draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-09.txt   draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-10.txt 
SIDR Working Group M. Reynolds Secure Inter-Domain Routing Working Group M. Reynolds
Internet-Draft IPSw Internet-Draft IPSw
Updates: 6487 (if approved) S. Turner Updates: 6487 (if approved) S. Turner
Intended status: Standards Track IECA, Inc. Intended Status: Standards Track IECA
Expires: May 14, 2015 S. Kent Expires: July 25, 2015 S. Kent
BBN BBN
November 10, 2014 January 21, 2015
A Profile for BGPSEC Router Certificates, Certificate Revocation Lists, A Profile for BGPSEC Router Certificates,
and Certification Requests Certificate Revocation Lists, and Certification Requests
draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-09 draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-10
Abstract Abstract
This document defines a standard profile for X.509 certificates for This document defines a standard profile for X.509 certificates for
the purposes of supporting validation of Autonomous System (AS) paths the purposes of supporting validation of Autonomous System (AS) paths
in the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), as part of an extension to that in the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), as part of an extension to that
protocol known as BGPSEC. BGP is a critical component for the proper protocol known as BGPSEC. BGP is a critical component for the proper
operation of the Internet as a whole. The BGPSEC protocol is under operation of the Internet as a whole. The BGPSEC protocol is under
development as a component to address the requirement to provide development as a component to address the requirement to provide
security for the BGP protocol. The goal of BGPSEC is to design a security for the BGP protocol. The goal of BGPSEC is to design a
protocol for full AS path validation based on the use of strong protocol for full AS path validation based on the use of strong
cryptographic primitives. The End-Entity (EE) certificates specified cryptographic primitives. The end-entity (EE) certificates specified
by this profile are issued under Resource Public Key Infrastructure by this profile are issued under Resource Public Key Infrastructure
(RPKI) Certification Authority (CA) certificates, containing the AS (RPKI) Certification Authority (CA) certificates, containing the AS
Identifier Delegation extension, to routers within the Autonomous Identifier Delegation extension, to routers within the Autonomous
System (AS). The certificate asserts that the router(s) holding the System (AS) or ASes. The certificate asserts that the router(s)
private key are authorized to send out secure route advertisements on holding the private key are authorized to send out secure route
behalf of the specified AS. This document also profiles the advertisements on behalf of the specified AS(es). This document also
Certificate Revocation List (CRL), profiles the format of profiles the Certificate Revocation List (CRL), profiles the format
certification requests, and specifies Relying Party certificate path of certification requests, and specifies Relying Party certificate
validation procedures. The document extends the RPKI; therefore, path validation procedures. The document extends the RPKI;
this documents updates the RPKI Resource Certificates Profile (RFC therefore, this documents updates the RPKI Resource Certificates
6487). Profile (RFC 6487).
Status of This Memo Status of this Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
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This Internet-Draft will expire on May 14, 2015.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
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described in the Simplified BSD License. described in the Simplified BSD License.
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
This document defines a profile for X.509 end-entity (EE) This document defines a profile for X.509 end-entity (EE)
certificates [RFC5280] for use in the context of certification of certificates [RFC5280] for use in the context of certification of
Autonomous System (AS) paths in the Border Gateway Protocol Security Autonomous System (AS) paths in the Border Gateway Protocol Security
(BGPSEC) protocol. Such certificates are termed "BGPSEC Router (BGPSEC) protocol. Such certificates are termed "BGPSEC Router
Certificates". The holder of the private key associated with a Certificates". The holder of the private key associated with a
BGPSEC Router Certificate is authorized to send secure route BGPSEC Router Certificate is authorized to send secure route
advertisements (BGPSEC UPDATEs) on behalf of the AS named in the advertisements (BGPSEC UPDATEs) on behalf of the AS(es) named in the
certificate. That is, a router holding the private key may send to certificate. That is, a router holding the private key may send to
its BGP peers, route advertisements that contain the specified AS its BGP peers, route advertisements that contain one or more of the
number as the last item in the AS PATH attribute. A key property specified AS number as the last item in the AS PATH attribute. A key
that BGPSEC will provide is that every AS along the AS PATH can property that BGPSEC will provide is that every AS along the AS PATH
verify that the other ASes along the path have authorized the can verify that the other ASes along the path have authorized the
advertisement of the given route (to the next AS along the AS PATH). advertisement of the given route (to the next AS along the AS PATH).
