND)", RFC 3971,
4140, August 2005. March 2005.
[RFC-4306] Kaufman, C, et al, "Internet Key Exchange (IKEv2) [RFC4140] Soliman, H., Castelluccia, C., El Malki, K., and L.
Protocol", RFC 4306, December 2005. Bellier, "Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Mobility Management
(HMIPv6)", RFC 4140, August 2005.
[RFC-4330] Mills, D., "Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Version 4 [RFC4306] Kaufman, C., "Internet Key Exchange (IKEv2) Protocol",
for IPv4, IPv6 and OSI", RFC 4330, October 1996. RFC 4306, December 2005.
[RFC-4372] Adrangi, F., Lior, A., Korhonen, J., and J. Loughney, [RFC4330] Mills, D., "Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Version
4 for IPv4, IPv6 and OSI", RFC 4330, January 2006.
[RFC4372] Adrangi, F., Lior, A., Korhonen, J., and J. Loughney,
"Chargeable User Identity", RFC 4372, January 2006. "Chargeable User Identity", RFC 4372, January 2006.
[RFC-4821] Mathis, M. and Heffner, J., "Packetization Layer Path MTU [RFC4821] Mathis, M. and J. Heffner, "Packetization Layer Path
Discovery", RFC 4821, March 2007. MTU Discovery", RFC 4821, March 2007.
[RFC-4830] Kempf, J., Leung, K., Roberts, P., Nishida, K., Giaretta, [RFC4830] Kempf, J., "Problem Statement for Network-Based
G., Liebsch, M., "Problem Statement for Network-based Localized Localized Mobility Management (NETLMM)", RFC 4830,
Mobility Management", September 2006. April 2007.
[RFC-4831] Kempf, J., Leung, K., Roberts, P., Nishida, K., Giaretta, [RFC4831] Kempf, J., "Goals for Network-Based Localized Mobility
G., Liebsch, M., "Goals for Network-based Localized Mobility Management (NETLMM)", RFC 4831, April 2007.
Management", October 2006.
[RFC-4832] Vogt, C., Kempf, J., "Security Threats to Network-Based [RFC4832] Vogt, C. and J. Kempf, "Security Threats to Network-
Localized Mobility Management", September 2006. Based Localized Mobility Management (NETLMM)",
RFC 4832, April 2007.
[RFC-4862] Thompson, S., Narten, T., Jinmei, T., "IPv6 Stateless [RFC4862] Thomson, S., Narten, T., and T. Jinmei, "IPv6 Stateless
Address Autoconfiguration", RFC 4862, September 2007. Address Autoconfiguration", RFC 4862, September 2007.
[RFC-4941] Narten, T., Draves, R., Krishnan, S., "Privacy Extensions [RFC4941] Narten, T., Draves, R., and S. Krishnan, "Privacy
for Stateless Address Autoconfiguration in IPv6", RFC 4941, September Extensions for Stateless Address Autoconfiguration in
2007. IPv6", RFC 4941, September 2007.
[RFC-5094] Devarapalli, V., Leung, K. and Patel, A., "Mobile IPv6 [RFC5094] Devarapalli, V., Patel, A., and K. Leung, "Mobile IPv6
Vendor Specific Option", RFC 5094, December 2007. Vendor Specific Option", RFC 5094, December 2007.
[ID-IPV4-PMIP6] Wakikawa, R. and Gundavelli, S., "IPv4 Support for [IPV4-PMIP6] Wakikawa, R. and S. Gundavelli, "IPv4 Support for Proxy
Proxy Mobile IPv6", draft-ietf-netlmm-pmip6-ipv4-support-03.txt, Mobile IPv6", Work in Progress, May 2008.
2008.
[ID-DNAV6] Narayanan, S., et al "Detecting Network Attachment in IPv6 [DNAV6] Narayanan, S., Ed., "Detecting Network Attachment in
Networks (DNAv6)", draft-ietf-dna-protocol-07.txt, February 2008. IPv6 Networks (DNAv6)", Work in Progress,
February 2008.
Appendix A. Proxy Mobile IPv6 interactions with AAA Infrastructure Appendix A. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Interactions with AAA Infrastructure
Every mobile node that roams in a proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, would Every mobile node that roams in a proxy Mobile IPv6 domain would
typically be identified by an identifier, MN-Identifier, and that typically be identified by an identifier, MN-Identifier, and that
identifier will have an associated policy profile that identifies the identifier will have an associated policy profile that identifies the
mobile node's home network prefix(es) on a per-interface basis, mobile node's home network prefix(es) on a per-interface basis,
permitted address configuration modes, roaming policy and other permitted address configuration modes, roaming policy, and other
parameters that are essential for providing network-based mobility parameters that are essential for providing network-based mobility
management service. This information is typically configured in AAA. management service. This information is typically configured in AAA.
In some cases, the home network prefix(es) may be dynamically In some cases, the home network prefix(es) may be dynamically
assigned to the mobile node's interface, after its initial attachment assigned to the mobile node's interface, after its initial attachment
to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain over that interface and may not be to the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain over that interface and may not be
configured in the mobile node's policy profile. configured in the mobile node's policy profile.