This document is a profile of [RFC6487], which is a profile of This document is a profile of [RFC6487], which is a profile of
[RFC5280], and it updates [RFC6487]. It establishes requirements [RFC5280], and it updates [RFC6487]. It establishes requirements
imposed on a Resource Certificate that is used as a BGPSEC Router imposed on a Resource Certificate that is used as a BGPSEC Router
Certificate, i.e., it defines constraints for certificate fields and Certificate, i.e., it defines constraints for certificate fields and
extensions for the certificate to be valid in this context. This extensions for the certificate to be valid in this context. This
document also profiles the Certificate Revocation List (CRL) and document also profiles the Certificate Revocation List (CRL) and
certification requests. Finally, this document specifies the Relying certification requests. Finally, this document specifies the Relying
Party (RP) certificate path validation procedures. Party (RP) certificate path validation procedures.
1.1. Terminology 1.1. Terminology
It is assumed that the reader is familiar with the terms and concepts It is assumed that the reader is familiar with the terms and concepts
described in "A Profile for X.509 PKIX Resource Certificates" described in "A Profile for X.509 PKIX Resource Certificates"
[RFC6487], "BGPSEC Protocol Specification" [RFC6487], "BGPSEC Protocol Specification" [ID.sidr-bgpsec-protocol],
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-protocol], "A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP- "A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)" [RFC4271], "BGP Security
4)" [RFC4271], "BGP Security Vulnerabilities Analysis" [RFC4272], Vulnerabilities Analysis" [RFC4272], "Considerations in Validating
"Considerations in Validating the Path in BGP" [RFC5123], and the Path in BGP" [RFC5123], and "Capability Advertisement with BGP-4"
"Capability Advertisement with BGP-4" [RFC5492]. [RFC5492].
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
"OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
[RFC2119]. [RFC2119].
2. Describing Resources in Certificates 2. Describing Resources in Certificates
Figure 1 depicts some of the entities in the RPKI and some of the Figure 1 depicts some of the entities in the RPKI and some of the
products generated by RPKI entities. IANA issues a Certification products generated by RPKI entities. IANA issues a Certification
Authority (CA) to a Regional Internet Registries (RIR). The RIR, in Authority (CA) to a Regional Internet Registries (RIR). The RIR, in
turn, issues a CA certificate to an Internet Service Provider (ISP). turn, issues a CA certificate to an Internet Service Providers (ISP).
The ISP in turn issues End-Entity (EE) Certificates to itself as well The ISP in turn issues End-Entity (EE) Certificates to itself as
as CRLs. These certificates are referred to as "Resource well as CRLs. These certificates are referred to as "Resource
Certificates", and are profiled in [RFC6487]. The [RFC6480] Certificates", and are profiled in [RFC6487]. The [RFC6480]
envisioned using Resource Certificates to generate Manifests envisioned using Resource Certificates to generate Manifests
[RFC6486] and Route Origin Authorizations (ROAs) [RFC6482]. ROAs and [RFC6486] and Route Origin Authorizations (ROAs) [RFC6482]. ROAs and
Manifests also include the Resource Certificates used to sign them. Manifests also include the Resource Certificates used to sign them.
+---------+ +------+ +---------+ +------+
| CA Cert |---| IANA | | CA Cert |---| IANA |
+---------+ +------+ +---------+ +------+
\ \
+---------+ +-----+ +---------+ +-----+
| CA Cert |---| RIR | | CA Cert |---| RIR |
+---------+ +-----+ +---------+ +-----+
\ \
+---------+ +-----+ +---------+ +-----+
| CA Cert |---| ISP | | CA Cert |---| ISP |
+---------+ +-----+ +---------+ +-----+
/ | | | / | | |
+-----+ / | | | +-----+ +-----+ / | | | +-----+
| CRL |--+ | | +---| ROA | | CRL |--+ | | +---| ROA |
+-----+ | | +-----+ +-----+ | | +-----+
| | +----------+ | | +----------+
+----+ | +---| Manifest | +----+ | +---| Manifest |
+-| EE |---+ +----------+ +-| EE |---+ +----------+
| +----+ | +----+
+-----+ +-----+
Figure 1
Figure 1: RPKI and BGPsec Hierarchies
This document defines another type of Resource Certificate, which is This document defines another type of Resource Certificate, which is
referred to as a "BGPSEC Router Certificate". The purpose of this referred to as a "BGPSEC Router Certificate". The purpose of this
certificate is explained in Section 1 and falls within the scope of certificate is explained in Section 1 and falls within the scope of
appropriate uses defined within [RFC6484]. The issuance of BGPSEC appropriate uses defined within [RFC6484]. The issuance of BGPSEC
Router Certificates has minimal impact on RPKI CAs because the RPKI Router Certificates has minimal impact on RPKI CAs because the RPKI
CA certificate and CRL profile remain unchanged (i.e., they are as CA certificate and CRL profile remain unchanged (i.e., they are as
specified in [RFC6487]). Further, the algorithms used to generate specified in [RFC6487]). Further, the algorithms used to generate
RPKI CA certificates that issue the BGPSEC Router Certificates and RPKI CA certificates that issue the BGPSEC Router Certificates and
the CRLs necessary to check the validity of the BGPSEC Router the CRLs necessary to check the validity of the BGPSEC Router
Certificates remain unchanged (i.e., they are as specified in Certificates remain unchanged (i.e., they are as specified in
[I-D.ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis]). The only impact is that the RPKI CAs [RFC6485]). The only impact is that the RPKI CAs will need to be
will need to be able to process a profiled certificate request (see able to process a profiled certificate request (see Section 5) signed
Section 5) signed with algorithms found in with algorithms found in [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs]. The use of BGPSEC
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs]. The use of BGPSEC Router Certificates Router Certificates in no way affects RPKI RPs that process Manifests
in no way affects RPKI RPs that process Manifests and ROAs because and ROAs because the public key found in the BGPSEC Router
the public key found in the BGPSEC Router Certificate is only ever Certificate is only ever used to verify the signature on the BGPSEC
used to verify the signature on the BGPSEC certificate request (only certificate request (only CAs process these) and the signature on a
CAs process these) and the signature on a BGPSEC Update Message BGPSEC Update Message [ID.sidr-bgpsec-protocol] (only BGPSEC routers
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-protocol] (only BGPSEC routers process these). process these).
Only the differences between this profile and the profile in Only the differences between this profile and the profile in
[RFC6487] are listed. Note that BGPSEC Router Certificates are EE [RFC6487] are listed. Note that BGPSEC Router Certificates are EE
certificates and as such there is no impact on process described in certificates and as such there is no impact on process described in
[RFC6916]. [RFC6916].
3. Updates to RFC 6487 3. Updates to [RFC6487]
3.1. BGPSEC Router Certificate Fields 3.1 BGPSEC Router Certificate Fields
A BGPSEC Router Certificate is a valid X.509 public key certificate, A BGPSEC Router Certificate is a valid X.509 public key certificate,
consistent with the PKIX profile [RFC5280], containing the fields consistent with the PKIX profile [RFC5280], containing the fields
listed in this section. This profile is also based on [RFC6487] and listed in this section. This profile is also based on [RFC6487] and
only the differences between this profile and the profile in only the differences between this profile and the profile in
[RFC6487] are listed. [RFC6487] are listed.
3.1.1. Subject 3.1.1.1. Subject
This field identifies the router to which the certificate has been This field identifies the router to which the certificate has been
issued. Consistent with [RFC6487], only two attributes are allowed issued. Consistent with [RFC6487], only two attributes are allowed
in the Subject field: common name and serial number. Moreover, the in the Subject field: common name and serial number. Moreover, the
only common name encoding options that are supported are only common name encoding options that are supported are
printableString and UTF8String. For BGPSEC Router Certificates, it printableString and UTF8String. For BGPSEC Router Certificates, it
is RECOMMENDED that the common name attribute contain the literal is RECOMMENDED that the common name attribute contain the literal
string "ROUTER-" followed by the 32-bit AS Number [RFC3779] encoded string "ROUTER-" followed by the 32-bit AS Number [RFC3779] encoded
as eight hexadecimal digits and that the serial number attribute as eight hexadecimal digits and that the serial number attribute
contain the 32-bit BGP Identifier [RFC4271] (i.e., the router ID) contain the 32-bit BGP Identifier [RFC4271] (i.e., the router ID)
encoded as eight hexadecimal digits. Routers can support multiple encoded as eight hexadecimal digits. If there is more than one AS
ASs with separate keys pairs, one for each AS. Note that router IDs number, the choice of which to include in the common name is at the
are not guaranteed to be unique across the Internet, and thus the discretion of the Issuer. If the same certificate is issued to more
Subject name in a BGPSEC Router Certificate issued using this than one router (hence the private key is shared among these
convention also is not guaranteed to be unique across different routers), the choice of the router ID used in this name is at the
issuers. However, each certificate issued by an individual CA MUST discretion of the Issuer. Note that router IDs are not guaranteed to
contain a Subject name that is unique within that context. be unique across the Internet, and thus the Subject name in a BGPSEC
Router Certificate issued using this convention also is not
guaranteed to be unique across different issuers. However, each
certificate issued by an individual CA MUST contain a Subject name
that is unique within that context.