The network entities in the proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, while serving a The network entities in the proxy Mobile IPv6 domain, while serving a
mobile node will have access to the mobile node's policy profile and mobile node, will have access to the mobile node's policy profile and
these entities can query this information using RADIUS [RFC-2865] or these entities can query this information using RADIUS [RFC2865] or
DIAMETER [RFC-3588] protocols. DIAMETER [RFC3588] protocols.
Appendix B. Routing State Appendix B. Routing State
The following section explains the routing state created for a mobile The following section explains the routing state created for a mobile
node on the mobile access gateway. This routing state reflects only node on the mobile access gateway. This routing state reflects only
one specific way of implementation and one MAY choose to implement it one specific way of implementation, and one MAY choose to implement
in other ways. The policy based route defined below acts as a it in other ways. The policy based route defined below acts as a
traffic selection rule for routing a mobile node's traffic through a traffic selection rule for routing a mobile node's traffic through a
specific tunnel created between the mobile access gateway and that specific tunnel created between the mobile access gateway and that
mobile node's local mobility anchor and with the specific mobile node's local mobility anchor and with the specific
encapsulation mode, as negotiated. encapsulation mode, as negotiated.
The below example identifies the routing state for two visiting The below example identifies the routing state for two visiting
mobile nodes, MN1 and MN2 with their respective local mobility mobile nodes, MN1 and MN2, with their respective local mobility
anchors LMA1 and LMA2. anchors, LMA1 and LMA2.
For all traffic from the mobile node, identified by the mobile node's For all traffic from the mobile node, identified by the mobile node's
MAC address, ingress interface or source prefix (MN-HNP) to MAC address, ingress interface or source prefix (MN-HNP) to
_ANY_DESTINATION_ route via interface tunnel0, next-hop LMAA. _ANY_DESTINATION_ route via interface tunnel0, next-hop LMAA.
+==================================================================+ +==================================================================+
| Packet Source | Destination Address | Destination Interface | | Packet Source | Destination Address | Destination Interface |
+==================================================================+ +==================================================================+
| MAC_Address_MN1, | _ANY_DESTINATION_ | Tunnel0 | | MAC_Address_MN1, | _ANY_DESTINATION_ | Tunnel0 |
| (IPv6 Prefix or |----------------------------------------------| | (IPv6 Prefix or |----------------------------------------------|
| Input Interface) | Locally Connected | Tunnel0 | | Input Interface) | Locally Connected | Tunnel0 |
+------------------------------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------------------------------+
| MAC_Address_MN2, | _ANY_DESTINATION_ | Tunnel1 | | MAC_Address_MN2, | _ANY_DESTINATION_ | Tunnel1 |
+ (IPv6 Prefix or -----------------------------------------------| + (IPv6 Prefix or -----------------------------------------------|
| Input Interface | Locally Connected | direct | | Input Interface | Locally Connected | direct |
+------------------------------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------------------------------+
Example - Policy based Route Table Example - Policy-Based Route Table
+==================================================================+ +==================================================================+
| Interface | Source Address | Destination Address | Encapsulation | | Interface | Source Address | Destination Address | Encapsulation |
+==================================================================+ +==================================================================+
| Tunnel0 | Proxy-CoA | LMAA1 | IPv6-in-IPv6 | | Tunnel0 | Proxy-CoA | LMAA1 | IPv6-in-IPv6 |
+------------------------------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Tunnel1 | Proxy-CoA | LMAA2 | IPv6-in-IPv6 | | Tunnel1 | Proxy-CoA | LMAA2 | IPv6-in-IPv6 |
+------------------------------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------------------------------+
Example - Tunnel Interface Table Example - Tunnel Interface Table
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Sri Gundavelli Sri Gundavelli (editor)
Cisco Cisco
170 West Tasman Drive 170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134 San Jose, CA 95134
USA USA
Email: sgundave@cisco.com EMail: sgundave@cisco.com
Kent Leung Kent Leung
Cisco Cisco
170 West Tasman Drive 170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134 San Jose, CA 95134
USA USA
Email: kleung@cisco.com EMail: kleung@cisco.com
Vijay Devarapalli Vijay Devarapalli
Wichorus Wichorus
3590 North First Street 3590 North First Street
San Jose, CA 95134 San Jose, CA 95134
USA USA
Email: vijay@wichorus.com EMail: vijay@wichorus.com
Kuntal Chowdhury Kuntal Chowdhury
Starent Networks Starent Networks
30 International Place 30 International Place
Tewksbury, MA Tewksbury, MA
Email: kchowdhury@starentnetworks.com EMail: kchowdhury@starentnetworks.com
Basavaraj Patil Basavaraj Patil
Nokia Siemens Networks Nokia
6000 Connection Drive 6000 Connection Drive
Irving, TX 75039 Irving, TX 75039
USA USA
Email: basavaraj.patil@nsn.com EMail: basavaraj.patil@nokia.com
Full Copyright Statement Full Copyright Statement
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This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
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attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
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