3.1.2. Subject Public Key Info 3.1.2. Subject Public Key Info
Refer to section 3.1 of [I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs]. Refer to section 3.1 of [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs].
3.1.3. BGPSEC Router Certificate Version 3 Extension Fields 3.1.3. BGPSEC Router Certificate Version 3 Extension Fields
The following X.509 V3 extensions MUST be present (or MUST be absent, The following X.509 V3 extensions MUST be present (or MUST be absent,
if so stated) in a conforming BGPSEC Router Certificate, except where if so stated) in a conforming BGPSEC Router Certificate, except where
explicitly noted otherwise. No other extensions are allowed in a explicitly noted otherwise. No other extensions are allowed in a
conforming BGPSEC Router Certificate. conforming BGPSEC Router Certificate.
3.1.3.1. Basic Constraints 3.1.3.1. Basic Constraints
skipping to change at page 6, line 16 skipping to change at page 5, line 39
BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST include the Extended Key Usage (EKU) BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST include the Extended Key Usage (EKU)
extension. As specified, in [RFC6487] this extension MUST be marked extension. As specified, in [RFC6487] this extension MUST be marked
as non-critical. This document defines one EKU for BGPSEC Router as non-critical. This document defines one EKU for BGPSEC Router
Certificates: Certificates:
id-kp OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= id-kp OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
{ iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6) internet(1) { iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6) internet(1)
security(5) mechanisms(5) pkix(7) kp(3) } security(5) mechanisms(5) pkix(7) kp(3) }
id-kp-bgpsec-router OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-kp 30 } id-kp-bgpsec-router OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-kp TBD }
Relying Parties MUST require the extended key usage extension be Relying Parties MUST require the extended key usage extension to be
present in a BGPSEC Router Certificate. If multiple KeyPurposeId present in a BGPSEC Router Certificate. If multiple KeyPurposeId
values are included, the relying parties need not recognize all of values are included, the relying parties need not recognize all of
them, as long as the required KeyPurposeId value is present. BGPSEC them, as long as the required KeyPurposeId value is present. BGPSEC
RPs MUST reject certificates that do not contain the BGPSEC Router RPs MUST reject certificates that do not contain the BGPSEC Router
EKU even if they include the anyExtendedKeyUsage OID defined in EKU even if they include the anyExtendedKeyUsage OID defined in
[RFC5280]. [RFC5280].
3.1.3.3. Subject Information Access 3.1.3.3. Subject Information Access
This extension is not used in BGPSEC Router Certificates. It MUST be This extension is not used in BGPSEC Router Certificates. It MUST be
absent. omitted.
3.1.3.4. IP Resources 3.1.3.4. IP Resources
This extension is not used in BGPSEC Router Certificates. It MUST be This extension is not used in BGPSEC Router Certificates. It MUSt be
absent. omitted.
3.1.3.5. AS Resources 3.1.3.5. AS Resources
Each BGPSEC Router Certificate MUST include the AS Resource Each BGPSEC Router Certificate MUST include the AS Resource
Identifier Delegation extension, as specified in section 4.8.11 of Identifier Delegation extension, as specified in section 4.8.11 of
[RFC6487]. The AS Resource Identifier Delegation extension MUST [RFC6487]. The AS Resource Identifier Delegation extension MUST
include only one AS number, and the "inherit" element MUST NOT be include one or more AS numbers, and the "inherit" element MUST NOT be
specified. specified.
3.2. BGPSEC Router Certificate Request Profile 3.2. BGPSEC Router Certificate Request Profile
Refer to section 6 of [RFC6487]. The only differences between this Refer to section 6 of [RFC6487]. The only differences between this
profile and the profile in [RFC6487] are: profile and the profile in [RFC6487] are:
o The ExtendedKeyUsage extension request MUST be included and the CA o The ExtendedKeyUsage extension request MUST be included and the CA
MUST honor the request; MUST honor the request;
o The SubjectPublicKeyInfo and PublicKey fields are specified in o The SubjectPublicKeyInfo and PublicKey fields are specified in
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs]; and, [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs]; and,
o The attributes field contains the ASN extension with exactly one
ASN.
o The request is signed with the algorithms specified in o The request is signed with the algorithms specified in [ID.sidr-
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs]. bgpsec-algs].
3.3. BGPSEC Router Certificate Validation 3.3. BGPSEC Router Certificate Validation
The validation procedure used for BGPSEC Router Certificates is The validation procedure used for BGPSEC Router Certificates is
identical to the validation procedure described in Section 7 of identical to the validation procedure described in Section 7 of
[RFC6487]. The exception is that the constraints applied come from [RFC6487]. The exception is that the constraints applied come from
this specification (e.g., in step 3: the certificate contains all the this specification (e.g., in step 3: the certificate contains all the
field that must be present - refers to the fields that are required field that must be present - refers to the fields that are required
by this specification). by this specification).
{spt: should the algorithm fail if there's more than one in the
cert?}
The differences are as follows: The differences are as follows:
o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST include the BGPSEC EKU defined in o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST include the BGPSEC EKU defined in
Section 3.1.3.1. Section 3.1.3.1.
o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST NOT include the SIA extension. o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST NOT include the SIA extension.
o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST NOT include the IP Resource o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST NOT include the IP Resource
extension. extension.
o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST include the AS Resource Identifier o BGPSEC Router Certificates MUST include the AS Resource Identifier
Delegation extension and only one AS number. Delegation extension.
o BGPSEC Router Certificate MUST include the "Subject Public Key o BGPSEC Router Certificate MUST include the "Subject Public Key
Info" described in [I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs] as it updates Info" described in [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs] as it updates [RFC6485].
[I-D.ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis].
NOTE: The cryptographic algorithms used by BGPSEC routers are found NOTE: The cryptographic algorithms used by BGPSEC routers are
in [I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs]. Currently, the algorithms specified found in [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs]. Currently, the algorithms
in [I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs] and [I-D.ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis] are specified in [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs] and [RFC6485] are different.
different. BGPSEC RPs will need to support algorithms that are BGPSEC RPs will need to support algorithms that are needed to
needed to validate BGPSEC signatures as well as the algorithms that validate BGPSEC signatures as well as the algorithms that are
are needed to validate signatures on BGPSEC certificates, RPKI CA needed to validate signatures on BGPSEC certificates, RPKI CA
certificates, and RPKI CRLs. certificates, and RPKI CRLs.
4. Design Notes 4. Design Notes
The BGPSEC Router Certificate profile is based on the Resource The BGPSEC Router Certificate profile is based on the Resource
Certificate profile as specified in [I-D.ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis]. As a Certificate profile as specified in [RFC6485]. As a result, many of
result, many of the design choices herein are a reflection of the the design choices herein are a reflection of the design choices that
design choices that were taken in that prior work. The reader is were taken in that prior work. The reader is referred to [RFC6484]
referred to [RFC6484] for a fuller discussion of those choices. for a fuller discussion of those choices.
One design choice made by this document is to include one AS number
per certificate. Simplicty is the driving rationale. If a router
supports more than one AS, the router can simply be issued another
certificate though the impact on the router is that additional secure
storage may be needed for additional private keys.
5. Security Considerations 5. Security Considerations
The Security Considerations of [RFC6487] apply. The Security Considerations of [RFC6487] apply.
A BGPSEC certificate will fail RPKI validation, as defined in A bgpsec certificate will fail RPKI validation, as defined in
[RFC6487], because the algorithm suite is different. Consequently, a [RFC6487], because the algorithm suite is different. Consequently, a
RP needs to identify the EKU before applying the correspondent RP needs to identify the EKU before applying the correspondent
validation. validation.
A BGPSEC Router Certificate is an extension of the RPKI [RFC6480] to A BGPSEC Router Certificate is an extension of the RPKI [RFC6480] to
encompass routers. It is a building block of the larger BGPSEC encompass routers. It is a building block of the larger BGPSEC
security protocol used to validate signatures on BGPSEC Signature- security protocol used to validate signatures on BGPSEC Signature-
Segment origination of Signed-Path segments Segment origination of Signed-Path segments [ID.sidr-bgpsec-
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-protocol]. Thus its essential security protocol]. Thus its essential security function is the secure
function is the secure binding of one or more AS numbers to a public binding of one or more AS numbers to a public key, consistent with
key, consistent with the RPKI allocation/assignment hierarchy. the RPKI allocation/assignment hierarchy.
6. IANA Considerations 6. IANA Considerations
None. None.
7. Acknowledgements 7. Acknowledgements
We would like to thanks Geoff Huston, George Michaelson, and Robert We would like to thanks Geoff Huston, George Michaelson, and Robert
Loomans for their work on [RFC6487], which this work is based on. In Loomans for their work on [RFC6487], which this work is based on. In
addition, the efforts of Steve Kent and Matt Lepinski were addition, the efforts of Steve Kent and Matt Lepinski were
instrumental in preparing this work. Additionally, we'd like to instrumental in preparing this work. Additionally, we'd like to
thank Roque Gagliano, Sandra Murphy, Geoff Huston, Randy Bush, and thank Roque Gagliano, Sandra Murphy, and Geoff Huston for their
Rob Austein for their reviews and comments. Finally, we'd like to reviews and comments.
thank Russ Housley for assigning us an OID for the ASN.1 module.
8. References 8. References
8.1. Normative References 8.1. Normative References
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs] [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Turner, S., "BGP Algorithms, Key Formats, & Signature Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
Formats", draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs-08 (work in
progress), July 2014.
[I-D.ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis] [RFC3779] Lynn, C., Kent, S., and K. Seo, "X.509 Extensions for IP
Huston, G. and G. Michaelson, "The Profile for Algorithms Addresses and AS Identifiers", RFC 3779, June 2004.
and Key Sizes for use in the Resource Public Key
Infrastructure", draft-ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis-01 (work in
progress), March 2014.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC4271] Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A Border
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271, January 2006.
[RFC3779] Lynn, C., Kent, S., and K. Seo, "X.509 Extensions for IP [RFC5280] Cooper, D., Santesson, S., Farrell, S., Boeyen, S.,
Addresses and AS Identifiers", RFC 3779, June 2004. Housley, R., and W. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key
Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List
(CRL) Profile", RFC 5280, May 2008.
[RFC4271] Rekhter, Y., Li, T., and S. Hares, "A Border Gateway [RFC6485] Huston, G., "The Profile for Algorithms and Key Sizes for
Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271, January 2006. Use in the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI)",
RFC 6485, February 2012.
[RFC5280] Cooper, D., Santesson, S., Farrell, S., Boeyen, S., [RFC6487] Huston, G., Michaelson, G., and R. Loomans, "A Profile for
Housley, R., and W. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key X.509 PKIX Resource Certificates", RFC 6487, February 2012.
Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List
(CRL) Profile", RFC 5280, May 2008.
[RFC6487] Huston, G., Michaelson, G., and R. Loomans, "A Profile for [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs] Reynolds, M. and S. Turner, "BGP Algorithms,
X.509 PKIX Resource Certificates", RFC 6487, February Key Formats, & Signature Formats", draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-
2012. algs, work-in-progress.
8.2. Informative References 8.2. Informative References
[I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-protocol] [RFC4272] Murphy, S., "BGP Security Vulnerabilities Analysis",
Lepinski, M., "BGPSEC Protocol Specification", draft-ietf- RFC 4272, January 2006.
sidr-bgpsec-protocol-10 (work in progress), October 2014.
[RFC4272] Murphy, S., "BGP Security Vulnerabilities Analysis", RFC [RFC5123] White, R. and B. Akyol, "Considerations in Validating the
4272, January 2006. Path in BGP", RFC 5123, February 2008.
[RFC5123] White, R. and B. Akyol, "Considerations in Validating the [RFC5492] Scudder, J. and R. Chandra, "Capabilities Advertisement
Path in BGP", RFC 5123, February 2008. with BGP-4", RFC 5492, February 2009.
[RFC5492] Scudder, J. and R. Chandra, "Capabilities Advertisement [RFC6480] Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support
with BGP-4", RFC 5492, February 2009. Secure Internet Routing", RFC 6480, February 2012.
[RFC6480] Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support [RFC6482] Lepinski, M., Kent, S., and D. Kong, "A Profile for Route
Secure Internet Routing", RFC 6480, February 2012. Origin Authorizations (ROAs)", RFC 6482, February 2012.
[RFC6482] Lepinski, M., Kent, S., and D. Kong, "A Profile for Route [RFC6484] Kent, S., Kong, D., Seo, K., and R. Watro, "Certificate
Origin Authorizations (ROAs)", RFC 6482, February 2012. Policy (CP) for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure
(RPKI)", BCP 173, RFC 6484, February 2012.
[RFC6484] Kent, S., Kong, D., Seo, K., and R. Watro, "Certificate [RFC6486] Austein, R., Huston, G., Kent, S., and M. Lepinski,
Policy (CP) for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure "Manifests for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure
(RPKI)", BCP 173, RFC 6484, February 2012. (RPKI)", RFC 6486, February 2012.
[RFC6486] Austein, R., Huston, G., Kent, S., and M. Lepinski, [RFC6916] Gagliano, R., Kent, S., and S. Turner, "Algorithm Agility
"Manifests for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure Procedure for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure
(RPKI)", RFC 6486, February 2012. (RPKI)", BCP 182, RFC 6916, April 2013.
[RFC6916] Gagliano, R., Kent, S., and S. Turner, "Algorithm Agility [ID.sidr-bgpsec-protocol] Lepinksi, M., "BGPSEC Protocol
Procedure for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure Specification", draft-ietf-sidr-bgpsec-protocol, work-in-
(RPKI)", BCP 182, RFC 6916, April 2013. progress.
Appendix A. ASN.1 Module Appendix A. ASN.1 Module
BGPSECEKU { iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6) internet(1) BGPSECEKU { iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6) internet(1)
security(5) mechanisms(5) pkix(7) id-mod(0) TBD }
security(5) mechanisms(5) pkix(7) id-mod(0)
id-mod-bgpsec-eku(84) }
DEFINITIONS EXPLICIT TAGS ::= DEFINITIONS EXPLICIT TAGS ::=
BEGIN BEGIN
-- EXPORTS ALL -- -- EXPORTS ALL --
-- IMPORTS NOTHING -- -- IMPORTS NOTHING --
-- OID Arc -- -- OID Arc --
id-kp OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-kp OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {
iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6) internet(1) iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6) internet(1)
security(5) mechanisms(5) kp(3) } security(5) mechanisms(5) kp(3) }
-- BGPSEC Router Extended Key Usage -- -- BGPSEC Router Extended Key Usage --
id-kp-bgpsec-router OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-kp 30 } id-kp-bgpsec-router OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { id-kp TBD }
END END
Appendix B. Example BGPSEC Router Certificate Appendix B. Example BGPSEC Router Certificate
Appendix C. Example BGPSEC Router Certificate Request Appendix C. Example BGPSEC Router Certificate Request
Appendix D. Change Log Appendix D. Change Log
Please delete this section prior to publication. Please delete this section prior to publication.
D.1. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-07 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.1. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-09 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-08 profiles-10
Changed references to RFC 6485 to [I-D.ietf-sidr-rfc6485bis] and Updated dates.
added OIDs for ASN.1 module. Certificate and certification request
restricted to contain one ASN.
D.2. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-06 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.2. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-08 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-07 profiles-09
Editorial fixes for the sake of brevity.
D.3. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-07 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-08
Fixed section numbering.
D.4. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-06 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-07
Added text to multiple AS numbers in a single certificate. Updated Added text to multiple AS numbers in a single certificate. Updated
reference to RFC 6916. reference to RFC 6916.
D.3. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-05 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.5. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-05 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-06 profiles-06
Keep alive version. Keep alive version.
D.4. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-04 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.6. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-04 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-05 profiles-05
Keep alive version. Keep alive version.
D.5. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-03 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.7. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-03 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-04 profiles-04
In s2.1, removed the phrase "another BGPSEC Router Certificate (only In s2.1, removed the phrase "another BGPSEC Router Certificate (only
BGPSEC routers process these)" because the BGPSEC certificates are BGPSEC routers process these)" because the BGPSEC certificates are
only ever EE certificates and they're never used to verify another only ever EE certificates and they're never used to verify another
certificate only the PDUs that are signed. certificate only the PDUs that are signed.
Added new s3.1.3.1 to explicitly state that EE certificates are only Added new s3.1.3.1 to explicitly state that EE certificates are only
ever EE certs. ever EE certs.
D.6. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-02 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.8. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-02 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-03 profiles-03
Updated s3.3 to clarifify restrictions on path validation procedures
Updated s3.3 to clarify restrictions on path validation procedures
are in this specification (1st para was reworded). are in this specification (1st para was reworded).
Updated s3.3 to point to s3.1.3.1 for BGPSEC EKU (thanks Tom). Updated s3.3 to point to s3.1.3.1 for BGPSEC EKU (thanks Tom).
D.7. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-01 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.9. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-01 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-02 profiles-02
Updated references. Updated references.
D.8. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-00 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.10. Changes from sidr-bgpsec-pki-profiles-00 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-01 profiles-01
Added an ASN.1 Module and corrected the id-kp OID in s3.1.3.1. Added an ASN.1 Module and corrected the id-kp OID in s3.1.3.1.
D.9. Changes from turner-bgpsec-pki-profiles-02 to sidr-bgpsec-pki- D.11. Changes from turner-bgpsec-pki-profiles-02 to sidr-bgpsec-pki-
profiles-00 profiles-00
Added this change log. Added this change log.
Amplified that a BGPSEC RP will need to support both the algorithms Amplified that a BGPSEC RP will need to support both the algorithms
in [I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-algs] for BGPSEC and the algorithms in in [ID.sidr-bgpsec-algs] for BGPSEC and the algorithms in [ID.sidr-
[RFC6487] for certificates and CRLs. rpki-algs] for certificates and CRLs.
Changed the name of AS Resource extension to AS Resource Identifier Changed the name of AS Resource extension to AS Resource Identifier
Delegation to match what's in [RFC3779]. Delegation to match what's in RFC 3779.
D.10. Changes from turner-bgpsec-pki-profiles -01 to -02 D.12. Changes from turner-bgpsec-pki-profiles -01 to -02
Added text in Section 2 to indicate that there's no impact on the Added text in Section 2 to indicate that there's no impact on the
procedures defined in [RFC6916]. procedures defined in [RFC6916].
Added a security consideration to let implementers know the BGPSEC Added a security consideration to let implementers know the BGPSEC
certificates will not pass RPKI validation [RFC6487] and that keying certificates will not pass RPKI validation [RFC6487] and that keying
off the EKU will help tremendously. off the EKU will help tremendously.
D.11. Changes from turner-bgpsec-pki-profiles -00 to -01 D.13. Changes from turner-bgpsec-pki-profiles -00 to -01
Corrected Section 2 to indicate that CA certificates are also RPKI Corrected Section 2 to indicate that CA certificates are also RPKI
certificates. certificates.
Removed sections and text that was already in [RFC6487]. This will Removed sections and text that was already in [RFC6487]. This will
make it easier for reviewers to figure out what is different. make it easier for reviewers to figure out what is different.
Modified Section 6 to use 2119-language. Modified Section 6 to use 2119-language.
Removed requirement from Section 6 to check that the AS # in the Removed requirement from Section 6 to check that the AS # in the
certificate is the last number in the AS path information of each BGP certificate is the last number in the AS path information of each BGP
UPDATE message. Moved to [I-D.ietf-sidr-bgpsec-protocol]. UPDATE message. Moved to [ID.sidr-bgpsec-protocol].
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Mark Reynolds Mark Reynolds
Island Peak Software Island Peak Software
328 Virginia Road 328 Virginia Road
Concord, MA 01742 Concord, MA 01742
USA
Email: mcr@islandpeaksoftware.com Email: mcr@islandpeaksoftware.com
Sean Turner Sean Turner
IECA, Inc. IECA, Inc.
Suite 106 3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106
Fairfax, VA 22031 Fairfax, VA 22031
USA USA
Phone: +1-703-628-3180 EMail: turners@ieca.com
Email: turners@ieca.com
Steve Kent Steve Kent
Raytheon BBN Technologies Raytheon BBN Technologies
10 Moulton St. 10 Moulton St.
Cambridge, MA 02138 Cambridge, MA 02138
USA
Email: kent@bbn.com Email: kent@bbn.com
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